End Stages Kidney Disease

The most common form of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma also called renal adenocarcinoma. T 00004000 his form is 90% of cases of kidney cancer.

Increasing age is accompanied by greater risk of developing the disease. It happens mostly between 50 and 70 years. Men are 2 times more likely to suffer kidney cancer than women.
The most common sign of kidney cancer are:
* The Haematuria: Blood in the urine may appear macroscopically, ie the eye. But it is possible to have a microscopic examination of urine to determine the existence
Pain behind the back, the area under the sides, which is persistent and is not related to an injury
* Mass in the kidney is usually detected during a physical examination
* Fatigue
* Weight Loss
* High blood pressure
* Fever is recurring, without any justification infectious
Pain in other parts of the body where the cancer has spread

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of a 62 year old with end stage kidney disease?
    When there are apparently no treatment options (such as a transplant or dialysis) available?

    • ANSWER:
      In theory, “end stage renal disease” should mean that kidney disease has progressed to a point where the patient will not be able to survive for any considerable length of time without renal replacement therapy (i.e., dialysis or a transplant). In practice, it is difficult to know with certainty when that point is reached; the goal is not to wait to start dialysis until the patient is at the door of death. So, some patients who “need dialysis” could actually live for months–in exceptional cases even a few years–without it. Occasionally, even patients who have been on dialysis for years decide to stop, but nevertheless survive for a while without it!

      So, the simple answer is that the answer varies from person to person. However, it’s fair to say that life expectancy in an untreated patient with ESRD usually measures in months to a couple of years. It can be as short as days to weeks.

      BTW, dialysis is almost invariably an option. About the only patients who are not candidates for any form of dialysis are critically ill people with extremely low blood pressure who can’t tolerate even the slowest and gentlest forms of dialysis (hemofiltration); this is usually a situation where death is imminent. In other cases, dialysis is considered a futile option due to a multitude of other medical problems that are expected to be rapidly terminal.

      A much more common scenario is that patients are not interested in a form of dialysis for which they are a candidate; for example, hemodialysis in a center three times per week.

  2. QUESTION:
    My father has end stage kidney disease. I would like to know what happens in this stage.?
    He’s been on dialysis for about a year now.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Inkieta.
      Fact: End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is the stage at which a kidney has 10% or less function.
      Fact: If your father has been on dialysis for a year then he has had ESRD at least that long.
      Fact: Just before he went on dialysis he should have been advised of his options (three of which are changeable).
      Fact: These options are hemo-dialysis, peritoneal dialysis, organ transplantation, do nothing (death).

      Fact & Opinion: I am a 22 year kidney transplant survivor, I live in the USA, I have been on peritoneal dialysis (1986), and I am now 55 years old. I have a son who is 30 years old and thinks that I should do everything that is possible, and then some, to live. My son loves me, I love my son. I am older and wiser than my son. My son has seen only the good effects of transplantation, I have sheltered him from the bad effects…fathers do this because we do not like to create anguish for our children. I will continue to do my best to maintain my transplant. If it fails I will die because I will not seek further treatment. This is an individual and very personal decision…my son, if he knew, would call it selfish. He does not know my pain, I do, God does.

      Opinion: I do not know your age nor that of your father, but you are well written so I am writing as if you were, at minimum, a high school graduate. As my short story illuminates, fathers are a peculiar breed to their offspring. I think it has always been that way. Please talk to your father, love your father, and offer him useful research and knowledge. Never tell him what to do…it won’t work.

      “I once cried because I had no shoes, until I met a man who had no feet” (Native American saying).

      Visit www.kidney.org (American Kidney Foundation) for more info.

      God Bless you child, Dave.

  3. QUESTION:
    END STAGE KIDNEY DISEASE—CATS?
    A WEEK AGO, I NEEDED TO PUT MY 14 YEAR OLD CAT YODA, TO SLEEP.

    THE VET SAID THAT HE HAD ” END STAGE KIDNEY DISEASE” AND HIS BODY TEMP WAS 90 DEGREES — SO HE WAS TRYING TO DIE. I GAVE HER PERMISSION TO PUT HIM DOWN AND THEN PROCEEDED TO CRY MY EYES OUT…..

    NOW I KNOW THAT 14 YEARS IS A REASONABLE AGE FOR A CAT TO DIE OF OLD AGE.

    BUT SO THAT NONE OF MY CATS SUFFER FROM THIS DISEASE, I HAND WASH THE WATER BOWL EACH DAY.

    IS THIS A COMMON DISEASE FOR CATS???

    • ANSWER:
      I’m so sorry about Yoda. It was kind that you let him go so he is not suffering any more.

      Unfortunately, yes, kidney disease is quite common in older cats. It’s become the most common cause of death in geriatric cats.. It’s not contagious. It’s something that happens in each cat’s own body. One of the things that contributes to it is not getting enough moisture. Cats were not meant to eat a dry diet. They don’t have a strong thirst drive, they developed to get their moisture from their prey. So one way that may help to avoid it in your other cats is to feed them at least half “wet” food (canned or a balanced raw diet). Keeping the water dish clean is a good idea, as is offering a few water dishes to encourage them to drink more.
      Another thing that is important is do not wait until a cat gets really sick and loses a lot of weight to get them to a vet. If kidney disease is caught early and treated (most of which can be done at home with sub=cutaneous fluids, adding a phosphorus binder to the food since phosphorus can be hard on kidneys and meds to control symptoms), some cats live for quite a few years after diagnosis.

  4. QUESTION:
    peritoneal dialysis – end stage kidney disease?
    my dad is 52yrs old. recvently we found out he is in end stage kidney disease when doing random blood test.

    the doctor have suggested peritoneal dialysis for him to do at home.

    he isnt that sick and he is till working. he is always saying that he feels ok…..

    but his blood results are not good.

    he will be goingto have pd soon.

    he doesnt have diabetics but has blood pressure.

    how long will he be able to survive with pd if he folows his diet and will he be able to work?

    hope to hear from all.

    please reply.

    thankyou.
    mommmyof2

    how are your parents doing on dialysis?

    how long have they been on it for?

    • ANSWER:
      My son was on both pd and hemodialysis. Outworld hit it on the head for the pd though. Takes up A LOt of space, heavy cumbersome boxes. You need a ‘clean’ room in which to hook and unhook (from your pd port) from. Very large machine sits in your room. But, it does not do as thorough a job as hemodiaylsis, but hemo is harder on your system. The key to pd is to keep it clean because it is highly susceptible to infection, both the site and the peritoneum. My son unfortunately contracted peritonitis due to a careless nurse on a field trip so he had to go to hemo. You can live a long life as long as you take your medication, follow a certain diet, and get routine labs to check your levels. Maybe he will even be able to be eligible for a transplant.

      EDIT all people have blood pressure, if you do not you are dead lol. On a serious note, I think you meant high blood pressure, this is very common in kidney patients. Even though my son is post transplant, we still have monthly visits , lots of meds, and daily blood pressures and temp readings.

  5. QUESTION:
    Husband has End Stage Kidney Disease & child support ???
    We live in Texas and my husband had no money to pay for his child support this month because of his disease-he had to retire. He will only be making 1200 a month from Teacher’s Retirement(no check yet) now which makes it hard to make ends meet. His insurance alone will run him 300 and that doesn’t include his medicine and doctor bills. He has to go to court Aug. 2nd and obviously he can’t afford a lawyer. How do you all think they will calculate what he will owe? This is tough….We do want what is best for the children (4), we just don’t have it to give. Will they take into consideration that he needs his medicine and insurance? (If he doesn’t keep his insurance, he really will be in financial ruin.) He is currently trying to get on the transplant list.

    Thanks to All of You who try to help us.

    • ANSWER:
      wow! it must be hard for your husband, and will be on his children but I am sure the judge will take that into consideration, but he still has a responsibility with his children and no matter how little money he makes he still has to pay child support, as you say it’s 4 kids and it is very hard for the custodial parent just to support them by herself. Thank God he has YOU, because I am sure you are stepping out to support your family financially and emotionally, like the saying: “for better or worse”, after all that is what marriage is all about, right? when one of the partners is falling you will lean your hand to help. I wish your husband all the luck in the world, God bless him and gives you all the strenght to help him through this hard situation.

  6. QUESTION:
    End stage kidney disease, brain damaged, diabetes and pneumonia how long can someone survive With all this?
    Hi all, I have a question I would like to ask, a relative of mine was rushed to critical care on tuesday after suffering from Pneumonia we have been told that her kidney is slowing deteriorating and that because she fell into a Diabetic coma over 7years ago and is now brain damaged she is not suitable for dialysis or transplant. I have also been told that even though she has been taking antibiotics now, it is more than likely that the Pneumonia will come back, also that her kidneys on a scale of 0-120 are at a 15. What does this mean and roughly how long can she survive without any treatment.

    Thanks
    Sofia

    • ANSWER:
      I think the answer to this one has to be that she’ll live as long as she’ll live ,I doubt that anyone could put a time on this it depends on the strength of the person. just be there for her and tell her you love her even if you think she can’t hear you.

  7. QUESTION:
    Chronic Kidney Disease: Will it always lead to end stage kidney failure or can it be controlled?

    • ANSWER:

  8. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of 22 year old with End Stage Renal/Kidney Disease?
    I’m 22 years old and have ESRD. I started dialysis in February 09 and currently go three times a week. I’m also a type 1 diabetic since 1997. After dialysis I tend to be sick a lot. I’m currently on the UNOS list for a kidny & pancreas transplant. I guess I just want to know how long a young person usually lasts with kidney disease as I want to live my life to the fullest like havig a family. If you have any input I would love to hear it. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      if ur following all of the guide lines, taking ur meds, not gaining more than 2 kilos between treatments, following ur diet, u should be able to live a fairly long life, not doing any of the above mentioned things will decrease the expectancy considerably as the consequences don’t show right away and when they do show up their life threatening and irreversible. Screw around enough with diet, weight, meds and you’ll end up bed ridden in a nursing home if ur lucky and dead if ur not lucky

  9. QUESTION:
    What can be done to promote awareness for Kidney Disease Prevention?
    Did you know that a lot of people have 1st and 2nd stage Kidney Disease and do NOT even KNOW it? It can be caused by high blood pressure which a LOT of people have or Diabetics can easily end up with Kidney Disease!!

    There is so much in the media about Cancer and Aids but not a lot at all about Kidney Disease!

    So in YOUR oppinion, how can more awareness be spread? What can be done to inform people that testing creatinine levels (not to be confused with Creatine which is completely different) is very important and knowing what your blood pressure is and eating right? Some people are even born with only 1 kidney and don’t even KNOW it!

    How much do YOU know about YOUR kidney??

    http://www.angieskidney.com/AK/

    http://nkdep.nih.gov/resources/kidney_problems.htm

    http://www.davita.com/article/diabetes/134

    To Andy O: I use Google all the time. This is more to see how aware OTHER people are than just looking for research on Google.

    Take a look!

    http://angieskidney.com/AK/Search2.html

    See?? I use Google lol

    • ANSWER:
      www.google.com has a great deal of information that you could use to find your answers , while yahoo answer is more likely to be better for people’s opinions.. thanks.

  10. QUESTION:
    If someone is haver chronic kidney diease in stage one how long will it take before the dieases reach end stag?
    Can you add many years to your kidney before it reaches end stage if you have kidney diseases

    • ANSWER:
      yes absolutely. It depends what their GFR, creatinine and BUN are but based on stage 1, they should be fine as long as they are managed. It depends what the underlying etiology is that is actually causing the renal disease but with stage 1, they are usually just managed with diuretics. The keys at that stage are manage hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia (if they are issues), stop smoking (if the person does) and to continually follow up with their nephrologist.

  11. QUESTION:
    what is the life span of end stage renal disease with one kidney dead other less than 10% no dialysis/transpnt
    also the person has diabetes, skin cancer, breast cancer, shingles, is on methadone, and 20 other pills from blood pressure, capapril? pacsil, and many others, also was on perocet, fentenal, now on methodone, doctors gave her 5 years to live from cancer going on 11 yrs. doctors also gave her 2 months to live with refusing treatment for kidneys, been 2 months, she also gets sick a lot, throws up blood sometimes, she is my boyfriend’s mother, she refuses home nurses, free care, etc. some web sites say 6 months tops others says many years, how longs before the toxins build up in her system, also she only eats once every three days, refuses food, sick, when she eats its deep fried egg rolls or fried eggs, milk, bread, and she drinks approx. 15-20 cups of instant reg. coffee a day, smokes 5 cartons of ciggs. a month, sometimes she is out of her mind, some days fine, how long is her lifespan? she is 62yr. thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I would say “death is iminent”, but sometimes the body defies all the plans, numbers, and statistics that the medical fields can come up with.

  12. QUESTION:
    If a person is in End Stage Renal Disease and needs a kidney, would liver damage exclude her from transplant?
    My girlfriend just found out she cannot take a certain immune suppressor due to cirrhosis of the liver, (Hepatitis C and Lupus damage). Now, if she can’t take this drug, are there other drugs she can be prescribed for anti rejection that wouldn’t affect her liver? Is she still a transplant candidate for a new kidney? She is currently a home dialysis patient. She also has Sjogren’s syndrome, high blood pressure, systemic and subcutaneous Lupus with the Hepatitis C.

    • ANSWER:
      Short answer is that there are no anti-rejection medications that are not processed in the liver. With Hep C she won’t be allowed to receive a kidney. I am very sorry to tell you this and wish the best for you both.

  13. QUESTION:
    Is marriage possible after kidney transplant? ?
    Hello,

    I am Vineet, 30 Years Old, Male. I live in Mumbai, India. I used to work for a data conversion (Publishing BPO) as a Sr. Manager in the Production Department. A year back I was diagnosed with End Stage Kidney Disease (Failure), I was on Dialysis for 10 Months before I got a Kidney Transplant done on 01st Dec 2008.The Donor was not related to me.

    The reports till date are very encouraging, the best part is I have started feeling good and doing my normal activities apart from moving out in public, which I guess will be end of Feb or mid of March.

    Last Year February I got engaged and was to be married in July, In March 2008 I was detected with End Stage Kidney Disease, naturally the whole focus changed and the marriage plan was put on hold. My fiancée and would be in-laws have been with me all throughout and still are a strong support for me.

    I have some questions relating to post transplant life, which I will want to ask, I would like your views and experiences:-

    1)Is marriage possible after transplant, if yes can a transplanted person lead a normal life.

    2)What is safe time gap after the transplant operation before a transplant person indulge in sex

    3)Is there a certain safe period after which a transplanted kidney can be assumed that it may never fail and will be there working all life of the transplanted person.

    4)Are there any counseling or assistance available for Transplant Patients and there relatives where in we can go and consult them about issues mentioned below.

    I would like your valuable comments, Right now I am very confused about life ahead, at least my personal life, and professionall life does not seem to bother me much.

    Thanks

    Vineet
    Vineet1308@yahoo.com

    • ANSWER:
      1) Yes, of course. I actually have a friend who had a transplant 11 years ago in highschool, but got married 3 years ago. He is doing well. You will be on chronic medications but it should not impede anything

      2) Youe doctor should inform you and it depends on your kidneys response. I would think a few months should be okay if you are doing well…lets say 2-3 months. One thing you should note that blood flow to the penis could be affected and may be difficult to get an erection. Medications are a quick fix and work very well.

      3) Over 90% of transplant patients survive up to 5 years after transplant, About 75% will live up to 10 years. This has a very good prognosis.

      4) Go to www.kidney.org (national kidney foundation). They can direct you to local support or have online support.

      Goodluck

  14. QUESTION:
    Can perspiration take the place of urination?
    People in end stage kidney disease cannot urinate, water is retained in their body which is a death causing condition.

    Dialysis fixes that problem.

    What about inducing perspiration for example by sauna to take the place of urination and thus providing an extra assist to dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      No, it would be impossible for the body to sweat out what has been taken into the body through the mouth of injection fluids because sweat is the excess of the intake of fluids which is normally caused by exercise in which it forces the body to perspire like wise with sauna’s.

  15. QUESTION:
    Kidney Disease and Medicare problems, how can they be solved?
    My brother is in End Stage Renal disease. He has had so many problems with medicare, that they’ve actually dropped him from his dyalisis center, forcing to go to the hospital to dyalize, making it harder for him to be dyalized on time. What can I do to help him get his medicare straightened out? His social worker is not giving him the time of day.

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the business office where he was having his dialysis- what I think has happened is that they only get paid for x amount of times in a month on the SAME ADMISSION- meaning medicare will only re-imburse the hospital for x amount of dialysis days per month. Talk with the business office and ask to talk to social services- if you get nowhere with them- call your local red cross chapter- they will direct you to the correct governmental office to talk to- and report that social worker to whoever is his/her boss!!
      You can also just take him to another hospital- they HAVE to take him as a patient, make sure that hospital is equipped for dialysis. Good luck to you and your brother- you are a loving sister.

  16. QUESTION:
    How many worldewide deaths per year are caused by kidney failure?
    Does anyone have an estimate of how many people die per year because of kidney failure?

    Thanks in advance :)

    PS: Is kidney failure, End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), and Chronic kidney failure (CKD) the same thing?

    • ANSWER:
      National Kidney Foundation says that 26 million Americans are living with kidney disease.

      The site does not list the death rate.

      ESRD is a result of CKD. Those with ESRD most likely need dialysis several times per week.

      CKD is more of a blanket term that addresses a number of problems associated with chronic kidney malfunction. This condition cannot be cured and will not resolve with time as opposed to acute renal failure (ARF) which is a limited, treatable event, usually a symptom of some other condition.

      Heart disease is the number one killer of those with CKD.

  17. QUESTION:
    My sister was diagnosed with Kidney Disease she is 13?
    My sister is 13 and was recently ( within the last 2 months) diagnosed with iad nephroathy. She has been in and out of hospitals and doctors offices, she has only been able to attend school probably a total of 20days since the beginning of the school year. She is in a large amount of pain. Specifically her lower back. She has large amounts of protein in her urine. and her white blood cell count is high. The only thing the doctors have done for her so far is put her on a high dose of a steroid called prednizone, which has not helped her kidneys to begin functioning normally again as they said it would. The prednizone has caused her face and stomach to swell up about three times the normal size and she is complaining that her face and stomach hurt her. We have taken her to a nutritionist and altered her diet to a no carb diet. After doing some research online i stumbled upon a symptoms list for End Stage Renal disease. Unfortunately it seems to be she has most of these symptoms. The issue we are encountering is that we have seen some of the best doctors in the area and they all say the same thing that her pain isnt from the kidney disease and she cant have end stage because when they discovered she had kidney disease it was not that far along. She has been advised not to take Motrin or Tylenol or any other kind of pain reliever, therefore she is in a massive amount of pain to the point that she cannot stop crying. Please can anyone, someone give me some kind of insight or tips or anything! My family and I are so confused and are not getting answers from any of our healthcare professionals. My mother is having the hardest time seeing my sister go through this, she has so much more life to live and dances and dates and I dont want her to be sick forever! Please Help!!!

    Thank you

    Amber
    (Sterling Heights, Michigan)
    Yes I have not been officially tested yet but we have the same blood type and the same father I don’t know if that makes a difference. But I am 5foot 3inches and a little overweight for my height I am not morbidly obese or anything. I consider myself in good health, but the doctor said they are only able to take a kidney donation from a healthy height weight proportionate donor. After receiving that news I immediately changed my diet and started exercising more to become height weight proportionate but she just keeps getting sicker and sicker and I am afraid that she might need a transplant before I can reach the height weight goal! I am 21 yrs old and I haven’t had any health issues since 2003 not even a cold, so I consider that pretty healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link to IgA nephropathy.

      https://health.google.com/health/ref/IgA+nephropathy

      A low protein diet might help. She could ask her doctor about trying a vegetarian diet (vegan would be best…no meat, dairy or eggs). Vegetarian Times magazine is a good resource for information and recipes for a new vegetarian.But ask the docs first.

      Here is a link to clinical trials.

      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov

      Here is a link to clinical trials for IgA nephropathy

      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=IgA+nephropathy

      Put in the “IgA nephropathy” or “Berger’s disease” in the search engine there and hit the map tab to find local trials.

      Here is another link to NORD:

      http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=IgA%20Nephropathy

      Scroll down the page to see support organizations and their addresses and email addresses.

      I would think a kidney transplant would be her best bet, but I am not a doctor.

      She might also call the local kidney foundation and ask about support groups and where and when they meet. Support groups can be a tremendous help…talking to others with similar problems and trading ideas for help.

  18. QUESTION:
    How many kidneys is a person born with, and how many do they have after a transplant?
    I’m writing a paper for my anatomy class, and I have to include a survey question. We got to pick a disease to write about, and I chose End Stage Renal (kidney) Disease. Since I got a kidney transplant, I wanted to know how many people really know the answer to this question, or just think they know.
    lol Demers, don’t be afraid of your answer, it’s part of my survey, and yes, I do know the answer, I’m finding out how many other people know.

    • ANSWER:
      Born with two, they don’t typically take the bad one out, so after a transplant you would have 3 and the donor would have 1

  19. QUESTION:
    Will my partner be able to survive on one kidney that is diseased?
    My partner suffers from End Stage Renal Disease. He only has one kidney and the kidney functions only 30% than the average. He says he won’t be able to survive. Can someone give me an expert advice or some advice on where I can seek information on this. I am unable to ask my partner doctor as he lives in another country.

    Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      Eventually, if the disease progresses, your partner’s remaining kidney will be insufficient to maintain his body function. At that point there are three outcomes – dialysis (either haemo or peritoneal), transplant or death. This sounds stark and it is.
      Dialysis takes over much of your life planning but can keep patients in a fair degree of health for many years although it involves very careful diet. Successful transplantation gives a normal quality of life although it involves taking anti-rejection medication for ever.

      www.patient.co.uk/showdoc/40000681

      will give you an authoritative view of renal failure and links to other parts of the site if you wish to investigate further.

      Good luck

  20. QUESTION:
    End Stage Renal Disease: Is it possible for a patient to die from this disease?
    A doctor performed a kidney transplant on my partner. He is in ICU but the doctors seem to have given up hope on their survival and predicted that they have days to live. Is that possible?

    PS. Can you please give me sensible answers, because I could lose my partner and I do not need answers that are unrelated to the question.

    • ANSWER:
      yes,i am sorry to say,this is possible.i hope the transplant saves his life,however?best of luck.im sorry ur going thru this,i wish u both a good outcome.anytime the words “end stage” are used,it means exactly how it sounds-approaching the end.

  21. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with end stage liver disease?
    Jaundice present, low blood pressure, ascites present (1L removed, addtional amount to be removed), kidney function deteriorating (improves with IV medication, but cannot sustain higher function without medication), MELD scores unknown.

    • ANSWER:
      about 7-10 days after kidneys deteriorate to end stage 4. coma first, then you go

  22. QUESTION:
    Could you answer this multiple-choice question about Medicare?
    Which of the following persons is/are eligible for Medicare?
    1. Uninsured elderly living in a nursing home
    2. Disabled who are younger than 65
    3. Persons diagnosed with end-stage kidney disease
    4. Retired persons who contributed to Social Security while employed
    5. Mother and infants with incomes below the poverty level

    A. 1, 5
    B. 2, 3, and 4
    C. 1, 4
    D. 2, 3

    • ANSWER:
      B is the closest fit

  23. QUESTION:
    What is the physiological explanation for the relationship between diabetes and end-stage renal disease? ?
    I know the kidney is a non-insulin dependent organ , so having extended periods of high blood sugar (such as in uncontrolled Diabetes) causes elevated amount of glucose enter to the kidney. I was wondering why the entrance of large amount of glucose to the kidney can potentially lead to kidney damage? What is the high amount of glucose doing to damage the kidney?
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      From what I’ve read, the mechanism of renal damage by hyperglycemia isn’t understood at this time.

      Diabetes messes up arteries, so I wouldn’t be surprised if there isn’t some vascular component involved.

      Here’s an article that explores some of the possible mechanisms:

      http://www.renalandurologynews.com/Mechanisms-of-Diabetic-Nephropathy/article/20546/

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the most common thing for someone with end stage liver disease to die from?
    My father has been diagnosed with end stage liver failure since September 25, 2006 and just yesterday his doctor called me saying that i needed to bring him to the hospital his kidneys are failing and then today he had a heart-attack, his potassium levels are really high too, anyone have any idea how long i have left with my dad?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to speak with his doctors.
      They have all his medical records and also
      his test results. They can give you an
      estimate, based on all this, of how long your
      Dad may have.

      Let me explain what takes place in liver failure.
      There are many different causes of liver
      problems. These causes can damage the
      liver cells. When this happens, the immune
      system of the body responds to this damage and
      can cause inflammation to develop inside the
      liver which will cause the liver to enlarge in
      size. If the cause of the problem can be
      removed, and the inflammation treated…then
      the cells may heal. If this doesn’t take place…
      it can progress to death of the liver cells and
      scar tissue forming inside the liver that blocks
      the flow of blood to any healthy cells that are
      left and also block the flow of blood through
      the liver on its way back to the heart. This disease is then known as cirrhosis of the liver.
      It is progressive and there is no cure.

      The liver handles toxins that come into the
      body, to convert them to a non toxic form.
      The liver is no longer able to do this efficiently and the toxins build up in the blood. The
      kidneys then try to remove these toxins on
      top of the job they normally do. This puts
      added stress on the kidneys and they are next
      in line to go into failure after the liver does.

      With having end stage liver failure, the kidneys
      not functioning well, and the fact of having
      a heart attack…the prognosis is not very good.
      They can try to stablize him…putting him on
      a dialysis machine to help the kidneys function
      better…to bring the electrolytes into balance.
      It will depend on how far advanced he is in
      the end stage liver failure, kidney problems, and how his heart responds to therapy.

      Wish I could be more uplifting…

  25. QUESTION:
    renal/kidney diet recipes please?
    hi my 7 yr old cousin was recently diagnosed with end stage chronic kidney disease. to help the dialysis work its best she has to follow strict diet rules. does anyone have any recipes they could share with me. especially a spaghettii bolognese and chilli as the normal in packet or jar mixes of too high in salt an potassium. thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.mcw.edu/display/ClinicalServices/DietforRenalPatient.htm

      M

  26. QUESTION:
    how do i go about suing my ex-employee ??
    i went out on disability ( i have end stage kidney disease(failure). I’m on dialysis 3 times a week,4 hours a day. my supervisor and HM asked me to resign, i stated my doctors told me not to( i wouldn’t get my disability then) they fired me 3 days later. how do i go after them!! I’m considered disabled. all info would be great!! i worked for animal care and control of NYC

    • ANSWER:
      Contact the ACLU they take up alot of these types of cases

  27. QUESTION:
    How long does a person live with end stage liver disease?
    my husband has been in the hospital for the last three months and has just come home. He is living on lactulose and suffers from severe nausea. his kidneys failed but with dialysis they have opened up but are not functioning fully. His meld score is 17 does anyone know how long someone usually lives like this?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, first off here is some info on how I know the answer.
      My dad was diagnosed with stage 4 liver cancer in July 2007. It was metastatic (meaning it began somewhere else). At that point the doctors gave him 9 months to live… at the beginning of the 8th month he was having a hard time breathing… so we figured we would take him to the ER so that they could put him on oxygen… 3 days later he was returned home and passed away about 24 hours later…. This does not mean that your husband won’t live longer… all people are different…

      However, I believe that hospice killed my father from mercy killing…. after all…. he ONLY went to the ER because he couldn’t breathe normal (he could still breathe and had an oxygen lvl of 92). They gave him enormous amounts of morphine and ativan… so… I really don’t know how much longer he would have survived if it wasn’t for those IDIOTS on the cancer ward…. anyway… Good luck and God bless… you and your family will be in my prayers!!!!! If you have any other questions feel free to ask!

      Edit….
      Sorry I just went back and re-read your question… liver disease is probably different from cancer… I missed that part… so probably disregard my answer….

  28. QUESTION:
    My cat w/crf (kidney disease) sometimes eats litter and licks the pavement; is this a sign of deficiency?
    He’s in the end stages of renal disease and I don’t want to bring him to the vet and force him through anymore blood tests or treatments. Is this behavior some type of deficiency and can I get a liquid vitamin for him?

    He has also become very weak and can’t jump onto the sink or table or chair anymore…what can I do to get his strength back? He still has a healthy appetite and goes outside and lies on my lap happily.

    • ANSWER:
      Sometimes cats get pica (eating strange things) when they are anemic. His crf may be causing bone marrow suppression which will lead to a non-regenerative anemia. Check your kitty’s gum color, if it is pale pink, this might be the case. Regardless, speak with your vet and explain that you want to continue with palliative, supportive care with no further testing. A good vet will understand and help you to keep your cat as comfortable as possible.

  29. QUESTION:
    My father is a raging alcoholic?
    So I had to drive my father to the hospital with alcohol poisoning on Christmas Day again. This happened last Christmas as well. Evidently, he’s also suffering from end-stage kidney disease and will likely require a transplant. Everyone in my family is reluctant to donate a kidney due to his alcoholism. What’s the point if he’s just going to drink himself to death anyway?

    Obviously, we’ll have to get him in a treatment program if we’re even going to consider the surgery. Last time we admitted him to a rehabilitation facility he escaped and disappeared for six months. He eventually contacted my mother after he was arrested in Las Vegas after exposing himself to underage girls while riding a public bus. We refused to contribute the bail money, but he came up with it on his own somehow. He spent six months in prison and is now on the convicted sex offender list. We had hoped his stint in prison would have sobered him up, but he was back to his old ways within hours of his release.

    How should we handle this situation? I’m sure most people would have given up on him by now, but he’s my father and I feel it’s my duty to help him change his ways and get better.

    Thanks and God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      You’re his kid and this is not your responsibilty. focus on living your own life and don’t let this drag you down. Let him know you’ll be there for him when he wants to sort his life out, but until then you don’t want anything to do with him. I know it soundss harsh but it’s only when they have no one left to depend on that alcoholics can that a change is needed. He has been given one chance after another. This is not your problem. You can’t fix him he has to fix himself.

  30. QUESTION:
    Does your GFR level also mean your percentage of kidney function?
    I’ve been diagnosed with stage 2 chronic kidney disease. My GFR is 60, which looks like it’s at the very end of the stage since stage 3 starts at 59. Anyways, how do I know what percentage my kidneys are functioning? (Besides asking my nephrologist of course.)

    I always see that dialysis is needed at stage 5 which is 15% or lower, and the GFR is also 15. Is that how they calculate it?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Yvonne, yes GFR is the % that your kidneys work.

      The only way to calculate GFR is by blood tests. Other blood indicators for kidney failure are creatinine, urea and potassium.

      Email me if you have any more questions please.. good luck.

  31. QUESTION:
    How do you deal with a “toxic” parent?
    How do you deal with a parent who was abusive and is toxic to you as an adult, is narcissistic, angry and emotionally unstable? I have already limited contact with this person. Whenever she talks she does this fake “sad” voice and says things like “I wish you would forgive me and trust me, your behavior is killing me.” Etc, etc. For people who have dealt with toxic and manipulative parents, how do you respond to this behavior? How do you have a relationship with someone who is very self-absorbed and manipulative, but loves you as much as they are able? I know this person loves me as much as she is able, and I don’t want to cut her out of my life if possible (I haven’t seen her face to face in years, speak to her on the phone maybe twice a year), but if there are any ways I can dissuade her from using the same manipulative tactics, that would be great. it goes something like this:

    Mother acts out and resorts to verbal abuse because she feels unloved and unwanted (I don’t trust her, that is true, but that is not going to change over night). She hams up the melodrama and despair in order to make me feel sorry for her (including her never ending series of medical problems- last time I spoke to her in person she said she had “end stage kidney disease” because she “missed me so much” and she DID seem physically ill, so I was legitimately upset but she refuses to see a “western” doctor because they are “useless”- so basically she will proclaim she has diseases without having a diagnosis). This irritates me and I end up snapping at her and acting aloof or more uncaring than I actually feel because I don’t like crocodile tears or having my buttons pushed. My “uncaring” response makes mother feel even more unloved and she tries even harder to seem pathetic and miserable next time. Is there any way *I* can put a stop to this cycle? Because she doesn’t trust western doctors, I have tried sending her advice relating to eastern medicine and homeopathy and her response is to get arrogant and say something like “You are lecturing me about my health? I was interested in alternative medicine before you were born, so don’t preach to me…” I am a terrible actor so I can’t just act upset or sympathetic to placate her when I don’t feel it and no matter what I say or do, she finds some way to put it down. If I show interest in her, it’s not enough, or I am not paying attention to her beliefs by suggesting she see a doctor, and if I try to show an interest in alternative medicine (one of her main interests) I am being arrogant and condescending because she knows so much more than me. I tell her and show her in small ways I love her, but she seems to want a huge show of emotion. I have asked her to be my pen pal so we can stay in touch in a relatively “safe” (for me) way and she outright refused, saying she doesn’t have the time (she doesn’t work regularly)- she never wants to talk to me on the phone (she is paranoid, I think, that she is being recorded, and because she knows she abused me she is paranoid I will tape her- she even phoned me on christmas morning once to beg me not to sue her). No amount of affection is ever enough and over the last ten years she has lost all the friends she had while I was growing up and managed to alienate her siblings.

    Advice from people in the psych community would be welcome, I am out of ideas.I have suggested she see a therapist and you can imagine the response, but I KNOW she is a miserable person and if there is any way I can help her to heal or at least get well enough to get some pleasure out of life, that would be great.

    Please no mean spirited responses.

    • ANSWER:
      sounds to me like she is treating you like that because you let her and she knows your not going to stand up for youself. Sorry i know you love your mom but i would leave her alone until she can stop treating you that way. That is what i finally did with my dad!

  32. QUESTION:
    Have Obama’s “death boards” of people getting to decide who lives already been created?
    Big Island resident Kimberly Reyes, who was diagnosed with Hepatitis in March 2008, had been told in July that she had less than 30 days to live. Her family claimed the Waimea resident had followed doctor’s orders, but her insurance carrier, Hawaii Medical Service Association, denied her coverage for a liver transplant she needed to survive because three toxicology tests showed trace amounts of cannabis in her system.

    According to Reyes’ attorney, Ted Herhold, with San Francisco-based Townsend and Townsend, toxicology tests from June 14, July 3 and July 14 were the sole final basis for HMSA’s final denial of coverage for the 51-year-old mother of five.

    Reyes’ mother, Noni Kuhns, and Kimberly’s husband, Robin, acknowledged HMSA’s decision was based upon a failure to comply with the insurer’s policy forbidding drug use. However, both claimed after the claim denial that neither HMSA nor her doctors notified Kimberly or the family of HMSA’s apparent policy on drug use.

    Following at least five separate telephone inquiries from West Hawaii Today made over a one-week period, HMSA public information officer Chuck Marshall replied through an e-mail that HMSA declined to comment. HMSA also declined to provide the insurance carrier’s standard policies in regard to drug use or drug use and transplant approval.

    Kimberly Reyes died July 27 at Hilo Hospital, 16 months after being diagnosed. In the months after her diagnosis, she suffered cirrhosis of the liver, chronic Hepatitis infection, end-stage kidney disease and hepatorenal syndrome, which is caused by low blood flow to the kidneys due to liver deterioration.

    “Just because someone takes a hit off of a joint doesn’t mean that it should be the end of their life — this is not a reason to deny life,” said Kuhns.

    http://www.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/20090809/BREAKING01/308090006/Marijuana+use+may+have+cost+Big+Island+woman+a+life-saving+liver+transplant

    Something doesn’t add up here… Oh wait, it’s a NON-government board of people getting to decide gets to live and who gets to die.

    That makes it OK, right?

    • ANSWER:
      This shows a need for tort reform, not a trillion dollar a year “health care reform”. I would be all for taking the insurance companies to task for this.

  33. QUESTION:
    Should I accept this bribe or offer an alternative?
    I have a boyfriend who I have a long distant relationship with. I live in England and my boyfriend lives in South Africa. We are quiet close and recently he has been diagnosed with end stage kidney disease at stage 3.

    His life became terminal and upon this I kept in contact with his uncle. His uncle informed me of his death and my boyfriend left me a poem with his uncle to which it appeared to be controversial suggesting he was alive. His father is not too keen on our relationship and has hated me since we met.

    2 years from then, a close work colleague of my boyfriends recently sent me an email claiming my boyfriend is alive and well but is still recovering in hospital, however he is bribing me to send him 10 nude images for myself in exchange for information and direct contact with my boyfriend. I have refused to do this.

    Most of the information that man gave to me has been verified and it was obvious that my boyfriend has consulted that man to make contacts with me so that I know he is alive.

    I have requested an alternative to those images but he has refused it. I am not sure what to do or what other alternatives I can offer to him other than a finance which I make will only be small.

    There is no other way I can make contacts with my boyfriend, I have tried searching for hospitals and dialysis units endlessly but failed.

    I would have tried to fly out but I can not afford to do so and I wouldn’t know where to start.

    Can anyone advise me on what to do as I am near the brink of breaking down and losing myself to complete darkness?

    Your help and advice is much appreciated.

    Many thanks in advance.

    Zara

    • ANSWER:
      I found your question and story interesting. Call the cops because it’s illegal (I think) to send pictures of yourself or anyone nude. And you’re being blackmailed. That colleague is disgusting. I mean seriously. If you call the cops, they’ll take him into questioning, and you’ll know for sure about your boyfriend.
      Best Wishes.

  34. QUESTION:
    please I need gift ideas for pediatric ward patients?
    I’m in the health care team (still student) I just started my rotation in the pediatric ward and I got so attached to those little people (most of them LIVE there since they have terinal diseases so I see them/talk to them daily) It is very upsetting seeing a 2 year old with end stage kidney disease smiling at you and saying thank you when you say somethin nice to him

    there are a group of people that come a bring gifts to all the patients regularly (last time 2 days ago) they get a huge cart filled with toys and the children pick one(sometimes 2) some older kids (9) ask for PS2 video games and still those nice people bring it to them

    I don’t know if my idea is a good one since I can’t afford to buy expenive toys and I WANT THIS WARD since I know the kids and I want to give them something

    what do you sugests ? almost most of them are 2-9 mostly boys I don’t know what to gget?

    for older boys cars (hot wheels?) little oes stuffed toys ? girls dolls ?
    doyou like my idea?
    how many gifts should I get? there are at least 15 regular (stay for months at a time) I want to get for everybody (I guess around 30 or less) in this ward

    what about gife rapping ? good idea? or let hem choose?(like the ice people let them to choose from cart) but maybe it will be nice change to give them and they open it and see what is inside?

    one boy 3 year old loveess drawing keep asking doctors fo pens get him a small white boards with pens?

    • ANSWER:
      I like Stargirl’s ideas.

      I would not wrap them, so they can choose exactly what they want; nothing worse than being a young child in a hospital and opening something you are not the least bit interesteed in.

      I’d recommend some board games they could play with each other, when they feel well enough.
      Maybe some simple bead jewelry kits for the girls.

      And one of the best things you could do would be to encourage everyone to be an organ donor. I’m assuming that poor child is on a waiting list.

  35. QUESTION:
    End-stage kidney failure?
    My mother was diagnosed with this disease about eight years ago, when she had my sister. She is 40 now. My sister was born 2 months premature, because my mom’s blood was entoxicated,(poisoned). She was told , by her good-for-nothing-doctor(who is now being sewed for malpractice) that both of her kidneys were now completely shriveled , and dry like a raisin. Well that is true, but now after all this time, she’s having trouble with her heart. It works 30% , the normal percent for a healthy person is: 50%. And now she’s scared of getting lupus. She was rushed to the hospital today, because her blood pressure was going nuts. Since, she was switched from the hemo to the blood dyalisis, she has to be careful with her liquid intake. The medicine was a pain reliever given by her doc. to calm the pain of her surgery down. They operated her left arm, where they placed the permanent place for her new dyalisis type.
    Can she actually be at risk of getting lupus? And what are the symptoms. Help?!?

    • ANSWER:
      I have Lupus. Dx’d in 1985. My kidneys failed as a result of lupus. I don’t know, she may have had lupus for sometime. It is common for it to flare during pregnancy and women in their child bearing years are at increased risk. Common signs of lupus are:

      Red rash or color change on the face, often in the shape of a butterfly across the nose and cheeks

      Painful swollen joints

      Unexplained fever – low grade

      Chest pain with deep breathing – Pleurisy

      Swollen glands

      Extreme fatigue (feeling tired all the time)

      Unusual hair loss (mainly on the scalp)

      Pale or purple fingers or toes from cold or stress

      Sensitivity to the sun

      Low blood count

      Depression, trouble thinking, and/or memory problems

      Other signs are mouth sores, unexplained seizures (convulsions), “seeing things” (hallucinations), repeated miscarriages, and unexplained kidney problems.
      Lupus is an autoimmune disease, meaning the bodies own immune system attacks itself. The immune system’s job is to fight foreign substances in the body, like germs and viruses. But in autoimmune diseases, the immune system is out of control. It attacks healthy tissues, not germs. Any organ of the body may be targetted, including the heart and kidneys.

      You can’t catch lupus from another person. It isn’t cancer, and it isn’t related to AIDS. Lupus a very complex disease and is sometimes very hard to dx and some pts. go for years undiagnosed as in my case. It took a couple of years and I had most of the classic symptoms.

  36. QUESTION:
    Living and Caring For Someone With End Stage Liver Disease?
    I don’t even know where to start… But I need someone to talk to…

    My grandmother has end stage liver disease… I known for awhile she had liver problems but she has kept them from us or just not told, She always taken care of us.

    Lately she been in and outta the hospital these past few months, with some really good scares in there, I guess i just been playing blind to the fact of all her medical problems, because there a whole whack of them, but as the time goes by, I can no longer play blind to the fact of what is inevitable.

    She is the End Stage Liver Disease, I’m sure it just the beginning ( i think) i Google it and read some of the article online, the most things that come up are about Kidney Failure and it being down hill from there and she not there at that stage,

    I don’t wanna dance around the question, but what kinda of life expectancy are we looking at, without a transplant, and I pretty sure we are a far ways from evening being fit to be a candidate, and even if she was fit, the wait cant be unbelievable long, ( I know this from another family member waiting for a liver transplant and she been waiting forever)

    There been so many hospital visit in the past months, and there so many other things wrong with her, I just don’t know… and I haven’t really asked the doctor too much yet… I want know what is coming my way, I am crazy to be thinking the worst is starting… ( As much as I wish I was I don’t think I am )

    I’m in the role switching spot, where I am know the caregiver, A caregiver to a women has done so much for e in my life… she been my rock… I don’t expect to get the answer im looking for here… I’m not even sure of all the detail … this Liver disease ( and actually taking a look at it ) is all very new to me .

    The Basis of all this is… I dont wanna play blind to the fact…. waste the time do have with her, thinking ahh she be ok…. because visit and visit seem to get worse… maybe im rambling for nothing…. but i hope someone hears me ….

    ~Feeling Scared and Alone ~

    • ANSWER:
      Kiddo, first and foremost you need to be a part of her medial care which means asking questions. Make a list of the ones you already have for her doctor. Knowledge is key.

      As well, you can look at getting some outside help… a nurse to come in a couple of times per week to look in on her and help you with concerns you may have as well. You will also need a break now and then.

      I would also talk to a counselor. Emotionally this is going to take a toll on you. As it would anyone in your situation.

      Have her friends over for tea sometime. Visits are important and will make everyone feel good and up lift spirits.

      Keep your chin up.

  37. QUESTION:
    Is the salt in certain bowel cleansers the cause of irreversible kidney damage?
    I can only anticipate that these bowel cleansers that are linked to end-stage renal disease or permanent kidney damage because Phosphor Milk and similar brands of cleaners can release as much as 30,000 mg of sodium when it passes into the stomach and through the kidneys. And you know what happens when too much salt too soon
    goes into the kidneys….they end up permanently damaged…so much so that you face either dialysis, transplantation, death.

    So I think it is the explosive salt content in those cleansers that led to this kidney damage. Am I right?

    • ANSWER:
      Actually, it’s the extremely high level of salt in these cleansers that keep it out of the blood stream. That much salt actually pulls water out of the intestines and prevents nutrients and electrolytes from being absorbed which is why they’re so effective as they cause a diarrhea rush, so it never actually gets to the kidneys. Kidney damage would probably be more likely linked to this in people that overuse these products or are already dehydrated, so the specific gravity of the blood is increased due to the mas exodus of fluids away from the blood and into the bowels meaning the kidneys have to work much harder to filter. This, and not the salt, is what causes kidney damage.

  38. QUESTION:
    End-Stage Renal Disease?
    So this afternoon my father who hasn’t worked in about 3 years was diagnosed with ESRD. We didn’t even know he had kidney failure until he went in for his Cardiac Arrest His kidney function is about 9%. He has been living with a church and working on the side for them. I don’t know what to do. I am so confused he is scheduled to start dialysis on Monday. How will I pay for all this? What can I do? Is he now disable can I apply for SSI? Do I apply for Medicare or Medicaid? Will they deny him dialysis if we don’t have insurance? Any answers on my next step to take will be most helpful. I am his only child and our relationship has been distant, but I just can’t stand by and watch him die.

    • ANSWER:
      I have had kidney failure and been on dialysis.

      Almost everyone in the US qualifies for Medicare, not matter what their age is, when they go on dialysis. It is usually automatic that that person also applies for and qualifies for disability, so he will receive Social Security disability for that. I recieved both Medicare and disability during that time.

      The dialysis center will have a social worker who can explain all the details of this for you.

      No, he will not be denied dialysis, since he will qualify for Medicare. Ask the social worker about applying for Medicaid. I had regular group insurance for a former employer, and did not need to apply for Medicaid.

      You really should not have any problems with this, but I know it is confusing if you don’t know much about it. I would suggest making an appt w/ the dialysis center social worker so he/she can explain everything when they have time.

  39. QUESTION:
    Having a Dog while on Dialysis?
    My husband has Stage 4 Kidney Disease, his kidneys are @ 16% function rate. He will soon be end-stage Kidney failure. He will begin Dialysis at that point. We have a little mutt dog we love name Buddha. He is like our son, since we don’t have children. Buddha sheds a lot of hair, once my husband becomes end-stage and starts dialysis, they will put in a fistula (a surgically created connection between an artery and a vein in the forearm – for easy continued access to his veins). Having an open wound like that and being ill compromises his immune system already. Should we find Buddha a new home? I don’t want to give Buddha up … but my husbands health is more important. I’m so lost!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I have a close friend with the same thing. He lives a “normal life.” He comes here and I practically have a petting zoo, he is also an EMT, so he is around sick people. And he works in a hospital doing transports. He has days when he is under the weather but he keeps plugging along. I have Lupus and stage one 1 kidney deficiency which again equals a compromised immune system. I too am a volunteer EMT and like I said, have a petting zoo. Vacuum daily. mop often, etc. Don’t separate the two – depression can be a killer.

  40. QUESTION:
    I need someone to answer this question?
    I have a brother that been diagnoised with a kidney problem. He is concerned about his health and wants to know how do a regular kidney function? He thinks that he is not in a chronic kidney -end stage renal disease. He was diagnoised with it through some blood work. He only has one kidney and found out at the age of 57.
    After seeing doctors for many years and wondering why he was never told of this one kidney.

    Should he get a second opinion? Is all chronic kidney problems as told considered end stage renal disease. He wants an organization that can help with most of his question about his problem. They immediately put him on dialaysis after the blood test saying that he got examined just on time and would have died if if he waited 2 more weeks. He feels his kidneys before and now awas always working fine. They makes mistakes like taking more bblood than required blaming it on the kidney machine. What can a person do in a situation like this. Any and all answers will be accepted.

    • ANSWER:
      I would get a second opinion. It never hurts. Remember, the dialysis center wants your $$$$.

      It is like this: Out there, in your town is the worst, stupidest Doctor in town – and somebody has an appointment with him tomorrow.

      If you do not believe your doctor, then get a second opinion, a third opinion, and as many as you need.

  41. QUESTION:
    dear collegues,my sis is suffering from a disease can u guide me 4 her treatment,giving her details…?
    ashwini 20 yrs,ocassionaly weakness and fatigue.
    investigations-
    BUN(blood urea nitrogen) 63mg/dl
    SERUM CREATININ 5mg/dl,(11mg/dl before hemodialysis)
    HEAMOGLOBIN 6gm/dl
    ANTI NUCLEAR ANTIBODY POSITIVE
    ANTI HISTONE ANTIBODY POSITIVE
    ANTI DNA ANTIBODY POSITIVE, BUT NOT SLE.
    RENAL BIOPSY-END STAGE RENAL DISEASE INVOLVING BOTH KIDNEYS.
    X-Ray chest cardiomegaly.

    history and present condition-
    she was alright 4 yrs back when her doctor sister noticed her pale and investigated.physically well built & a university player.
    SHE IS NOW ON DIALYSIS every 8-10 days.
    FAMILY HISTORY-HER MOTHER(38),SISTER(22) DIED OF SAME PATHOLOGY FEW YRS BEFORE.
    PRESENT MEDICATION-high doses of steroids,erythropoietin.
    we r considering for renal transplant,but surgeons deny it cuase of antibodies present.
    she is having one more sist and a brother,
    PLS GUIDE ME FOR HER MANAGEMENT TO A GOOD PHYSICIAN.WILL B VERY THANKFUL 4 U.
    arunmoregsa@rediffmail.com, arun_sups@yahoo.com
    Dr Arun,India.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m a nurse here in the U.S.

      I’m sorry to hear about your sister’s illness. Given the lab values you cited..this definitely sounds like an autoimmune process going on. I have SLE and this sure sounds familiar. I spent several years of going to different doctors and being diagnosed with various “strange” diseases before I found my current physician who figured out it was SLE all along. SLE is the great imposter. It can mimic many diseases. Are you certain it’s not SLE?

      Your sister needs a good rheumatologist. There is a very good one in Denver, Colorado at National Jewish Medical Center. His name is Dr. Richard Meehan. Here is the website for National Jewish. Perhaps you can contact him or one of his colleagues through this site.

      www.nationaljewish.org

      Best of luck to you, and prayers for your sister’s health.

  42. QUESTION:
    Does ING “Critical Illness Coverage” (see details) include heart disease OTHER THAN heart attacks?
    At work, we have the option to get “Premier Critical Illness Insurance” from ING. The brochure says “Heart disease and stroke are the No. 1 and 3 causes of death in the U.S. If survived, they are a leading cause of serious disability.” and that the policy covers “stroke”, “heart attack”, “coma”, end-stage kidney failure, “major organ failure”, and “permanent paralysis”.

    Does this cover all heart disease? What if it is neither a heart attack nor a major organ failure?

    Are heart attacks and major organ failure alone responsible for heart disease being ranked where it is as a leading cause of death, or is that ranking due to other types of heart disease that are not covered?

    If the policy does not cover all heart disease, and the heart disease that is covered (heart attacks and major organ failure) is not the #1 or #3 cause of death, how is it relevant that “Heart disease and stroke are the No. 1 and 3 causes of death in the U.S.”?

    The brochure makes it sound like the insurance covers the leading cause of death and that the insurance covers two of the three leading causes of death. Does it really cover only the third leading cause and a small subset of the first leading cause?

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know about ING’s coverage, but typically all of the conditions you’ve mentioned are amongst the standard conditions covered.

      Most good policies will cover ALL of the following:

      Heart Attack, Cancer, Stroke, Coma, blindness, alzheimers, Coronary artery Bypass Surgery, deafness, kidney failure, loss of limbs, loss of speach, major organ transplant, ALS (Lou Gehrig’s deisease), Multiple Sclorosis, paralisys, parkinsons, severe burns, occupational HIV.

      Some will cover even more than that. For example Empire Life’s policy also covers Aorta Surgery, and heart valve replacement surgery

      As for what types are covered that depends on how the US does things. In Canada, we have standard definitions for all companies throughout Canada. If a company covers heart attacks, that coverage will be the exact same as the next company. Same case goes for Cancer, there are so many forms of cancer that some of the non-life threatening cancers (like early stages prostate cancer), will only result in a partial payout. These definitions are the same from company to company. Other examples of a partial payout would be Coronary angioplasty, HIV related to cancer, or Ductal Carinoma in Situ of the breast.

      All compnaies must have a definition guide as to what is covered and what exactly that entails.

      My suggestion would be to contact a lisensed insurance broker though. They will have access to multiple companies so they can get you the best coverage on the market.

      Finally, I am always leary of banks offering insurance. If this was something offered to you as a mortgage insurance or something to specifically cover your debts (also known as creditor insurance), please do not get it. Go with a stand alone policy from an insurance company. There are several differences, the main one being they don’t actually underwrite until the time of claim, which means you could pay into this thing for ever under the assumption that you are covered and still get denied the claim. Here are some links explaining the differences between what the banks offer and what an insurance company offers (these are specific to life insurance, but all forms of insurance in this manor go by the same guidelines whether in Canada, or the US as well)

      http://www.cbc.ca/marketplace/in_denial/

      http://www.cbc.ca/marketplace/2007/02/credit_insurance.html

      http://www.asset-aid.com/bank_vs.shtml

  43. QUESTION:
    Who has IGA Nephropathy?
    I had a biopsy 5 yrs ago and was diagnosed as hvg IGA nephropathy with 13 glomeruli damaged. My mother has kidney disease with end stage renal failure for 10 years now. My brother went through a steriod treatment a couple of years ago.

    I have been taking Omega 3 (fish oil) since and have not gone for any check ups. Currently, i experience alot of backache and loss of appetite. My blood pressure is always normal.

    Anyone or your family member who has this kidney disorder, can you share with me your story and how do you deal with it? Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      IgA nephropathy is deposition of IgA immune complexes in glomeruli, manifesting as slowly progressive hematuria, proteinuria, and, often, renal insufficiency. Diagnosis is based on urinalysis and renal biopsy. Prognosis is generally good. Treatment options include ACE inhibitors, corticosteroids, and ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
      Familial clustering has also been observed, suggesting genetic factors at least in some cases.
      Controlling your blood pressure is one of the most important ways you can help slow kidney damage from IgA nephropathy. You doctor may recommend changes in your diet — such as limiting your salt intake — to help manage your blood pressure. A low-salt diet can also help minimize fluid retention and swelling. Other dietary changes, such as reducing the amount of protein you eat and taking steps to decrease your cholesterol levels, also may help slow the progression of IgA nephropathy. Talk with your doctor about what’s right for you.

  44. QUESTION:
    I am DEPRESSED about my weight, but if I don’t like to exercise how can I lose weight?
    Here is a picture of me 17 years ago:

    http://s118.photobucket.com/albums/o81/roniceb/?action=view&current=10-5-91.jpg

    & here is what I look like now(my daughter-”me”-my sister):

    http://s118.photobucket.com/albums/o81/roniceb/?action=view&current=TheVent8-22-08.jpg

    I am 5’3 & I weigh 155 lbs & I have congestive heart failure, end stage liver disease & kidney failure due to alcoholism(and NO I was not drinking in that picture, I was there to watch my daughter in a karaoke competition, I haven’t drank in over a year) A little over a year ago I was rushed to the emergency room for heart, liver & kidney failure, I was told I had six months to live, I was put on dialysis & was in a wheelchair & was put in a nursing home, so I was confined to a bed for 3 months. Now that I am on my own again I feel huge & I want to lose 30 lbs, but I don’t like to exercise. So what are my options?

    Thanks to everyone for all the advice:) I always worry about being criticized or judged because of how my life has turned out. I received so much information, it is going to take some time for me to read all the information for all the links provided. I do have some limitations on what I can & can’t do because of my medical conditions. I would like to pick more than one “Best Answer” because I believe some of you took the time to honestly evaluate my situation..
    I just noticed it’s kinda hard to see the difference in my weight with me sitting down, so here is one of my sister & me standing:

    http://s118.photobucket.com/albums/o81/roniceb/?action=view&current=sisters1.jpg

    • ANSWER:
      It is such a misconception that you “must” exercise to lose weight. Now, I am not saying that exercise is bad, in fact there are SO many benefits to exercising, one of which is that you are able to eat more calories. Having said that, weight lose is about one fundamental principle–calories in and calories out. In order to lose weight you have to burn significantly more than you take in. A good place to start is your BMR or basal metabolic rate. Go to google and type in BMR calculator and you can figure out how many calories you will burn if you just laid in bed all day and didn’t get up. Then you need to figure out your exercise level, and factor it together to come up with the daily amount of calories you need to maintain your weight. If you want to lose 1-2 pounds a week, you need to have a calorie deficit of 3500-7000 calories per week. Sounds like a lot, doesn’t it? It IS a lot, but it’s not impossible. You have to have a deficit over a very long period of time to see results. You have to stick with it, and watch everything you eat, lick, and touch. It takes dedication, but if you really WANT to lose weight, you can do it, all without stepping foot on a treadmill. I hope this helps you. Good luck!

  45. QUESTION:
    What are my chances for B2 (visit) visa?
    Hi everyone,

    I just wanted to get some opinions. I applied for a B2 visa, my interview date is April 5 2011, in pakistan Islamabad. The reason I want to come to USA is to visit my sister. I am 45 years old, married have 4 kids. I am retired army but now work in an office. My sister is 48 years old, for the past 10 years she has has End stage renal disease (kidney failure). She has been on dialysis for 5 years. Our dad went to visit her on a B2 visa last year from feb 2010-june 2010. He came back very worried because she was always in hospital, and was in very bad shape. However, she received a kidney transplant on july 19 2010. It has been a rough year, so many medications, and she now also has diabetes because of the medications. However, now she is doing well, not well enough that she can travel. But well enough that she can take care of herself. She has 6 kids, and has been in the US since 1995. she is a Green card holder and the rest of family is US citizen. Our mother died when we were really young, so she is everything to me. I am sponsoring myself and taking proof of employment, income, bank statement. I own property in pakistan as well. My sister sent me a letter which she wrote to the consulate and A letter from her doctor and some pics of her with her nurses. My job will only allow me 2 months off. What are my chances for getting a visit visa? Anything else I should take with me? Or any other opinions? And i have only been to Cambodia and saudia arabia.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like you may have a fair chance at a visa, but in the end it’s up to the interviewing officer, so our opinions don’t weigh much against that. hard to say what else you should take as we don’t know what else you may have, but in the end it will depend more on your interview than any documents you may bring along.

  46. QUESTION:
    HELP! IS THIS EVEN A CHILD SUPPORT CASE?
    My mom is disabled she has (END STAGE RENAL DISEASE, kidney failure), she has not worked since 2007. My dad made ends meets… few months ago my grandma died so my dad went back to his country for her funeral… while over there he had a heart attack, he has been very ill since then and is trying to come back as soon as he is well enough to. It has been about 4 months… I am 29 years old and I dropped out of college. I work alot to try and support my mom and 3 younger siblings… it has been hard. I needed extra help so i went down to the department of family services and applied for Food stamps and Temporary assistance for needy families. We have been receiving help from them since April. Today I open the mail and I see 2 letters from the child support division summoning both of my parents to court on on June 23. I thought child support was if theres a divorce or if the parents are separated. I don’t really know what to do, im trying to get an appointment with my caseworker but she is so hard to get a hold of. I even went down to see her today and she said she was busy and to leave her my phone number she would call back. Both of my parents have worked over 10 years have paid their taxes on time… and never have asked for any type of help, they did with what they had. However, it was very difficult and we needed this help temporarily, no matter how much i worked it wasn’t enough. Did i get my parents in a bigger mess? Or is this whats suppose to happen in this situation? Is this even a child support case? If you have any advice or have had a similar experience please help, I would appreciate it.
    Thank you for all the help… let me clarify a little bit, I DID NOT APPLY FOR MY SIBLINGS… I went with my mom to help fill out the forms. Both my parents are married and are the guardians of my siblings.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a child support case if you claimed to be supporting their minor children. Child support is not just for divorced couples, whoever has custody of those kids is entitled to support.

      At this point your parents need to repay the state for the support given to you, this is also how single mothers receiving support works, the state goes after dad.

      If you do not have custody, but your mother does YOU are in trouble for welfare fraud.

      Your parents need to show up at the court and prove they are unable to repay the state for the welfare payments you received for their children.

  47. QUESTION:
    IS THIS A CHILD SUPPORT CASE? Help!!!!?
    My mom is disabled she has (END STAGE RENAL DISEASE, kidney failure), she has not worked since 2007. My dad made ends meets… few months ago my grandma died so my dad went back to his country for her funeral… while over there he had a heart attack, he has been very ill since then and is trying to come back as soon as he is well enough to. It has been about 4 months… I am 29 years old and I dropped out of college. I work alot to try and support my mom and 3 younger siblings… it has been hard. I needed extra help so i went down to the department of family services and applied for Food stamps and Temporary assistance for needy families. We have been receiving help from them since April. Today I open the mail and I see 2 letters from the child support division summoning both of my parents to court on on June 23. I thought child support was if theres a divorce or if the parents are separated. I don’t really know what to do, im trying to get an appointment with my caseworker but she is so hard to get a hold of. I even went down to see her today and she said she was busy and to leave her my phone number she would call back. Both of my parents have worked over 10 years have paid their taxes on time… and never have asked for any type of help, they did with what they had. However, it was very difficult and we needed this help temporarily, no matter how much i worked it wasn’t enough. Did i get my parents in a bigger mess? Or is this whats suppose to happen in this situation? Is this even a child support case? If you have any advice or have had a similar experience please help, I would appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      If you applied for assistance on behalf of your younger siblings and they are still minors, the state may consider your parents to be obligated to them for child support. What should have happened is that your father should have applied for disability or for assistance based on his inability to work. What you have done (apparently) if you applied for the assistance in your own name and listed them all as your dependants is to say to the state that you are providing all support to the minors in your household, and they are trying to get your parents to reimburse them for the support they’re providing. Consult a lawyer and see what you can do to get it all straightened out.

  48. QUESTION:
    How to collect funds for my Uncle’s Operation?? Kindly give your precious advise.?
    Hi My name is Lohith Deshpande. My uncle, Mr.Kishan Rao is suffering from end-stage renal disease(Kidney failure). He is living on a borrowed life with regular dialysis now. The operation itself may cost around USD 12,000 (Rs. 6-7 Lakhs). He is from a lower middle class family, cannot afford such a huge amount. He has 2 small kids who are doing their schooling in Sangareddy (town near Hyderabad,India). Now, I took the responsibility to collect the funds. To the best of my capability, I have donated USD 800(Rs 40,000), and am rigorously searching for the different means to collect funds as soon as practical. If anyone can help me out in getting the things done, will be simply great !!

    Thanks a ton in advance. Eagerly waiting for all your prompt advises/ideas.

    Can write-in a mail directly to me:

    Lohith.Deshpande@gmail.com
    LohithDeshpande@yahoo.co.in

    Yours Sincerely
    Lohith Deshpande

    • ANSWER:
      Have you tried getting sponsored to do something like a run or bike ride, people usually give money the more outrageous it is, like a sponsored sky dive although that can be a bit expensive. Is a bungee jump out of the question? lol you could get a willing friend to do it. Then advertise as much as possible, go from door to door.
      I don’t know what you have done already so its hard to suggest. You could try organising some sort of fundraiser like a bake sale or something.
      Good luck and I hope your uncle gets better.

  49. QUESTION:
    a 45 year old hypertensive diabetic female,complaints of fever,decreased micturition kidney transplant history
    a 45 year old hypertensive,diabetic female came to emergency with complaints of fever, decreased micturition and tenderness in the muber region for 24 hours. she has a history of transplantation of kidney 2 weeks back, due to end stage renal disease. she was also on immuno spuressive therapy. she had all vitals high. had pedal edema, auscultation crackles present bilaterally, perorbital puffiness, high urea and creatinine values. Renal biospy was done to see her condition. can you please tell me the patho physiological mechanism for the development of the above sign & symptoms.

    • ANSWER:
      Let me start by saying I’m no doctor, although I do have experience with kidney transplantation, having undergone the procedure twice. Your query states that the patient underwent transplantation two weeks ago, and is suffering high creatinine, urea (BUN), edema, and high vitals. From my experience, this sounds much like acute rejection, which is somewhat common in the early post-transplant stages, and can often occur within the first six months post-transplant. It is also possible that the organ is in chronic rejection; that is, dying off, but that would most likely be caused by lack of taking immunosuppressive therapy, or insufficient immunosuppressive therapy. Again, I’m no doctor, just going on my personal experience and what I’ve learned about the transplant condition.

  50. QUESTION:
    Life expectancy for my grandma…please read!?
    It is a complicated and long story, but my grandma is dying in the hospital with a whole list of life threatening problems, the most recently discovered being end stage kidney failure. I think she is going to try dialysis. I am 38 weeks pregnant and my parents say she is trying to live to see pictures of my baby once she is born(she is in CA and I am in CO so can’t see her in person). She is in her mid to late 80′s. Does anybody know how long someone that old with tons of other problems can make it with this kidney disease? Couldn’t really find any info online, as I know it depends on many factors.
    She is also:
    diabetic
    currently suffering from pneumonia and bleeding ulcer
    has severe edema in both arms
    congestive heart disease
    hasn’t eaten in two weeks because throws up everything she eats
    I know all of this is not good, but do you think she can hang on for another few weeks?

    • ANSWER:
      I honestly believe, based on what you said, that she can hang on that long. My immediate concern is the pneumonia. So, if she can kick that, she will probably be okay for the immediate future.


Elderly Kidney Function Loss

http://alturl.com/fuf87

I

INTRODUCTION

Aging,irreversiblebiological changes that occur in all living things with the passage of time, eventually resulting in death. Although all organisms age, rates of aging vary considerably. Fruit flies, for example, are born, grow old, and die in 30 or 40 days, 00004000 while field mice have a life span of about three years. Dolphins may live to age 25, elephants to age 50, and GalApagos tortoises to 100. These life spans pale in comparison to those of some species of giant sequoia trees, which live hundreds of years.

Amonghumans,theeffects of aging vary from one individual to another. The average life expectancy for Americans is around 75 years, almost twice what it was in the early 1900s. Although some people never reach this age, and others are beset with illnesses if they do, more and more people are living healthy lives well into their 90s and older. The study of the different aging processes that occur among individuals and the factors that cause these changes is known as gerontology. Geriatrics is a medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in the elderly.

II

EFFECTS OF AGING ON THE HUMAN BODY

Severalgeneralchanges take place in the human body as it ages: hearing and vision decline, muscle strength lessens, soft tissues such as skin and blood vessels become less flexible, and there is an overall decline in body tone.

Mostofthebody’sorgans perform less efficiently with advancing age. For example, the average amount of blood pumped by the heart drops from about 6.9 liters (7.3 quarts) per minute at age 20 to only 3.5 liters (3.7 quarts) pumped per minute at age 85. For this same age range, the average amount of blood flowing through the kidneys drops from approximately 0.6 liters (0.6 quarts) per minute to 0.3 liters (0.3 quarts). Not all people experience decreased organ function to the same degreea”some individuals have healthier hearts and kidneys at age 85 than others do at age 50.

Theimmunesystemalso changes with age. A healthy immune system protects the body against bacteria, viruses, and other harmful agents by producing disease-fighting proteins known as antibodies. A healthy immune system also prevents the growth of abnormal cells, which can become cancerous. With advancing age, the ability of the immune system to carry out these protective functions is diminisheda”the rate of antibody production may drop by as much as 80 percent between age 20 and age 85. This less-effective immune system explains why a bout of influenza, which may make a young adult sick for a few days, can be fatal for an elderly person. Thus, it is as important for an older person to be vaccinated against the flu and pneumonia as it is for young people to be vaccinated against childhood diseases.

Mostoftheglandsof the endocrine system, the organs that secrete hormones regulating such functions as metabolism, temperature, and blood sugar levels, retain their ability to function into advanced age. However, these glands often become less sensitive to the triggers that direct hormone secretion. In the aging pancreas, for example, higher blood sugar levels are required to stimulate the release of insulin, a hormone that helps the muscles convert blood sugar to energy.

Theovariesandthetestes, the endocrine glands that regulate many aspects of sexual reproduction, alter during the aging process. As a man ages, the testes produce less of the male sex hormone, testosterone. A woman’s ovaries undergo marked changes from about age 45 to age 55 during a process known as menopause. The ovaries no longer release egg cells, and they no longer generate the hormones that stimulate monthly menstrual cycles. After women have gone through menopause, they are no longer capable of having children without the aid of reproductive technology. The physical changes associated with aging do not have a significant impact on sexual activitya”most healthy people maintain an interest in sex all of their lives.

III

THE EFFECTS OF AGING ON THE MIND

Oneofthemythsofaging is that intelligence diminishes with age. Early studies that used intelligence tests designed for children revealed that older people scored lower than young adults. However, these tests relied heavily on skills commonly used in school classrooms, such as arithmetic, and required the test to be completed within a specific time limit. Older people may require more time to answer questions, and more recent studies based on untimed tests and other measures of intellectual activity, such as problem solving and concept formation, show that there is relatively little decline in mental ability in healthy people at least up to age 70.

Frequently Asked Questions

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  3. QUESTION:

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Early Treatment Of Kidney Disease

Kidney stones are not easy to handle, especially with the intensity of pain that they can create. Before, kidney stones happened typically in men, however these days, women are also prone to this kind of disorder and their cases are a bit increasing. This has occurred due to the incorrect lifestyle nowadays.

Although the signs of kidney stones in women are pretty much alike in men, women have greater threshold for pain because their bodies are ready to give birth. A lot of women think that the kidney stone pain is identical with the intensity of pain one can get from giving birth.

There are so many common signs of kidney stones in women, but the main one is the lower back pain felt in the kidney area, normally on one side but not both concurrently. The level of pain may either be constant or disrupted. It will hardly ever fade away entirely. Although the pain may disperse by taking an analgesic tablet, however, the degree of pain will presumably increase and its location will become more specific after a few hours or even days.


Early Symptoms Of Kidney Disease In Humans

Kidney stones are not easy to handle, especially with the intensity of pain that they can create. Before, kidney stones happened typically in men, however these days, women are also prone to this kind of disorder and their cases are a bit increasing. This has occurred due to the incorrect lifestyle nowadays.

Although the signs of kidney stones in women are pretty much alike in men, women have greater threshold for pain because their bodies are ready to give birth. A lot of women think that the kidney stone pain is identical with the intensity of pain one can get from giving birth.

There are so many common signs of kidney stones in women, but the main one is the lower back pain felt in the kidney area, normally on one side but not both concurrently. The level of pain may either be constant or disrupted. It will hardly ever fade away entirely. Although the pain may disperse by taking an analgesic tablet, however, the degree of pain will presumably increase and its location will become more specific after a few hours or even days.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    i got this from my sister she sent it to me by email and i wanted everyone to read this so please do so?
    From Carlton in Pennsylvania————–Allan

    Leptospirosis — VERY IMPORTANT PLEASE READ

    This incident happened recently in North Texas. A woman went boating one Sunday taking with her some cans of coke which she put into the refrigerator of the boat. On Monday she was taken to the hospital and placed in the Intensive Care Unit. She died on Wednesday.

    The autopsy concluded she died of Leptospirosis. This was traced to the
    can of coke she drank from, not using a glass. Tests showed that the can was infected by dried rat urine and hence the disease Leptospirosis.

    Rat urine contains toxic and deathly substances. It is highly recommended thoroughly wash the upper part of soda cans before drinking out of them.
    The cans are typically stocked in warehouses and transported straight to
    the shops without being cleaned.

    A study at NYCU showed that the tops of soda cans are more

    Contaminated than public toilets (i.e).. full of germs and bacteria. So wash them with water before putting them to the mouth to avoid any kind of fatal accident.

    Please forward this message to all the people you care about.

    (I JUST DID)

    Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that affects humans and animals. It results in a wide range of symptoms, and some people may have no symptoms at all. It is caused by a spiral-shaped bacterium (spirochete). Symptoms include high fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, and jaundice (! yellow skin and eyes).

    A definitive diagnosis requires laboratory testing of a blood or urine sample. Early detection is important because the disease can cause serious complications if not treated early in its course. These include kidney damage (nephrosis), meningitis (inflammation of the tissue around the brain or spinal cord), resp iratory distress and/or liver failure.

    • ANSWER:
      I want you to read this:
      Leptospirosis, better known as Weil’s disease, is a potentially deadly illness caused by bacteria passed along to humans in contact with urine from diseased animals (rats, frogs, rabbits, snakes, pigs and dogs). It is picked up rurally from swimming in contaminated lakes and reservoirs. In cities, the bacteria are passed along more easily — people splashing through puddles in areas that have a large rodent population might contract the disease, and eating or drinking contaminated food and water is always a danger. Leptospirosis can also be contracted by rubbing eyes with dirty hands. People with open cuts and wounds are especially vulnerable to the bacteria, as it can be picked up almost anywhere.

      As the rat population in cities grows, so does the potential for contact with this disease.

      Leptospirosis typically causes aches, pains and fever that go away on their own. One in ten cases includes high fever, jaundice, meningitis (inflammation of the brain lining), acute kidney failure, internal bleeding and, occasionally, death. Victims can die if they develop serious kidney or liver complications. In extreme cases, death follows three to six days after infection. The disease is treatable with antibiotics.

      In November 1998 leptospirosis killed eight people and hospitalized one hundred in China. In the same month in 1997, 22 people died from the same cause out of the 300 who were infected with it. In the United States, 100 to 200 cases of leptospirosis occur each year (with about half of those in Hawaii), according to the Center for Disease Control.

      Another disease passed on through rat urine is hantavirus. It is transmitted to humans through breathing in particles of an infected rodent’s urine, droppings or saliva. The virus becomes airborne when excrement dries. Early symptoms mimic the flu and can progress to respiratory failure. Since 1993, 21 deaths in the United States have been blamed on this disease.

      In general, urine-encrusted soda cans are not the most likely purveyors of these diseases. Most cans of soda are packaged into cardboard boxes while still on the production line and thus aren’t at any risk of contamination. Additionally, once bottlers have mixed soft drink syrup in with soda water and sweetener, they try to get the finished product to the consumer as expeditiously as possible. Soft drink bottlers don’t warehouse large inventories of finished product for any length of time — freshness is everything, so the product is moved out quickly, leaving little opportunity for rodents to use the tops of cans as latrines. Nonetheless, it’s still always a good idea to wipe off cans from exposed six-packs or those dispensed from drink machines, if for no other reason than to avoid picking up something passed on by the human handlers of the product.

      Barbara “errata” Mikkelson

      And the next time you get one of these chain emails find the original poster and tell that big goon to lay off the Michael Moore movies.

  2. QUESTION:
    Why did both my cats die? But on different days? Im so sad !!?
    Ok i had 2 cats a 2 year old [human years] and a [8 month old] the 2 year old named Yoshi had gotten all his shots and he was neutered but he was overweight other than that he looked healthy
    & my 8 month old cat named Ashes didnt have her shots and she wasnt spayed so she was the one that had a bigger possibility of getting sick =[ she has gone out once in a while. One day we found her sick my mom gave her medicine the next day she looked better but Yoshi looked sick he is a male and he had all his shots he was healthier than my other cat but Yoshi died first but he didnt get sick first so wtf? And its so sad because i saw him suffer he died last week saturday at 1 in the morning he would throw up and wouldnt eat so he basically threw up water or stomache acid my mom would give him medicine but it didnt work on him so he would keep throwing up and his pee didnt smell its like as if it were pure water we did take him to the vet and they said he had a possibility of having kidney disease but the doctor said he was too young for that we felt his tummy and we felt like a ball so ni guess he did have kidney disease but how did he get it? Ashes was sick before him but he died earlier than her. The after he passed we took him to go get cremated and we got his ashes back then a week later Ashes is sicker than ever she can berly walk she doesnt eat she is super skinny you can see/feel her bones is she depressed or sick also? Then yesterday we left somewhere and we dont know what happend to her we came back she was gone we dont know if she left or if she died somewhere we searched all over the house and couldnt find her so we gave up and now believe she is dead but she could berly walk so if she left yesterday in the rain sick and couldnt walk then i guess she probaly died ! =[ but is it true that cats know when they are going to die so they hide somewhwre to die? The SADDEST part of Yoshi is that i got to see him suffer and im only 12 yaesr old. At night he would cry in pain LOUD he would try to walk he couldnt he would fall he couldnt even stand up so my sister said hes too sick i dont wanna see him suffer like this anymore lets take him to get euthenised and on the way he died in my moms arms before he died he would stretch his arms like he couldnt breathe or like his heart stopped then he died =’[ i cried and cried it was so devastating and Ashes is gone! why why why>??? is she safe? will she come back? she was gone alll day yesterday and today im so sad =[ i even prayed for them but i guess their time has come =’[ =’[ =’[
    what do you think caused their death her are their symptoms
    Yoshi
    ________________________________________________
    • vomiting ALOT
    • no eating
    • pee didnt smell
    • crying in pain
    • sleeping all day
    • his pain lookd like it came from his tummy
    • could berly walk

    Ashes
    ________________________________________________________________
    • Didnt eat
    • vomiting 2 or 3 times
    •super skinny
    • tired
    • could berly walk

    so what could have caused their deaths?????
    I miss them so much !!!!!!!!!!!!!! =’[

    i will always ♥ them and keep them in my heart forever and always

    • ANSWER:
      maybe you should had took them to the vets if ur cats were having health problems

  3. QUESTION:
    could somebody check spelling and grammar in this paper.?
    The Bhopal Disaster took place in December 3, 1984 in Bhopal, India.

    Disaster was caused by the release of 27 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a Union Carbide India Limited, pesticide plant owned by Union Carbide.

    Union Carbide had 14 factories in India, one of them was in Bhopal. At night of Dec. 2nd and 3rd, 27 tons of the deadly gas methyl isocyanate began leaking. There was no warning, none of the six safety systems were working. People woke in their homes to fits of coughing, their lungs filling with fluid. People woke up screaming in pain. Deadly gas was dusting their eyes. They couldn’t breath, they were choking in blood. They weren’t able to control their bladders. After several hours there were thousands of dead bodys on the streets.

    Breathlessness, persistent cough, diminished vision, early age cataracts, loss of appetite, menstrual irregularities, recurrent fever, back and body aches, loss of sensation in the limbs, fatigue, weakness, anxiety and depression are the most common symptoms among survivors. The alarming rise in cancers, reproductive health problems and others such as growth retardation among children born after the disaster remain undocumented.

    Aziza Sultan „At about 12.30 am I woke to the sound of my baby coughing badly. I saw that the room was filled with a white cloud. I heard a lot of people shouting. I started coughing with each breath seeming as if I was breathing in fire. My eyes were burning too.”

    “People were dying on the streett! It was horrible!”

    How many thousands of people? no one knows. Carbide says 3,800. Municipal workers who picked up bodies with their own hands, loading them onto trucks for burial in mass graves or to be burned on mass pyres, reckon they shifted at least 15,000 bodies. Survivors, basing their estimates on the number of shrouds sold in the city, conservatively claim about 8,000 died in the first week. Such body counts become meaningless when you know that the dying has never stopped.

    Pople left the city. They waited, and when the clouds of deadly gas gone, they come back.

    Every plant in this city was poisoned. Environs was covered by hundreds of tonnes of toxic waste. Environmentalists have warned that the waste is a potential minefield in the heart of the city, and the resulting contamination may lead to decades of slow poisoning, and diseases affecting the nervous system, liver and kidneys in humans. Studies have shown that the rates of cancer and other ailments are higher in the region since the event.

    In a partial settlement with the Indian government, agreed to pay out some 0 million in compensation. The victims weren’t consulted in the settlement discussions, and many felt cheated by their compensation -0-0 – or about five years’ worth of medical expenses. Today, those who were awarded compensation are hardly better off than those who weren’t.

    The Indian goverment charged Union Carbide but nobody was convicted.

    Bhopal haven’t been cleaned up yet.

    If we don’t wont such accidents as in Bhopal we must take care of those factories which use dangerous chemicals. And turn one’s attention to those problems.

    • ANSWER:
      The Bhopal Disaster took place in December 3, 1984 in Bhopal, India. Disaster was caused by the release of 27 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a Union Carbide India Limited, pesticide plant owned by Union Carbide.

      Union Carbide had 14 factories in India, one of them was in Bhopal. During the nights of December the 2nd and 3rd, 27 tons of the deadly gas methyl isocyanate began leaking, there was no warning and none of the six safety systems were working. People woke in their homes to fits of coughing, their lungs filling with fluid and screaming in pain. Deadly gas was dusting their eyes. They couldn’t breathe, they were choking in their own blood and they weren’t able to control their bladders. After several hours there were thousands of dead bodies on the streets.

      Breathlessness, a persistent cough, diminished vision, early age cataracts, loss of appetite, menstrual irregularities, recurrent fever, back and body aches, loss of sensation in the limbs, fatigue, weakness, anxiety and depression are the most common symptoms among survivors. The alarming rise in cancers, reproductive health problems and other conditions such as growth retardation among children born after the disaster remain undocumented.

      Aziza Sultan stated “At about 12.30 am I woke to the sound of my baby coughing badly. I saw that the room was filled with a white cloud. I heard a lot of people shouting. I started coughing with each breath seeming as if I was breathing in fire. My eyes were burning too. People were dying on the street! It was horrible!”

      Exactly how many thousands of people died, no one actually knows. Carbide says 3,800. Municipal workers who picked up bodies with their own hands, loading them onto trucks for burial in mass graves or to be burned on mass pyres, reckon they shifted at least 15,000 bodies. Survivors, basing their estimates on the number of shrouds sold in the city, conservatively claim about 8,000 died in the first week. Such body counts become meaningless when you know that the dying has never stopped. People left the city. They waited, and when the clouds of deadly gas had gone, they came back again.

      Every plant in this city was poisoned. Environments was covered by hundreds of tonnes of toxic waste. Environmentalists have warned that the waste is a potential minefield in the heart of the city, and the resulting contamination may lead to decades of slow poisoning, and diseases affecting the nervous system, liver and kidneys in humans. Studies have shown that the rates of cancer and other ailments are higher in the region since the event.

      In a partial settlement with the Indian government, they agreed to pay out some 0 million in compensation. However the victims were not consulted in the settlement discussions, and many felt cheated by their compensation of between 0and 0 – which equates to about five years worth of medical expenses. Today, those who were awarded compensation are hardly any better off than those people who weren’t awarded anything.

      The Indian goverment charged Union Carbide but nobody was convicted and Bhopal haven’t been cleaned up yet.

      If we don’t want such accidents as in Bhopal we must take care of those factories which use dangerous chemicals and turn one’s attention to those problems.

  4. QUESTION:
    dont pay attention to this!?
    Organ and Tissue Transplants
    Modern techniques of medical transplantation—surgically removing a diseased or malfunctioning kidney, heart, or other organ, and replacing it with a healthy organ from a donor—has brought new life and new hope to patients who, just a few generations ago, would have died. But the practice has also raised significant ethical questions. One such question centers on the cold reality of supply versus demand: At any moment, there are upwards of 150,000 people in the world awaiting transplants. A scarcity of donor organs usually means a long wait—during which some patients die. A large supply of organs is available from the roughly 200,000 patients worldwide who are declared brain-dead each year, but the problem has been to secure consent from family members and loved ones to remove organs for transplant.
    For many years medical ethicists have considered the question of whether ethical means can be found to increase the supply of donor organs. In the early 1980s, for example, American bioethicist Arthur Caplan of the University of Pennsylvania discussed the concept of presumed consent—the idea that, barring strenuous objection from family members, doctors could presume that a person declared brain-dead would be willing to donate organs to save others. Some Asian nations, as well as some European nations, including France, Belgium, Austria, and Spain, have such policies. The United States and Canada later enforced a concept advanced by Caplan of required request—a policy whereby hospital personnel would be legally required to seek permission from family members before harvesting organs. The adoption of this policy in the United States and Canada increased the supply of donated tissues, such as corneas and bone marrow, but failed to dramatically increase the supply of donor organs.
    Current United States and Canadian law bars the sale or purchase of donor organs. The United States does permit the sale of plasma and other bodily products, such as hair and sperm. Would financial incentives provide a stimulus for more people to make organs available? Some ethicists believe so, while others find the idea of marketing organs ethically objectionable.
    Other ethical issues are raised by the practice of xenotransplantation—the use of animal tissues and organs for human transplant. In 1984 the case of “Baby Fae” stimulated wide ethical discussion. Doctors transplanted a baboon heart into a newborn girl to replace her own fatally flawed heart. She died shortly after. Some critics contend that xenotransplantation poses a danger to human health because of the risk of transferring deadly animal viruses to the human population. This risk causes bioethicists to question if such practices are ethical.
    In recent years, one of the most promising areas related to transplantation will likely trigger ethical debate well into the future: the experimental use of tissues from aborted human fetuses. In one particularly active area of this research, scientists have experimented for more than a decade with grafting nerve cells from human fetuses into the brains of patients suffering from Parkinson disease. This disorder, caused by the mysterious death of brain cells that produce a chemical called dopamine, gradually causes patients to lose control of their muscles. In early studies some patients who received fetal cells showed improvement in their symptoms, as the transplanted cells demonstrated the capacity to produce dopamine. But the treatment also produced unpleasant side effects. This research, like all research that depends on human fetal cells, has also provoked debate. Critics question the ethics of using tissues from human fetuses for any research purposes.
    Ethical uncertainty hangs over a related area of research on human embryonic stem cells. Human embryos contain stem cells that have the ability to develop into almost any type of cell. Scientists hope to direct stem cells to produce certain types of human tissue. It is possible that someday these cells might be used for transplants or for growing new tissue that can be grafted into the human body. For example, scientists hope that stem cells might one day be used to replace nerve cells destroyed by spinal injury, or heart muscle cells damaged during a heart attack. Interest in this field was heightened considerably when scientists announced in 1998 that they had learned how to grow human embryonic stem cells in the laboratory.
    At present the U.S. government has banned federal funding for human-embryo research, although private biotechnology companies are exempt from this ban and have been vigorously pursuing research on embryonic cells. In 2000 the federally funded National Institutes of Health (NIH) ruled that this ban was not necessary for studies using cells derived from human embryos, since these cells are not embryos. The NIH established guidelines enabling federal funds to be used in cases where cells were derived from frozen embryos that were created for the purposes of fertility treatment but were not going to be used and were therefore slated for destruction. Other nations currently differ widely in their policies: France, for example, has forbidden human-embryo research. No laws in Canada regulate human-embryo research, although scientists or institutions receiving federal funding must follow strict guidelines governing research on human embryos. The United Kingdom has laws permitting some forms of human-embryo research, going so far as to create guidelines allowing scientists to apply cloning technology to human embryonic cells to create genetically identical cells for a potential patient.
    But the ethical questions remain: Is it morally acceptable to use tissue taken from human embryos? One recent development might change the nature of this argument. Scientists discovered in 1999 that stem cells taken from adult mice, and not human embryos, also display an ability to change their function. Some stem-cell research continued with the use of adult mouse cells. In 2007 government medical authorities in the United Kingdom approved the creation of embryos that combine human and animal cells for use in medical research. British researchers claimed the hybrid embryos were vital in the fight against disease.

    ETHICAL ISSUES
    A number of ethical issues haunt the transplant field. With few exceptions, donated organs go to the patient who is nearest death, even though a healthier patient might benefit more by living longer after the transplant. People who need a second, third, or fourth transplant because their prior transplants failed usually gain top priority, even though they are not likely to do as well as patients who have not already had a transplant. Some critics object to giving organs to patients whose organ failure was the result of their own actions, such as cirrhosis of the liver resulting from alcohol abuse.
    Money is also a major issue. Access to transplantation is impossible without access to good primary medical care and good insurance, both of which are largely unavailable to the poor. To be placed on the waiting list, patients must show they can pay for the transplant. In 2005 a kidney transplant cost about 6,000 and a liver transplant as much as 0,000 in the first year after the surgery. Many insurance companies do not cover such costs, particularly for the new procedures, such as lung, pancreas, or multiple organ transplants, which are still considered experimental.
    Although organs cannot be bought and sold legally in the United States, there is evidence that a black market in organs exists in China and other countries. Persistent allegations have been made of people traveling to China and paying for organ transplants. Human rights groups have reported evidence that the bodies of executed prisoners are the source for most of the organs transplanted in China.
    In the United States, where organ donation is voluntary, ethical questions arise over the nature of the consent and the use of incentives. Intensive donor solicitations in recent years have not made much of a dent in the shortages of organs. Even though many people sign organ donor cards, their families are often reluctant to grant permission at the moment of crisis. Some ethicists debate whether family members should have the right to refuse donation if the deceased signed an organ donor card. Presumed consent laws, in which everyone would be considered willing donors unless they have specifically said they were unwilling, have been tried in Europe and South America, and on a limited basis in Pennsylvania and Maryland. Some experts have suggested financial incentives, such as cash rebates, estate tax discounts, or payment for burial expenses. Others have suggested broadening the criteria used to determine death beyond the lack of all brain activity. This would permit a surgeon to use organs from anencephalic children, who are born without a brain, and from people in a persistent vegetative state.
    The implantation of tissues from aborted fetuses into the brain showed promise as a treatment for both Parkinson and Huntington’s disease. Experimental results were mixed, but the treatment raised its own set of ethical questions. The foremost is the question of abortion itself. The possibility of using embryonic stem cells to create replacement organs has faced opposition for similar reasons. Some researchers believe that this issue can be surmounted by growing cells in the laboratory or by genetically engineering a patient’s own skin cells. Fetal pig cells have also been used as a treatment for Parkinson and Huntington’s disease, but that raises other ethical issues regarding the treatment of animals.

    The Moral Case for Organ Donation
    by Amitai Etzioni
    Thursday, August 26, 1999

    Amitai Etzioni is the Director of the Institute for Communitarian Policy Studies at George Washington University. He is the author of The Limits of Privacy. He can be reached at etzioni@gwu.edu.
    Pennsylvania is considering paying families of organ donors 0 to help cover the donors’ funeral costs. The money will be paid directly to the funeral homes, to prevent it from being used for other purposes, thus openly introducing a market in organs. Such a market has been until now considered anathema in the United States, a sentiment backed by a law banning trade in organs. Could that be changing?
    In the market for organs
    A May Time magazine essay by Charles Krauthammer suggested that it is acceptable that the poor will be more likely than the rich to be enticed by the Pennsylvania gambit, given that most societal harms fall more heavily on the poor. Why not a cash benefit? And, Krauthammer argues, if paying for organs would lead to a flourishing market, one that licks the great shortage in organs, breaking the taboo against such a trade is a price well worth paying.
    What about an organ market?
    The experience in third-world countries, such as India and Egypt, should give pause to all those who favor an outright market in organs. Poor people have their kidneys taken without being properly informed of the risk involved. Rich people can buy all the organs they need or want; those less fortunate often cannot scare up any.
    At the same time, the urgent need to increase the organ supply on these shores is well established. An estimated 4,000 Americans die each year because no organs can be found for them. And the quality of life of thousands more suffers because they cannot find needed corneas and kidneys. Increased organ donations also would significantly reduce health-care expenditures. For instance, it costs less to transplant a kidney and maintain a person on the follow-up treatment needed than to keep the same person on dialysis for four years. Many stay on dialysis much longer if no kidney is found.
    Is there any way to greatly increase the number of organ donors without opening a market in human parts, which many — myself included — find ethically highly troubling? Before chapter and verse can be spelled out, the underlying principle needs to be explicated. Social scientists have shown that we are social creatures who deeply yearn for the approval of others. These can be members of our family, friends, neighbors, and more generally, community members.
    The strong power of so-called significant others is exhibited in intense, sometimes extreme, forms through peer pressure on teenagers, gang members and soldiers in combat. Members of such groups will do practically anything their group prescribes, even endanger their own lives. Much milder forms of such social pressure are evident when we donate money to a church or a civic cause, both because we believe in the merit of doing so and because we yearn for the approval of those whose opinions matter to us. (Anonymous donations are surprisingly rare.)
    The case for moral suasion
    Currently the voice of the community that favors organ donations has no chance to be aired or heard. People who feel like donating on their own, and remember to do so, mark their Motor Vehicle forms accordingly, but nobody is there to encourage them to do so, to appreciate it when they do, and maybe look at them with regret when they do not. Typically the issue does not come up until someone is on the death bed and — at this most difficult time — physicians and other health-care personnel are expected to ask the members of their family to consent to organ donation.
    To give moral suasion more of a chance, two measures should be taken. First, we should provide a new form at physicians’ and hospitals’ waiting rooms, clinics, Red Cross stations and other places where volunteers gather. The form would state explicitly that “we the people would be most appreciative, and hold you in high regard, if you could find it in your heart to make a life-affirming donation by authorizing the use of your organs once they are no longer of service to you.”
    The text then would describe briefly the severe shortage of donated organs and its many dire effects. The main focus of the text, however, would be the moral virtue of donating organs. The forms would close by stating that if you decline, for religious or any other reason, no explanation is needed. All said and done, it is up to you.
    Second, the names of those who made the pledge would be logged into computerized databases, accessible to physicians engaged in organ transplantation. (A new law may be needed to establish the validity of the endorsements of these forms and to prevent family members from overriding them.) If these lists also were open to the press, its reports might greatly increase the number of those who would sign up; it is the best tool to alert the community about who has — and has not yet — committed to make an organ donation. At the same time, at least initially, such publication might be considered too high handed.
    The new forms should be promoted through public-service announcements, and by public figures — urging people to come forward, announcing that “I myself have just made the commitment to save lives by donating my organs should I no longer need them.”
    The main point, though, is as elementary as it is important: Instead of waiting for each person to consider the matter, without any encouragement or recognition by their community, we should unabashedly stress that in our minds and hearts we cheer donating organs and celebrate those who pledge to do so. One need not a priori rule out a market in organs, despite all the ethical challenges it poses. But at least we should first give moral suasion a chance.

    http://www.speakout.com/activism/opinions/4188-1.html

    http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Doi=68158

    http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/search.aspx?q=moral+issues+of+organ+transplantation

    • ANSWER:
      Is this a new way of doing someone else’s homework, without sending an email?

  5. QUESTION:
    i think this can make the zombie virus?
    I then thought of the Ebola virus, the most fatal disease known to man. Only 1500 cases worldwide and only 20% of cases survived. It only occurs in Humans and Primates, and is usually carried by Fruit Bats. The Ebola virus originated in Africa.

    Among humans, the virus is transmitted by direct contact with infected body fluids such as blood. The incubation period is 2 to 21 days. Symptoms are variable and often appear suddenly. Initial symptoms include: high fever (at least 38.8° C, 101° F), severe headache, muscle/joint/abdominal pain, severe weakness and exhaustion, sore throat, nausea, and dizziness. Before an epidemic is suspected, these early symptoms are easily mistaken for malaria, typhoid fever, dysentery, or various bacterial infections, which are all far more common. The secondary symptoms often involve bleeding both internally and externally from any opening in the body. Dark or bloody stools and diarrhea, vomiting blood, red eyes from swollen blood vessels, red spots on the skin from subcutaneous bleeding, and bleeding from the nose, mouth, rectum, genitals and needle puncture sites. Other secondary symptoms include low blood pressure (less than 90mm Hg) and a fast but weak pulse, eventual organ damage including the kidney and liver by co-localized necrosis, and proteinuria (the presence of proteins in urine). From onset of symptoms to death (from shock due to blood loss or organ failure) is usually between 7 and 14 days .

    The “Zombie” effect: Some cases and patients can actually develop the “Zombie effect” which is extreme as the skin on the body deteriorates and causes and almost “Zombie-like” look.

    However, the most shocking information I found on the Ebola virus is that it’s been genetically engineered with viruses such as Smallpox to create even more deadlier viruses to be used as Biological weapons. And that’s probably just the icing on the cake! How someone can do this is beyond me but it shows how far people can go.

    Anyway, want to know the only cool fact on the Ebola? It’s the origin of the viruses in Resident Evil. Umbrella used this to create the Progenitor virus which led to all the T’s and G’s etc. Cool eh? And the slice of information regarding the genetic modifying could lead me to believe that an Umbrella-esque division is out there in several countries.

    the Ebola was the base for the “Mother” virus which was combined with Leech DNA to create the T-Virus which creates Zombies. However, it’s not certain what the Ebola virus on it’s own would cause if combined with Leech DNA. Progenitor Virus (Which is the “Mother” virus) is an RNA Virus. An RNA Virus is also a real-life Virus. Hepatitis B is an example of this. So Hepatitis B + Ebola = ??? You guessed it, a strain of Virus similar to the Progenitor Virus. Combine this new strain with Leech DNA or something along the lines and what do you get? A similar strain of T-Virus. Now whether or not this could all mount up to a similar Virus remains to be seen but this some EXTREMELY serious stuff.

    but all of them combined together can create a t-virus, the only thing missing is the actual need of cannibalism. Which brings me to this:

    If a biochemist were to have the means of creating the virus, for lets say a bio-weapon (Which was the sole purpose of the t-virus in the first place) He would need the parasite Leucochloridium paradoxum.

    In some cases of infection of the parasite, the host receives the common symptoms, like headaches and pains. But what can happen is that the host can go into a violent rage that has been noted to kill someone in order to obtain the victims blood or flesh, whichever you choose. The host is not the one that needs the blood, but the parasite. The parasite needs to keep enough fluids and what not in its host, which is now its home, in order to keep it “alive” but has to keep itself alive, thus forcing the host to attack another of its kind or something else.

    Now if you injected the virus above into the parasite, then injected the parasite into the victim, it would create a weapon like no other.

    …now if you have the money. Im sure this can work out just fine

    Well for the top answer you would also have to make a virus that is imediatlly affective also the virus has to control the central nervous system which is tom thumb. plus it also has to have some sort of way to tell the body it wants meat or blood like rabies. this has to be made to make it grow or multiply at a fast rate. Also I have discover that there is a way to fuse viruses together.

    • ANSWER:
      The moral of this story? Don’t expect to learn much about real-life virology from Resident Evil.

  6. QUESTION:
    please help me with these questions i really need help asap?
    Which scientist believed that life had a common beginning with new forms branching off from earlier forms?

    A. Lamarck
    B. Darwin

    C. Luria

    D. Malthus

    2. If a person is so unfortunate as to lose the posterior pituitary gland, he or she would no longer be supplied with the hormone that works with the kidneys to maintain the body’s water balance. This hormone is called

    A. oxytocin.
    B. antidiuretic hormone.

    C. TSH.

    D. ACTH.

    3. Which one of the following sexually transmitted diseases is transmitted by a strain of virus?

    A. Chlamydia
    B. Syphilis

    C. Nongonoccal urethritis

    D. Genital warts

    4. The process of using heat to destroy bacteria that produced vinegary, unpalatable acids was developed by

    A. Gregor Mendel.
    B. Charles Darwin.

    C. Louis Pasteur.

    D. Robert Hook.

    5. The hormone that stimulates an increase in the size and the number of cells is

    A. gonadtropin.
    B. prolactin.

    C. growth hormone.

    D. releasing hormone.

    6. The olfactory bulb is related to the sense of smell as papillae are related to the sense of

    A. touch.
    B. taste.

    C. sight.

    D. hearing.

    7. The process by which microorganisms convert sunlight to sugar is the process of

    A. photosynthesis.
    B. fermentation.

    C. glycolysis.

    D. respiration.

    8. Which one of the following groups correctly identifies the order in which light enters the eye from any light source?

    A. Cornea, iris, retina
    B. Cornea, retina, iris

    C. Pupil, cornea, lens

    D. Pupil, lens, cornea

    9. The kind of reproduction that leads to large populations lacking genetic diversity and consisting of genetically identical organisms is

    A. cytokinesis.
    B. sexual reproduction.

    C. fission.

    D. meiosis.

    10. Air, depleted of _______ by fire, can no longer sustain fire or life because these processes require this element.

    A. nitrogen
    B. carbon

    C. hydrogen

    D. oxygen

    11. The breaking down of sugar to make ATP is the process of

    A. photosynthesis.
    B. fermentation.

    C. respiration.

    D. glycolysis.

    12. Which part of the brain coordinates muscle contractions?

    A. Brain stem
    B. Hypothalamus

    C. Cerebellum

    D. Sensory cortex

    13. Insulin is to the pancreas as _______ is to the adrenal medulla.

    A. glucagon
    B. glucocorticoids

    C. cortisol

    D. noradrenaline

    14. If a small pool of genes becomes separated from a larger pool of genes, the genes in the small pool will change rapidly and eventually will become a new species. This idea is known as

    A. geographic separation.
    B. selective breeding.

    C. population genetics.

    D. natural selection.

    15. Respiration takes place in which organelle within the cell?

    A. Golgi apparatus
    B. Endoplasmic reticulum

    C. Mitochondrion

    D. Nucleolus

    16. If you could control your brain with a remote device, a bit like the way you change channels on your television receiver, what part of your brain would you control to feel more emotionally calm and less angry?

    A. Hypothalamus
    B. Brain stem

    C. Limbic system

    D. Reticular formation

    17. Which one of the following symptoms is related to hypothyroidism?

    A. Increased mental activity
    B. Fatigue

    C. Accelerated heart rate

    D. Loss of weight

    18. Where in a human long bone would you find the connective tissue that’s heavily laced with blood vessels?

    A. Within the marrow cavity
    B. In sheets over compact bone

    C. Lining the marrow cavity

    D. Running through spongy bone

    19. If you could do what was needed to improve your night vision, what part of the eye should claim most of your attention?

    A. Photoreceptors in the iris
    B. Retinal cones

    C. Retinal rods

    D. Photoreceptors in the optic nerve

    20. Among the hormones related to the menstrual cycle, progesterone levels are highest during

    A. the first half of the cycle.
    B. ovulation.

    C. the last three days of the cycle.

    D. the second half of the cycle.

    • ANSWER:
      the first one is darwin


Early Stages Kidney Disease

Why is it so important to detect kidney disease in its early stages, even if it’s rather hard to diagnose? Because when you reach Stage 4, you are likely past the point of living without serious medical intervention or even a transplant. And by the time you arrive at Stage 5, you have virtually no other option. There is nothing else to do but plan for a transplant.

In Stage 5, the kidneys have only about 15% of function left – or less. At this point, if left on their own, they would be completely unable to keep the patient alive. Dialysis now becomes very important to filter the blood of impurities the kidneys can’t remove.

Most symptoms are the same as for Stage 4 or earlier, but multiplied considerably. The person experiences the same tendency to hypertension (high blood pressure) because of the inability to expel fluids. And because the heart is working that much harder as a result, the person may suffer pericarditis, which is an inflammation of the lining around that organ. There would now be very high levels of creatinine and urea, which the kidneys can’t filter out. And susceptibility to infections would also increase.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Dog has early kidney disease?
    The vet just diagnosed my rescue chihuahua as being in the early stages of kidney disease. She give my dog 14 days worth of antibiotics, however told me to give her 7 days worth, cease for 10 days and then continue antibiotics for 7 days. Anyone understand what the 10 day period of no antibiotics in the middle of her treatment is about?
    Thanks in advance for your serious answers.

    • ANSWER:
      Which antibiotic are you using?

      Some antibiotics have effects other than their primary antibiotic effect, which might be what we’re chasing after here.

      The only other thing I can think of, is that there might be problems giving the drug for 14 days straight (due to side effects of the drug), and there might be enough residual activity left to keep working for a while (carry you through the 10 day break), and then you start back up again once the system has had a chance to equilibrate.

      Best thing to do though, is talk to the vet directly. I’d be quite curious to know what they say (I’ll check back on this question later, or you can e-mail me directly).

  2. QUESTION:
    My cat has early stage kidney disease, He is on a low protein diet . The food comes in both canned and dry for

    • ANSWER:
      whats the question?

  3. QUESTION:
    has anyone heard of NHV Tripsy for cats with kidney disease?
    i have a 15 year old cat in the early stages of kidney disease. i like my vet, but he doesn’t know about any holistic treatments. i see this stuff on the web NHV Tripsy, and their product reviews are great, but i don’t know anything about it. if you have 1st hand experience with this or other holistric treatments for cats with kidney problems, please let me know. thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry I don’t know what you are talking about.

  4. QUESTION:
    what are the early tests to be performed to rule out kidney disease in diabetes, ignored for several years?
    I would like to know that what r the lab tests to be done to identify the renal function in early stages of chronic diabetes?

    • ANSWER:
      1. Ultrasound of kidneys and urinary tract, 2, Blood work and urine analysis 3, Urocultivation and last or rather first: clinic history: weight loss, loss of muscle mass, and power to move, pain in urinary tract region, in some cases excruciating pain in descending colon septum leading to suspicions about colon disease.And of course determination of various types of glucose levels and stabilization of same.

  5. QUESTION:
    kidney disease in cats?
    i have a 15 1/2 year old cat who is in the early stages of kidney disease. although at this stage she is not on medication, i have put her on the k/d diet dry food. she isnt particularly fond of the wet food and tolerates the dry, but i want to give her something else to tempt her. do you think chicken is ok as she is supposed to have low protein.

    • ANSWER:
      Many vets are coming to realise that cats need high protein (quality) all their lives. If your vet still counsels to lower protein he is behind the times.

      I rescued a 15 year old cat who ate a raw meat diet in my home for 7 1/2 years before she died. The amount of the protein will not affect the outcome of kidney deficiency one bit.

  6. QUESTION:
    What dietary options do I have for my dog with kidney disease?
    My 11 year old neutered male sheltie is beginning to show signs of kidney disease. His BUN levels were last recorded at 29 and 34 for his last two blood tests, which my vet says is an indication of a very slow progression into stage 1 kidney disease. My vet wants me to put him on Science Diet k/d, but I don’t believe in low quality bulk processed food like that. I don’t feed my dog corn, by-products, and prefer not to feed him any grains as well as any other fillers or plant proteins.
    I’ve read that plant proteins are harder on the kidneys than animal proteins and animal proteins are okay is early stages of kidney disease but my vet is adamant about a low protein, low salt, low phosphorus prescription diet. While I agree with the low salt and phosphorus, I’m not sold on the low protein and the prescription garbage.
    My dog currently eats EVO Red Meat Small Bites, Blue Buffalo Wilderness Duck and Solid Gold Barking at the Moon rotations. I’m pretty sure I have to lower his protein, which I’m okay with.
    However, I was wondering what kind of food (wet and dry food) is recommended for kidney problems for people who are seeking a more holistic diet for their pets? Any information is helpful. I can’t find a pet nutritionist in my area, so this is so difficult.

    PS I’ve been looking at Wellness Super5Mix Senior as a candidate with canned Innova Senior… That’s the best combination I’ve found, but any and all genuine thoughts and experiences is welcome.
    I’ve been looking at a holistic vet, and yes the cause of my dog’s problems is probably his food, but from before I became better informed. I used to feed him until he was around 6 or 7 Kibbles n Bits and Moist and Meaty, and I believe the plant proteins and fillers have taken their toll on him.
    Please refrain from blaming me for the issue; I already have blamed myself.
    PS Can you explain why you feel Science Diet is a better food than what I have been feeding him and why my food choices are junk? I’m open to opinions, as long as they have been researched outside of the brand’s lab.
    Cookie-
    Thanks for the info! The link didn’t work for me but I’m checking out the website. I threw this question up here to get some ideas… This won’t be the definitive answer here… I’m going to check out that group. I’ve already joined.
    What did you feed your dog? I’m taking a pass on the Science Diet, I’d just love to hear exactly why Science Diet is superior to holistic diets according to Bonnie…
    walking lady- I’m going to check your link out as well. That’s an interesing idea with the high protein.
    CJ Rossi, I just don’t believe that the SD is even a medium quality food. I don’t believe there’s enough protein to effectively keep a dog in his peak health. Further, I don’t know if the protein is plant or animal based, and the research I have done says that plant based protein actually makes the kidneys work harder. It will be a harder sale for me to switch to Science Diet. If I could find a medium quality, I would consider it, but I’m just not seeing it right now.
    I don’t think Science Diet is formulating a proper diet for a dog with kidney problems in mind. I think that Science Diet created a food decades ago based on the information they had then, and have become such a presence in vet’s offices that they no longer feel the need to do research.
    I realize your cats have been living for three years on k/d but I’ve also talked to a gentleman who continues to feed his Blue Buffalo to his dog five years after being diagnosed with kidney problems with no health issues.
    I don’t find a specific instance of the longevity of an animal to be enough proof for me.
    I feel like feeding my dog chicken beaks and feathers and corn (aka SD k/d) with a low protein prolongs his life with kidney disease just to shorten it with a protein and nutrient deficiency.
    I don’t feed my dog high quality food simply because it is considered high quality. I feed it to him beacause I believe it is what is best for him. I don’t feel Science Diet ever will be.
    Thanks Cookie for the info on your diet. I have been trying to locate a nutritionist to formulate something for my dog as well. That’s the only reason why I am looking for a holistic vet… well, that and I’m interested in testing my dog before over vaccinating, but that’s a whole nother discussion. :o ) Anyway, I love my traditional vet, but I was told that to find a nutritionist, the easiest path to take is to seek a holistic vet first and they would know where to go from there… not so much I’m interested in the herbal aspect of it.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry about your dog’s illness. I am not a veterinarian, so can’t advise you on food choices, my suggestion would be to find a holistic vet. Vets that promote Science Diet are usually selling the food and making profit on their recommendations, which could be why your vet is so adamant on you feeding that food.

      If you find a Holistic Vet, there is no way he/she would recommend Science Diet (junk food). This vet could advise and supervise healthy food choices and how your dog progresses.

  7. QUESTION:
    My cat has kidney disease, can someone suggest a healthy food?
    My 13 yr old cat was diagnosed as being in the early stages of kidney disease. My vet wants me to switch to the Science Diet K/d since it is lower in protein. One problem is that I have a 4yr old as well, so I do not feel they should both be on the food. The vet then recommended Science Diet C/d. After doing a lot of research on that food I realized that there is only 4% less protein in the prescription diets. I am at the point where I think my vet is just out for the money and nothing more.

    Can anyone suggest ideas of what I should be looking for in a food? I am currently feeding both cat Purina One Chicken. I do not mind paying extra for a good food but I am becoming overwhelmed. Can anyone give me some insight?
    I just want to add that I am at the point of being a little leary of my vet. I took my cat in for dental cleaning and had the full blood run. All they told me was that the tests (blood and urine) showed some signs of kidney disease. What does that mean, why can’t I get an answer telling me how bad it is. If he had a kidney infection, could that show up and looking like the kidney disease?
    My cat also eats and drinks fine. He acts perfectly normal, actually he is even better since having his teeth cleaned.
    Considering the c/d (the food the vet said to feed since I have two cats) has nearly the same nutrients as the Purina One that I am feeding, what makes it so much better. I know the K/d is lower in protein, but that is not the food the vet is saying to feed. I have heard that lower phosphorus is more important than lower protein.

    • ANSWER:
      At 13, it’s part of the normal aging process to have kidney function start to deteriorate. Also, needing a dental cleaning *also* elevates the kidney numbers – the bad teeth pour bacteria into the system, and the kidneys process all of that. It’s common for the kidney numbers (BUN and creatine) to drop after a dental cleaning. You vet should have been able to tell you what the test results mean – especially the specific gravity of the urine. That’s an early indicator of kidney problems as it tells how well the kidneys are concentration the urine. A kidney infection will show up as a high white blood cell count (any infection will), but it’s the other two numbers that really count.

      Having said all that, many people now feel that the kidney prescription diet is really not necessary until cats get into end-stage renal failure. It’s the *quality* of the protein, not the quantity, that is the big factor. All of the junk fillers are hard on the kidneys, as is dry food. Feeding a premium canned diet that is low in phosphorus (most are) can make a big difference for many cats.

      Will your cat eat canned food? Finding a food free of by-products (that’s not meat, it’s scrap “parts” deemed unfit for human consumption) will be good for both cats. If they refuse to eat canned, then a premium dry that contains very little to no grains (and NO corn) is the next best thing. Some suggestions – Wellness, California Natural, Felidae for dry. Both of these are lower in phosphorus, which is hard on the kidneys. For canned, look towards Wellness, Merrick, Solid Gold – any of the by-product free foods.

      Remember that kidney issues are a manageble condition, and part of aging. It’s not really a *disease* in the standard sense. I’ve managed many cats over the years. There are lots of resources avaiable to you, including an excellent Yahoo group for cats with renal issues. There is much more to managing it than sticking a bowl of prescription food on the floor!

  8. QUESTION:
    I need to put my 10 year old dog on a low protein diet. What specialized dog foods are available?
    He has been diagnosed with early stage kidney disease. It has been recommended that I put him on a low protein diet to help control the disease. He is currently taking antibiotics and the vet also recommends regular blood and urine testing to be sure it doesn’t get worse.

    • ANSWER:
      I think you would be VERY happy with Eukaneuba brand.. HOWEVER.. DO NOT PUT THE DOG on Eukaneuba all of a sudden…. mix your regular dog food with eukaneuba and then eventually increase the proportion of eukaneuba and until you have tdotally eukaneuba

  9. QUESTION:
    What side effects are there when you get a tattoo and have kidney disease?
    So I am wanting to get a tattoo, (I’m in my early 20′s) but I have stage 4 chronic kidney disease. I’m wondering if there is any complications with the ink, or any other things that I should worry about.

    Please Help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I think that as long as the equipment they use is sterile you shouldn’t have any problems.

  10. QUESTION:
    I had previously posted a question about concerns about my 18 year old cat who is in early stage kidney diseas?
    I have been taking him for frequent vet visits. His teeth are an issue but due to the kidney disease he cannot have surgery as the anesthetic would play havoc with his kidneys. I got painkillers for the old guy but he cannot keep them down. He is on special food but is losing weight fast..poor old guy. Soon I guess I will have to start giving him the glucose injections three or four times a week. What is his quality of life? I know what lies ahead for him. I have had him for seventeen years and have given him good care but just wonder if I continue to keep him alive when he is uncomfortable, who am I thinking of here.

    • ANSWER:

  11. QUESTION:
    My 13 yr old Dog was recently diagnosed with early stages of Renal Disease?
    My 13 yr old dog was recently diagnosed with renal disease and he is a small dog that only weighs 11lbs and our vet put him on nf kidney function diet but our problem is he wont eat it he went 2 day without eating anything because our vet said to give only this food. Today I broke down and put half of the nf dog food along with half boiled chicken with some water and mixed it all in together is this still ok or do I need to try to force feed him which I do not want to go this route cause I feel like if he don’t want it I should not force it on him but yet I am not ready to lose my baby. Is there anything that I can do to get him to eat the NF Dog food that I might be able to mix in with it that wont hurt him any worse than he is now. Please help I have done lots of research on Renal disease and I know there are foods I can make from scratch for the Renal disease but I would really like it if I can get the NF food from the vet to work. He only has early stages of the renal disease and would like to correct the problem now before it gets worse to the point we may have to have him put down and I don’t want to do that right now cause he is my one and only baby and has gotten me through some really bad times Please Help me
    The Vet put him on the Purina NF for a healthier Kidney Function it is the wet stuff for some reason my dog wont eat the hard food it has to be the wet or soupy before he eats it. The vet did say that if the dog wouldn’t eat the dog food they would change off to something else and if that didn’t work they said something about medicine. He has a very mild case there was something in his blood work that showed one of his levels at 32 and he was not worried he said if it was over 100 then it would be time to worry but he said he just has a very mild case and if we can get him to eat the food his lab work may resolve and go back down to normal they was saying something about normal being around 9 to 25 or around there and his was 32 so not really high but high enough for us to take action now before its too late I am just not too sure about mixing the boiled chicken in with it. He is a very picky eater and if there is no smell or taste then he wont eat it. Family would always feed him tabl

    • ANSWER:
      I have a 6 year old mini schnauzer that was diagnosed with renal disease a few years ago. She is on Science Diet KD food… she eats the dry food and canned food and I didn’t have any problem switching her to it. What type of food did the vet tell you to feed your dog? If not the Science Diet KD then I would definitely ask your vet if you can try it. There should be no reason why you couldn’t. Also, there is a pill that Roxy takes twice a day for her disease called Azodyl, did your vet mention or prescribe any medication? Unfortunately my dog has not seen much improvement from the diet or medication over the years but hasn’t gotten any worse either. So do your best to stick with the diet and ask about the medication and hopefully you’ll have several more good years with your baby :)

  12. QUESTION:
    Cocker Spaniel was diagnosed with heart disease… now Kidney Failure?
    My English Cocker Spaniel is almost 14 years old. We just went through him being diagnosed with heart disease and had to have a tumor removed from his mouth and 13 teeth pulled. Recently he has been peeing on the carpet frequently, and since this was very unusual for him my mom took him to the vet. They first told her that he had serious heart disease and had anywhere from 6 months to 2 years to live (they didn’t tell us much when they diagnosed him originally, just put him on a heart pill and healthy diet). They first thought it may be the medication, but after running test they found he is in the early stages of kidney failure. They said we’d just have to put up with him peeing all over the house, and just take good care of him. Has anyone else had to go through this? Anyone know how long he probably has to live, or anything we can do to help him? Also any tips for the dealing with the wet carpets (he seems to be peeing in his sleep every night now). Any info/advice please?

    • ANSWER:
      The best thing I discovered that would work with a male dog peeing was baby diapers wrapped around his belly. This worked because my dog was 10 lbs so it may work for your dog. Otherwise get a belly band from either the Internet or a pet store. Petco should carry them. They wrap around the belly and you put a pad in them (women’s sanitary pads work best as they absorb the most urine.) I really suggest joining the K9Kidneys group on yahoo groups. I am a member and while was not particularly active when my dog was sick they were a tremendous help when Koty passed. A lot of the members are very knowledgeable about diet, supplements, sub-Q fluids, etc. Give it a try and good luck with your dog!

      EDIT: a REALLY good site for kidney disease is www.dogaware.com I cannot give any accurate info on how long your dog has but just keep hoping and praying.

  13. QUESTION:
    Tasty moist food for a cat with kidney disease?
    The vet says that my cat might have the beginning stages of kidney disease. I’ll find out for sure next week with more tests. We caught it early, thankfully. However, she doesn’t really like the canned prescription food the vet gave me. It seriously looks like refried beans dried out and put in a can. Gross! I don’t blame her.

    BUT I need to make sure she eats canned food because she needs the moisture from that vs. the dry kibble. I need recipes for making something tasty for her that has no protein, or good recommendations for a decent-tasting cat food for a finiky cat.

    I did get that Catit domed water fountain and she loves it. She’s been drinking a lot of water from that, thankfully. I just want to get more food into her, but food that she is allowed to eat.
    Well, that’s your opinion Veneta. It’s WRONG, but it’s your opinion.
    Fancy Feast is what I fed her before and even with that, she only liked a few flavors. I can’t feed her any of that now since it has protein in it. And LIKE I said before—I got her a water fountain that filters water, so the water is taken care of. However, I’m looking for food to give her. The vet only sells one product. I did research online and found there were many other products out there that other vets carry. That’s what I’m trying to do—find information regarding other products.
    And if I didn’t stress this before, Veneta is an idiot.
    And anyone that is a JERK with their response will be flagged for a violation. I don’t have time for crap like this like the dick that said ‘wake up’. Um, he obviously is ignorant about cats and cat nutrition. I am the one people come to for cat advice, so he can take his ‘wake up’ and shove it up his butt.

    • ANSWER:
      Youa re really cute

  14. QUESTION:
    Advice on Living with Kidney Disease Please?
    My Diabetic Girlfriend has just discovered that she has Kidney Disease. Diabetics are apparently the most at risk group of getting diseased but are also the most tested and therefore it is still at the very early stages. What difficulties in day to day life can She or I be expect to have to cope with? long term and short term?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sad to hear. My husband was diagnosed with a kidney disease which will require a transplant eventually. The kidneys progressively get worse before ultimately going into kidney failure. At that point if a transplant is not available the patient will have to undergo kidney dialysis 3 times a week and will take 3 to 4 hours each time. A good health insurance is a must! Words of advice: have her switch to a vegetatian diet since animal protein is harder for the kidneys to digest. Drink plenty of fluids asspecially water and cut back on caffine and high amounts of sugar as these are all tough on the kidneys. Good luck, i hope this helps.

  15. QUESTION:
    How to know if chronic kidney disease is getting worse?
    I was recently diagnosed with stage 2 chronic kidney disease and see my nephrologist every 6 months for blood work and check-ups. She said to come back earlier (next appt. is in March 2010) if I start feeling worse, but I’m not exactly sure what that means. I have been more tired and urinating alot more lately, but I’m not sure if that is considered “feeling worse”?

    Is there any way that I can test my GFR at home first?

    • ANSWER:
      You are lucky to have caught this problem so early! First of all, for as much as doctor’s visits cost, your doctor should let you call in and ask her what exactly she meant by that. Hopefully she is a kind person and discusses this with you over teh phone. If not;

      You can’t really test your GFR at home since it requires Techetium-99m DTPA to be injected into your veins and then multiple blood draws. However, there are other things to watch for. For example, blood int eh urine is NEVER ok! If you ever see blood inyour urine it means that the permeability of your kidneys has increased enough to let in blood cells. This is very serious and you should call your doctor immediately.

      When you say you been urinating a lot more, this could be good. If it is more in volume then it is a good thing but it is only more in frequency (and not volume) then it is not good.

      So, any blood in your urine, pain when urinating, or cramps before or after urinating are signs that you shuold go in earlier.

  16. QUESTION:
    Feline kidney disease: Are there any commercial foods I could mix with the expensive vet food to lower costs?
    I am currently paying for each 7 pound bag of veterinary food for my cat who was just diagnosed with early stage renal disease. I am very low income (I didn’t ask for this cat, but he came helpless into my life and I am trying to take the best possible care of him) and am hoping to find something cheaper on the market that I could MIX with this expensive food that my vet recommends highly for his condition. I understand that it is important that the food given to cats with this condition be LOWER in both PHOSPHORUS and PROTEIN than the common foods one generally sees for sale. I am hoping that someone knows of a less expensive commercially available food that I could mix with the “good for him” food that wouldn’t be too harmful and would help reduce my cost.

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    Can you join the military if you have PKD?
    I am a very healthy 20 year old guy. The thing is i found out a few months ago that i have very early stage polycystic kidney disease. Currently it has no effect on me and shouldnt for 20 + years. My question is would the army turn me down because of the pkd?

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    What can I do to stop my 9 year old tabby from urinating and defecating on the floor?
    Here are the details:

    1. I adopted from my ex, a tabby. He never spent time with her and wanted to get rid of her because she kept urinating in his condo on the floor. I took her, and she never urinated in my home once she was away from him. The first night she was nervous, and defecated in the tub, but it never happened again. She had never been to the vet before according to him, so I immediately took her to the Vet for a check up and it was discovered that she has early stage kidney disease. She is on medicated food now.
    2. She has had behavioral issues, off and on that have resorted in her urinating, defecating as well as vomiting on the floors. Medical issues were ruled out- no uti, etc.
    3. I have another cat, a 2.5 year old male who is neutered. He does not exhibit these behaviors. For the most part, they get along however he is more active and playful than she, and sometimes he stalks her and interrupts her while she is trying to use the bathroom. (I busted him and discovered this and realized this may have exasperated the situation)
    4. We have 3 large liter boxes, all of which are in a very big, spacious basement and spread apart in different locations. She is defecating right next to the box and now urinating on the basement floor.
    5. She was urinating on our living room floor and couch, but has stopped and ‘graduated’ to at least where the boxes are located.
    6. I have done numerous things: thoroughly cleaned the areas with expensive and home remedy cat sprays, purchased cat attract, changed the box locations and liter type. I am at my wits end. I am married and expecting a baby. I want to keep her but if I do not find a solution, it will be hard to do that. When she was younger, she was left alone a lot and neglected. She endured trauma from that. I work from home now, and I give her plenty of attention. I love her very much and do not want to give her to a shelter. She has already been through so much but this behavior can not continue.

    Any suggestions are greatly appreciated.

    P.S. I spoke to several Vets about this and none of their suggestions have worked. One even basically told me when a cat is doing both (urinating and defecating) there is not a lot that can be done to stop them but I am going to keep trying.
    troubles, thank you so much for your thoughtful and helpful response. I have been crying all morning because I don’t want to give my furbaby up and I know she just doesn’t understand. I am going to check out that book as well as ask my Vet about those medications!
    Robin b, I have had covered, uncovered, shallow, tall etc. you name it! I am not doing the liter cleaning right now- my husband is. Typically though, it was me. I even had one of those terrible electric ones!
    Justkristi – We do want her to use the bathroom where she is. Just INSIDE of the box so I am afraid that the use of mothballs probably would not help in this case. She uses the bathroom close or near the boxes, just not inside consistently and all medical reasons have been ruled out and we have changed to several types of cat liter which she will use months on end with no problem and we also keep the boxes clean.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there,

      What a difficult situation and I am very upset that your vets have basically given up. That is just not right.

      From what you describe, and being given a basic clean bill of health as far as infections are concerned, it sounds like she has an anxiety disorder. Cats are very sensitive and can actually have a PTSD ( post traumatic stress disorder) from earlier life experiences. She also may be tuned into your pregnancy and changes going on in your home that also are upsetting to her.

      I have two suggestions for you, and I am so glad you are not ready to give up on her. Cats are generally fastidious about their litter boxes and elimination processes, unless something is physically or psychologically amiss.

      Pam Johnson Bennett, an expert feline behaviorist has written some excellent books on cats. Amazon.com sells her work. There may be something in her books that may help you with this issue. It may also be useful to contact her and arrange an appointment to talk with her about this behavior.

      http://www.catbehaviorassociates.com/telephone-consultations.html

      There are medications that are really excellent in dealing with anxiety issues. We have a cat that was peeing around the house due to anxiety and he is also OCD. Our vet prescribed Amytriptaline ( generic for Elavil) and he has been doing great. He has stopped peeing outside the box, and is far more relaxed.

      http://www.newmanveterinary.com/feline.html

      We tried Buspar but that did not work with our cat. Neither did prozac. Both made him worse, but we kept trying and the Elavil was just perfect for him.

      Hope this helps and good luck with your cat. Thanks for hanging in with her. She surely deserves it.

      Troublesniffer
      Owned by cats for over 40 years
      Member: Cat Writer’s Association

  19. QUESTION:
    kidney disease diet?
    have early stages of FSGS and am on medication to treat my nephrotic syndrome (now under control} as well as blood pressure and cholesterol medications. my kidney function is still very good, and i’m not anemic or diabetic, so i don’t need to be on any radical or extremely strict diet, but I would like some guidelines on what particular foods I should be trying to eat more of or trying to avoid. Please don’t recommend any supplements, or just tell me “low protein” since protein really only needs to be controlled in relation to the kidneys’ functioning. What types of protein are best? Is it true that I should cut out dairy? Concentrating on fresh fruits? Vegetables? Which ones? Whole grains? Legumes? How much & what proportions? Not trying to lose or gain weight, just want to be eating the best I can to try to help control and slow the progression of my disease.

    • ANSWER:
      I work as a diet clerk in a hospital, and the dietitians told us we can’t serve renal patients dairy, citrus fruits, it must be low potassium for patients on dialysis, low phosphorus, and low sodium. The protein is generally half of what we give patients on regular diets.

  20. QUESTION:
    Anyone diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease?
    I have been recently diagnosed with early stages of CKD and want to know how the progression goes…is it a long time usually? What are uncomfortable symptoms that undoubtedly will crop up? What can I expect? The CKD came from taking meds for bipolar disorder for the past 10+ years.

    • ANSWER:
      I was diagnosed with stage 3 in January. Mine is probably due to high levels of pain killers and NSAIDs for severe back pain. I have no symptoms but I am obviously taking strict measures with my diet (cutting out salt), keeping my diabetes under control and taking extra hypertension meds.
      My doctor told me if I controlled my diet well I could have many years without any symptoms, and that if I didn’t I could end up on dialysis and awaiting transplant in 5 – 7 years.
      If you want to make contact through my profile here, please do.

  21. QUESTION:
    Can I work with animals if I’ve got kidney disease?
    I recently got back some lab work that suggests that my kidneys are not functioning properly. I’m going to the doctor in a few weeks to begin more testing to find out how bad things are. I also work at a pet store and I am responsible for handling various animals. On any given day I may remove a dead fish with my hands (its quicker than using a net) and be bitten by a few hamsters. I also sometimes handle lizards. There are even some days where I have to change the bedding of the small mammals and other days I change the bedding of the birds. The birds also bite at times, although I’ve never been bitten by one.
    I read that the kidney disease can cause my immune system to weaken, but I believe that I’m still in the early stages of every thing. Anyway, is it safe for me to continue my job working with the animals?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is very important to stay healthy, and avoid diseases when you have kidney diseases. This doesn’t mean you shouldn’t work in a pet store, but perhaps you need to wear gloves to protect your hands, etc.

  22. QUESTION:
    can a person get health insurance at the age of 17? please help!?
    i have allergies, type 1 diabetes, and early stages of kidney disease…

    • ANSWER:
      Probably not. You’d have to have your parents or legal guardian, etc. apply for you.

      Also, and to be completely honest, you’ll have a great deal of difficulty getting an individual health plan. Your best bet would be to get on (or remain on) your parents/guardians health plan. If that’s not an option for you, then your options are even more limited:

      1. Get a full time job that has benefits (because the insurance company most likely would have to cover you).
      2. Call your state insurance commissioner’s office and find out (a) if their is a “high risk pool” for folks who are not insurable on their own, and/or (b) what other resources they may have for you or be able to refer you towards.
      3. Since you’re a diabetic, I assume you must have a specialist doctor that you see periodically. Call his office – you’re certainly not the first patient they’ve had who didn’t have insurance. They may have a list of possible resources as well.
      4. Check with the American Diabetes Association (see below) and see what options they might have, too.

      Sorry I can’t help more – have a nice day!

  23. QUESTION:
    Why does my boy pee elsewhere?
    My neutered male moggy urinates in or around his feed bowl and sometimes on the hall runner. Why?
    He was neutered at 7 mths, he is now 14yrs. He has kidney disease in its early stages (vet monitored).He eats and drinks well-an all approved by vet diet. He has gained a little weight and drinks plenty of water
    I have a neutered female that he grew up with and each has their own litter tray. I have changed litter type several times and then back to original. He will poop in the tray but urinates on the mat the feed bowls are on or in his bowl but not the female’s bowl. The bowls are well separated and they are both fed at the same time.
    Cat people…..HELP

    • ANSWER:
      Often, when only one of the ‘businesses’ is outside the litter box, it suggests a medical issue.

      Stress can cause a urinary tract infection, and it is possible having early stage kidney disease can cause him stress. If he has a urinary tract infection (UTI), urination is painful, and if first experienced in the litter box, he will avoid it. As far as why he is picking the location to urinate, I have no opinion on that.

      If he has a UTI, then the vet will prescribe medication, and you can ask about adding Cosequin (glucosamine and chondroitin) to his food. It will strengthen the bladder wall and in an older cat is actually beneficial.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the disease here?
    This is not real!!!!!!!! Symptoms in an 18 month old baby. What could be wrong

    -Seizures
    -Breathing Problems
    -No Energy
    -No Muscle Control.
    -Loss Of Vision
    -Low Blood Ph
    -Early Stages of Kidney Failure

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like one those rare genetic syndromes like TSC but also sort of like rickets. The change in blood pH is probably related to the respiratory issues. You haven’t been specific as what those issues are. “Breathing problems” is nonspecific. Could be a drug overdose, drug poisoning.

  25. QUESTION:
    My husband may be in denial about his cancer?
    My husband is currently suffering from the early stages of liver and kidney disease. While undergoing routine imaging of his liver, the doctor noticed an abnormality on his pancreas as well. It turned out the abnormality was a tumor. This was three weeks ago.

    He handled the news relatively well at first, but now I’m convinced he’s losing his mind. He outright refuses to even consider any treatment options and seems entirely convinced that there is no cancer at all.

    He’s cooked up a crazy conspiracy theory that his cancer diagnosis was an elaborate hoax perpetrated by his ex-wife and her new husband. He’s convinced himself that the doctor who diagnosed him was, in fact, an actor and that the test results were entirely forged. I tried to reason with him, but he’s completely absorbed in his insane fantasy world. I don’t think he’s even slept in four days.

    How can I bring him back to reality?

    Please help. I’m beginning to lose control of the situation. Thanks and God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      Problem is you never had control over the situation. It’s just a guess but I wouldn’t be too surprised that your husband is an alcoholic. Liver failure, renal disease and now pancreatic tumors are all classic end line damage from drinking. (not the only way it happens but probably the most common) Add dilusional thinking which is also part of a chronic alcoholic. Pancreatic cancer is very painful and usually ends in death in less than 1 years time. It really doesn’t matter what he does at this point in time if it is pancreatic cancer so what does this dilusion do to hurt him? It will not change the outcome one bit.

      What could have changed the outcome would have been to have the same concern over his chronic drinking. Getting help for that would have changed everything in his future that has now come to be. We don’t see what we don’t want to admit… both for him and you. You cannot change other people until you look inside and change what needs to change in yourself. People can only react to what they see. If you supported the man so that he could successfully drink then what did you have the potential to control that could have been different???

      Now it is very late in the process to change much. Get his financial affairs in order. That is the only reality at this point he really needs to deal with.

      Addendum:
      I am not trying to blame her for her husband’s drinking. What I am trying to show is that there are few successful alcoholics without someone propping them up enabling their addiction. It is always a dance between the addict and the enabler. If the enabler begins to look at their own behavior then usually the addict cannot hide solely in his addiction. Her husband is responsible for his own actions however, the enabler teaches their children that all of this is ok and part of life to accept as normal. Mom put up with it so I guess this is what I should look for too in a mate. A trip to Alanon would be very beneficial for the whole family even if the addict does not get involved or wants to get better. At least the family chaos stops at his own two feet and not taught to the children this is a good way to live not to mention all the heartache to his wife over the years. Like I said, both need to get help… not just the addict. What happens now to her husband is in God’s hands. What happens to her and her family is in her hands. It’s just too bad that it takes this level of chaos to get people to think that maybe I need to learn some new tools to live a better life. Help would have been very beneficial earlier in the relationship and both would have benefited from it even if she was the only one to go to Alanon. At least the children would learn a better way to cope by her example. She cannot control his drinking or his disease but she has a lot of control over the collateral damage his disease brings to the rest of the family. This is why the enabler has a shared responsibility. I hope you get this.

  26. QUESTION:
    I need Help..Cat Diagnosed With Mammory Cancer?
    We removed the initial lump, but the cancer is aggressive and it came right back.She is 19 and i won’t put her through Rad therapy ect. She’s been eating wet Eagle Pack holistic diet. I know now she needs more nutrients than what unnatural canned food can give her.It’s been 9 months since cancer started.History of urinary infections.Should i mix Little bits of raw food in her diet?shes on epaketin(sp?)to help process protiens,Vet says no kidney disease persay,but Very early stages.Her tumour on her chest(size of 2 golf balls fused)leaks and bleeds when she itches it,so constant clean up and a shirt for her.I use saline solutn and polysporin.it smells but vet says no infection.its just open wound constantly healing!*sigh.She eats,drinks,loves and gets around well for a 19yr old.i’m constantly stressed,any remedy for nutrition and tumour “upkeep”/cleaning?all she wants to do(understandably) is lick at it and make it seep and bleed! Also her stool is very hard and i’m sure it hurts,she seems to be getting it out reguardless,any suggestions there either?i just cant take her to the vet for everything.Seems something different every other day,it stresses her out and i want to eliminate if possible.Help! she is my best friend,i love her
    Thankyou Laurie
    Handicats? i’ll check it out

    • ANSWER:
      I’m so sorry about your cat. 19 years is a lifetime, I’m sure it’s hard to see her like that.

      I just lost my cat to cancer 2 weeks ago. She was getting B-12 shots at the end, they did seem to help, maybe you could ask your vet about that. Also, she was on some kind of mild pain reliever that helped her relax. I left her eat anything she wanted, she seemed to have a ravenous appetite at the end.

  27. QUESTION:
    I hate living with this it’s so hard! Help!?
    Hey people of Yahoo.
    my cat was recently diagnosed with Chronic kidney disease and i’m at a loss. i’m 13 years old. i don’t know how to cope with this. luckily, the disease was caught in it’s early stages, but i just keep thinking about how she’ll be (hopefully she’ll live this long) years from now. it will hurt so bad to see that when (if) it happens, and i’m not sure i want to see that. it makes we wanna die for her (I will not die, i will live, i’m just saying) and i’m so worried. so does anyone know anything to help me (besides therapy)? Thank you, in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m so sorry to hear about your kitty. Its obvious that you love her very much. For now she can be treated but there will come a day when it’ll be time to let go. While she’s still around, cuddle her a lot, make sure she knows you love her. Appreciate her in the time she has left.

      There will come a day where you will have to say goodbye. It hurts, its really sad, you’ll miss her terribly. At this time realize that when your kitty passes that she will no longer be in pain or sick any more. She’ll go to heaven and wait for you to join her. Although your time is years and years away, there is no time in heaven, everything is now. She’ll be waiting for you, probably taking a nap on some fluffy cloud. She will know how much you love her, too. Know that she loves you too. I really hope this helps you, my heart goes out to you.

  28. QUESTION:
    How do u pay 2/3 of costs of covering 10s of millions more people by cuts to medicare & not cut service?Ration?

    http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124692973435303415.html

    Do you know what the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, or NICE, in the UK is? Like the governmental committee to make ‘recommendations’ on care and best practices in Obamacare, NICE was originally set up just to advise on best practices, but mutated.

    “What NICE has become in practice is a rationing board. As health costs have exploded in Britain as in most developed countries, NICE has become the heavy that reduces spending by limiting the treatments that 61 million citizens are allowed to receive through the NHS. For example:

    In March, NICE ruled against the use of two drugs, Lapatinib and Sutent, that prolong the life of those with certain forms of breast and stomach cancer. This followed on a 2008 ruling against drugs — including Sutent, which costs about ,000 — that would help terminally ill kidney-cancer patients. After last year’s ruling, Peter Littlejohns, NICE’s clinical and public health director, noted that “there is a limited pot of money,” that the drugs were of “marginal benefit at quite often an extreme cost,” and the money might be better spent elsewhere.

    In 2007, the board restricted access to two drugs for macular degeneration, a cause of blindness. The drug Macugen was blocked outright. The other, Lucentis, was limited to a particular category of individuals with the disease, restricting it to about one in five sufferers. Even then, the drug was only approved for use in one eye, meaning those lucky enough to get it would still go blind in the other. As Andrew Dillon, the chief executive of NICE, explained at the time: “When treatments are very expensive, we have to use them where they give the most benefit to patients.”

    NICE has limited the use of Alzheimer’s drugs, including Aricept, for patients in the early stages of the disease. Doctors in the U.K. argued vociferously that the most effective way to slow the progress of the disease is to give drugs at the first sign of dementia. NICE ruled the drugs were not “cost effective” in early stages.

    Other NICE rulings include the rejection of Kineret, a drug for rheumatoid arthritis; Avonex, which reduces the relapse rate in patients with multiple sclerosis; and lenalidomide, which fights multiple myeloma. Private U.S. insurers often cover all, or at least portions, of the cost of many of these NICE-denied drugs.

    NICE has also produced guidance that restrains certain surgical operations and treatments. NICE has restrictions on fertility treatments, as well as on procedures for back pain, including surgeries and steroid injections. The U.K. has recently been absorbed by the cases of several young women who developed cervical cancer after being denied pap smears by a related health authority, the Cervical Screening Programme, which in order to reduce government health-care spending has refused the screens to women under age 25.
    Sound good to you?

    Doesn’t sound good to me.
    Sunshine he said 2/3 not 1/3 and since he is ADDING huge committee and oversight structures and keeping insurance involved as well, there is no savings. That is the problem the CBO had with it. It doesn’t cut costs. So to take the money from medicare means cutting service.

    • ANSWER:
      Thank you for a well thought out and informative question. Sad that they could not sue them because of this, but that’s one of the perks of being the goverrnment.

      This must be another way to allow the insurance companies to dump the high cost customers, just like they were able to do with the high costs of prescription drugs.

      Amazing that Chris Dodd is for it as he has only gotten about million from banking and insurance companies. They know that places like the three county area around Dade county has almost a billion bill annually for aids.

      These high costs are costing the top brass of the insurance companies money and bonuses. Since Obama has taken office Fed spending has gone up 25% from 3 to 4 trillion, even without the cap and trade and 3 billion for this health plan.

      let’s use the KISS system to answer your question there is no way to do what they say and understand it is the same as a campaign promise.It is not possible. Even the President stated the government run programs were bankrupting the country, so why push this other than a payoff from and for insurance.

      Pray that the Congress understands that the 30 million undocumtneted ( using that government figure and not the 12 million figure during the last try), then take the 12 million that don’t want to pay, the homeless that have mental problems and still can get medicaid and you have maybe 10 million that fall in the cracks that want it, but cannot afford it and that’s that.

      I notice and have contacted the companies that will take anyone and only for 0 amonth and do not understand why the government would not farm out Medicare to them.

      As far as the cancer, MD Anderson has done extensive studies and also China and Japan, UCLA, Wake Forrest… that resveratrol, stops cancer (google ” clinical and preclinicasl trials of resveratrol for cancer”) and many have been saved, but for some reason the government will not advertise it. Many doctors even prescribe it after breast cancer therapy. I have a freind that was given 3 months and that was four years ago now.

      You know this, but the “plan” is a government take over to reward the lobbyists and will kill 100,000s more than Raplh Nadar has documented.

      Didn’t mean to ramble, and much better answers, but hope this may help. Have a great 2009, 2010…..

  29. QUESTION:
    Help… Kidney Transplant Questions!?
    Hello! I’m a 30 year old guy and needs your help…
    Earlier this month, i have a biopsy made on my kidney…
    I was diagnosed to have a stage 5 CKD, ESRD… Got a GFR of 16%, Creatinine of 650… My blood sugar is normal…
    Just talked to my Nephrologist yesterday, and he told me, at my young age, he suggested me to have a preemptive kidney transplant instead of waiting for my kidneys to deteriorate and maybe, to have a dialysis…

    Now, if ever, i need to have a transplant… Here are my questions:

    1st Question:
    What preparation do i need to do to prepare myself for the transplant? Physically & Emotionally…?

    2nd Question:
    How long will the transplant operation take, from cutting to stitching? If i have a related donor, will we be operated at the same time? Or the donor goes first before me at the operating room?

    3rd Question:
    After the operation, after waking up, how do you feel? Can you move your body? How long will i be sleeping, from entering OR to after the operation? How long will you be in bed before you can sit, stand or even walk on your own?

    4th Question:
    How long will i stay in the hospital? How long will the incision heal?

    5th Question:
    How big will the incision be, in inches please? And on what part of the body will it be, is it on the stomach?

    6th Question:
    If i received a new kidney, do they have to take out my old kidneys or will it stay? If NO, what if my 2 old kidneys totally throw in the towel and gave up in the future, do we need to remove my 2 kidneys?

    7th Question:
    My nephro told me that if i have a transplant, i would be living a normal life again… After your transplant, for those who have a successful transplant, is it as normal as your life before? I mean, can you still do the things that you are doing / eat the food you eat before you got your kidney disease?

    Last Question:
    Any physical or emotional changes after the transplant? Or maybe side effects of the transplants or medicines after transplant?

    Hope you could help me on my questions?
    I’m really scared to death when i think of the transplant…
    Because i really don’t know what’s going to happen…
    Thank you for those who will answer my questions…

    • ANSWER:
      My son was also had ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease)Stage 5,, CRI(Chronic Renal Insuffiency), CKD(Chronic Kidney Disease), (and any other accronym you can think of) he has only one kidney(born that way) and it was at 12% function. Answerer 1 did a great job of explaining. I will tell you my expierience as a parent and donor.

      1. Physically you need to be free of infection(or signs of ) for a minimum of 6 weeks. At least this was my expierience. My son had contracted pertionitis (infection of the pertionium) through faulty medical practice so his tranpslant was delayed by several weeks. I’m sorry I cannot answer the emotional part. Though I can talk to you and offer support. (okay that sounds a little creepy)

      2. If you have a living donor (ie a friend or realtive or annoynmous) they will be prepped for surgery first. I was prepped at 9am on my paticular day. As they are working on the donor the surgeons give the go ahead to prep the recipient. They (the donor and recipient) will be in adjacent OR (operating room) so the kidney literally goes right from donor to recipient. I think the surgery itself takes about 4 hours from start with the donor to finish with you. But if complicaitions arise (this is a possibility with any proceedure) of course it will take longer.

      3. Believe it or not, you will feel much better than the donor after surgery. The kidney starts working right away even before you are closed up. Isn’t that awesome! I do not know how long you will be unconscious. I’m not sure how long I slept etiher. My son had a total of 6 Iv fluids in his arm and neck. They were bolus fluids(to replace those lost during surgery, antirejection drugs, antibiotics, morphine drip ect…
      Yes you can move your body. My son (the recipient) was sitting as soon as he woke up and asking to play video games. He did complain of pain but nothing terrible. The doctors will try to get you up and walking to help move your bowels and you will also have terrible gas from all the air trapped in your abdomen. AS the donor I lost all modesty having to ask help to go to the toilet. Help bathing ect… I could not walk on my own for about a week, but I used a walker. I was stubborn I would not use the wheelchair offered. They did not give me pain medication prior to waking so I was very sore. Finally I was given a morpihne drip which caused me to vomit repeatedly (right after major abdomnial sugery no less) do I stuck with hydrocodone. It took a week before I could sit without help on my own. Even then it was difficult , having to roll over on my side or something. I’m sure I looked like a walrus or something. (lol looking back I can only laugh at all my son and I have gone through, because after all we are still alive and in realtive good health, just try to remaiin postive, it can be hard at times though, lean on your family or close friends)

      4.As the donor I stayed only 5 days. My son as the recipient stayed 10. Now if you contract any infection or have rejection issues you will stay longer. His incision healed very quickly in a matter of weeks, it was glued not sutured.

      5. 9 inches vertically on the stomach right past the belly button (they cut around it.

      6. They leave the old kidneys. No even if they are non functional. You body can perform just fine on one healthy kidney.

      7. You will be on a normal diet yes. The may tell you to avoid contact sports. My son can never particapte in them due to the location of the kidney. You will be on antirejection drugs for the rest of your life or for the life of the kidney, in which case you may have to endure dialysis.

      8. With some of the rejection drugs there is a small chance of cancer. Also when taking prednisone you will expierience moon face (swollen face) and rapid weight gain and appetite. After your doctor reduces the dose this side affect will diminish. (it is a steriod)

      Lastly, good luck to you! I hope everything turns in your favor.

      EDIT Also the same year (2008) my son had his transplant he had a total of 6 surgeris that year (three of the abdomnial, he had appendicitis, kidney transplant, bowel obstructuon from scar tissue from the tranplant, they opened the same scar three different times.). He is 7 years old, thus far he has shown no emotional scars and is very outgoing. I think you will do just fine given time and support. They way I look at it (and tell my son jokeingly) chicks love scars! If anything it prompts conversation! Agian Best wishes!

  30. QUESTION:
    Is bin Laden’s death kept secret to keep the terrorism lie going for defense spending & trashing civil rights?
    I’d like to see Obama announce the death of Osama bin Laden as one of his first official duties. Bin Laden often better known as bin Forgotten died in December of 2001. There is nothing I am saying that is news to anyone who has actually spent any time thinking.

    Osama bin Laden had serous kidney disease that required him to have dialysis treatment twice a week. There aren’t any dialysis machines floating around in the border region of Afghanistan and Pakistan. A few months back a reporter finally asked the question that should have been asked years ago at a White House press conference.

    How is it that a guy who was seriously ill seven years ago is getting treatment for end-stage renal disease in some cave in Afghanistan? The woman conducting the press conference panicked at the thought of answering that most basic question and immediately canceled the rest of the briefing.

    The United States does not need a boogieman living in a cave in Asia. Osama bin Laden is dead. Barak Obama should be honest enough with the American people to declare him dead.

    Here are the facts.

    1. The last intelligence intercept of Osama bin Laden was on December 14 of 2001. He has not been heard from since.
    2. President Bush and Defense Secretary Rumsfeld hinted in late December of 2001 that they knew Osama bin Laden was dead.
    3. President Musharraf of Pakistan announced in January of 2002 that Osama bin Laden was probably dead of kidney disease.
    4. President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan was quoted in October of 2002 as saying, “The more we don’t hear of him, and the more time passes, there is the likelihood that he probably is either dead or seriously wounded somewhere.”
    5. But the actions of the US Military are the most telling. There isn’t a single soldier, sailor or Marine tasked with chasing down Osama bin Laden, dead or alive. Because we know exactly where he is. He’s dead. So the US military is either totally or absolutely incompetent or Osama bin Laden died years ago and we’ve been fighting the boogieman.
    6. As early as July of 2002, even the FBI’s counterterrorism chief was quoted as saying; Osama bin Laden is “probably” dead.

    The US does not need a boogieman; we have real challenges ahead of us. We need a President who will not lie to us on a constant basis.

    While you are at it Mr President Elect, you may want to mention that Iran never threatened to wipe Israel off the map and 16 US Intelligence agencies all agree Iran does not have a nuclear weapons program. But you knew that, didn’t you? Iran is neither the enemy of the United States nor Israel.

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    Personal Essay for Pharmacy School?
    I am having a hard time starting my personal essay for pharmacy school. I want to go into pharmacy school because of my father. He was diagnosed with End Stage Renal Disease in early 1997 and it made life very difficult for my whole family. He finally received a kidney transplant and his quality of life improved after taking numerous medications. The field of pharmacy has provided my father the chance to continue living with my mother, younger brother, and I.

    I am of Filipino descent, but I would hate to play the race card. Both of my parents immigrated from the Philippines and I am a first-generation post-secondary student.

    Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      You could start it off with a story about your dad talking about the worst days on dialysis; how he felt while he was there and afterwards; the surgery you have to have beforehand; the other people there and how they did (the third time I went to dialysis, someone died); the crappy diet, and how you are pretty much stuck to that chair and never going anywhere.

      I always like to start off essays and speeches w/ stories. They grab people’s attention.

      I would say my transplants, and the immunosuppresants, have changed my life

      .

  32. QUESTION:
    Question about my speech?
    What do you think of my speech? Could you edit it or tell me where to add or take out things??

    Napoleon Bonaparte, Babe Ruth, Hitler, Idi Amin, Al Capone & King Henry VIII. I wonder how many of you could tell me what these people had in common. Today, I will be discussing the STD, Syphilis.

    Syphilis is a bacterial disease that is highly infectious and can be passed through blood. A child in the womb can be exposed or if direct contact with syphilis sore is made, the disease can be contracted.

    Syphilis sores occur mainly on the external genitals, but some cases have been reported on other areas of the body like in the mouth or on the back.

    Syphilis progresses in three distinct stages. The Primary phase is the beginning of the disease. It starts with a sore, known as a shanker; these appear mainly on the genitals. But any part of the body is at risk.

    Any contact with the sore can transmit the disease. The sore will grow bigger in 3-4 days and after 1 week it will disappear, but this does not mean that the disease is gone.

    The secondary phase develops 4 to 10 weeks after the shanker appears. This is when the majority of symptoms begin to appear such as fever, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, rash, headache, decreased appetite, patchy hair loss and swollen lymph nodes.

    People often mistake this for the flu because these are all flu symptoms. This phase can go away without treatment, but then the third phase will commence.

    The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the early stages of this phase, first one to two years, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage.

    More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious. But pregnant woman can still pass them on to baby foetus through the womb.

    The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the first one to two years of this phase, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage. More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious.

    But pregnant woman can still pass the disease to their foetus through the womb. This stage is a very dangerous one as it can appear that the infection has gone, but without treatment it will not. In severe cases this phase can cause, gradual blindness, numbness and even dementia.

    There is one more rather uncommon phase known as the Tertiary Phase. This phase is rarely seen in modern times because of the aid of penicillin. But the unlucky people who develop this phase are faced with heart, skin, bone and brain problems.

    Many of these symptoms I have listed sound like symptoms to other diseases, such as influenza, that is why syphilis can be referred to as ‘The Great Pretender’, as it mimics other diseases.

    Another form of syphilis that isn’t mentioned a lot is ‘congenital syphilis’. This is the occurrence after a foetus has been infected in a womb.

    The form of syphilis can cause many abnormalities in the child such abnormalities as, teeth, bone problems, liver/spleen/kidney enlargement, brain infection, skin rashes and more.

    Syphilis is an equal opportunity disease! Anyone who has sex can contract it. Therefore the only way to completely avoid it is through avoiding sexual contact. The highest occurrence is found in women aged 20-24, and men aged 35-39.

    Newborns with congenital syphilis increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new reported cases in 2005 compared to 349 cases reported in 2006. Doctors believe this is because people are NOT having safe sex and are NOT aware of all the risks taken by having irresponsible sexual activity.

    Between 2005 and 2006, the number of reported syphilis cases increased by 11.8%. Rates have increased in males each year between 2000 and 2006 from 2.6 to 5.7. In 2006, 64% of the reported syphilis cases were with men who have sex with men. It is also reported that men are more vulnerable in contracting syphilis.

    Syphilis is now treated by the use of penicillin, doctors do advise that while being treated you avoid all sexual contact. And every 6-12 months an annual check up is required.

    Some interesting, yet alarming, facts I unfolded whilst studying syphilis are – The infamous Tuskegee experiments in the US were experiments in which black men with syphilis were intentionally denied treatment so that the effects of untreated syphilis could be studied.

    None of them were deliberately infected, however; they were “merely” permitted to get sicker and were misled as to the true nature of their condition. Another is that for centuries the treatment of choice for syphilis was mercury, which was painted onto the sore. This had the unfortunate side effect of causing a slow death by mercury poisoning.

    I hope that through my speech you have learnt more about the STD syphilis and know what to do if it comes your way.
    Syphilis – An “oldie” but not a “goodie”
    I am in Yr. 9

    • ANSWER:
      I just skimmed through, but I noticed you did not cite your sources, and that is a must!!! for college. I also have a college informative speech guide that my professor gave me that I could scan over to you if you wanted it.

  33. QUESTION:
    Help with speech!!????????
    Can you please edit my speech or help me put in more personal opinions and interesting facts?? THANK YOU! To make it more fun to listen to.

    Speech:

    Napoleon Bonaparte, Babe Ruth, Hitler, Idi Amin, Al Capone & King Henry VIII. I wonder how many of you could tell me what these people had in common. It might surprise you that they all had, at some stage, syphilis. So, today, I will be discussing the perimeters of a specific STD, Syphilis. The disease was discovered in 1905 by Fritz Schauddin & Erich Hoffman.

    Syphilis is a bacterial disease that is highly infectious and can be passed on through blood transferring, child in womb can be exposed or direct contact with the syphilis sore. Syphilis sores occur mainly on the external genitals, but some cases have been reported otherwise.

    Syphilis progresses in three distinct stages and one not so common anymore. Primary phase; this is the beginning of the disease. It starts with a sore, known as a shanker; these appear mainly on the genitals. But any part of the body is at risk. Any contact with the sore can transmit the disease. The sore will grow bigger in 3-4 days, after 1 week it will disappear, but the disease will not.

    The secondary phase includes many more symptoms. It may build up 4-10 weeks after the shanker appears. The common symptoms are: fevers, joint pains, muscle aches, sore throats, flu-like symptoms, rashes, headaches, decreased appetites, patchy hair loss and swollen lymph nodes. This phase can go away without treatment, but the third phase will commence. The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the early stages of this phase, first one to two years, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage. More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious. But pregnant woman can still pass them on to baby foetus through the womb.

    The one, not so common, phase now is the ‘tertiary phase’. This isn’t seen much anymore because of the aid of penicillin. But for the unlucky people who contract this phase they are normally faced with heart, skin, bone and brain problems.
    Many of these symptoms I have listed sound like symptoms to other diseases, that is why syphilis can be referred to as ‘The Great Pretender’, because it mimics other diseases.

    Another form of syphilis that isn’t mentioned a lot is ‘congenital syphilis’. This is the occurrence after a foetus has been infected in a womb. The form of syphilis can cause many abnormalities in the child such abnormalities as, teeth, bone problems, liver/spleen/kidney enlargement, brain infection, skin rashes and more.

    Syphilis can be exposed to anyone who has sex, but the highest occurrence is found in women aged 20-24, and men aged 35-39. Newborns with congenital syphilis increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new reported cases in 2005 compared to 349 cases reported in 2006.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m not researching for you but here are some corrections so the piece will flow more smoothly. Also, there are some notes on where you need more research to complete the piece. Hope this helps –

      TITLE: The Great Pretender

      Napoleon Bonaparte, Babe Ruth, Hitler, Idi Amin, Al Capone & King Henry VIII. Can you tell me what these people had in common? Syphilis. Today, I will be discussing the STD, Syphilis. All of you have heard of it but do you really know anything about it?

      The disease was discovered in 1905 by Fritz Schauddin & Erich Hoffman. (How? Why? What kind of research was being performed that led to this discovery?) Syphilis is a bacterial disease that is highly infectious and can be passed through blood. A child in the womb can be exposed or if direct contact with a syphilis sore is made, the disease can be contracted. Syphilis sores occur mainly on the external genitals, but some cases have been reported on other areas of the body. (WHERE ON THE BODY? BE SPECIFIC.)

      Syphilis progresses in three distinct stages. The Primary phase is the beginning of the disease. It starts with a sore, known as a shanker; these appear mainly on the genitals. But any part of the body is at risk. Any contact with the sore can transmit the disease. The sore will grow bigger in 3-4 days and after 1 week it will disappear, but this does not mean that the disease is gone.

      The secondary phase develops 4 to 10 weeks after the shanker appears. This is when the majority of symptoms begin to appear such as fever, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, rash, headache, decreased appetite, patchy hair loss and swollen lymph nodes. People often mistake this for the flu because these are all flu symptoms. This phase can go away without treatment, but then the third phase will commence.

      The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the first one to two years of this phase, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage. More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious. But pregnant woman can still pass the disease to their fetus through the womb. (This paragraph needs more detail and makes little sense. Are people outwardly ill during this phase? Are they contagious? If so, how? Through sexual contact? Blood contact? Contact of mucous membranes? This area needs more research).

      There is one more rather uncommon phase known as the Tertiary Phase. This phase is rarely seen in modern times because of the aid of penicillin. But the unlucky people who develop this phase are faced with heart, skin, bone and brain problems. (Like what? Cancers? Heart disease? Does their skin fall off? Does their brain die?? What happens to them?)
      Many of these symptoms I have listed sound like symptoms to other diseases, that is why syphilis has been referred to as ‘The Great Pretender’, because it mimics other diseases.

      Another form of syphilis that isn’t mentioned often is ‘congenital syphilis’. This is Syphilis that occurs when a fetus has been infected in the womb. This form of syphilis can cause many birth abnormalities in the child such as, teeth, bone problems, liver/spleen/kidney enlargement, brain infection and skin rashes.

      Syphilis is an equal opportunity disease! Anyone who has sex can contract it. Therefore the only way to completely avoid it is through avoiding sexual contact. The highest occurrence is found in women aged 20-24, and men aged 35-39. Newborns with congenital syphilis increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new reported cases in 2005 compared to 349 cases reported in 2006. (Are there any reasons why doctors think this is happening? Do YOU have any idea’s on this?)

      **You need a closing statement. Your speech needs to have a point – did you simply want your peers to know about the disease? Do you want them to avoid it? Are you concerned that the number of cases in infants has increased? Do you think more research needs to be done on it? There needs to be a logical end to this – a statement that closes the discussion**

  34. QUESTION:
    Nausea for 4 months not pregnancy (quite long!)?
    A few months ago I thought I was pregnant again, when the LO was only 5 months old! The nausea hasnt gone and on Monday I had my third trip to the Dr.s it hasnt gotten any worse, but isnt getting any better either. At first it was thought it was an ear infection, then acid reflux and now he doesnt know what it is but has given me some medication which blocks nauseous feelings. So this is my third round of medication in almost 3 months! I’ve being on this medication for three days now, taking 3 a day it should have begun to work but it hasnt.
    Before my first trip to the Dr.s I had it for about a month, so it is now 4 months I have being feeling horribly nauseous. I have done 5 pregnancy tests and all are negative. I have a mirena coil so it is unlikely.
    My tummy is also tender about 2 inches down from my belly, and to the left and right. The Dr. says if I dont feel any different after this lot of medication then we will start more invasive investigations eg scans, keyhole surgery etc….
    I googled my symptoms, I really wish I hadnt! This is what I found:
    Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions such as:
    * Motion sickness or seasickness
    * Early stages of pregnancy (nausea occurs in 50%-90% of all pregnancies; vomiting in 25%-55%)
    * Medication induced vomiting
    * Intense pain
    * Emotional stress (fear)
    * Gallbladder disease
    * Food poisoning
    * Infections (such as the “stomach flu”)
    * Overeating
    * A reaction to certain smells or odors
    * Heart attack
    * Concussion or brain injury
    * Brain tumor
    * Ulcers
    * Some forms of cancer
    * Bulimia or other psychological illnesses
    * Gastroparesis (a condition seen in people with diabetes)
    * Kidney or Liver disorders
    It isnt motion sickness, isnt pregnancy (though now im wishing it was!)
    medication induced
    intense pain
    emotional stress
    over eating
    heart attack
    bulimia
    certain smells or odors
    I’m really worried as most of these are quite serious, have any of you ever had this? Or do you have any other possibilities of what it could be?
    Thanks! x

    • ANSWER:
      Yes – I felt sick a lot for months, and lost a lot of weight. It was down to anxiety/worry.

      Of course google has to bring up some of the quite serious things too, and look what it’s done, now you’re worrying yourself silly!

      Your medically trained doctor did not believe your symptoms allude to anything serious, otherwise he’d have acted differently. If you’re that worried, book another appointment and tell him/her the anti sickness tablets aren’t working.

  35. QUESTION:
    Are there any safe alternatives to high blood pressure medication?
    My husband has ‘white coat’ blood pressure. His levels are usually around 140/90 when he sees a doctor. I have taken his blood pressure at home when he’s resting at it’s 125/80 which is within normal ranges. The doctor who did his last physical basically yelled at him for not losing weight and told him to see a cardiologist for his BP (blood pressure). My husband was losing weight at the time, but slowly. His problem is his metabolism is slow. I know alot of people say that because they’re carrying weight, but his is truly his thyroid. His mother and father both had serious thyroid problems. His father ultimately was diagnosed as a diabetic. My husband only eats 3 meals a day. I cook dinner with lots of vegetables, no beef hardly, and low fat products. However, his physical is due within a month and he’s already becoming nervous. This brings on the “white coat” dilemma again. Why are doctors in the US just prescribing pills? Whatever to diet and exercise regimen? All I ever read anymore is that doctors prescribe this and that pill. I just faced this myself. I’m in the early stages of menopause. My doctor prescribed for me estrogen therapy or HRT. I refuse to take this therapy because of the serious risks to women. HRT is reported to cause strokes, heart disease, cancers, etc. I finally found a local doctor who gave me a regimen of supplements and it’s been working fine. My grandmother was given high blood pressure medication and it actually caused her one kidney to fail. She almost died from the medication. She had to have the bad kidney removed. Is there a safe alternative to help his nerves and helping him his physical fears? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      ” Why are doctors in the US just prescribing pills?” because doctors plan about 7 minutes per patient and they’re totally influenced by the drug companies. If they can write you a prescription and get you out of their office in 5 min they can make their quota. I sure wouldn’t consider 140/90 serious when at home it’s 125/90.

      Excess Salt is one of the biggest problems and most comes from prepared/canned foods (excluding fast food). Lots of fresh spinach is good support for thyroid but thyroid meds aren’t too bad as far as I know.

      I saw a report a while back that the average 70 year old is on 14 prescription meds a day. That’s just crazy!

      Stick with your low fat, low meat cooking and limit canned ingredients and limit/eliminate salt. My last 12oz salt box lasted more than a year. Many say 4 smaller meals are better than 3 normal meals, your choice.

      good luck

  36. QUESTION:
    What care options are available for my dad who is terminally ill?
    I’m going through a very distressing time at the moment as within a matter of a week of my dad being admitted to hospital we have been told he has terminal cancer (it has come from the lung area and above the kidney but is now in a few areas of the brain). It all started a few weeks ago when he was confused about things and one day went missing walking to the shops but we put this down to diabetes as he wasn’t following a diet properly. The painful thing is that we haven’t told him yet as he is confused and forgetful and the palliative care team thought it would be best not to say too much because it would be breaking bad news all the time as he forgets whats been said. Its weird because sometimes he acts normally just comes out with strange words when explaining things. I took him home yesterday and my mum who is 74 is very nervous about the future as she is his main carer and I’m worried about the effect on her health too. We have been told he has only months at the most but we have no other family to care for him although I have given up a part time job to help out a few days a week from tomorrow. The trouble is I have 2 young children and my husband works all hours including weekends so I can’t commit too much even though I would if I could. My mum is coping at the moment but its early stages. He’s lost interest in everything, doesn’t want to drink or eat much but despite that is adamant about going on holiday (we were going to america in a few weeks and I don’t know if or how to tell him he can’t go). I know a lot of those signs are because of the disease and I’m worried he will go downhill quickly. He gave the hospital staff grief every day about walking out when he was in there so I don’t know how to go about getting him other care when he thinks he’s okay, just confused. He thinks the doctors are over reacting. I also don’t want to break his heart to tell him he is dying and can’t go on holiday etc. They only told him he has an abnormality on the lung and brain but he’s forgotten that anyway. When it gets to a point when he deteriorates and my mum can’t cope what options are available? It would upset him greatly going back in hospital. Are nurses available to visit most days? Also he wants to pay some bills that have come through the post but is frustrated why he can’t deal with them. We’re stuck as we can’t help him access his money as hes not in a fit state of mind to sign anyone over as power of attorney and we will have to go to the court I think. Its one big mess as he’s not too bad at the moment but bad enough not to be able to make decisions. Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      My heart goes out to you, been there. (This is how it works in the UK) If your fathers consultant/care team have given him a prognosis of 6 months you are entitled to a Special care allowance, which for obvious reasons is fast-tracked. This might help to alleviate some of the financial pressures.
      You will be able to get further help, financial & nursing, through Macmillan’s. They will do their best with the help of district nurses( who in our case were utterly brilliant) to support your caring for him at home. If it becomes too much of a hardship, they will arrange hospice care, as a respite or for terminal care.
      If he just needs sitters rather than nursing care, so that you & your mother get breaks, there are some organisations that will do this, but this may vary from one area to another.
      As you say, power of attorney is another difficult area, & it is one we didn’t have to deal with.Our mother remained of sound mind until the last two weeks.
      This is going to be a difficult time for you & your family. Take up all offers of help & look after yourselves as well as your father.All i can add from my own experience, is that i was glad to be alongside my mother for those last few months, hard as they were, she was worth it.

  37. QUESTION:
    What would be a good conclusion for this essay?
    The population of Bahrain suffers from one of the highest prevalence rates of diabetes in the world. Talk to any medical professional in the kingdom and they’ll tell you it is one of the most pressing health issue the country faces. Currently around 15 per cent of the population suffers from diabetes, with the illness causing five percent of deaths in Bahrain. Yet, thanks to the symptoms being so various and relatively difficult to self-diagnose, up to half of those suffering don’t even know they’ve got it.
    Diabetes is a metabolic disease which is caused by abnormal insulin secretion that regulates glucose use by the cell for energy. The result is a high glucose in the blood leading to damage to the blood vessels supplying main organs and tissues like the kidney, eye, nerves and the heart.
    According to the International Diabetes Federation, five countries among the six highest diabetes prevalence rates in the world are Gulf States countries, including Bahrain which is ranked the fifth. The seriousness of the problem is that 50 percent of cases are unaware that they have the disease but even those diagnosed with diabetes are identified after years of the disease with no symptoms. This is a silent disease and most patients have no symptoms and this underscores the need for early screening for those at risk of the disease. It is estimated that diabetes prevalence will increase by more than two fold in Bahrain in the next two decades. Diabetes mellitus has become one of the most common public health problems in the country. In 1988 it was estimated that 3.4% of total deaths in Bahrain were due to diabetes.
    There are many solutions to cure diabetes before it occurs and after it occurs; depending on the stage it is in. each solution depends on the stage and type of diabetes the individual has. The solutions are; Hydrotherapy, Detoxification, Herbal medicines, and Mud Therapy. These solutions should be carried immediately for individuals in order to solve the diabetes problem. The symptoms can be very unnoticeable so check ups are highly recommended if any of the less visible are seen or felt by the individual.

    • ANSWER:
      Summarize the topic and the main points, then think of something memorable, maybe a joke or deep piece of insight to finish it off with.

  38. QUESTION:
    What side effects are there when you get a tattoo and have kidney disease?
    So I am wanting to get a tattoo, (I’m in my early 20′s) but I have stage 4 chronic kidney disease. I’m wondering if there is any complications with the ink, or any other things that I should worry about.

    Please Help!!!

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    Can I work with animals if I’ve got kidney disease?
    I recently got back some lab work that suggests that my kidneys are not functioning properly. I’m going to the doctor in a few weeks to begin more testing to find out how bad things are. I also work at a pet store and I am responsible for handling various animals. On any given day I may remove a dead fish with my hands (its quicker than using a net) and be bitten by a few hamsters. I also sometimes handle lizards. There are even some days where I have to change the bedding of the small mammals and other days I change the bedding of the birds. The birds also bite at times, although I’ve never been bitten by one.
    I read that the kidney disease can cause my immune system to weaken, but I believe that I’m still in the early stages of every thing. Anyway, is it safe for me to continue my job working with the animals?

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    kidney disease diet?
    I have early stages of FSGS and am on medication to treat my nephrotic syndrome (now under control} as well as blood pressure and cholesterol medications. my kidney function is still very good, and i’m not anemic or diabetic, so i don’t need to be on any radical or extremely strict diet, but I would like some guidelines on what particular foods I should be trying to eat more of or trying to avoid. Please don’t recommend any supplements, or just tell me “low protein” since protein really only needs to be controlled in relation to the kidneys’ functioning. What types of protein are best? Is it true that I should cut out dairy? Concentrating on fresh fruits? Vegetables? Which ones? Whole grains? Legumes? How much & what proportions?
    I’m not looking for a weight-loss diet here, I’m looking for the best possible day-to-day eating habits to keep my kidney problems under control and to try and prevent or at least slow the progression of my disease.

    • ANSWER:
      The latest ESPN (European society of parenteral nutrition) guideline is not to reduce protein intake in patients with kidney disease, as protein requirements are higher in illness due the increased turnover. About 1 – 1.5 g protein per kg body weight is the recommendation. As far as I am aware, type of protein does not matter.

      Fluid restriction is recommended though, as you kidneys cannot handle it too well at this stage.

  41. QUESTION:
    My husband may be in denial about his cancer?
    My husband is currently suffering from the early stages of liver and kidney disease. While undergoing routine imaging of his liver, the doctor noticed an abnormality on his pancreas as well. It turned out the abnormality was a tumor.

    He handled the news relatively well at first, but now I’m convinced he’s losing his mind. He outright refuses to even consider any treatment options and seems entirely convinced that there is no cancer at all.

    He’s cooked up a crazy conspiracy theory that his cancer diagnosis was an elaborate hoax perpetrated by his ex-wife and her new husband. He’s convinced himself that the doctor who diagnosed him was, in fact, an actor and that the test results were entirely forged. I tried to reason with him, but he’s completely absorbed in his insane fantasy world. I don’t think he’s even slept in four days.

    How can I bring him back to reality?

    Please help. I’m beginning to lose control of the situation.

    • ANSWER:
      maybe he needs a little time to digest this whole shocking news.people react to bad news differently.some cry out loud .some keep quiet and suffer inside..some pretend it never happened.
      you need to talk to a expert on this one,cause this serious …go see a couselor (alone) for advice
      good luck


Dukan Diet Kidney Disease

The Dukan Diet has proven a success in people with a little weight to lose and for those who want to lose a lot of weight in a hurry. Dr. Dukan notes that our weight gain is a result of how many fat cells we have. When we overeat, we get to a certain point where the fat cells grow large enough that if we don’t stop the unhealthy cycle, they then split into two creating more fat cells.

In the third phase of the diet you can even have two meals a week of whatever you want. Have a meal in restaurant with a couple of glasses of wine if you like, you’ll deserve it after all that weight you’ve lost! In the final phase of the diet the only thing you have to commit to is one protein only day a week. Dr. Dukan suggests Thursday in his book and apparently, if you enter a restaurant in Paris on a Thursday you’ll see many slim women (and men) eating protein only meals.

Phase One: Attack You start in the first phase called the “attack” phase – lean proteins are your first stage of attack on your fat. You will only eat lean proteins, chicken, seafood, lean beef and lean ham as advised by Dr. Dukan. You can use lemon juice on fish or chicken. Stay away from fatty meats. You can enjoy shellfish like lobster and shrimp during this phase.

Do I Have Kidney Problems

Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, are solid concretions (crystal aggregations) of dissolved minerals in urine; calculi typically form within the kidneys or bladder. The kidneys are intricate organs that have several biological roles. Your kidneys are important and you can not live without them. However, you can live with one kidney, but no kidneys equal death. Kidneys do serve a primary role to preserve the homeostatic balance of bodily fluids by filtering and secreting metabolites and minerals from the blood and excreting them, along with water, as urine. Are there any home remedies for kidney stones?

What Are The Symptoms of Kidney Stones?

You will realize you have kidney stones because you will have unbearable pain. You will notice the pain in your back and it will be very sharp. This pain will come in episodes, though. There is no age limit set to kidney stones. Even a 15 month old baby can have kidney stones. Next, urinating will be extremely painful. It will hurt to be sitting; if you are reading this now and not wincing in pain then you are probably clear of kidney stones. Another symptom is that people notice is that they feel restless and tired all the time.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How could you tell if you are having kidney problems?
    or if you have kidney disease? what are the signs? is their a cure? would i have to do surgery if i have kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Signs of kidney disease vary. I had it and didn’t even know it so if you do think you have a problem, please see your doctor so they can do the proper blood work.

      But some of the signs are:
      Back pain, shortness of breath, lethargic, itchy skin, not urinating a lot, weakness, etc

  2. QUESTION:
    How can you tell if it’s a back ache or kidney problems?
    Other then going to the doctor since I have had back problems before. How do you know if it’s just not another back ache? Or if your having kidney problems since I read it’s in the same general area. And same type of pain feel.

    • ANSWER:
      A kidney problem usually shows in the result of your urine test. If you have a kidney infection, your urinalysis will show plenty of bacteria, pus, blood.

      Back ache can also be one of the symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection pr kidney infection but it can also be due to a number of reasons like disc herniation, lumbago, etc.

      Just go see your doctor.

  3. QUESTION:
    Can removing a corn on your feet have anything to do with kidney problems?
    Hi, all last week I have had a fever of 39.7. and severe pain in lower left side of back. After seeing local emergency dept doc he ordered ultrasound which couldn’t be done for 7 days. He sent me home and told me to take panadeine forte for pain and fever. About a week before it started I removed a big core from a corn on my foot ( which feels better ) I was just wondering if removing corns had anything to do with kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      like corn on the cob?

  4. QUESTION:
    Does a black spot on a dogs tongue mean the dog has kidney problems?
    I am interested in a Shar Pei Lab Mix dog at the humane society and I showed a picture of the dog to my friend. She informed me that her dog developed a black spot on her tongue and the vet said it was due to her kidney issues. Is this true in all dogs or do some just have black spots on there tongue?

    • ANSWER:
      That is bizarre.

      I know plenty of dogs with black spots on their tongues — it’s called “ticking” — if the dog happens to be white, you’ll see little black spots on legs too generally. Its a pigment, has nothing to do with kidney issues.

  5. QUESTION:
    how to prevent kidney problems and failure?
    Both my grandparents had kidney failure and used dialysis before dying.
    My grandparents had kidney stones. My mom and her some of her siblings have kidney stones.

    My mom has around 5 kidney stones.
    She had surgery once to remove and had a lithotripsy recently.

    This definitely must run in the family. I don’t know much about the kidney and I want to learn more about it.

    How do I prevent problems for my mom and me in the future?

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    How Do Kidney Problems Affect Pregnancy?
    I have a malfuctional kidney, but I really want kids some day. Would this narrow down my chances?

    • ANSWER:
      I guess only your doctor can answer your question correctly after a whole bunch of exams…

      My wife was recently found that she has a kidney problem when She went to see doctor because she is pregnanted. Well… Here is her doctor’s explaining to her about why kidney problem will affect her pregnancy…

      - At pregnancy, the body produces more waste, so it needs the kidney to work harder to remove them. This could stress the kidney and worse the kidney’s situation. If the kidney function is already very bad and could not remove the waste, it may affect the baby.
      - Kidney problem can cause high blood pressure and losng of protein in urine. Thoese two can cause pre-term baby and miscarriage.
      There are a whole lot of explaination…

      If you plan to have a baby, you are better to talk to your doctor ahead because I searched the web that there are whole lot of different type of kidney problem, some may have less effect and some are worse.

  7. QUESTION:
    does creatine really cause kidney problems or other problems related to your family history like high BP?
    I have been taking creatine and I read alot about how creatine can cause hair loss or kidney failure or other hosts of problems is it really true? I have a hard time putting on mass so does anyone have any tips about seeing better results on creatine as well?

    • ANSWER:
      As a person who worked in the lab for many years, I would say I have seen people who are taking it have stones… whether it was directly releated to it, maybe.

      •Consumption of creatine may cause sometimes cause Diarrhea or stomach problems.
      •You may sometimes experience trouble in breathing.
      •Creatine in some rare cases may also cause kidney stones.
      Other Side Effects of Creatine may be:
      •You may experience chest tightness.
      •You may experience a weight gain. But, that from my point of view is not a bad effect it is a good effect as all weight lifters love to have more and more mass.
      •Water Retention.
      •You may notice some gas problems and bloating.
      •Heat Intolerance.

  8. QUESTION:
    where do i find the best doctor for kidney problems?
    my son has vesicoureteral reflux. I was wondering how would I go about finding the best doctor in the united states. that treats kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      My son needed a transplant a few years ago. I believe Children’s Hospital in Boston, MA is known as number 1 place for kidney patients. We went to the number 2 hospital for kidney patients – Johns Hopkins in Baltimore MD. They have a pediatric facility for kidney patients.

      http://www.hopkinshospital.org/index.html

      We also had a good experience at Washington DC Children’s National Medical Center.

      If you need a place to stay while you’re visiting one of these places, you can stay in a Ronald McDonald house nearby to these locations. We did and it was a wonderful experience.

      Good luck with everything and stay optimistic.

  9. QUESTION:
    What are some of the causes for kidney problems in females?
    The female in question has blood in her urine, and she has been overweight for the past 8 years. Her diet is not very healthy either, and she does not exercise.

    Her doctor told her that she is having a problem with her kidney, but she would not elaborate.

    Can I get some advice as to how this may have happened to her, PLEASE & THANK-YOU

    • ANSWER:
      I think You could find the answer at site of You and Your Kidney: http://allaboutkidney.blogspot.com
      ceck out…

  10. QUESTION:
    What should I do, being a buddy towards a longtime friend, living with kidney problems?
    It has been 28 yrs since high school, and it was 6 yrs ago, that my good friend Rachel, whose world turned upside down out of the blue, and is now a kidney patient. She is still waiting for a set of kidney transplants as I type along here.

    She has had plenty of operations, had two freaky accidents, one while driving with a persistant n’ nagging cough that wouldn’t go away, the other was in her bedroom that costed her 6 stitches at the back of her head.

    I’ve been at her side within msn chat, visiting her, going out for Tim Horton’s bite/ and hot coco. Her moods are very easily shifty, and I have to be on guard when she wings out with a angry streak, over little things, assumes the worst, complains she can’t sleep, and cries alot. Both of her folks are upstairs in heaven.

    What can do for my good friend, Rachel? Any ideas, tips from those with expertise how to help friends living with kidney problems, btw, Rachel lives in Toronto, Ontario…

    • ANSWER:
      be there for her, emotionally she is about as low as she can get. my nephew went through this a bout 10 years ago, he was lucky enough to have a little brother who entered the hospital on his 18th birthday to give a kidney to him.

      look for support groups in her area, try and get her to go for the support sessions, they will introduce her to others going through the same thing. misery loves company and she needs a physical support session.

      do not give up on her because she is so miserable that you find it difficult to be around her. she desperately needs someone now.

      remember that karma is a grace that comes back to you when you least expect it.

  11. QUESTION:
    Can a high protein diet cause kidney problems?
    Some dog foods have meat products as first ingredient and I have been told that is a good thing. I have seen some listed with 23% crude protein and wonder how much is digestible. But somewhere along the line I have gotten the idea that too much protein damages the kidneys. Do you think 23% crude protein is adequate or too much?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a pretty loaded question because there are so many variable to consider that the other postings have neglected to mention.

      First, when it comes to the AMOUNT of protein a dog requires, generally 22-26% for an adult dog. Performance diets and puppy diets often have more because of the growing/strain on muscles. Dogs who are finished growing and just want to maintain a regular wait are normally on diets with low 20% protein diets.

      Second, when feeding foods be VERY wary about what is actually meant by 23% protein. IF YOU FEED A LOW QUALITY FOOD YOU ARE NOT GETTING 23% PROTEIN. By low quality foods I mean Science Diet, Iams, Eukanuba, Purina, Pedigree, Royal Canin, Walthams, etc, and grocery store varieties like Dog Chow, Ol Roy, Kibbles’n'Bits, etc.

      These foods ARE ALL LOW QUALITY because they contain by-products and corn which are normally the first two ingredients. These ingredients COUNT towards the total protein in the food but DOGS CANNOT DIGEST THEM. So instead of getting 23% protein they may only actually be absorbing 5-10%. This is why the majority of dogs on these foods are so unhealthy. They are ridden with different diseases like cancer, diabetes, etc because they are not getting the nutrition that their body needs.

      Third, if a dog food has a high quality protein like fresh, human grade, eggs, chicken and turkey, then their body does not have to work as hard because these proteins are 90-100% digestible. (Corn is only about 30-40% digestible). For working or athletic dogs, a high protein diet based on chicken and turkey is KEY to keeping them healthy.

      I think if you knew more about dog food you would realize that the “popular” companies listed above are using far worse ingredients that are going to cause kidney and other problems then just looking at the protein percentage. These companies are KILLING peoples pets by using things like PROVEN CANCER CAUSING CHEMICAL PRESERVATIVES.

      My suggestion is feed a good quality food like Innova, Wellness, Karma, Evolve, Solid Gold, Canidae, Evo(42% protein, based on a raw food diet). This way your dog is actually getting the nutrition you need and you won’t have to worry about things like kidney problems.

      Good luck. I only wish there was a better way to get the message to people that major pet food companies are not what they appear.

  12. QUESTION:
    My cat was just diagnosed with kidney problems (elevated something,) What does that mean and what should I do?
    I just got off the phone with the vet and that’s what they told me. He’s only 9, I don’t understand. Does this mean he’s dying? How long does he heave? They recommended injecting fluids under his skin, changing his diet, and giving him antibiotics. I have a very low income an don’t know which things are most important, what to focus on,and how much they will help him. Will he ever feel good again?

    • ANSWER:
      His overall outcome depends on his response to treatment. For now, you have to hang in there and be positive. As far as income, if you have been going to your vet and have a relationship with them I would ask them if them if they would consider a payment plan for you. A kidney diet is important to your cats prognosis as well. Keeping your cat on this diet will also ensure a better outcome.
      Despite what others have said about protien. A kidney diet is moderately restricted to prevent urinary protein loss as well as the kidneys inabilitiy to remove protien waste. Not resticting protein would cause a decline in kidney function. The kd diet also has what is know as fermentable fiber that shifts the urea exrecretion from the kidneys to the intestine, the result is an increase in bacteria, this bacteria converts urea to ammonia, the ammonia is used by the bacteria as a source of nitrogen and all together serves to function as a removal of urea from the blood stream. Therefore, is all together beneficial.

  13. QUESTION:
    What do i have appendicitis or kidney problems?
    It hurts when i walk, run, bend down, sit, laugh, put pressure, punch back (get punched), jump and many more help i need answer

    • ANSWER:
      Hop down from a small height, such as a standard step, and land on your heels. If it hurts like crazy, it’s your appendix.

  14. QUESTION:
    Does Kidney Problems Make you break out in a rash?
    I have some kidney stones lately now I’m broke out in a rash. Does anyone now if your kidneys can make you brake out?

    • ANSWER:
      Actually, if you have kidney troubles, because they help cleanse toxins out of your body it IS possible to have some skin problems. But that’s usually only if they’re failing or weak, and kidney stones, although they can cause renal failure, usually don’t pose a problem that big.
      However, your rash could be caused by several things, including medication you could be taking because of the kidney stones or pain.

      I’d definately talk to your doctor, just to make sure it’s not something more serious.

  15. QUESTION:
    Do not take magnesium if: You have kidney problems such as kidney failure?
    i am on magnesium oxide 400 mg tab and i do have problems with my kidneys C________ kidney failure.
    do this said i can not take this?
    want harm will it caused me ?

    • ANSWER:
      This is true, you probably should not take it. Are you seeing a nephrologist (kidney doctor)? If not you should, they are much more better with kidney failure management and correct medications than your GP (general practitioner). My son was born with CRI chronic renal insufficiency) and End Stage Renal Disease, stage four (there are only 5 stages). He was put on a vitamin called Reanavit or Nephrovite. This is a multivitamin for kidney patients. After my son’s transplant he was put on magnesium oxide (400 mg one tablet twice daily), but only because his body could now handle it (he was only 5 at the time, not sure if that makes a difference in dosages or not).

      Make sure you discuss this with you doctor a.s.a.p. so that he can either suggest or prescribe an alternative.

  16. QUESTION:
    Do I have kidney problems or is this normal?
    Ok well I noticed awhile ago I have clear pee all the time and I know I don’t drink a lot of water, well it started to happen when I got my yeast infection (Currently have it and taking care of it by eating yogurt) Is this bad?
    I wanna try to avoid going into the doctors. My mom (I have a hard time talking to) always complains to me about going to the hospital.

    • ANSWER:
      It is normal to have clear urine if someone is drinking a lot of water.

      If someone has a yeast infection yogurt may help a little bit but medication to clear up the infection can help get rid of it.

      I know that you want to avoid the doctor but because of the ongoing yeast infection the only way to find out for sure if more than just the yogurt is going to be necessary is to see a doctor for further evaluation of the situation. They can also tell you more about why your urine is clear.

      As for your mom complaining about you needing to go to the doctor a lot to take care of various problems let her know that you don’t feel good and that’s why you need to go back.

  17. QUESTION:
    How can I help with my cat’s kidney problems?
    My cat is 14-people-years-old and he’s starting to feel it. He takes a trip to the vet every 2 weeks to get a shot to help his kidneys function. For as old as he is, this is the only problem he has. I was wondering if there was anything I could do for him or buy for him that could make this problem diminish or possibly go away. Tall order, I know. But what do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      What do you mean get a shot? Do you mean he gets fluids? You can give fluids at home.
      If it is a shot, what is it? You can email me the answer if you don’t want to post.
      There is alot you can do.
      Treatment of Chronic Renal Failure

      If your cat is not in final stages, this is not want you want to do. You do not want to put your cat on the
      Vets low protein diet. There are simply so many better options out there than to hand the poor cat a low amount of poor quality protein – which often results in a poor appetite and muscle wasting since the body is now robbing its own muscle mass to feed itself a decent quality and amount of protein.
      . There are new thoughts on this and the thinking is it is not the amount of protein but the quality of protein that matters.
      The Merck veterinary manual [www.merckvetmanual.com] says that cats need “4 g of protein of high biologic value per kg body wt/day”. That’s about 7 calories from protein per pound body weight per day. If a cat isn’t a good eater and consumes, say, 20 calories per pound per day, then 7/20 = 35% of calories can safely be from protein. It must be high quality protein, which means meat, fish, milk, and eggs, and not grain or soy.

      I am under the assumption that you have been feeding mostly dry foods. Many use a vegetable based protein instead of animal and that is part of the problem.. Your cat needs protein as it is a carnivore and cutting down on it will lead to other health issues and may cause faster degeneration.
      You want to cut down on fat and phosphorous (no fish allowed now) The best way to do this is with a raw diet which you can make yourself or buy. (Making yourself is better) link provided at the bottom
      If you are unwilling to do that then something like the non fish flavors of Wellness or Merrick with NO grains are good alternatives. Wysong is also a good canned choice. This list gives a breakdown. Remember you want low phosphorous

      http://webpages.charter.net/katkarma/canfood.htm

      You also will want to look into phosphorous binders. Something like aluminum hydroxide
      Ask your vet or look into calcitrol

      You may want to talk to the vet about having injectable Pepcid AC on hand or you can buy it in pill form (ac not plain pepcid) and give 1/4 tab for stomach upset which happens a lot in crf cats due to acid in the stomach.
      I hope this stuff helps, here are many links for you
      Making cat food

      http://www.catinfo.org/makingcatfood.htm

      other links. Read, read, read!!!!

      http://www.felineoutreach.org/EducationDetail.asp?cat=KidneyDisease

      http://www.marvistavet.com/html/body_chronic_renal_failure.html

      http://www.felinecrf.org/

      http://www.felinecrf.com/

      http://pets.groups.yahoo.com/group/Feline-CRF-Support/

      About that vets diet. This report is for dogs but applies to cats

      http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/Opera/2167/bovee_protein_RD.pdf

  18. QUESTION:
    What pain killers are good for arthritis, but do not affect those with Kidney problems.?
    My father has been taking Co-dydramol for years to help ease Arthritis. However, recently he was very ill with Chronic Acute Renal Failure, possibly due to overuse of these painkillers (Those which contain NSAIDS)I beleive ?

    Obviously he still needs a pain relief, but what can he take that does not contain these NSAIDS that will not harm his Kidneys.

    Any help would be greatly appreciated. Many thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Tramadol

  19. QUESTION:
    How do I know If I have kidney problems?
    Are there any symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      Usually there are no symptoms. A blood test (BUN and creatinine levels) will show signs of kidny dysfunction.

  20. QUESTION:
    My dog has too much protein in him which caused kidney problems! WHAT CAN I DO?
    My dog’s bloodtest turns out he had too much protein and has some kidney problem. Is he going to be okay? I am the kind of person who gets worried very well so I am kind of scared.
    And if he is going to be okay, what kind of food shall i feed him to make his protein a little less-er?
    thanks you!

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    Cat is vomiting, had kidney problems in the past?
    My 1 year old cat has vomited twice this morning. I am almost positive that he has not eaten anything that would upset his stomach, but I bought him new cat treats which he had yesterday. About 3 months ago, he was treated for blocked kidneys, but he is doing fine now. Im worried that this vomiting means that his kidney problems may be coming back. Does any one know what is happening?

    • ANSWER:
      go to a vet and see whats hapening,i think its the cat treets

  22. QUESTION:
    if your phosphorous level are high, do you have kidney problems?
    i just got my test result for a phosphorous test and it was 4.5 . does anybody know?

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    My dad said I’m prone to kidney problems(such as kidney stones) what are steps to help prevent them?
    My mom has extreme kidney problems, passing kidney stones like every other week, and she has tons of kidney stones in her kidneys. My dad said more than likely I’ll be prone to get problems when I get older, im14 and I want to know ways to help with kidney problems just in case,so I can keep these in mind for the rest of my life especially since I’m a guy (twice as bad to pass the stones), and I’d rather not go through what my mom does. Any suggestions? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Always drink plenty of pure water.
      I’ve heard you should also avoid dairy products, but I’m not sure if that one is just an old wive’s tale.
      It runs in my family, too. I’m not looking forward to it, either…

  24. QUESTION:
    kidney problems high creatinine and bun?
    My creatinine is up to 1.8 and my doctor wants me to take Diovan. Problem is I have low blood pressure 115/70 and I am afraid to take something that will lower my BP. What should I do?

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    Does drinking coffee if your a young teen cause any kidney problems?
    I drink coffee alot, && lately i have been getting oains in my side, and have been having to urinate alot. This all started when i started drinking alot of coffee..

    • ANSWER:
      A cup or two day is normal. Coffee is like a mild laxative, it keeps things moving and has some benefits, but always drink plenty of water daily. A glass of water an hour before bed will help flush your kidneys so all the unhealthy stuff is not on your kidneys and liver all night long. I recommend it a lot and specially to alcohol users.

  26. QUESTION:
    Do kidney problems cause sex problems?
    I think I have a kidney infection or a UTI. Currently, when my girlfriend and I make love, I have the urge to urinate as I get an erection and, in addition, the intercourse time has diminished substantially The sex has not always been short. Could this be caused by an infection?

    • ANSWER:
      Definitely. I have kidney infections, UTI’s, kidney stones… all the time. It hurts back into my kidneys when my husband and I have sex. I also have the urge to go pee while having sex too… it’s painful and very uncomfortable. My OB/GYN and urologist are working together on it… I would suggest seeing a urologist. Good luck!

  27. QUESTION:
    When you have a bald spot on your head, do you maybe have Kidney problems?
    Well i have this bald spot on my head…my mom told me it’s no big deal..and so did my science teacher..

    But my best friend has to go to the doctor and get tested for Kidney problems and lukimea because she found 2 bald spots on her and her mom called her doctor

    • ANSWER:
      no!!!

  28. QUESTION:
    Can a cat be cured if he has kidney problems?
    my cat has been diagnosed as diabetic and kidney infection.
    Vet said I could put him on a drip for 24hrs but cannot guarantee any improvement. Vet said if the cat was human he would be on a dialasis machine (sorry can’t spelt it). Vet said I should put him to sleep. What should I do?

    • ANSWER:
      I really feel for you I went through the same about 18 months ago, it started off with a kidney infection and progressed to total renal failure, he developed fluid on the lungs and had problems passing water, this was over about 6 months the vests did everything they could, but it was not possible to save him. Putting kenny to sleep was the hardest thing I have ever have to do and it broke my heart to do it, but he was in so much pain I didnt want him to suffer any more. Even now I cry when I think about him, he was my baby and I loved him to bits, I know now that I did the right thing, but still wish he was here. You really need to think about what is best for your cat, Iam sure you dont want him to suffer, get another vet to look at him, but take your time to think about putting him to sleep as its not an easy decsion to make.

  29. QUESTION:
    I heard that you can have kidney problems from taking Creatine does anyone know if thats true?
    if there is any other problems that anyone knows about please let me know.

    • ANSWER:
      One shud take these chemicals only when prescribed. They all have adverse effect on ur body functions more specifically kidneys.

      Eat only when hungry and not more than thrice a day. Include plenty of uncooked vegetables and fruits in each meal, preferably 50%. To have more satisfaction out of ur food, Chew each morsel at least 32 times. This will also activate ur body to generate signals of hunger/fullness. Obey these signals.

      Nothing other than water in between.

      Take light exercises and brisk walks for 30 min.regularly preferably twice a day.

      U will achieve what u have not even dreamt and that too in a reasonable time and hassle free.

      Be patient and not in a hurry.

      U cannot choose spots for reduction.

      This schedule can be adopted on permanent basis to lead a healthy life and maintain weight.

  30. QUESTION:
    Any online shop where i can buy food for kidney problems in cats?`?
    My cat is almost a CRF cat, she is still not there, but the vet suggested a change of food to help her. She`s been eating Hills and Royal Canin for the past 3 months but now she is fed up of all of them and i cant find anything else in my country. I know Iams and Purina have them but in my country they are not available. I would love to buy some online, does anyone know of a good site that sends food, i live in Malta, Europe.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Amazon

  31. QUESTION:
    what can a doctor do if i have kidney problems?

    kudos on your answers today people, inspiring. i’m only asking because of the last time i spoke to a nurse about it, she didn’t really know what she was talking about and i went on not thinking anything of it. what treatment is there etc?
    tony – thanks

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    My golden has kidney problems (IAMS canned) I need a low protein diet for her. Any good suggestions?
    I took her to the vet after the recall. She has been drinking lots of water and was not herself.
    I can’t afford the expensive vet brands but will do it for her.
    She loves treats.
    She has lost weight so I want to fatten her up a little.

    • ANSWER:
      In all cases, you will want to reduce the level of phosphurus rather than protein to minimize the progression of kidney disease.

      Protein reduction is important once a dog is at the tail end of kidney failure, not before as previously thought. Research this on the internet.

      You need to give your dog more protein to fatten her up, otherwise, she will loose even more weight.

      If she is categorized with early renal deficiency, then Science Diet foods are ideal (i.e. such as their Adult Chicken and Rice kibble and canned foods.) They contain around 150 to 170 mg of phosphurus per 100 kcal. Science diet has some fillers that I wish they did not use, but all in all, it is a good food. Note that this food has normal levels of protein. Also, Senior foods tend to have lower phosphurous levels, but many are not as low as Science Diet Adult foods. Senior foods also have less protein.

      If she is categorized with late renal deficiency, you will want to reduce phosphurous down to 50-75 mg per 100 kcal. This means you will need to get a precription from your Vet to purchase special renal formulations for dog food. These foods may have reduced protein.

      Remember, it is better to give canned food as it contains moisture rather than dry kibble, which makes the kidneys work harder. One can always add water or low-sodium chicken broth to dry kibble to entice the dog to eat.

      Avoid sodium (salt), Vitamin A and D supplements. Add Omega 3 (not 6) whenever possible.

      Drinking a lot of water and seeing significant weight loss may imply that your dog is in the late renal deficiency stage. A Protein:Creatine urine test will let the Vet know what stage she is in.

      Talk to your Vet for his/her recommendation on feeding.

      Good luck!

  33. QUESTION:
    Does Kidney Problems Lead to Bowel Problems?
    Just started having kidney problems and have been getting kidney stones too. I know i have problems with red meats.

    So does kidney issues lead to digestion or bowel issues too?

    • ANSWER:
      No, how could it? They are two different systems.

      Sorry about the stones. I have them too, and they are very painful. Only thing that seems to help is Morphine injections. Most pain killers are a waste of time.

      The stones are a matter of diet (amongst predisposing factors).

  34. QUESTION:
    inform me what are the thing to do to prevent from kidney problems.I have a back pain almost everyday.?
    i have a lower back pain almost everyday and it’s very painful.does it indicate kidney problem?i have a low creatinine and bun level.what are the best thing to do to treat this.thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      First, get a diagnosis. From a licensed professional. If it’s a kidney problem, you see a urologist / nephrologist. If not, the you start a long work-up to find out what it is.

  35. QUESTION:
    34 weeks pregnant, with kidney problems, will i need C-section?
    Since 18 weeks pregnant i have had kidney problems, and im now 34 weeks pregnant still gettin pains, and had an ultrasound an my right kidney urenal tract is blocked, and he said it was backed up. I am now wondering if, when i go into labour that this may bring on my kidney pains, and make things twice as bad? Also, does this mean that i may need to have a c-section?

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    Hi, does anybody know about kidney problems in boxer dogs?
    I have a boxer, he is only 15 months old and he may have kidney cancer, but as it hasn`t been confirmed, I would like to know if there are any other illnesses connected to this organ. Thanks

    • ANSWER:

      well don’t worry.there are online sites which provides useful information about topics relating to behavior, health, basics care, and nutrition for dogs and cats. it help you better care for your pet. you can access all features, including Comprehensive pet health information included in the Health Centers along with Detailed breed information for every major Dog and Cat breed

  37. QUESTION:
    i had kidney problems in the past, now i have pain in my right side after i wake from sleep.?
    i have had kidney problem in the past but it seems to be cleared now. when i wake from sleep in the morning i have pain on my right side. oh yea i sleep on my right side, could this be another kidney problem or do i need to change my sleeping pattern?

    • ANSWER:

  38. QUESTION:
    Can you get kidney problems from alcohol abuse?
    I posted this before but due to lack of answers I think I may of put it in the wrong category, so I’ll try again.

    I’m staying with a friend who has an alcohol problem, and I’ve noticed she very rarely urinates, which is weird in itself and also complains about backpain and I’m just worried she’s messing up her kidneys with the alcohol abuse, am I right or does it sound like something else?

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    My cat has kidney problems what can I do to help?
    My cat has kidney problems the vet told he was very dehydrated nd now hes on fluid and antibotics. The vet told me he had high protein value and something something kidney problems. I’m lost in all this becuz we only went to the vet for his paw that got cut by glass. =[ extremely depressed my cat means alot to my family of two me nd my mom. PLEASE HELP ! WHAT CAN i DO TO HELP HIM

    • ANSWER:
      He should be on a prescription kidney food. If your vet didn’t suggest it I would definitely ask.
      Encourage as much water consumption as you can. Invest in a Drinkwell type pet fountain if you possibly can. I would give only filtered or bottled water. If you need to you can offer low sodium broth or the juice tuna is canned in. Keep fresh water near all the spots he likes to hang around in.
      Learn to give him subQ (under the skin) fluids at home. Your vet can show you.
      Many cats with kidney disease can live many comfortable years with the proper care.

  40. QUESTION:
    Is it true that if you get Swine Flu and you had kidney problems, it is fatal?
    A friends told me that. I used to have kidney problems…does that still mean I could die if I got Swine Flu? I don’t have it anymore, but I had them when I was 6 or 7. I had to get surgery…is it still fatal?

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    Can kidney problems harm my baby?
    I am a 27 year old diabetic from ct. i just found out that im pregnant,and i have kidney problems.i spoke to my doctors about this,they are willing to do what ever it is to keep an close eye on this pregnancy.i also have other complications,im really scared that i may loose this pregnancy.(i have lost 1 already)i need a second opinion from someone out there who might have had this problem,or is going through this same problem.or just anyone who could give me a good point of view.please:{

    • ANSWER:
      I have kidney problems as well. I have given birth to 7 kids. YOu will need to be extra careful about your intake and output. As long as you and your dr are willing to do whatever it takes..then I see no reason for you not to have a healthy baby.

      I also have a wonderful friend who has lupus, is on dialysis and needs a kidney transplant who just had her 2nd child. She got pregnant while on birth control both times. So she wasnt out trying to get pregnant. So it can be done!!
      GOODLUCK!!

  42. QUESTION:
    High blood pressure/kidney problems in cat – prescribed Fortekor?
    Hi – my cat has been diagnosed with early stage kidney problems and high blood pressure and prescribed 2.5mg tablet of Fortekor a day for his blood pressure. He also needs to go on a diet as he’s really fat! Now, I’ve just looked online and Fortekor is used in chronic renal failure which alarmed me as the vet said the tablets were for high blood pressure. Does anyone know if these can be used for blood pressure as I am a bit confused?

    • ANSWER:
      The kidney is the major organ involved in controlling blood pressure through production of the hormone renin, and by controlling the amount of sodium and potassium in the bloodstream.

      In chronic kidney disease there is often high blood pressure because these mechanisms for controlling blood pressure are failing. Fortekor acts on one of these mechanisms (sodium and potassium balance) to try and bring blood pressure down.

  43. QUESTION:
    I have got to have an Ultrasound done to check for kidney problems. What exactly does an Ultrasound involve?

    • ANSWER:
      They use a wand to examine you. They put some gel on and then move it back and forth to get a picture of your kidneys. It’s not bad at all. The gel might be a little cold, but that’s about it. My mom had it done when her kidneys started failing.

  44. QUESTION:
    I am now 33 weeks pregnant doctors say baby has obstruction of the bladder and has kidney problems im scared?
    i have had random test done but i was told my baby has obstruction of the bladder and non functioning kidneys and might need a transplant what there not telling me is the risk and if my baby will survive this i want them to induce me so they can deal with the baby can i request them to do so i am so stressed out cant sleep nor eat im am always worried.

    • ANSWER:
      make an appointment with the doctor and make him tell you everything from the risk to the long term with your child. it is your right to know. if not grab your file and look at it. that is your right too.

  45. QUESTION:
    intermittent flank pain, is it kidney problems?
    Hello i just started to have intermitten flank pain on my right side but goes away. It happened a couple times, once in the movies when I was sitting and yesterday. The pain went away. It wasn’t accompanied by anything else. Is this a symptom of a kidney problem or diabetes? I am obese and have gained a lot of weight recently and do have high blood pressure. I am a little scared.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s possibly related to your kidney, but it could also be gas or a number of other problems (including gallstones). If the pain becomes severe, you develop nausea or vomiting, or if it becomes more persistent, you should make an appointment with your primary doctor. If the pain becomes very severe, go to the emergency department.

  46. QUESTION:
    Why on the back of deodorant does it say “ask a doctor before use if you have kidney problems”?
    its like on the back of every deodorant, i was just curious, but how does it have anything to do with the kidneys??????

    • ANSWER:
      Deodorant has aluminum in it, and the body gets rid of the aluminum through your kidneys (you pee it out). So if you have kidney disease, your body may not be able to remove the aluminum as well as it normally would, causing a buildup of it in your body.

  47. QUESTION:
    what will the doctor do if i have an infection such as UTI or kidney problems?
    ….?

    • ANSWER:
      he will test your urine first and if your urine has signs of infection he will start you on antibiotics

  48. QUESTION:
    Where can I get low cost health services for my 2yr old dog? ( In or near Chicago) He has kidney problems.?
    He is a two year old Shih Tzu. Lovely dog! After running some test, his Vet thinks he has kidney problems. I already spend well over 0 on test & services and his Vet recommends that I take him to a specialist. My heart agrees with the Vet but realistically, I can’t afford it. Where can I find affordable health services for my dog? I know, some pet insurances will not cover a dog with existing health issues, therefore I’m lost and don’t know what else to do.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know about your state, but here in Florida some of our Humane Society’s have a clinic attached. The vets are very good and it is much more cost effective. Good luck with your dog.

  49. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know the connection between glucophage and kidney problems (proteins)that were not present before?
    I have been taking glucophage for about 3 years and it now seems that my kidney function level is extremely elevated. I control my diet and I exercise, yet the protein level continues to increase! Should I be taken off this medication as soon as possible before I encounter any more damage? Plus, I am only 28 years old (type II diabetes).

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney damage is an unfortunate outcome of Diabetes itself.

      Ask your doctor if starting an ACE-inhibitor (which slows down kidney damage) would be a good choice for you.

  50. QUESTION:
    Question about kidney problems?
    I am 19 and had so many kidney infections. For the past 4 months I have had problems with kidney stones. I have severe leg pain, back pain, headaches, sometimes dizziness. I have heard about different things like kideny failure, and lupus. Does anyone know what could be going on? I went to my Dr. and he is trying to tell me I have a back problem but I think it’s more than that and I want a second opinion but I don’t want to go and sound stupid. Thanks for any help!

    • ANSWER:
      Try a kidneyhttp://www.curezone.com/cleanse/kidney/default.asp

      http://www.ehow.com/how_12678_kidney-cleansing-fast.html

      http://www.falconblanco.com/health/cleansing/kidney.html

      http://www.healingdaily.com/colon-kidney-detoxification.htm

      http://www.healthfree.com/cleansing_programs_kidney.html cleanse


Disease Of The Kidney Wiki

Any condition that affects the normal function of the kidneys is considered as a kidney disease. The treatment for kidney disease is usually based on the type of kidney condition that an individual is having. Some medications include prescribed ones like steroids and antibiotics. You might be interested to know about the natural treatment for kidney disease. One of them is using the natural herbal cure combined appropriately with synthetic drugs. These natural herb remedies are mild to use for it creates no harsh side effects and still give similar benefits.

Good examples of these herbs are the following: cranberry, parsley and celery, buchu tea, dandelion root, goldenrod tea, red clover, uva ursi, hydrangea, marshmallow tea, watermelon seed tea, juniper berries, hydrangea and stinging nettle. The one that makes your urine more acidic and helps in killing harmful bacteria is cranberry.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Possible Kidney Failure?
    Hey, I’m a 21 year old female, I don’t drink, don’t smoke, don’t take drugs and I generally try live a healthy lifestyle.
    2 years ago (almost 3 now) I was put into hospital after having a lot of symptoms for about 2-3 months…The reason it took so long to diagnose was because of a stupid doctor who insisted I only had a virus, I actually had Nephritis ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephritis ) , Crohn’s Disease ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crohn%27s_disease ) , Chicken Pox & had just discovered having Polycystic Ovarian Syndrom ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCOS ) …
    Anyway after 2 weeks of having to stay in hospital with a drip for water, strong anti-biotics, steroids and painkillers I was discharged, I had to regularly (every 3 months) have checkups, (out-patient) which I passed for about 9 months, so was completely discharged.

    6 months after that I was put back into hospital for back pain…unfortunately as at the time I had my own flat, and a full time job, which I had already taken time off from, I stupidly discharged myself the day later, after only being told I was ‘slightly anemic’.

    About 1 year later I became ill again, it became obvious I had Nephritis again…And although it took me some time, I managed to convince my doctor that anti-biotics helped last time (they did!) and I was home treated, and after my anti-biotics, I felt fine again and my symptoms had passed.

    About 6 weeks has passed and I now again…have Nephritis…as it is the weekend I have decided I will wait until Monday to see my doctor, as going to a walk in center or A&E is not an option to me on a Friday night.

    But I am very concerned, as my kidneys are obviously one of my main organs…maybe it was never Nephritis I had? and if it was…why would it reccur this many times?.
    Could this be kidney failure?, what are my options?, I do not want to be on a 3rd dose of anti-biotics for something they aren’t curing anyway!

    Any advice is greatly appreciated, thank you! :)
    Thanks for your answers already.

    My symptoms are… agony when laying down on my back or on the side that it hurts, pain that almost makes me cry when I use the bathroom.
    The pain usually comes a day or two after I have been stressed (I know you’re all going to tell me to de-stress, but when you find out your income has been stopped, it is hard not to stress.).
    Pain killers don’t touch the pain, so I avoid taking any (including Paracetmol and Ibuprofen).
    Due to being ill quite a lot in retrospect, I have been put on Job Seekers Allowance, do you think I would qualify for ESA (Employment and support allowance) (Sick pay) until I know whats going on, e.g. if I need to be on further testing, or in worst case scenario, transplant waiting list?

    Thanks again, it’s much appreciated.
    I also feel nausea, I actually vomitted yesterday, incredibly tiredness and lethargic, the first time I had it, I completely lost my appetite and lost 2 stone in 2-3 months, but I have not lost any weight nor my appetite.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t think that the hospital would have completely discharged you if there was any evidence that your kidney function was declining. I think that if that had been happening, they would have had you coming back every three months or so. I got diagnosed with declining function in 1988 and they kept me coming back until 2004 when they finally failed.

      That said, this Nephritis thing needs sorting out. I suggest you go and see your GP and ask him whether you need to be referred to a hospital just to check things over and see if they can’t sort this once and for all. Resist any attempt at antibiotics, you need a permanent fix for this and the antibiotics have had their shot.

      You don’t say very much about your symptoms, so it’s hard to say what it might be.

      I had an ex-boyfriend who had nephritis some years ago – he had it for two or three years before it finally got sorted by a doctor who recognised what it was. One of the tubes from his kidney was blocked and every time he drank say, a couple of pints, he would be in pain in his back. He had an operation and it was all sorted. Never bothered him again.

      Me on the other hand. I have had full blown kidney failure – dialysis, transplant, the whole nine yards – but I have never suffered from Nephritis.

      Because this keeps coming back, you need to get this sorted. Let the hospital do what they do best and DON’T sign yourself out this time.

      You’re absolutely right about A & E on a Friday night though. It’s the pits of the earth isn’t it?

      I think what you have is quite easily sortable. But I am not a Doctor.

      All the best

  2. QUESTION:
    Do you think conspiracy theories annoy you surrounding Bin Laden?
    Lot of theories has said two things:

    1) Many people say that Bin Laden has been dead since 2002 from a Kidney failure disease and that the media tries to brainwash Americans in order for Obama to get reelected.

    2) of French secret service (Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure, DGSE) stating that Osama bin Laden had died in Pakistan on August 23, 2006, after contracting a case of typhoid fever that paralyzed his lower limbs.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Osama_bin_Laden_conspiracy_theories

    I’m not sure why they say this but how can you debunk those myths? Why do they say that for? Are you sure that DNA was 100% sure of Bin Laden? like how? Because i fear there are too much look alike of bin laden. No Harsh answers. Just want to know the truths why these myths exist. Your opinions.

    • ANSWER:
      Aahhh…the conspiracy theories. Yeah, I get awful tired of them. I fought my mother for years on the “Roosevelt knew the Japanese were going to attack Pearl Harbor” one. I never did convince her she was wrong. I’ve gone round and round with my sister on the Illuminate for years. Now she’s heard a new (very old) one on the fate of John Wilkes Booth after Lincolns assassination. I have been actively trying to undo the many Vietnam War/vet myths to little or no avail. The new bin Laden was already dead or never died ones just coming on line is just going to be one more irritation I’m afraid. So be it….

  3. QUESTION:
    Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells?
    Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells? It actually causes them to eat themselves in a process called “autophage”.

    Also, instead of killing brain cells, it actually promotes the growth of new brain cells?

    http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn8155-marijuana-might-cause-new-cell-growth-in-the-brain.html

    Cancer Studies:

    THC (marijuana) helps cure cancer says Harvard study

    Link:

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070417193338.htm

    Marijuana Chemical May Fight Brain Cancer
    Active Component In Marijuana Targets Aggressive Brain Cancer Cells, Study Says

    Link:

    http://www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer/news/20090401/marijuana-chemical-may-fight-brain-cancer

    Did you know the government knew about it in 1974?

    http://www.alternet.org/story/9257/

    Did you know that the cannabinoid receptor is the most prevalent cellular receptor in our brains?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid_receptor

    This mystery began to unravel in 1964, when tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are “wired” for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

    What do you think about this?

    Is it true?

    Did the government know?

    What do you think about that?

    Did you know that the government actually has the patent on medical marijuana… for use in fighting diseases such as cancer, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and more?

    And yet they repeatedly say that there is “no medical use” for marijuana.

    Look it up. U.S. Patent #6630507

    A video everyone should watch…

    lo_mcg….

    The reason I make the claims I do is based on my research into the subject. If you want “proof” that the THC in marijuana kills cancer cells, all you have to do is go to www.pubmed.gov and type in “cannabinoids” and “cancer” into the search bar. Literally hundreds of studies will come up. Or you can go to google and type in “THC kills cancer cells” and you’ll also see what I’m talking about.

    Here are just a few….

    http://www.jci.org/articles/view/37948/version/2

    http://www.drugpolicycentral.com/bot/pg/cancer/THC_cancer_nov_2003.htm

    http://scienceblogs.com/scientificactivist/2009/04/thc_gives_cancer_cells_the_mun.php

    http://www.globatron.org/contemporary-culture/thc-kills-brain-tumor-cells

    http://www.healthdailytips.com/alternative-medicine/thc-kills-glioma-cancer-cells-medical-miracles-from-europe/

    http://www.modernmedicine.com/modernmedicine/Modern+Medicine+Now/Marijuana-Active-Ingredient-Stimulates-Cancer-Cell/ArticleNewsFeed/Article/detail/591443

    The reason t
    The reason they do studies is to find a result. In every study I’ve found, the result is that THC kills cancer cells… or more correctly, causes the cancer cells to eat themselves. Now, I don’t know in your world how many studies are required to prove something… but to me it’s been proven as an effective treatment for cancer.

    Now, maybe you don’t like my sources, but unfortunately the main stream media will not touch this story. In case you don’t already know, our media in the U.S. is controlled… all of it… by 4 or 5 major corporations that don’t want to upset the status quo. Essentially we have state controlled media, and the government doesn’t want you to know about the medical effects of mj. They are well paid by the current medical-industrial complex.

    Also, you said, “Claims that a single substance can cure anything from cancer to weight problems to insomnia have to be regarded with suspicion at best, no?”

    And I have regarded them with suspicion. That’s why I’ve been doing nothing except looking into this for the past month or so. What did I find out?

    The main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are “wired” for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital f
    (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

    These discoveries of the cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids and the related enzymes make up what is now called the endocannabinoid system and it seems to be essential in most if not all physiological systems. The endocannabinoid system is essential to life and it relates messages that affect how we relax, eat, sleep, forget and protect as noted by the Italian researcher, Vincenzo Di Marzo.

    In my words… the endocannabinoid system controls many of your bodily functions… and is in most of your vital organs… which is why mj is good for so many ailments. It actually mimics the functions of your bodies own chemistry in all of these organs. For example, in colon cancer studies they found that the people who have colon cancer have these CB receptors turned off in their colon. The researchers found that in human colon cancer cells, the gene that makes the receptor is blocked by a process called methylation, in which a small chemical group is added to the DNA.

    Treating the cells
    Treating the cells with decitibine – a demethylating drug already approved for use in humans – removed the chemical group and the gene began making the receptor. They mentioned that by treating the cells with decitibine and following up with cannabis would work to reduce the cancer growth.

    I’ve seen video diaries of skin cancer being removed by cannabis oil only a few weeks. I’ve seen 3rd degree burns heal up in just a few days using cannabis oil. I’ve chatted with people who were cured of cancer from hemp oil. I’ve talked to AIDS patients who have had their T-cell count cut in half by ingesting cannabis oil.

    I’ve been convinced. Maybe you haven’t. Maybe that’s my job. To convince as many people as possible to consider the possibilities… instead of just blowing them off as the rantings of a pissed off stoner who just wants to get high legally. Guess what? I don’t care if it’s legal for that reason. I want it legal to use as medicine.
    Maybe you don’t like my methods of spreading the word, but I didn’t start looking into this because I read somewhere that “synthetically produced THC might kill cancer cells in small rodents a study in Spain says”. I started looking into it because someone said Rick Simpson cures cancer with marijuana. (I haven’t gone that far yet, if you’ll notice.)

    And about the medical industry… you’re right… they are after profits. And they can’t make anywhere near as much profit from a plant that anyone could grown in their house that CURES a disease as they can by treating the symptoms of the disease over your entire life with expensive pharmaceuticals.

    • ANSWER:
      You keep asking the same question, so I’ll keep giving the same answer.

      What you a linking to and claiming as proof are STUDIES; studies are not proof, they suggest possibilities for further research. Those carrying them out and presenting the results don’t claim them as proof; yet you feel able to do so. Example: the first study you link to. The report’s title: ‘Marijuana might cause new cell growth in the brain. MIGHT. Your claim? ‘it actually promotes the growth of new brain cells’ See the difference? And your question says ‘marijuana kills cancer cells’; none of the studies you link to makes that claim.

      There have been interesting studies, some of which merit further research in my opinion. But so far there is no proof that marijuana is in any way effective against cancer.

      The research carried out at Complutense University and the University hospital of Tenerife is particularly interesting, with some promising results; but as I pointed out to you before, this research was into into the use of chemical cannabinoids to help treat ONE particular sub-type of ONE type of cancer, and involved only 9 patients.

      The researchers don’t claim their findings as conclusive proof; yet you feel able to make that claim for them

      There’s no suggestion in any of this research that marijuana can either treat or prevent cancer; the research has been done using man-made chemicals that mimic the compounds found in cannabis, rather than unpurified marijuana.

      If you were presenting these studies as interesting research and possible evidence, that would be a valid point. But you’re claiming them as proof positive, and in the Cancer section you’ve called all those who point to the lack of conclusive evidence ‘clueless and closed-minded’,

      There is some evidence that marijuana is a risk factor for testicular cancer.

      As for Rick Simpson, named in the title of the video you link to, I’ve watched his Run From the Cure more than once, and find it less than convincing. Claims that a single substance can cure anything from cancer to weight problems to insomnia have to be regarded with suspicion at best, no?

      RFTC features several unsubstantiated testimonials – no way of knowing if these people had ever had the conditions they claimed, and certainly no way of knowing if they’d been ‘cured’.

      But I’ll accept they had those conditions. And as I’ve had cancer, the ones who’d had cancer were the ones to whom I paid most attention. And you know what? – they’d all had conventional treatment, but had chosen to credit the hemp oil with the improvement in their condition.

      This often happens with alternative treatments and cancer – a patient has chemo and feels crap, because chemo makes you feel crap. After the chemo is over, s/he takes some ‘alternative’ medicine; soon s/he begins to feel better. Well, that’s no surprise, you do begin to feel better when chemo is over. But s/he chooses to give the credit for feeling better, and for subsequent improvements in her/his condition, to the unproven alternative rather than to the conventional treatments.

      As I said, less than convincing

      You clearly think marijuana’s effect on cancer has been suppressed in the interests of profit, perhaps in the belief that a natural substance can’t be patented?.

      In fact it’s common for synthetic derivatives to be made that are an improvement on the original, and it’s also common to get patents on the methods of isolating or administering the substance.

      So even if a drug company couldn’t make money directly from hemp oil or marijuana, if either were effective they could make plenty of money and get plenty kudos from developing a safer, more effective derivative. The chemotherapy drug Taxol is derived from yew, and the research into cannabinoids and cancer has all been done using man-made chemicals that mimic the compounds found in cannabis.

      If hemp oil and marijuana had been proven effective against cancer, pharmaceutical companies would be all over them. But so far they haven’t, so drug companies don’t bother with them. They’re after profits, after all

  4. QUESTION:
    Did you know that new research shows that marijuana actually kills cancer cells… rather than creating them?
    Did you know that marijuana kills cancer cells? It actually causes them to eat themselves in a process called “autophage”.

    Also, instead of killing brain cells, studies show it actually promotes the growth of new brain cells?

    http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn8155-marijuana-might-cause-new-cell-growth-in-the-brain.html

    Example Cancer Studies:

    THC (marijuana) helps cure cancer says Harvard study

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070417193338.htm

    Marijuana Chemical May Fight Brain Cancer
    Active Component In Marijuana Targets Aggressive Brain Cancer Cells, Study Says

    http://www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer/news/20090401/marijuana-chemical-may-fight-brain-cancer

    Did you know the government knew about it in 1974?

    http://www.alternet.org/story/9257/

    Did you know that the cannabinoid receptor is the most prevalent cellular receptor in our brains?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid_receptor

    This mystery began to unravel in 1964, when tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are “wired” for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

    What do you think about this?

    Did the government know?

    What do you think about that?

    Did you know that the government actually has the patent on medical marijuana… for use in fighting diseases such as cancer, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and more?

    And yet they repeatedly say that there is “no medical use” for marijuana.

    Look it up. U.S. Patent #6630507

    It’s like a MIRACLE DRUG because the endocannabinoid system in your body controls so much chemically… by stimulating this system, many positive effects can occur in many different organs of the body.

    If you don’t believe me, check out the studies at www.pubmed.gov … just type “cannabinoids” and “cancer” in the search bar and you’ll see the results of the HUNDREDS of studies that show that the THC in marijuana actually kills cancer cells, both in human tissue cultures and in animals. But… they won’t let us do studies on humans because mj has been labeled the “devil’s weed”. HA!

    But there is plenty of anecdotal evidence. (People who didn’t want to wait on the government to legalize medical marijuana to help with their illness. We’ve been waiting over 40 years, after all.) I have been in correspondence with the head of the biology dept at a major university in Colorado, and he’s knows people personally who have used super-concentrated cannabis oil to CURE their cancer.His own girlfriend got rid of her skin cancer completely applying cannabis oil topically. You can also find video diaries on the internet of people who have gotten rid of skin cancer using cannabis oil. Also video diaries of people who have had miraculous healing of 3rd degree burns. One video diary I found had an AIDS patient who was ingesting the oil and cut his T-cell count from over 800 to around 400 in just a few weeks.

    Rick Simpson has cured hundreds of people over the last few years and has plenty of written and videoed testimony. Google “Run from the Cure”.

    If you want to see the enormous number of medical conditions that marijuana is GOOD for, check this out…

    http://forum.grasscity.com/medical-marijuana/436257-granny-storm-crows-list-july-2009-a.html

    This is a video everyone should watch…

    Aaron,

    Marijuana doesn’t cause ANY bad, as you put it.

    Zero deaths every year are attributed solely to marijuana.

    It doesn’t even increase your risk of lung cancer by smoking it… they can’t even find a higher incidence of lung cancer even in chronic mj smokers… the anti-cancer effects of the drug overpower the fact that you are taking in carcinogens by smoking a leaf.

    • ANSWER:
      the government withholding imformation from the american people, I guess this has been happening a long time now. I wonder who’s best interest their concerned about? clearly not that of U.S. citizens. Thank you for spreading good imformation about a goverment that betrays and lies constantly.

  5. QUESTION:
    is marijuana good or bad?
    Did you know that new research shows that marijuana actually kills cancer cells… rather than creating them? It actually causes them to eat themselves in a process called “autophage”.

    Also, instead of killing brain cells, studies show it actually promotes the growth of new brain cells?

    http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn81…

    Cancer Studies:

    THC (marijuana) helps cure cancer says Harvard study

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/200…

    Marijuana Chemical May Fight Brain Cancer
    Active Component In Marijuana Targets Aggressive Brain Cancer Cells, Study Says

    http://www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer…

    Did you know that the cannabinoid receptor is the most prevalent cellular receptor in our brains?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid…

    This mystery began to unravel in 1964, when tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis was isolated and synthesized by Raphael Mechoulam and colleagues in Israel. Subsequently, in 1988, Allyn Howlett and colleagues discovered the cannabinoid receptor in the brain. This receptor called CB1was a precise match for the unique chemicals called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). This initial discovery led to scientists hypothesizing that humans are “wired” for cannabis. The CB1receptors have been found in the brain in areas that control the coordination of movement, emotions, memory, reduction of pain, reward systems, and reproduction, yet are almost absent in the brain stem (which affects our vital functions such as breathing). It appears that cannabinoid receptors, which modulate other neurotransmitter function in a retrograde “on demand” fashion are present in far higher concentrations in the brain than any other receptor. While the CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system, a second type, CB2, discovered in 1993, are found primarily in the immune system, GI tract, liver, spleen, kidney, bones, heart, and peripheral nervous system. In fact, the CB2 receptor appears to be up-regulated whenever there is tissue pathology.

    Did you know that the government actually has the patent on medical marijuana… for use in fighting diseases such as cancer, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and more?

    And yet they repeatedly say that there is “no medical use” for marijuana.

    Look it up. U.S. Patent #6630507

    It’s like a MIRACLE DRUG because the endocannabinoid system in your body controls so much chemically… by stimulating this system, many positive effects can occur in many different organs of the body.

    If you don’t believe me, check out the studies at www.pubmed.gov … just type “cannabinoids” and “cancer” in the search bar and you’ll see the results of the HUNDREDS of studies that show that the THC in marijuana actually kills cancer cells, both in human tissue cultures and in animals. But… they won’t let us do studies on humans because mj has been labeled the “devil’s weed”. HA!

    But there is plenty of anecdotal evidence. (People who didn’t want to wait on the government to legalize medical marijuana to help with their illness. We’ve been waiting over 40 years, after all.) I have been in correspondence with the head of the biology dept at a major university in Colorado, and he’s knows people personally who have used super-concentrated cannabis oil to CURE their cancer. His own girlfriend got rid of her skin cancer completely applying cannabis oil topically. You can also find video diaries on the internet of people who have gotten rid of skin cancer using cannabis oil. Also video diaries of people who have had miraculous healing of 3rd degree burns. One video diary I found had an AIDS patient who was ingesting the oil and cut his T-cell count from over 800 to around 400 in just a few weeks.

    Rick Simpson has cured hundreds of people over the last few years and has plenty of written and videoed testimony. Google “Run from the Cure”.

    If you want to see the enormous number of medical conditions that marijuana is GOOD for, check this out…

    http://forum.grasscity.com/medical-marij…

    This is a video everyone should watch…

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4yxlCDtOl…

    • ANSWER:
      Its great, best thing in my life


Disease Of The Kidney And Hypertension

Thinking of the internal organs in isolation, one may not suspect loss of oxygen to be one a major factor in kidney disease. But the interconnection of bodily systems means that a problem starting in one organ can have far-reaching and surprising effects in others. A lack of oxygen is one problem that can begin with the kidneys, but go on to affect the lungs and brain as well.

Kidneys produce a hormone callederythropoietin that signals the production of red blood cells. If the kidneys are failing, they create less of this hormone, meaning the body produces lower numbers of these cells. And since those cells carry oxygen, the body eventually suffers fromanemia, a lack of oxygen.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    MRI+hypertension.?
    Hey all, im going in for an MRI at the end of next week. Now, when I was at the Kidney Disease and Hypertension doctor today, I felt confident in what he said, thinking I knew the true meaning of MRI. But evidently I was wrong.

    Basically Im on my 6th new BP medicine, none are working, and kidneys came back pretty much sound through the ultrasound and the blood/urine tests. So he has ruled that out. My bp averages (wore the 24hrmonitors already) around 180′s/110′s, even on the different medicines.

    Basically he said he was going to give me an MRI to check me out, but isn’t that just checking out muscles? What would this have to do in finding the cause for the BP? I keep going for all these tests, but so far none have found my BP answers yet, and I feel its really taking a toll on my leaking heart valves, and the chest pains keep getting worse weekly. But, my cardiologist wont give me a stress test until my BP lowers a bit for my own saftey.

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    MRI for hypertension?
    Hey all, im going in for an MRI at the end of next week. Now, when I was at the Kidney Disease and Hypertension doctor today, I felt confident in what he said, thinking I knew the true meaning of MRI. But evidently I was wrong.

    Basically Im on my 6th new BP medicine, none are working, and kidneys came back pretty much sound through the ultrasound and the blood/urine tests. So he has ruled that out. My bp averages (wore the 24hrmonitors already) around 180′s/110′s, even on the different medicines.

    Basically he said he was going to give me an MRI to check me out, but isn’t that just checking out muscles? What would this have to do in finding the cause for the BP? I keep going for all these tests, but so far none have found my BP answers yet, and I feel its really taking a toll on my leaking heart valves, and the chest pains keep getting worse weekly. But, my cardiologist wont give me a stress test until my BP lowers a bit for my own saftey.
    Mitral and triscupid valve showed minor leakage. Pulmonary valve showed moderate amount of leakage.

    Cardiologists (been to three now) have been jerking my chain because of my age (21) Kind of getting sick of it, because they are obviously more concerned about their older patients, but w/e evidently none of them around here care. And if I hear one more cardiologist or doctor say “oh your far to young to have heart problems” im really going to snap haha.

    Not even close to obese, actually in great physical condition untill this all happened and even now, im still not bad by no means. No smoking, and occasional drinking, maybe once a month, or once every two months. No drugs either.
    I walk a total of at least 2-3 miles a day as well.

    • ANSWER:
      There are many things that can parade as primary hypertension but are really a secondary source that can explain why your Bp may not respond to conventional meds.

      Renovascular hypertension

      Primary aldosteronism

      Pheochromocytoma

      Hypothyroidism

      Hyperthyroidism

      Hyperparathyroidism

      Depending on what your doc is scanning, he may be looking for some or all of these things to explain your BP.
      Other factors can be obesity, sleep apnea, alcohol intake, smoking, etc.
      A leaky heart valve is a whole other issue– which valve? Some heart/valve issues can effect BP, too.

      Good luck, read some medical journals, you are your own best advocate!

      Chest pain getting worse should be evaluated, if you can’t tolerate a stress test then they should cath (cardiac catheterization) you (if they haven’t already).

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the symtoms of a flu shot?
    On Oct 24, my husband and i got our flu shots. The next day my shoulder was in pain but it went away. Today(Oct 27) my husband woke up saying he didn’t feel well and that he was throwing up so he went back to bed. Is this one of the symtoms? I am a diabetic and my husband has some medical condtions. He has a kidney disease, renial hypertension, neural hypertension.

    • ANSWER:
      It causes all sorts of problems, long and short term.

      Do NOT get vaccinated.

      A vaccinated person is MORE likely to get a disease than a non-vaccinated person. The whole theory of vaccination is flawed. It causes a weakening of the immune system thus making those who are innoculated more susceptible to disease.
      There are so many awful side effects to vaccination that it should be considered extremely dangerous.
      Just sit back and think for a while.
      Is there any sense in injecting a disease directly into your body.
      We have been subjected to an awful mind control program to enable the drug manufacturers to make a fortune.

      The Vaccination Hoax

      http://www.whale.to/b/hoax1.html

      If you go to the vaccination liberation web page, at

      http://www.vaclib.org/exemption.htm

      You will find all the forms necessary to provide exemption for your child.

      If you want to study the history of vaccination, see

      http://dgwa1.fortunecity.com/body/vaccination.html

  4. QUESTION:
    Kidneys….?
    I go back to the kidney disease & hypertension doctor on Thursday, but darn, these past two days the front,sides and back around the kidney area have become quite swollen and beat red. Sort of hurts to walk and move around, almost like there is a shifting weight rotating around that area. Anyone know what could be causing this? I mean, I just started going to this guy, so im basically clueless as to whats going on becuase he just started taking tests, without any kind of diagnoses yet. Hopefully Ill find that out on Thursday.

    Also, does anyone know what the possible reason was for him taking a 24 hour urine sample from me, and 7 viles of blood? What exactly does that test for?

    Also, why is he always look at my finger tips and my ankles, im sure its to look for swelling, but every time, thats one of the first things he checks.
    Xray and Ultrasound. Said nothing seemed out of the ordinary incept for they were somewhat enlarged.

    • ANSWER:
      maybe a kidney infection or stones
      did they xray ?

  5. QUESTION:
    My cat’s kidney disease?
    I have a 12 year old cat whom I love a lot. My wife thinks that since the new year he has been drinking and peeing a lot otherwise she thought maybe he had an occasional bad day but he was acting his normal self otherwise. September 2009 his blood work including thyroid levels were all normal (March 2009 he had a successful partial thyroidectomy). So I took him to the vet 2 weeks ago. I ended up going to a new vet who is across the street rather than his usual vet because he hates car rides. The vet just did a cursory exam and drew some blood and gave him his Rabies and distemper shots. The BUN Creatinine came back high and she said that this was chronic renal failure. All other blood work including sugar and thyroid were normal. When I asked for a workup for the cause she said it did not matter as the treatment is the same. She scheduled him for admission the following Monday for IV fluids. He rapidly deteriorated so last Friday night we rushed him to the ED of the hospital where his regular vet works. His BUN/Cr were worse so they admitted him and did IV fluids. They found no evidence of hypertension, no anemia even after hydration, normal kidneys on U/S and Xray, and no proteinuria (culture is still pending). He responded very well to 4 days of IV fluids (Cr came down from 9 to 5 and BUN from 135 to 56) and he was sent home with enalapril, antibiotics and sq fluids +/- renal diet. He is due to go back next Wednesday for blood work. Now since he is an indoor cat with no exposure to toxins or infection my wife (a “human” dermatologist) thinks that he indeed has chronic renal failure, because of the 6 months of drinking and peeing, that was exacerbated by the distemper shot. The Vets at the hospital think this is something acute given normal BP, hct, U/S and Xray of kidneys.
    Can a cat have chronic renal failure and have no hypertension, anemia and normal kidneys on both XRay and U/S?
    Can a cat be exposed to a UTI causing bacteria or a toxin in the house without ever going out?

    The reason I ask is if he does have chronic renal failure it is going to be very hard for him to get the sq fluids every day. He hates it and i don’t want to put him through that.

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    Do I have Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?
    Hi everyone,

    I’m a 20 years old male. No smoking/drinking problem or anything like that. Recently though (~3 or 4 months back) I noticed that my blood pressure was on the higher side of normal, around 138/90. I exercised quite a bit after and thought that should have subsided.

    However starting earlier this month I had this strange metallic taste in my mouth always. It felt like the water I was drinking was a little rusty (but it wasn’t). Also, I started becoming really lazy/tired in the morning, and yesterday found out I lost 10 kg in the past 4 months, from 70 kg to 60.5 kg. (Although the last 2 points might be because my eating pattern was really bad during university semester, and didn’t feel like eating)

    I started checking for CKD “signs” on the internet, and it seems all the above points match exactly. As for urine signs, I think mine is a little foamy but it might be just normal. I don’t have swelling or skin itching, or nausea/vomiting, or shortness of breath. I sometimes have weakness in the knees but that’s usually if I didn’t sleep for 2 days and it’s probably not kidney-related.

    Nevertheless, the rusty taste, pre-hypertension (and possibly the weight loss and fatigue) seem to all point to CKD. I really hope I’m not getting this condition as it’s said to be irreversible damage that could only get worse..

    Could anyone please shed some light towards this matter, thanks!

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have personal experience with the H1N1 vaccine?
    Has anyone had the vaccine or your children had it? Did it harm you in any way? fever, sickness, etc?

    I have some severe health problems (DM, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, kidney function issues), and I have the opportunity to have the injected vaccine. I am afraid to do it, but I am afraid not to do it. Has anyone had any personal experience with the vaccine?

    Your personal experiences would really help me decide to have or not have it. I understand your opinions based on propaganda on both sides of the issue, but I am looking for real experiences not just opinions. I would just like to live through the epidemic and not die from the shot or the flu.
    Thank you so very much.
    If I did not have severe underlying medical conditions, I wouldn’t even consider getting the vaccine due to the risk. But I’m on the fence about this.

    • ANSWER:
      I am in a priority group for the H1N1 vaccine (under age 64 with cardiovascular disease, including stent and pacemaker and history of heart attack), and I had the shot 4 days ago, with NO REACTION WHATEVER. I got it not just for me, but for my family members, a couple of whom cannot have any kind of flu shot but who are at high risk of complications from flu. I figure that anytime I have the chance to stay healthy and not spread germs to others, it is something I will do unless and until my physicians tell me otherwise. And by the way, there has been NO news here in Central Illinois about anybody having any adverse reactions at all to the vaccine. I wouldn’t hesitate if I were you, but you might give your doctor’s office a call if that would make you feel better.

  8. QUESTION:
    Has anyone adopted a special needs pet?
    I would love to hear anyone’s stories about their pet. They are the most special, appreciative, grateful pets to ever get. I had a special needs dog for 23 months. He was about 7 years old and had heartworm, a tumor, and lyme disease. As the months went by, we cured the heartworm, but never knew what damaging effects it would have. He developed heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease, and pulmonary hypertension. He was saved by his doctors and lived 50 more days after he collapsed and was in heart failure. It is the saddest thing to witness your loved one dealing with such obstacles, but my dog was the best thing that ever happened to me. Without a doubt, I would adopt another special needs pet. I am not saying they are the most deserving of a home, but they are looked down upon because no one wants to deal with the medical stress and emotional stress. I am willing to deal with all of that again to save an animals life. My dog would’ve died in the shelter if we didn’t adopt him. The shelter was extremely grateful for us adopting him and after all the thousands of pets that go through their shelter, they remembered my dog and knew how special he was. When he was in the hospital of heart failure, all of the staff at the shelter came up to us and told us how special he was and how he touched their hearts.

    Does anyone else have an “special” stories about their pet? I would love to hear any stories.

    • ANSWER:
      I have had 9 cats in my life. This is a sad story but one close to my heart. One of my many foster cats, Chanel, hadn’t been looking so good. After weeks, we were sure she was sick with something, but we didn’t know what it was. So we took her to the veterinarian down the street and he checked her. It turns out she had been abused, shot. When I heard the news I cried for a long time. We ended up having to put the cat to sleep. I miss my little Chanel!

  9. QUESTION:
    This cant be good blood pressure….?
    Just took my BP again today and got 184/107. Ive been on meds for it since November, and still nothing Obviously eating healthy and getting enough fitness, but still wont go down. They put me on a 24 hour bpmonitor, and my avg was 171/106. But, the cardiologist doesnt know how this is happening or whats causing it. He noted I had minor valve leakage in my mitral and triscupid valve, and mild leakage in my pulmonary valve. He says its very common with people and that im far to young for anything like this to worry about at my age (21). Im always getting chest pains, out of breathe, and occasional fainting, but he wont do nothing for me.

    The kidney disease and hypertension doctor just took 7 viles of blood, and a 24 hour jug of urine from me, I wont find out for a few weeks, but anyone know what they are testing for?

    What could this BP be doing to me (ive had it my whole life but just got the meds for it in November), yes im young and in great shape but gosh im scared and answerless
    This is my 3rd different kind of BP medicine, so I have tried multiples.

    Also, when I said im n great shape, trust me I am. I served in the military, so im in good physical condition. Heck Im 5’11 and weight 180lbs with not to much body fat. So, im def. going to rule that one out on you. Especially since with my current job being very physical, and I walk AT LEAST 2-3 miles a day at work, 5 days a week.

    • ANSWER:
      Whose to say what all the blood is for, they are probably doing all kinds of blood tests. maybe a complete blood count, metabolic profile -this tests your electrolytes and sugar, may be testing some of your hormones. Really they can test blood for all sorts of things!

      The 24 hr urine is usually a creatnine clearance-they want to know how much creatnine you are getting rid of in one day. They usually do this to test kidney function.

      So I hope this help. Good luck with your results.

  10. QUESTION:
    How do I get the council to give me a decent house?
    I suffer from diabetes, hypertension, kidney problems, diabetic neuropathy and had a short period of depression. Also, i wake up multiple times during the night to use the toilet which disturbs my family’s sleep.
    More over my mum suffers from depression, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, severe arthritis and also frozen shoulder.

    Also i dont get along with my mom as we are always in conflict as i dont have my own space. btw moving out is not an option.

    We told this to the council but they dont listen. they say we should accept a 2 bedroom house (we are 4 people), we need at least 3 bedrooms. what should i do?

    SERIOUS ANSWERS ONLY PLEASE!!

    • ANSWER:
      The council does not deal with decent houses, the majority of them need to have some work done inside or outside them. Also the council have other issues to deal with and cannot be expected to put you on top of their list.

      If you are desperate then you won’t be so picky and will settle with what they offer, if you keep refusing the houses they are suggesting then the council will put you on the bottom of their list as other families are in much more need of houses than you are. You don’t have to stay in the house they give you for the rest of your life, every normal working class person starts at the bottom. That’s life!

      Try to get along with your mum, you only have one and she will not be there forever so make the most of it, support each other as you both have alot of similar if not the same conditions, help each other and talk through your problems instead of conflicting them.

      Good luck and hope things work out.

  11. QUESTION:
    OMG OMG shocking news. Is this true??
    Heavy metal poisoning has become an increasingly major health problem, especially since the industrial revolution. Heavy metals are in the water we drink, the foods we eat, the air we breathe, our daily household cleaners, our cookware and our other daily tools. A heavy metal has a density at least 5 times that of water and cannot be metabolized by the body, therefore accumulating in the body. Heavy metal toxicity can cause our mental functions, energy, nervous system, kidneys, lungs and other organ functions to decline. Learning where these metals can be found and decreasing one’s exposure is vital to staying healthy. For the person who wonders if they have heavy metal poisoning, testing is essential. If a person has heavy metal toxicity then interventional natural medicine procedures need to be performed.

    I remember someone, once said tap waters are healthy, GTFO you lying fool

    Sources: Tap water, fungicides, marijuana, processed meat, rubber, seafood (cod, haddock, oyster, tuna), sewage, tobacco, colas (especially from vending machines), tools, welding material, evaporated milk, airborne industrial contaminants, batteries, instant coffee, incineration of tires/rubber/plastic, refined grains, soft water, galvanized pipes, dental alloys, candy, ceramics, electroplating fertilizers, paints, motor oil and motor exhaust.

    Symptoms and DIseases: Alopecia, anemia, arthritis, cancer, lung disease, cerebral hemorrhage, cirrhosis of the liver, enlarged heart, diabetes, emphysema, hypoglycemia, hypertension, impotence, infertility, kidney disease, learning disorders, migraines, inflammation, renal disease, osteoporosis, schizophrenia, strokes, vascular disease, high cholesterol, growth is impaired, cardiovascular disease,

    Also, does nickle engenders kidney failure?

    There’s the link, http://www.heart-disease-bypass-surgery.com/data/articles/141.htm

    • ANSWER:
      It is true that our environment is polluted there are people who will be affected just as many animals have been affected by the same pollutants. So we see many fish today which are born with malformed genitalia, deformed fins, extra fins, etc., because they are poisoned by the hormones from the female contraceptive pills which are discharged with the sewage into rivers and sea.

      But it is equally true, if the evolutionist are right, that some who are the “fitter” will adapt to the heavy metals, radio-nuclides, hormones, dioxin, poisons, etc., in our environment and go on to produce stronger and fitter stock. e.g. humans with extra fingers, bigger (or smaller) brain, bisexuals who can cope better in our liberal society, etc.

      So there is really no need to worry. In the long run, evolution will sort it out as it has always been doing. Volcanoes, for example, spewed out poisons and killed off many life forms, but some survive and after millions of years these repopulated the earth. Meteors and comets smashing into our earth brought their heavy metals and other life forms (viruses and bacteria) and probably killed off many earth life, but at the same time brought enduring mutations. The process keeps going on and it gets sorted out. Even global hotification.

  12. QUESTION:
    Living with multiple illnesses (fibromyalgia, PKD and others). Peoples thoughts on living ……?
    with illness like these. I’m young (34) and have more health issues then someone that is 75. I find it frustrating and draining to deal with everything. I was wondering if people have some thoughts of what you can do to live with the illness i have. Below is a partial list of my illnesses:
    ~ Fibromyalgia
    ~ Polycystic Kidney Disease a.k.a (with Hypertension)
    ~ Barrett’s Esophagus
    ~ arthritis
    ~ Chronic Depression
    to name a few. I also have a husband that suffers with Degenerative disc disease, my Children (13 & 10) have the PKD that they inherited from me.
    Please share your thoughts on how you Live/deal with any of the above illness.
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      My personal background of chronic pain: endometriosis (have had two surgeries for it so far) and fibromyalgia (since 1995). The fibro wasn’t diagnosed until 1999, and before it was i was misdiagnosed with a number of things; one of the misdiagnoses was a potentially fatal autoimmune disorder. I was 23 when that happened, and spent a good six to eight months believing that my life was going to be Shorter and More Miserable than the lives of the people around me. When i found out that what i had was Not A Fatal Condition, it was very much a life-changing event.

      I had tried a number of highly ineffective coping mechanisms, from alcohol to denial. Eventually i came to realize that this chronic pain is a hidden blessing. I know this sounds completely and totally cheesy, but hear me out.

      People like you and me have to plan out every single moment of our day. If our hands aren’t working right, we wear clothes with zippers instead of buttons. That sort of thing. When we get home from being out (be it work, errands, a walk in the park, whatever), we have to choose between spending time with loved ones (or relaxing by ourselves in some fashion) and going to lie down from exhaustion.

      Sounds pretty crappy on the surface, i know. But wait for it, it gets better.

      We live our lives having to make conscious, minute-by-minute decisions regarding our quality of life. While it certainly can be a whopping huge pain in the neck sometimes, it makes us more aware of those little moments… both good and bad. It means that time spent with loved ones is a Choice, not Just Because. We =choose= the lives we have.

      I’ve compared notes with friends who do not have chronic pain issues, and found that most of them don’t understand what it’s like to truly appreciate the Little Moments in life. Moreover, they seem almost oblivious to them. This is not necessarily true of everyone who has a pain-free daily life… but it’s not entirely uncommon.

      I’ve also learned that largely, life is what you make it. I’ve wasted no small amount of time moping about the daily pain that travels (and yet it just won’t leave!) all over my body with no relief, no respite. I can choose to let it get to me, or i can choose to make the best of what i have. I have to fight more for the things i get, but it makes those things that much sweeter. I can choose to cry about my back going out, or i can find ways to joke and laugh about it. I can’t tell you how many chiropractors i’ve confused by doing just that!

      I know it probably sounds hokey, and for that i apologize. But i promise you it’s all true. I can only type so much before my hands hurt, and i have =chosen= to type out this huge long thing for you… that’s how much it means to me. This life is full of things that we are given, and it’s up to use to make the most of them. No one else is going to make our lives Worth It if we don’t do it ourselves.

  13. QUESTION:
    Can you answer any of these?
    any answers would help. thanks

    2. The body gains solutes from all of the following processes except ________.

    a.secretion by cells

    b. metabolism

    c. respiration

    d. sweating

    3. All of the following metabolic waste products are removed primarily by the urinary system except ________.

    a. carbon dioxide

    b. uric acid

    c. ammonia

    d. creatine

    4. The structure that carries filtrate from the kidney to the bladder is the ________.

    a. ureter

    b. urethra

    c. nephron

    d. distal tubule

    5. The kidney’s central cavity is called the ________.

    a. kidney medulla

    b. renal pelvis

    c. renal capsule

    d. kidney cortex

    6. The structure of the nephron which receives the substances filtered from blood is the ________.

    a. glomerulus

    b. Bowman’s capsule

    c. loop of Henle

    d. collecting duct

    7. In a nephron, the glomerulus is located between the ________ and the ________.

    a. Bowman’s capsule, loop of Henle

    b. afferent arteriole, efferent arteriole

    c. efferent arteriole, peritubular capillaries

    d. proximal tubule and distal tubule

    8.Which nephron structure is not correctly paired with its function?

    a. glomerular capillaries, filtration

    b. loop of Henle, urine concentration

    c. proximal tubule, secretion

    d. Bowman’s capsule, reabsorption

    9.Reabsorption returns all or most of the ________ in nephron tubules to the blood.

    a. water

    b. glucose

    c. amino acids

    d. all of the choices

    10.Urinary secretion maintains the body’s acid-base balance through secretion of excess ________.

    a.
    water

    b.
    hydrogen ions

    c.
    potassium ions

    d.
    urea

    11.In the nephron, cells of the ________ prevent water from escaping.

    a.
    peritubular capillaries

    b.
    proximal tubules

    c.
    descending loop of Henle

    d.
    distal tubules

    12. Which hormone produced in the brain increases water reabsorption in the distal tubules of the nephron?

    a.
    renin

    b.
    aldosterone

    c.
    ADH

    d.
    diuretic

    13. The “thirst center” in the brain monitors ________.

    a.
    the amount of saliva produced by salivary glands

    b.
    the juxtaglomerular apparatus

    c.
    blood pH levels

    d.
    blood volume

    14. The kidneys control the body’s acid-base balance by ________.

    a.
    excreting bicarbonate buffer

    b.
    forming new bicarbonate buffer and adding it to the blood

    c.
    excreting excess H+ ions

    d.
    all of the choices

    15. Kidneys excrete excess H+ ions by combining them with ________.

    a.
    phosphate ions

    b.
    ammonia (NH3)

    c.
    bicarbonate

    d.
    all of the choices

    16. Glucose in urine may be a sign of ________.

    a.
    hepatitis

    b.
    urinary tract infection

    c.
    diabetes

    d.
    hypertension

    17. Which disease affecting the urinary system is more frequent in women than in men?

    a.
    kidney stones

    b.
    polycystic kidney disease

    c.
    bladder infection

    d.
    glomerulonephritis

    18.Symptoms of kidney-function impairment include ________.

    a.
    nausea

    b.
    fatigue

    c.
    memory loss

    d.
    all of the choices

    19. A hemodialysis machine ________.

    a.
    selectively exchanges solutes across a membrane between the patient’s blood and a chemical solution

    b.
    replaces the patient’s blood with a balanced chemical solution

    c.
    adds a balanced chemical solution to the patient’s blood

    d.
    transfuses cross-matched blood to the patient

    • ANSWER:
      d
      a
      a
      a
      d
      b
      d
      a
      b
      no idea
      c
      either B or D
      not sure about 14
      or 15
      C
      C, bladder infections
      don’t know 18
      A

      P.S. You don’t learn anything from letting other people do your homework for you, but I like the challenge and did it anyway.

  14. QUESTION:
    Medical Benefits of Ramadan ?
    Medical Benefits of Ramadan
    by Shahid Athar, M.D.

    Most Muslims do not fast because of medical benefits but because it has been ordained to them in the Quran. The medical benefits of fasting are as a result of fasting. Fasting in general has been used in medicine for medical reasons including weight management, for rest of the digestive tract and for lowering lipids. There are many adverse effects of total fasting as well as so-called crash diets. Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans because in Ramadan fasting, there is no malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake. The caloric intake of Muslims during Ramadan is at or slightly below the national requirement guidelines. In addition, the fasting in Ramadan is voluntarily taken and is not a prescribed imposition from the physician.

    Ramadan is a month of self-regulation and self-training, with the hope that this training will last beyond the end of Ramadan. If the lessons learned during Ramadan, whether in terms of dietary intake or righteousness, are carried on after Ramadan, it is beneficial for one’s entire life. Moreover, the type of food taken during Ramadan does not have any selective criteria of crash diets such as those which are protein only or fruit only type diets. Everything that is permissible is taken in moderate quantities.

    The only difference between Ramadan and total fasting is the timing of the food; during Ramadan, we basically miss lunch and take an early breakfast and do not eat until dusk. Abstinence from water during this period is not bad at all and in fact, it causes concentration of all fluids within the body, producing slight dehydration. The body has its own water conservation mechanism; in fact, it has been shown that slight dehydration and water conservation, at least in plant life, improve their longevity.

    The physiological effect of fasting includes lower of blood sugar, lowering of cholesterol and lowering of the systolic blood pressure. In fact, Ramadan fasting would be an ideal recommendation for treatment of mild to moderate, stable, non-insulin diabetes, obesity and essential hypertension. In 1994 the first International Congress on “Health and Ramadan”, held in Casablanca, entered 50 research papers from all over the world, from Muslim and non-Muslim researchers who have done extensive studies on the medical ethics of fasting. While improvement in many medical conditions was noted; however, in no way did fasting worsen any patients’ health or baseline medical condition. On the other hand, patients who are suffering from severe diseases, whether diabetes or coronary artery disease, kidney stones, etc., are exempt from fasting and should not try to fast.

    There are psychological effects of fasting as well. There is a peace and tranquility for those who fast during the month of Ramadan. Personal hostility is at a minimum, and the crime rate decreases. Muslims take advice from the Prophet who said, “If one slanders you or aggresses against you, say I am fasting.’” This psychological improvement could be related to better stabilization of blood glucose during fasting as hypoglycemia after eating, aggravates behavior changes.

    There is a beneficial effect of extra prayer at night. This not only helps with better utilization of food but also helps in output. There are 10 extra calories output for each rikat of the prayer. Again, we do not do prayers for exercise, but a mild movement of the joints with extra calorie utilization is a better form of exercise. Similarly, recitation of the Quran not only produces a tranquility of heart and mind, but improves the memory. Therefore, I encourage my Muslim patients to fast in the month of Ramadan, but they must do it under medical supervision. Healthy adult Muslims should not fear becoming weak by fasting, but instead it should improve their health and stamina.

    • ANSWER:
      That was very interesting. I worked for four years in an Elementary school as an EMT. We had many Muslim students. Being children they spent a lot of time in my office during their lunch hour complaining they were hungry and or had headaches. I felt for them, after all they are just children and felt embarrassed in front of their peers. It was very rare that any student was happy with the idea of fasting – but they all survived.

      As a Catholic, I too have days of fasting and it drives my kids crazy. They too survive.

  15. QUESTION:
    My father died of a sudden heart attack in his home….I cannot get over this REGRET I am feeling….?
    I should have gotten him LIFE ALERT and he could have pressed it and been saved. He was 76 years old. He had several health problems including diabetes (controlled), hypertension (controlled), stage 4 kidney disease, and atrial fibrillation (controlled by digoxin). He had two strokes in the past, the last being 12 years ago, which paralyzed his left side, but he got some of it back and could walk with a cane. He also had a mild heart attack about 15 years ago, which was treated with balloon angioplasty. I wanted him to enjoy his final years, so I let him drive, and do his own things, etc. I am VERY REGRETFUL that I did not get him LIFE ALERT (or another similar product). I realize that sometimes when people have a heart attack, they do not know it, and cannot press the button, but I am still very regretful over this…..I don’t know how I am ever going to forgive myself for this…..please help!
    Thank you everybody, you are very helpful….God Bless You all….
    Just for the record, he was found on the kitchen floor in the sitting position (on his bottom), with his knees bent, feet flat on the floor, and his head slumped down to his chest. One arm had an abrasion on it on the upper side of the forearm, as if he may have nicked it against the table or chair that he was near….

    • ANSWER:
      I completely understand that you are feeling guilty but you have to bear in mind that your father was a sick man with many other medical problems. His quality of life would be decreasing pretty rapidly at this stage anyway and it is best that he went quickly instead of being kept alive artificially, in pain and in hospital away from everything he knows. It was his time and instead of wallowing in guilt, you should work on preserving the memories you have of him.

  16. QUESTION:
    I don’t even know how I’m writing this, I’m in such shock….my father was found dead on the floor of his home?
    in a sitting position (on the floor), with his head slumped down on his chest, his feet on the floor and knees bent….they believe he had a heart attack, but we are awaiting autopsy results…has anyone ever heard of anything like this, or what he could have died from? I am in such grief I don’t know what to do…..for the record, he had a lot of health problems, as follows…..diabetes (controlled), coronary artery disease, hypertension (controlled), stage 4 kidney failure (not enough to require dialysis yet), and he also had atrial fibrillation, an irregular heartbeat. He had one mild heart attack 15 years ago, which was treated with balloon angioplasty. He also had an umbrella put in his groin to prevent blood clots from traveling to the heart or brain. He also had 2 strokes, which left his left side partially paralyzed, but he was still able to walk with a cane. The last stroke was about 12 years ago. I am so sad, I can’t even believe I am typing this….he was 76 years old. Thank you.
    Thank you for your condolences…..

    • ANSWER:
      Losing a loved one is undoubtedly one of the most difficult experienced people go through.I pray that you will be able to live again. No one can ever feel what you feel or experience the depths of your pain and anger that overwhelms you. You have a right to be sad,angry and to hurt because your father meant so much to you.
      I pray that you will be able to have joy and that you will bear no more sadness and pain. I pray that you will carry no more burdens and that you will be able to help the next person who crosses your path. I pray that you will forgive yourself and that you won’t sentence yourself to eternal prison. I pray for your freedom right now. I pray that your father did not die in vain, but that you can let others know that they can make it through whatever they experience in life. If you need counselling, please find a counsellor because it can help.
      Take care as always.

  17. QUESTION:
    What’s so bad about guns?
    CAUSES OF DEATH, USA, 2002 FORMAL NAME INFORMAL NAME % ALL DEATHS
    (1) Diseases of the heart heart attack (mainly) 28.5%
    (2) Malignant neoplasms cancer 22.8%
    (3) Cerebrovascular disease stroke 6.7%
    (4) Chronic lower respiratory disease emphysema, chronic bronchitis 5.1%
    (5) Unintentional injuries accidents 4.4%
    (6) Diabetes mellitus diabetes 3.0%
    (7) Influenza and pneumonia flu & pneumonia 2.7%
    (8) Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s senility 2.4%
    (9) Nephritis and Nephrosis kidney disease 1.7%
    (10) Septicemia systemic infection 1.4%
    (11) Intentional self-harm suicide 1.3%
    (12) Chronic Liver/Cirrhosis liver disease 1.1%
    (13) Essential Hypertension high blood pressure 0.8%
    (14) Assault homicide 0.7%
    (15) All other causes other 17.4%

    Guns are totally outclassed here! Who will join me in banning automobiles, alcohol, smoking, poor dieting, and lethargy?!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I say we start at the top of the list with bans. When that one is complete ,we can work our way down.

      NO MORE HEART ATTACKS!!! come on people, say it with me… down with heart attacks!!

  18. QUESTION:
    Do any of these Conditions Quality My Infant for SSI Disability (low income family)?
    My 4 month old son has required hospitalization 30 days out of his 120 day life span. He has had 1 flight for life trip, 3 PICU admissions, 3 surgical procedures and has the following diagnosis’. Hypertension, Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, suspected Kidney Disease, Restrictive Airway Disease, Severe Laryngomalacia, Severe Gerd (even after Nissen Fundoplication and placement of Gastric Button, Dysphagia (aspiration, Laryngeal Penetration, and Nasopharyngeal Backflow), Laryngeal Spasms, Chronic Rhinitis, Hx of Aspiration Pneumonia ——I had to quit my job to provide care for my son when the nursing staff is not their (40 hr work week for nurse). My husband and I are seperated and he pays the insurance and child support, but it’s not enough. I qualified for Medicaid based on income and medical needs of my child. What is my son’s likelihood of qualifying for SSI disability based on the fact that the airway issues are not expected to resolve for 18-36 months?
    Oh yeah, forgot the delayed gastric emptying……he is on 2 medications for breathing (every 3-4 hours), oxygen as needed, prevacid 2x daily, bethanacol 4x daily, norvasc 2x daily, ipratroprium breathing tx for drooling!, he requires 3x daily g-button changes. To date, no one is willing to care for my child expect qualified licensed nurses. People are scared because last week he had a vagal episode after refluxing and his heart-rate fell to 33 and his o2 sat stayed at 84-87 for 2 hours (even on 10 liters o2!). He was nearly dead and it’s a good thing the nurse was there!
    He will grow out of a lot of this eventually, but in the meantime?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m so sorry for all that you’ve gone through with your son. The chances of you getting SSI are very good.The process, regardless of how obvious your case seems, often takes quite a while. After filing, you’ll be sent to a doctor who works for the government in determining your child’s disability. After their report comes in, then it’s just a matter of a few weeks until you begin getting monthly payments. Call on Monday morning and get things started..the toll free number is
      1-800-772-1213 or you can begin your application online by visiting https://secure.ssa.gov/apps6z/ISBA/main.html. Even if you’re denied, you can always file again, and hire an SSI attorney who will fight for you.

      Good luck, and my prayers are with you.

  19. QUESTION:
    OMG any1 know about back pain???? Please Help!!?
    Please please just take a minute i need all the answers i can get.

    I have searched all over google and i cant find this. I have hypertension (high BP) thanks to my kidney disease so i am not NOT allowed to take any inti inflamatory which includes advil, alieve, prednisone (steroids), midol, only tylenol, and vicodine and non inflamatories. I am pretty sure i have a pinched nerve or sciatica leg pain or piriformis syndrome.. IDK which. My dr app isnt untill the 15 of feb so i need help!! WHAT WILL RELIEVE MY PAIN!! It hurts so bad i cant eat right and i lost 4 lbs now im 119lbs! Any sites for this?? PLEASE!!
    Or if u know which one i may have, its deep pain down the back of my legs (1 at a time) and in my butt. It feels like cramps in my legs!!! any knowledge at all!??

    ANY!!!??
    the pain is in my butt muscles (and legs), not in in my butt lol! =)

    • ANSWER:
      Have u tried a TENS unit? Works great when my Sciatic acts up. But here is a site that could help you:

      http://www.spine-health.com/topics/cd/sjd/sjd01.html

      http://www.spine-health.com/topics/cd/overview/lumbar/misc/misc05.html

      http://www.spine-health.com/topics/conserv/Sciatica-Exercises/Sacroiliac-Joint-Dysfunction-Exercise.html

      Good Luck!

  20. QUESTION:
    where can i get information about?
    hypertension,hypotension,causes of fever,diabetes,toxemia or pregnancy,psoriasis,coronary heart disease,polsystic kidney disease,pheochromocytoma. i want to know about the causes ,realtions to vital signs and other kinds of information

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.webmd.com is a great resource
      http://www.ask.com is a good one too

  21. QUESTION:
    How can one naturally lower their cholesterol?
    I’ve changed my diet to include more veggies, fruits and fish (salmon, flounder and tuna). I walk 7 days a week for about 30 to 40 minutes. I’ve started aerobics recently and plan to include running one to two days a week. I have lots of fiber in my diet (beans, nuts, whole wheat breads, oatmeal, prunes etc.). I have never been overweight, never drink or smoke. However, hypertension runs in my family so I am taking 10mg of lisinopril. Kidney disease also runs in the family. So my questions is if I decide to take Lipitor and lisinopril together won’t that harm my kidneys? My last total reading was 250 although that number fluctuates when I get blood tests done by my cardiologist. My HDL is always excellent. Just trying to stay alive.

    • ANSWER:
      With all the lifestyle changes you are making, I think your cholesterol will go down. Remember that you have family history for the diseases mentioned, that’s why I think your normal cholesterol levels are a bit higher than for other people.
      Since your HDL is excellent, the only thing I wish to you is: Hoping you’ll never give up!
      Good luck!

  22. QUESTION:
    PCOS and prolactin?
    Can anyone tell me how PCOS can affect prolactin. I know that prolactin will affect ovulation so tests are done to ensure that the prolactin isn’t causing the symptoms of PCOS and prolactin should be low or normal. But then when I was looking at prolactin it said that it might be an effect of PCOS:

    High levels are also seen with:

    Anorexia nervosa
    Drugs: Estrogen, tricyclic antidepressants, and drugs that block the effect of dopamine (a brain chemical that regulates and inhibits the production of prolactin) such as: tranquilizers, some hypertension drugs, and some drugs that are used to treat gastroesophageal reflux
    Hypothalamic diseases
    Hypothyroidism
    Kidney disease
    Nipple stimulation (moderate increase)
    Other pituitary tumors and diseases
    Polycystic ovary syndrome
    Prolactinomas
    (from http://www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/prolactin/test.html)

    Is this true and if so why and how?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      PCOS is connected to high testosterone levels. If prolactin levels are high that means that the person may also have a problem with the pituitary gland.

      I would recommend checking with your doctor as well to see what they say.

  23. QUESTION:
    High protein levels in urine in a 13 yr old girl?
    So, I’m a 105 lb, 5 foot 13-year-old girl. I have high blood pressure that they could never explain with lots and lots of tests, so they called it essential hypertension and I’m on Nifediac to control it. I’ve been on it for over a year and my BP’s fine now.

    But I had my check-up at the doctor’s today and they did some blood work and a urine sample test to make sure my kidney function was A-OK. My kidneys are fine, but the urine sample came back with high levels of protein in it. I have no symptoms indicating a urinary tract infection, so I’m just wondering, what could it be? I’m a little scared, all the Google results say kidney disease, and that doesn’t sound good.
    I don’t eat that much protein. I barely eat any meat, actually, maybe a hot dog or something once every two weeks. In fact, I used to be a vegetarian.

    • ANSWER:
      you could be eating to much protein foods. It happens to a lot of people don’t worry. Drink lots of water to get rid of the extra protein, and don’t eat it as much.

  24. QUESTION:
    64yr male. no heart condition nor hypertension nor diabetes. no severe illness that need emergency care.?
    no known kidney or liver disease. Patient is of african origin. the inter phalangeal JOINTS are swollen and painful and unable to bend. pain is worse in the morning esp if he walked for long the day b4. inablity to hold cutlery to eat. hands and feet are swollen NOT DUE TO EDEMA. he cannot make a fist anymore and sometimes pain radiates from hands to shoulders. it is a bilateral condition. what can this be? we have been to see many general practioners, but i need a proper diagnosis. what do you think it is and which specialist do u recommend? i am also a health worker and can diagnose a heart failure when i see one so dont worry. this is not a heart failure case. it is a poor man in constant pain who can’t eat in public bcos its so embarrassing when the fork drops from his hands. he also has to buy progressively bigger shoes because of the swelling in his feet. will be grateful if a seasoned practioner helped me out. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      my granny had similar problem last winters, well just like this man, she was otherwise fit but she couldnt move. It is arthritis wen the synovial fluid btw the joints degenerates and movement becomes difficuly. She had a hard time too, well her regular physician treated her, gave her injections and i guess she had some chest infection as well, i dont think she got this cuz of chest involvement (joints problem), but since she is an old case of asthma, may b thats y, i am nt so sure. Well, it took her 6 months to get alrt, she couldnt move at all, couldnt hold her plate, couldnt feed herself, we massaged regularly, kept her warm but she had a miserable time. I cant forget how dark she got in these few months and how weak! i just pray that this man gets better, god bless! i know how dreadful it is.

  25. QUESTION:
    Why is ketosis bad for you?
    I know there is a lot of ideology that ketosis puts strain on your kidneys and liver. However, there is also a lot of overwhelming evidence that it is good for your heart in the long run, and helps prevent from a large group of diseases later in life, including diabetes, metabolic syndrome (syndrome x), and hypertension/cardiovascular disease. There is even some theories as to how your naturally decreased levels of insulin prevent growth of cancerous tumors and prevent forms of dementia, namely Alzheimer’s. Thanks for the help
    Thanks for the help!

    • ANSWER:
      A ketogenic low carbohydrate diet is a high fat diet. The protein should only be a little higher than adequate. Dietary fat doesn’t put a strain on kidneys, only excessive protein on damaged kidneys. Although it is completely possible to live on a fat/protein only diet for long term (as proven by research done in a hospital setting) it becomes boring fairly quickly. Luckily many vegetables & some fruits, nuts & seeds are low in carbs and greatly expand the diet. Most long term low carbers eat as many, if not more non starchy vegetables than vegetarians.

      There is no better way to bring the body to the state of optimal health than with a low carb way of eating. Low carb doesn’t cause high blood pressure, high blood sugar or high cholesterol, it cures it. It is actually dangerous to take meds that lower these levels and do low carb at the same time because the levels will become dangerously low. Simple carbohydrates trigger insulin. High insulin levels unbalance other hormones. Anything less that 9 grams of carbs per hour controls insulin and is considered low carb (up to 144 grams per day).

      U.S. government guidelines were changed 35 years ago to suggest we lower our fat intake & increase our carb intake. American society followed these recommendations & lowered their fat intake by 11% & increased their carb consumption. In this same time frame obesity, diabetes, heart disease are all at epidemic levels.

      Glucose is the bodies preferred fuel (if you want to get technical, it actually burns alcohol most efficiently, but that doesn’t make it any healthier for the body than carbs), the body can convert 100% of carbs, 58% of protein & 10% of dietary fat into glucose. The body can also be fueled by fat (dietary fat & fat cells) but only in the absence of carbs. Your brain actually prefers* to be fueled by ketones (part of the fat burning process), it does require glucose also, but glucose can be easily converted from excess protein if needed or dietary fat.

      Plaque build up in the arteries is more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats, which seems to be the conclusion of the following study. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). High triglyceride levels & low HDL levels are an indicator of plaque & glycation – the precursors to a heart attack & heart disease.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html

      study from the Oxford group examining the postprandial (after-eating) effects of a low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diet. (Roberts R et al, 2008)

      Postprandial lipoproteins, you’d think, would be plentiful after ingesting a large quantity of fat, since fat must be absorbed via chylomicrons into the bloodstream. But it’s carbohydrates that figure most prominently in determining the pattern and magnitude of postprandial triglycerides and lipoproteins. Much of this effect develops by way of de novo lipogenesis, the generation of new lipoproteins like VLDL after carbohydrate ingestion.

      Gary Taubes who wrote “Good Calories, Bad Calories” spent 7 years going through all the studies over the last century & dividing up the real science from the faulty science & concluded that low carb was the best way to control insulin levels which balances out other hormones & allows the body to function properly.

      His main points are:

      1. Dietary fat, whether saturated or not, is not a cause of obesity, heart disease or any other chronic disease.

      2. The problem is refined carbs in diet, their effect on insulin secretion & the hormonal regulation of homeostasis.

      3. Sugars – sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup specifically – are particularly harmful, the combination of fructose & glucose simultaneously elevates insulin levels & overload liver with carbs.

      4. Through their direct effects on insulin and blood sugar, refined carbs, starches, sugars are the dietary cause of coronary heart disease & diabetes. They are likely dietary causes of cancer, Alzheimer’s & other diseases.

      5. Obesity is a disorder of excess fat accumulation, not overeating.

      6. Consuming excess calories does not cause us to grow fatter.

      7. Fattening & obesity are caused by an imbalance in the hormonal regulation of adipose tissue & fat metabolism.

      8. Insulin is the primary regulator of fat storage. When insulin levels fall, we release fat from fat tissue.

      9. By stimulating insulin secretion, carbs make us fat.

      10. By driving fat accumulation, carbs also increase hunger & decrease the amount of energy we expend in metabolism & physical activity.

      REASONS TO EAT MORE SATURATED FAT -

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      The only means of lowering Lp(a) – that correlates with risk for heart disease – is eating saturated fat. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the so-called good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone – According to Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50 percent of the fats in the diet.

      3) Improved liver health

      Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from the toxic insults of alcohol & medications and even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      The fat content of lung surfactant is 100 percent saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially causes breathing difficulties, collapse of the airspaces & respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling

      Fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, & palm oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism as well as organs & glands.

      7) Strong immune system

      Fats in butter & coconut oil (myristic acid & lauric acid) play key roles in immune health & have potent germ-killing ability. Loss of saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to recognize & destroy viruses, bacteria, & fungi.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

  26. QUESTION:
    Religiously speaking, what do you think of the situation my mother was in when she passed away 3 days ago?…?
    why would she have to go through 12 years daily in the hospital bed, suffering from alzeimher’s, 2 legs amputated below the knees, aotic stenosis, 90% kidney failure, ischemic heart disease, diabetes and hypertension when she’s a christian?
    Was her god punishing her because I’m an atheist, or did she do really bad things in her previous life, if you believe in karma?….
    ….any other opinions?
    my mum must have been a re-incarnation of Genghiz to suffer that much.
    Moreover, if her “god” can do everything, why can’t he just gave her back her legs, cure her memory, and those healthy kidneys and heart 12 years ago?
    It’s little wonder she became an atheist one year before she died. There is no god. “Slave of 12 Gods” – you’re right.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry for your loss and your mother’s suffering. It happened neither because of God, or Karma, it’s just that sh*t happens in life.

  27. QUESTION:
    sensitive to sound only when the attack time mostly hour after meal?
    The attack is when I have a headache (but I can feel it my head and forehead arteries) and makes me want to massage my head. It’s usually start happened about 30-60 afer meal. In this moments I am very sensitive to any kind of sound include whenvneighbor clicking his car key remote, also when my wife talking, etc. The sensitive feeling which I think is nerve reaction is like jumping from the building from the hill in a dream (the feeling when in the air moment) mix together with the feeling after, leg falling sleep from wrong position and tingling feeling when tried to move it, not numb). Well this feeling is happen in my head and my spinal. I am thinking of many disease possibility such ischaemic heart disease, hyperacusis, hypoglycemia,kidney (renal artery stenosis or renovascular hypertension), early sign of multiple sclerosis, etc. i will have my blood work result in two weeks and will post the update, but I am posting this to find out if there anyone with the same experience?

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn’t sound like multiple sclerosis, but more like a migraine triggered maybe by something in your diet?

      Migraines can cause sound sensitivity and light-sensitivity.

  28. QUESTION:
    I want to stop taking Lisinopril before becoming pregnant?
    I am 36 yrs old. I am being treated for hypertension due to a kidney disorder called “minimal change disease”. I am taking 10mg of Lisinopril and 80mg of Diovan daily. My BP is usually 110/74 while on the meds. I have experienced SEVERE headaches whenever I forget my meds for several days, so I am afraid of discontinuing my medication. But I would like to conceive in the next few months (before the end of May), and my doctor’s appt. isn’t until the middle of May. I would like to try to discontinue the meds before I see the doctor, to find out if my BP is under control, since I have lost 20 lbs. and have increased my exercise and eating healthy. Any suggestions???

    • ANSWER:
      My main suggestion is DO NOT stop the meds! I am on lisinopril and another med, I have lost 85lbs in the last 8 months and my BP has not come down….so don’t rely on weight loss alone. If you are to be taken off the lisinopril the chances are high that it will need to be replaced with another med. Don’t attempt it without medical supervision, it could be dangerous. You will need guidance regarding pregnancy anyway and you need the right advice from the doctor, not here.

  29. QUESTION:
    Does moderate drinking liquors reduces heart disease by 20 to 49%. ?
    Does moderate drinking liquors reduces heart disease by 20 to 49%. ?
    I was reading that moderate drinkers tend to have better health and live longer than those who are either abstainers or heavy drinkers. In addition to having fewer heart attacks and strokes, moderate consumers of alcoholic beverages (beer, wine or distilled spirits or liquor) are generally less likely to suffer hypertension or high blood pressure, peripheral artery disease, Alzheimer’s disease and the common cold. Sensible drinking also appears to be beneficial in reducing or preventing diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, bone fractures and osteoporosis, kidney stones, digestive ailments, stress and depression, poor cognition and memory, Parkinson’s disease, hepatitis A, pancreatic cancer, macular degeneration (a major cause of blindness), angina pectoris, duodenal ulcer, erectile dysfunction, hearing loss, gallstones, liver disease and poor physical condition in elderly.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I suppose it depends on what you mean by moderate drinking, but I know that drinking can cause alcoholic dilated cardiomyopathy and can also lead to high blood pressure. Obviously, excessive drinking can also lead to a myriad of other disease states, but the aforementioned processes can result from average drinking in some people.

  30. QUESTION:
    Why did Hepatitis C caused Natalie Cole’s two kidneys to completely fail?
    Hepatitis C is known by most people as a type of disease that can cause liver complications which can reach end-stage status…meaning you need a liver transplant or you die. But why did the virus attack and destroy her kidneys and spare her liver, yet cause her kidneys permanent damage?

    We know that hypertension is the no. 2 cause of end-stage renal disease……

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    I have had IgA Nephropathy, are there ways to self-medicate, and is this disease serious or really incurable?
    I’ve been diagnosed since 12 and is under a gov doc since. I had my kidney biopsy done. Now I’m 17 and recently after researching, found out more about this disease though I don’t understand half of what all the websites are saying. Most of the websites have the same information though with all the medical terms I don’t comprehend them. I’m quite mad at my doctor for not explaining to me and my parents about it thus we have been misled into thinking its not serious.

    I’m unsure of how fast this disease progresses and if it’ll reach end-stage renal failure.

    Recently we’ve stopped going for my checkups and taking my hypertension medication as we hear it harms the liver at such a high dosage and I’m taking it for life. Are there other side effects? We tried asking the doctor about using fish oil but she turned us down thus we were upset with her. I feel like a experiment while she’s taking a “trial and error” approach to it.

    Will doing this affect the rate my disease progresses?

    • ANSWER:
      IgA nephropathy is deposition of IgA immune complexes in glomeruli, manifesting as slowly progressive hematuria, proteinuria, and, often, renal insufficiency. Diagnosis is based on urinalysis and renal biopsy. Prognosis is generally good. Treatment options include ACE inhibitors, corticosteroids, and ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
      Most cases of IgA nephropathy can’t be prevented. If you have a family history of IgA nephropathy, talk with your doctor to find out if there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing the disease.
      Controlling your blood pressure is one of the most important ways you can help slow kidney damage from IgA nephropathy. You doctor may recommend changes in your diet — such as limiting your salt intake — to help manage your blood pressure. A low-salt diet can also help minimize fluid retention and swelling. Other dietary changes, such as reducing the amount of protein you eat and taking steps to decrease your cholesterol levels, also may help slow the progression of IgA nephropathy. Talk with your doctor about what’s right for you.
      Coping with IgA nephropathy can be challenging. But, you don’t have to do it alone. If you have questions or would like guidance, talk with a member of your health care team. You may also benefit from joining a support group. Such a group can provide both sympathetic listening and useful information. To find out about support groups in your area that deal with kidney disease, ask your doctor. Or, contact your local chapter of the National Kidney Foundation by calling 800-622-9010.

  32. QUESTION:
    Can someone help me prioritize these nursing diagnoses?
    1. Risk for infection r/t placement of hemodialysis catheters in groin and pectoral region AEB frequent use of site can introduce microorganisms into the blood circulation that would trigger a systemic infection.
    2. Excess fluid volume r/t compromised kidney function AEB slight edema present in legs, hypertension, increased Creatinine which indicates poor kidney function, and a low GFR rate.
    3. Activity Intolerance r/t affects of anemia, increase fall risk (limited movement) AEB morse fall risk scale of 35 and RBC at 3.89 (low).
    4. Sleep Pattern disturbance r/t urinary frequency AEB the patient has frequency of urinary urges to empty urinary bladder and disrupts sleeping pattern.
    5. Risk for decreased cardiac output r/t chronic renal disease AEB variations in blood pressure readings, oliguria, and hypertension resulting from disease process.

    • ANSWER:

  33. QUESTION:
    i need this now, please?
    Distinguish between natural and artificial immunity, and discuss the importance of immunisation in controlling the spread of diseases.

    2)Explain how might each of the following conditions affect the functioning of the kidneys?
    a)Hypertension
    b)An Anti-diuretic Hormone Deficiency
    c)Kidney stones

    3)Construct a food web not less than five(5)
    organisms , including a named parasite.
    a)Suggest a parasite you think would be ideal to use in this case

    4)Explain two (2) ways soil organisms are important in the life of a tree.
    a)Two ways in which the worm for instance, help the tree to survive and how the tree benefits from it.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a lot to be asking in one question.

  34. QUESTION:
    Kre-Alkalyn: GNC: Arnge Krush. Medical Questions?
    I am under the age of 18 and am interested in using Arnge Krush. My parents are not to keen on using different supplements. I am asking doctors whether or not Kre-Alkalyn is safe to take, but I am not getting straight answers.

    Those who use: Why do labels say, “Do not take for more than 6 months”
    Have you heard the rumors about kidney problems?

    Here is a label….

    Individuals sensitive to stimulants should begin use with half the recommended dosage (1-2 scoops) to help assess your tolerance. Never exceed recommended daily intake. Do not use for more than 6 months. Consult a physician or licensed qualified health care professional before using this product if you have or have a family history of (but not limited to): heart disease, thyroid disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, hypertension, hypotension, recurrent headaches, depression or other psychiatric condition, glaucoma, difficulty in urinating, prostrate enlargement, or seizure disorder, if you are using a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) or any other prescription drug or over-the counter drug containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine (found in certain allergy, cough/cold, and weight control products). Do not use if pregnant or nursing or are contemplating pregnancy. Reduce or discontinue use if excessive sleeplessness, tremors, dizziness, headaches or heart palpitations occur. For use by healthy adults only. Not intended for use by persons under the age of 18. Keep out of the reach of children.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    the term erythropoiesis refers to______ . (Homework help please)?
    just want some to check my work and if they are wrong please tell me the answer and how you got it.thanks

    the term erythropoiesis refers to
    A) the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow
    B) the destruction of red blood cells in the spleen
    C) a disease of the red blood cells
    D) the secretion of eryhropoietin by the kidneys (I THINK IT’S B)

    8)Which disease result from insufficient production of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids?
    A) addisom’s disease B) cushing’s syndrome C) conn’s syndrome D) hodgkin’s disease (I THINK IT’S A)

    9)the “silent killer” is

    A)coronary artery disease B)arteriosclerosis C)anemia D)hypertension (I THINK IT’S D)

    11)a common result of hyperthyroidism is
    A)acromegaly B)osteoporosis C) goiter D)myxedema
    (ITHINK IT’S A)

    • ANSWER:
      1. A – the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow
      An erythrocyte is a red blood cell; cell found in blood that lacks a nucleus and contains the red pigment hemoglobin.
      2. A – addisom’s disease (actually is named Addison’s disease)
      3 D – Hypertension
      4. C – Goiter —- Myxedema is caused by hypothyroidism.

  36. QUESTION:
    Indian Oil Pulling or Chinese water Therapy.Which is more effective and any of you have been cured by these?
    Oil pulling or oil swishing with one tablespoon of sunflower or sesame oil
    Oilpulling heals totally “head-aches, bronchitis, tooth pain, thrombosis, eczema, ulcers and diseases of stomach, intestines, heart, blood, kidney, liver, lungs and women’s diseases. It heals diseases of nerves, paralysis, and encephalitis. It prevents the growth of malignant tumors, cuts and heals them. Chronic sleeplessness is cured.”

    Water therapy heals the following.
    Headache, hypertension, anacmia, rheumatism, Bell’s palsy, obesity, arthritis, tinitus, tachycardia, asthciiia.Cough ‘ asthma, bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis.
    Meningitis, hepatic diseases, aropathies.
    Hyperacidity, dysentery, rectal prolapse, constipation, hacmorrhoids, diabetes.
    Opthalmic haemorrhage. Opthalmia.

    Can you explain the correct procedures of each method and how long we have to do?

    • ANSWER:
      Indian oil pulling……………….

  37. QUESTION:
    I have a Effective Herbal Products for your health. But I don’t know how to sell it online. Any idea?
    1 Aarogya (good health) Herbal Tea

    Most of the clients have benefited economically and health-wise also by being involved in income plan and using Aarogya Herbal Tea made by mixing various plants having high medicinal value like Tulasi, Lemon grass, Dandelion, Rose merry and Chamomile .

    ADVANTAGES OF AAROGYA HERBAL TEA:

    a) Prevents from Gastric, Ulcer and Cancer.
    b) Prevents from Hypertension, Constipation and Jaundice.
    c) Does not allow Colitis deposit in kidney and gall bladder.
    d) Prevents from joint pains.
    e) Prevents from diseases related to liver and heart.
    f) Helps Asthma patients.
    g) Prevents diabetes. Helps cure diabetic patients.
    h) Helps in hay fever and cough and cold.
    i) Increases appetite, cleans blood and helps people suffering from piles.
    j) Helps people having Uric Acid, Gout and Arthritis.
    k) Regulates menstruation.

    Please, Mail me for more Products.- tejdiprai@yahoo.com
    CRYSTAL SHAKTIPRAS

    In the process of producing and providing various products made from herbs, this company has presented below a new product called Crystal Shaktipras which is good for health and rejuvenating energy made by mixing up 40 different kinds important herbs including Yarchagumba (aphrodisiac). We have the belief that you will use this also and gain energy and be healthy.

    ADVANTAGES OF CRYSTAL SHAKTIPRAS

    1. Since it is produced from pure herbs, it has no side effect whatsoever.

    2. It is a proper nutritional food for all (babies, youths, women and old people)

    3. It relives or removes weaknesses.

    4. It gives energy and is good for health.

    5. It regenerates semen.

    6. It is a boon for sexually impotent persons.

    7. It prevents from being aborted once conceived.

    8. It is appropriate for Anemia.

    9. It helps bones to get strong and increases intelligence.

    10. It prevents from old aging or being old.

    Please, Mail me for more Products.
    CRYSTAL SHAKTIPRAS

    In the process of producing and providing various products made from herbs, this company has presented below a new product called Crystal Shaktipras which is good for health and rejuvenating energy made by mixing up 40 different kinds important herbs including Yarchagumba (aphrodisiac). We have the belief that you will use this also and gain energy and be healthy.

    ADVANTAGES OF CRYSTAL SHAKTIPRAS

    1. Since it is produced from pure herbs, it has no side effect whatsoever.

    2. It is a proper nutritional food for all (babies, youths, women and old people)

    3. It relives or removes weaknesses.

    4. It gives energy and is good for health.

    5. It regenerates semen.

    6. It is a boon for sexually impotent persons.

    7. It prevents from being aborted once conceived.

    8. It is appropriate for Anemia.

    9. It helps bones to get strong and increases intelligence.

    10. It prevents from old aging or being old.

    • ANSWER:
      ADVERTISE MORE LIKE THE QUESTION YOU HAVE SUBMITTED IN GROCERY CHAINS OR THE MALL

  38. QUESTION:
    General medical questions thanks for the help?
    In which diseases can we expect the elevation of the serum total bilirubin level?
    Malnutrition & malabsorption
    Instrinsic renal lesions
    Hepatitis b- think its this one
    Vitamin d deficiency
    Nephritic syndrome

    Clubbing of the fingers can be a sign of?
    Cystic fibrosis
    Kidney failure-maybe this one
    Tuberculosis- wrong answer
    Liver failure
    Sleen enlargement

    Second heart sound is produced by ?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the aortic and pulmonic valve- think its this one

    Which of the diseases listed below is not a potential cause of dry, hacking cough?
    Allergies
    Viral infections
    Intersticial lung disease
    Tuberculosis
    tumor

    Which group of lymp-nodes located on the head or neck drainage the lymph from the abdomen?
    Supra-clavicular
    Sub-mandibular
    Anterior-cervical
    Sub-mental
    Posterior cervical

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced inspiration are?
    Internal intercostais
    Scalenes
    Diaphragm
    External intercostals
    Abdominal muscles

    First sound is produced by?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valves
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valves
    Closure of the venous valves
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valves
    Closure of the mitral and tripcuspid valves

    Which of the sentences about macrocytic anemia, mentioned below, are true?
    The mcv(mean corpuscular volume) is decreased
    The level of hemoglobin is increased
    The common cause is iron deficiency
    The common cause is b1 deficiency
    The common cause is foliate deficiency

    Chronic suppurative otitis media should be recognized if the drainage from the ear (otorrhea) persists for at least:
    1 month
    3 days
    3 weeks
    6 weeks
    1 week

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced expiration are:
    Scalene
    Abdominal muscles
    Diaphragm
    Sternocleidomastoid muscles
    External intercostals

    Which laboratory results should be considered as an indicator of the acute bacterial infections of the respiratory tract?
    Wbc: 5.0X10^9/L
    Esr: 15mm/hr
    Esr: 36mm/hr
    pO2: 95mmHg
    CRP: 3 mg/L

    Make a false sentence about cough typical for vital infections of respiratory tract:
    It usally last 7-10 days
    A non-productive period is often followed by a productive cough, with production of yellowish sputum
    In some patients it can lead to subacute cough
    Loud cough, non-productive or producing small amounts of sputum
    It is often aggravating at night

    Which from the following accessory investigations is not the imaging study:
    Electrocardiography
    Radiography
    Ultrasonography
    Magnetic resonance
    Tomography

    Which of the sentences about the evaluation of the patients reflexes, mentioned below are true?
    When damage occurs the upper motor neurons (cortical and spinal cord injuries) the reflex arc is interrupted
    During the evaluation of reflex, grade 4+ of the knee jerk means that this reflex is not present
    When testing the patient’s reflexes you don’t have to remember that reflexes can be influenced by age, metabolic factors or electrolyte abnormalities
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots) the spinal reflex arc in uninhibited
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots)the reflexes are decreased

    Associated with dyspnea:
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Mitral stenosis
    All of them can be associated with dyspnea
    Pulmonary embolism
    Anxiety

    • ANSWER:
      1) Hep B
      2) Cystic fibrosis
      3) Aortic and pulmonary
      4) I’d go with tuberculosis, because it would usually be a cough productive of sputum
      5) Supraclavicular
      6) Scalenes
      7) Mitral and tricuspid
      8) Folate deficiency
      9) 6 weeks
      10) Abdominals and intercostals (so I’m not sure which you should put down – maybe abdominals?)
      11) None of them really tell you that, but ESR of 36 is the only unusual one there. Although a PaO2 of 95 could occur as well.
      12) They are all true
      13) Electrocardiograpy
      14) The last one is true
      15) All of them

  39. QUESTION:
    Double Checking Answers On Nutrition Basics. HELP PLEASE! (:?
    I put brackets around my answers. example: [A]

    PLEASE! let me know if they are correct or not. thank you.

    1. One positive attribute of dietary fat is that it’s a good
    source of
    A. water.
    B. boron.
    C. vitamin C
    [D]. energy.

    2. Which one of the following choices is the best way to control
    Type II diabetes?
    A. Injecting insulin
    B. Avoiding all simple sugars
    [C]. Adopting a healthy diet and exercising
    D. Avoiding salt

    3. Which one of the following snacks provides all of the essential amino acids?
    A. Apple wedges and carrot sticks
    [B]. Small bowl of chili beans and rice
    C. Corn on the cob
    D. Pasta salad with vinaigrette dressing

    4. Which one of the following choices is the best way to build muscle bulk?
    A. Use amino acid powders from a health food store.
    B. Eat more high-protein foods.
    C. Avoid vegetarian diets.
    [D]. Eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a regular fitness program.

    5. High triglycerides increase the risk for which one of the following conditions?
    A. Type II diabetes
    [B]. Heart disease
    C. Thyroid disease
    D. Osteoporosis

    6. Saturated fats found in animal productsGDLuch as bacon and cheese, are also called
    A. cholesterol.
    [B]. triglycerides.
    C. lipids.
    D. amino acids.

    7. An elevated HDL is considered a
    A. risk factor for osteoporosis.
    B. risk factor for arthritis.
    [C]. less harmful form of cholesterol found in the body.
    D. more harmful form of cholesterol found in the body.

    8. How can a person with lactose intolerance obtain dietary calcium?
    [A]. Take a pill that helps to digest lactose.
    B. Eat green leafy vegetables, nuts, and enriched soy products.
    C. Eat lots of fresh shellfish.
    D. Eat lots of whole grains.

    9. Which one of the following choices is most accurate about fat-soluble vitamins?
    A. They can cause gastric upset, diarrhea, and kidney stones.
    B. They provide no risk of vitamin toxicity.
    [C]. They can be stored in the body.
    D. They help build collagen and aid in healing.

    10. The glycemic index predicts the way certain foods affect
    [A]. blood sugar levels.
    B. weight loss.
    C. exercise performance.
    D. blood pressure.

    11. What are the health benefits of zinc?
    A. Reduced muscle fatigue
    [B]. Proper wound healing
    C. Control of blood pressure
    D. Lung efficiency

    12. Which one of the following factors contributes to hypertension?
    A. A vigorous exercise regimen
    B. A lack of sleep
    C. A diet that lacks protein
    [D]. A high-fat diet

    13. Which one of the following choices is the best option for a vegan snack?
    A. Vanilla soymilk, peanut butter, and pretzels
    B. Almond milk with butter cookies
    [C]. Chocolate soymilk with angel food cake
    D. Tomato juice and macaroni and cheese

    14. How should daily calorie intake be divided for an adult in good health?
    A. 80 percent carbohydrates, 20 percent proteins
    B. 60 percent carbohydrates, 40 percent proteins
    [C]. 60 percent carbohydrates, 30 percent fats, 10 percent proteins
    D. 80 percent proteins, 10 percent carbohydrates, 10 percent fats

    15. A person who is lactose intolerant would have difficulty digesting which one of the
    following foods?
    A. Grilled veggie burger on a sesame bun
    [B]. Low-fat cheesecake with raspberries
    C. Turkey hot dog with mustard
    D. Three-bean salad

    16. Which one of the following choices is the most nutrient-dense snack?
    [A]. Sliced bananas, walnuts, and orange sections
    B. Baked potato chips and sparkling water
    C. Green salad with ranch dressing
    D. Unsalted pretzels and cheddar cheese

    17. To derive energy from food, you must eat foods that contain
    A. vitamins and minerals.
    [B]. carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
    C. water.
    D. fiber.

    18. Which one of the following choices is a simple sugar?
    A. Glucose
    B. Orange juice
    C. Lactase
    [D]. Chocolate

    19. Which one of the following snack combinations will best satisfy a person’s daily
    fluid requirements?
    A. Ice cream, sherbet, and fruit
    B. Bananas, whole-wheat bread, and water
    [C]. Fresh fruit, green salad, water
    D. Fruit juice, energy bars, cold cereal

    20 Which one of the following choices would be an acceptable small meal for a person
    who is gluten intolerant?
    [A]. Microwave popcorn and carrot sticks
    B. Peanut butter on whole-wheat toast
    C. Bread sticks with low-fat dressing
    D. Orange juice and graham crackers

    • ANSWER:
      You better send each and every question separately..

  40. QUESTION:
    Can someone please help me!!!?
    One positive attribute of dietary fat is that it’s a good source of?
    A)water
    B)boron
    C)vitamin C
    D)energy

    Which one of the following choices is the best way to control Type II diabetes?
    A)Inject insulin
    B)Avoiding all simple sugars
    C)Adopting a healthy diet & excercising
    D)Avoiding salt

    which one of the following snacks provides all of the essential amino acids?
    A)Apple wedges & carrot sticks
    B)small bowl of chili beans & rice
    C)Corn on the cob
    D)Pasta salad with vinaigrette dressing

    which on of the following choices is the best way to build muscle bulk?
    A)use amino acid powders from a health food store
    B)eat more high-protein foods
    C)avoid vegetarian diets
    D)eat a healthy,balanced diet & follow a regular firness program

    High triglycerides increase the risk for which one of the following conditions?
    A)type II diabetes
    B)heart disease
    C)thyroid disease
    D)osteoporosis

    saturated fats found in animal products,such as bacon & cheese,are also called?
    A)cholesterol
    B)triglycerides
    C)lipids
    D)amino acids

    an elevated HDL is considered a?
    A)risk factor for osteoporosis
    B)risk factor for artritis
    C)less harmful form of cholesterol found in the boady
    D)more harmful form of cholesterol found in the body

    How can a person with lactose intolerance obtain dietary calcium?
    A)take a pill that helps to digest lactose
    B)eat green leafy vegetables,nuts,and enriched soy products
    C)eat lots of fresh shellfish
    D)eat lots of whole grains

    which of the following choices is most accurate about fat-soluble vitamin?
    A)they can cause gastric upset,diarrhea,and kidney stones
    B)they provide no risk of vitamin toxicity
    C)they can be stored in the body
    D)they help build collage & aid in healing

    The glycemic index predicts the way certain foods affect
    A)blood sugar levels
    B)weight loss
    C)excercise performance
    D)blood pressure

    what are the heath benefits of zinc?
    A)reduced muscle fatigue
    B)proper wound healing
    C)control of blood pressure
    D)lung efficiency

    which one of the following factors contributes to hypertension?
    A) A vegotous exercise regimen
    B) A lack of sleep
    C) A diet that lacks protein
    D) A high-fat diet

    which one of the following choices is the best option for vegan snack?
    A)Vanailla soymilk,peanut butter,& pretzels
    B)Almond milk with butter cookies
    C)Chocolate soymilk with angel food cake
    D)Tomato jucie & macaroni & cheese

    how should daily calorie intake be divided for an adult in good health?
    A)80% carbohydrates,20% proteins
    B)60% carbohydrates,40% proteins
    C)60% carbohydrates,30% fats,10% proteins
    D)80% proteins,10%carbohydrates,10% fats

    A person who is lactose intolerants would have difficulty digesting which one of the following foods?
    A)grilled veggie burg on a sesame bun
    B)low-fat cheesecake with rasberries
    C)turkey hot dog with mustard
    D)three-bean salad

    which one of the following choices is the most nutrient-dense snack?
    A)sliced bananas,walnuts,& orange sections
    B)baked potato chips & sparkling water
    C)green salad with ranch dressing
    D)unsalted pretzels & cheddar cheese

    To derive energy from food,you must eat foods that contain?
    A)vitamins & minerals
    B)carbohydrates,proteins,and fats
    C)water
    D)fiber

    which one of the following choices would be an acceptable small meal for a person who is gluten intolerant?
    A)microwave popcorn & carrot sticks
    B)peanut butter on whole-wheat toast
    C)bread sticks with low-fat dressing
    D)orange jucie & graham crackers

    • ANSWER:
      A lot of question to answer.

      Could do it, but that would deny you the chance to do some research.

      Also, would take me too long. Please do some research, and answer the questions yourself. You will be able to do it, and feel better in yourself for doing so, rather than copying answers, that could be wrong anyway.

  41. QUESTION:
    Can someone please help me with my homework….?
    One positive attribute of dietary fat is that it’s a good source of?
    A)water
    B)boron
    C)vitamin C
    D)energy

    Which one of the following choices is the best way to control Type II diabetes?
    A)Inject insulin
    B)Avoiding all simple sugars
    C)Adopting a healthy diet & excercising
    D)Avoiding salt

    which one of the following snacks provides all of the essential amino acids?
    A)Apple wedges & carrot sticks
    B)small bowl of chili beans & rice
    C)Corn on the cob
    D)Pasta salad with vinaigrette dressing

    which on of the following choices is the best way to build muscle bulk?
    A)use amino acid powders from a health food store
    B)eat more high-protein foods
    C)avoid vegetarian diets
    D)eat a healthy,balanced diet & follow a regular firness program

    High triglycerides increase the risk for which one of the following conditions?
    A)type II diabetes
    B)heart disease
    C)thyroid disease
    D)osteoporosis

    saturated fats found in animal products,such as bacon & cheese,are also called?
    A)cholesterol
    B)triglycerides
    C)lipids
    D)amino acids

    an elevated HDL is considered a?
    A)risk factor for osteoporosis
    B)risk factor for artritis
    C)less harmful form of cholesterol found in the boady
    D)more harmful form of cholesterol found in the body

    How can a person with lactose intolerance obtain dietary calcium?
    A)take a pill that helps to digest lactose
    B)eat green leafy vegetables,nuts,and enriched soy products
    C)eat lots of fresh shellfish
    D)eat lots of whole grains

    which of the following choices is most accurate about fat-soluble vitamin?
    A)they can cause gastric upset,diarrhea,and kidney stones
    B)they provide no risk of vitamin toxicity
    C)they can be stored in the body
    D)they help build collage & aid in healing

    The glycemic index predicts the way certain foods affect
    A)blood sugar levels
    B)weight loss
    C)excercise performance
    D)blood pressure

    what are the heath benefits of zinc?
    A)reduced muscle fatigue
    B)proper wound healing
    C)control of blood pressure
    D)lung efficiency

    which one of the following factors contributes to hypertension?
    A) A vegotous exercise regimen
    B) A lack of sleep
    C) A diet that lacks protein
    D) A high-fat diet

    which one of the following choices is the best option for vegan snack?
    A)Vanailla soymilk,peanut butter,& pretzels
    B)Almond milk with butter cookies
    C)Chocolate soymilk with angel food cake
    D)Tomato jucie & macaroni & cheese

    how should daily calorie intake be divided for an adult in good health?
    A)80% carbohydrates,20% proteins
    B)60% carbohydrates,40% proteins
    C)60% carbohydrates,30% fats,10% proteins
    D)80% proteins,10%carbohydrates,10% fats

    A person who is lactose intolerants would have difficulty digesting which one of the following foods?
    A)grilled veggie burg on a sesame bun
    B)low-fat cheesecake with rasberries
    C)turkey hot dog with mustard
    D)three-bean salad

    which one of the following choices is the most nutrient-dense snack?
    A)sliced bananas,walnuts,& orange sections
    B)baked potato chips & sparkling water
    C)green salad with ranch dressing
    D)unsalted pretzels & cheddar cheese

    To derive energy from food,you must eat foods that contain?
    A)vitamins & minerals
    B)carbohydrates,proteins,and fats
    C)water
    D)fiber

    which one of the following choices would be an acceptable small meal for a person who is gluten intolerant?
    A)microwave popcorn & carrot sticks
    B)peanut butter on whole-wheat toast
    C)bread sticks with low-fat dressing
    D)orange jucie & graham crackers

    • ANSWER:
      haha help, more like do it for you!

  42. QUESTION:
    Fitness And Nutrition?
    1. One positive attribute of dietary fat is that it’s a good
    source of
    A. water. C. vitamin C.
    B. boron. D. energy.
    2. Which one of the following choices is the best way to control
    Type II diabetes?
    A. Injecting insulin
    B. Avoiding all simple sugars
    C. Adopting a healthy diet and exercising
    D. Avoiding salt
    3. Which one of the following snacks provides all of the essential amino acids?
    A. Apple wedges and carrot sticks
    B. Small bowl of chili beans and rice
    C. Corn on the cob
    D. Pasta salad with vinaigrette dressing
    4. Which one of the following choices is the best way to build muscle bulk?
    A. Use amino acid powders from a health food store.
    B. Eat more high-protein foods.
    C. Avoid vegetarian diets.
    D. Eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a regular fitness program.
    5. High triglycerides increase the risk for which one of the following conditions?
    A. Type II diabetes C. Thyroid disease
    B. Heart disease D. Osteoporosis
    6. Saturated fats found in animal products, such as bacon and cheese, are also called
    A. cholesterol. C. lipids.
    B. triglycerides. D. amino acids.
    7. An elevated HDL is considered a
    A. risk factor for osteoporosis.
    B. risk factor for arthritis.
    C. less harmful form of cholesterol found in the body.
    D. more harmful form of cholesterol found in the body.
    8. How can a person with lactose intolerance obtain dietary calcium?
    A. Take a pill that helps to digest lactose.
    B. Eat green leafy vegetables, nuts, and enriched soy products.
    C. Eat lots of fresh shellfish.
    D. Eat lots of whole grains.
    9. Which one of the following choices is most accurate about fat-soluble vitamins?
    A. They can cause gastric upset, diarrhea, and kidney stones.
    B. They provide no risk of vitamin toxicity.
    C. They can be stored in the body.
    D. They help build collagen and aid in healing.
    10. The glycemic index predicts the way certain foods affect
    A. blood sugar levels. C. exercise performance.
    B. weight loss.
    11. What are the health benefits of zinc?
    A. Reduced muscle fatigue C. Control of blood pressure
    B. Proper wound healing D. Lung efficiency
    12. Which one of the following factors contributes to hypertension?
    A. A vigorous exercise regimen C. A diet that lacks protein
    B. A lack of sleep D. A high-fat diet
    13. Which one of the following choices is the best option for a vegan snack?
    A. Vanilla soymilk, peanut butter, and pretzels
    B. Almond milk with butter cookies
    C. Chocolate soymilk with angel food cake
    D. Tomato juice and macaroni and cheese
    14. How should daily calorie intake be divided for an adult in good health?
    A. 80 percent carbohydrates, 20 percent proteins
    B. 60 percent carbohydrates, 40 percent proteins
    C. 60 percent carbohydrates, 30 percent fats, 10 percent proteins
    D. 80 percent proteins, 10 percent carbohydrates, 10 percent fats
    15. A person who is lactose intolerant would have difficulty digesting which one of the
    following foods?
    A. Grilled veggie burger on a sesame bun C. Turkey hot dog with mustard
    B. Low-fat cheesecake with raspberries D. Three-bean salad
    16. Which one of the following choices is the most nutrient-dense snack?
    A. Sliced bananas, walnuts, and orange sections
    B. Baked potato chips and sparkling water
    C. Green salad with ranch dressing
    D. Unsalted pretzels and cheddar cheese
    17. To derive energy from food, you must eat foods that contain
    A. vitamins and minerals. C. water.
    B. carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. D. fiber.
    18. Which one of the following choices is a simple sugar?
    A. Glucose C. Lactase
    B. Orange juice D. Chocolate
    19. Which one of the following snack combinations will best satisfy a person’s daily
    fluid requirements?
    A. Ice cream, sherbet, and fruit
    B. Bananas, whole-wheat bread, and water
    C. Fresh fruit, green salad, water
    D. Fruit juice, energy bars, cold cereal
    20 Which one of the following choices would be an acceptable small meal for a person
    who is gluten intolerant?
    A. Microwave popcorn and carrot sticks
    B. Peanut butter on whole-wheat toast
    C. Bread sticks with low-fat dressing
    D. Orange juice and graham crackers

    • ANSWER:
      1 d
      2.c
      3.b
      4.d
      5.b
      6.b
      7.d
      8.b
      9.c
      10.a
      11.b
      12.b
      13.d
      14.c
      15.b
      16.a
      17.a
      18.b
      19.c
      20.b

      alright… i hope i did well!

  43. QUESTION:
    Does this sound like feline hypothyroidism, or something else?
    Trying to diagnose my cat before the vet does. I have the zillionth appointment today with my senior male feline. He is 16. He was diagnosed with CRF two years ago. Blood test two days ago shows everything within the normal levels (including phosphorus, glucose, liver, kidney) EXCEPT he is a little anemic. He is blind in the only eye he has–at the time his retina detached he was diagnosed with hypertension. He takes a pill to regulate that but his vision did not return. When he was first found to be anemic, he was also diagnosed with a red blood cell infection (yes, red blood cell infection – mycoplasma turicensis and another one that started with an hae…). He took an antibiotic for a month but has not been retested to see if it’s been cleared up. This weekend, he had diarrhea and was vomiting. His back legs are also weak. Today’s tests will be a T4 for thyroid specifically and possibly xrays for some sort of GI disease/cancer. Can any of his symptoms be in line with a thyroid issue? Or could the mycoplasma issue be cancer related but the rest of his bloodwork was normal? For the diarrhea, they gave him some fluids that seemed to have at least temporarily helped him feel and “go” better, but his hind legs are still weak. Thoughts? (Prayers and miracles also welcome. I know he’s old, but if he can be made to feel better for a little longer, I’d love that.)

    • ANSWER:
      Hypothyroidism is relatively rare in cats, and it is not considered fatal, although it can affect a cat’s quality of life and IT IS common in older Cats..but the vomiting and diarrhea really has nothing to do with hypothyroidism. This cat has lived a long life, be very happy for it, but also sense/find if he is in pain if you are going to be self-diagnosing too. Because if he is, you wouldn’t want him to suffer any longer either, of course?

      Symptoms of hypothyroidism are weight gain, dull coat and general lethargy..not vomiting, weak legs and diarrhea.

  44. QUESTION:
    Help Pharmacology question!!!?
    Which of the following is NOT true of histamine?

    a. It is a chemical found in body tissue that protects against environmental factors.

    b. Its greatest concentration is found in the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs.

    c. Its principal action is vascular dilation and contraction of smooth muscles of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract.

    d. It is not a problem with most upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.

    e. Sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and bronchoconstriction are often the result of histamine release.

    Which of the following is NOT true of diuretics?

    a. They block the reabsorption of sodium and chloride.

    b. They may be used alone or with other medications to treat hypertension.

    c. Electrolyte levels are not a problem when using diuretics.

    d. They are classified by their action in the nephron of the kidney.

    e. All of the above statements are true.

    Which of the following is NOT true of cromolyn sodium?

    a. It relieves allergic reactions after exposure to allergens.

    b. It relieves allergic reactions before exposure to allergens.

    c. It takes about a week for it to be effective.

    d. It should be used throughout the allergy season.

    e. It is not effective against nonallergic rhinitis.

    Which of the following is NOT a decongestant agent?

    a. phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)

    b. pseudoephedrine (Sudafed/Afrin)

    c. chlorpheniramine (Chlortrimeton/Teldrin)

    d. ephedrine

    e. epinephrine (Primatene/adrenalin)

    Which of the following is NOT true of nitroglycerin?

    a. The side effects include headache, hypotension, and tachycardia.

    b. When using sublingual nitroglycerin, the patient should have a moist mouth so that the medication will dissolve.

    c. It is a stable medication and is effective until the expiration date whether the bottle has been opened or not.

    d. When using transdermal nitroglycerin, the medication should be worn no more than 10-12 hours per day to avoid developing tolerance.

    e. Prophylactic nitroglycerin should be discontinued gradually.

    • ANSWER:
      do your own homework

  45. QUESTION:
    How do I get the council to give me a decent house?
    I suffer from diabetes, hypertension, kidney problems, diabetic neuropathy and had a short period of depression. Also, i wake up multiple times during the night to use the toilet which disturbs my family’s sleep.
    More over my mum suffers from depression, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, severe arthritis and also frozen shoulder.

    Also i dont get along with my mom as we are always in conflict as i dont have my own space. btw moving out is not an option.

    We told this to the council but they dont listen. they say we should accept a 2 bedroom house (we are 4 people), we need at least 3 bedrooms. what should i do?

    SERIOUS ANSWERS ONLY PLEASE!!

    • ANSWER:
      have you tyred looking into other housing plans like elem house they work with all different age group and can cater for people in all different situations. my sis got involved with them after having bad depression they were really good and offer a lot of support.I hope that helps!

  46. QUESTION:
    Medical Benefits of Ramadan ?
    Medical Benefits of Ramadan
    by Shahid Athar, M.D.

    Most Muslims do not fast because of medical benefits but because it has been ordained to them in the Quran. The medical benefits of fasting are as a result of fasting. Fasting in general has been used in medicine for medical reasons including weight management, for rest of the digestive tract and for lowering lipids. There are many adverse effects of total fasting as well as so-called crash diets. Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans because in Ramadan fasting, there is no malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake. The caloric intake of Muslims during Ramadan is at or slightly below the national requirement guidelines. In addition, the fasting in Ramadan is voluntarily taken and is not a prescribed imposition from the physician.

    Ramadan is a month of self-regulation and self-training, with the hope that this training will last beyond the end of Ramadan. If the lessons learned during Ramadan, whether in terms of dietary intake or righteousness, are carried on after Ramadan, it is beneficial for one’s entire life. Moreover, the type of food taken during Ramadan does not have any selective criteria of crash diets such as those which are protein only or fruit only type diets. Everything that is permissible is taken in moderate quantities.

    The only difference between Ramadan and total fasting is the timing of the food; during Ramadan, we basically miss lunch and take an early breakfast and do not eat until dusk. Abstinence from water during this period is not bad at all and in fact, it causes concentration of all fluids within the body, producing slight dehydration. The body has its own water conservation mechanism; in fact, it has been shown that slight dehydration and water conservation, at least in plant life, improve their longevity.

    The physiological effect of fasting includes lower of blood sugar, lowering of cholesterol and lowering of the systolic blood pressure. In fact, Ramadan fasting would be an ideal recommendation for treatment of mild to moderate, stable, non-insulin diabetes, obesity and essential hypertension. In 1994 the first International Congress on “Health and Ramadan”, held in Casablanca, entered 50 research papers from all over the world, from Muslim and non-Muslim researchers who have done extensive studies on the medical ethics of fasting. While improvement in many medical conditions was noted; however, in no way did fasting worsen any patients’ health or baseline medical condition. On the other hand, patients who are suffering from severe diseases, whether diabetes or coronary artery disease, kidney stones, etc., are exempt from fasting and should not try to fast.

    There are psychological effects of fasting as well. There is a peace and tranquility for those who fast during the month of Ramadan. Personal hostility is at a minimum, and the crime rate decreases. Muslims take advice from the Prophet who said, “If one slanders you or aggresses against you, say I am fasting.’” This psychological improvement could be related to better stabilization of blood glucose during fasting as hypoglycemia after eating, aggravates behavior changes.

    There is a beneficial effect of extra prayer at night. This not only helps with better utilization of food but also helps in output. There are 10 extra calories output for each rikat of the prayer. Again, we do not do prayers for exercise, but a mild movement of the joints with extra calorie utilization is a better form of exercise. Similarly, recitation of the Quran not only produces a tranquility of heart and mind, but improves the memory. Therefore, I encourage my Muslim patients to fast in the month of Ramadan, but they must do it under medical supervision. Healthy adult Muslims should not fear becoming weak by fasting, but instead it should improve their health and stamina.

    • ANSWER:
      I am not Muslim but I do follow your writings and thank you for posting here. You are very informative. Some might grumble about your posts because it’d be a stretch to call them questions but I do believe (and hope) most would agree that it’s all ok.

      Best wishes to you.

  47. QUESTION:
    Medical Benefits of Ramadan ?
    Medical Benefits of Ramadan
    by Shahid Athar, M.D.

    Most Muslims do not fast because of medical benefits but because it has been ordained to them in the Quran. The medical benefits of fasting are as a result of fasting. Fasting in general has been used in medicine for medical reasons including weight management, for rest of the digestive tract and for lowering lipids. There are many adverse effects of total fasting as well as so-called crash diets. Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans because in Ramadan fasting, there is no malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake. The caloric intake of Muslims during Ramadan is at or slightly below the national requirement guidelines. In addition, the fasting in Ramadan is voluntarily taken and is not a prescribed imposition from the physician.

    Ramadan is a month of self-regulation and self-training, with the hope that this training will last beyond the end of Ramadan. If the lessons learned during Ramadan, whether in terms of dietary intake or righteousness, are carried on after Ramadan, it is beneficial for one’s entire life. Moreover, the type of food taken during Ramadan does not have any selective criteria of crash diets such as those which are protein only or fruit only type diets. Everything that is permissible is taken in moderate quantities.

    The only difference between Ramadan and total fasting is the timing of the food; during Ramadan, we basically miss lunch and take an early breakfast and do not eat until dusk. Abstinence from water during this period is not bad at all and in fact, it causes concentration of all fluids within the body, producing slight dehydration. The body has its own water conservation mechanism; in fact, it has been shown that slight dehydration and water conservation, at least in plant life, improve their longevity.

    The physiological effect of fasting includes lower of blood sugar, lowering of cholesterol and lowering of the systolic blood pressure. In fact, Ramadan fasting would be an ideal recommendation for treatment of mild to moderate, stable, non-insulin diabetes, obesity and essential hypertension. In 1994 the first International Congress on “Health and Ramadan”, held in Casablanca, entered 50 research papers from all over the world, from Muslim and non-Muslim researchers who have done extensive studies on the medical ethics of fasting. While improvement in many medical conditions was noted; however, in no way did fasting worsen any patients’ health or baseline medical condition. On the other hand, patients who are suffering from severe diseases, whether diabetes or coronary artery disease, kidney stones, etc., are exempt from fasting and should not try to fast.

    There are psychological effects of fasting as well. There is a peace and tranquility for those who fast during the month of Ramadan. Personal hostility is at a minimum, and the crime rate decreases. Muslims take advice from the Prophet who said, “If one slanders you or aggresses against you, say I am fasting.’” This psychological improvement could be related to better stabilization of blood glucose during fasting as hypoglycemia after eating, aggravates behavior changes.

    There is a beneficial effect of extra prayer at night. This not only helps with better utilization of food but also helps in output. There are 10 extra calories output for each rikat of the prayer. Again, we do not do prayers for exercise, but a mild movement of the joints with extra calorie utilization is a better form of exercise. Similarly, recitation of the Quran not only produces a tranquility of heart and mind, but improves the memory. Therefore, I encourage my Muslim patients to fast in the month of Ramadan, but they must do it under medical supervision. Healthy adult Muslims should not fear becoming weak by fasting, but instead it should improve their health and stamina.

    • ANSWER:
      Studies conducted on Ramadan-type fasting (RTF) have shown that fasting affects human biochemistry. Such fasting results in an increase in serum lipids and uric acid, though the latter has no adverse health effects. Long term effects, such as an increase in HDL cholesterol and a decrease in LDL cholesterol, have been observed with Ramadan fasting.

      A decrease in blood glucose, actate and pyruvate, has also been observed, possibly indicating alterations in metabolic activities. Basal metabolism also slows down, and fat is used more efficiently during such fasting. During fasting, the liver responds with adaptive changes in metabolic activities. The increased activities of enzymes involved in the degradation as well as the production of glucose suggest that RTF enhances nutrition and energy metabolism. There is no conclusive evidence whether the weight of an individual is affected positively or negatively by Ramadan style fasting.

  48. QUESTION:
    Kre-Alkalyn: GNC: Arnge Krush. Medical Questions?
    I am under the age of 18 and am interested in using Arnge Krush. My parents are not to keen on using different supplements. I am asking doctors whether or not Kre-Alkalyn is safe to take, but I am not getting straight answers.

    Those who use: Why do labels say, “Do not take for more than 6 months”
    Have you heard the rumors about kidney problems?

    Here is a label….

    Individuals sensitive to stimulants should begin use with half the recommended dosage (1-2 scoops) to help assess your tolerance. Never exceed recommended daily intake. Do not use for more than 6 months. Consult a physician or licensed qualified health care professional before using this product if you have or have a family history of (but not limited to): heart disease, thyroid disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, hypertension, hypotension, recurrent headaches, depression or other psychiatric condition, glaucoma, difficulty in urinating, prostrate enlargement, or seizure disorder, if you are using a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) or any other prescription drug or over-the counter drug containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine (found in certain allergy, cough/cold, and weight control products). Do not use if pregnant or nursing or are contemplating pregnancy. Reduce or discontinue use if excessive sleeplessness, tremors, dizziness, headaches or heart palpitations occur. For use by healthy adults only. Not intended for use by persons under the age of 18. Keep out of the reach of children.

    • ANSWER:
      Read on down to the bottom of the label to see if the product has been evaluated, endorsed or regulated by the FDA. If not – you need to stay away from it.

      From the list of possible side effects – you would be better off eating the label!!!

      Too risky. I’m with your parents on this one.


Disease Of Kidney And Pancreas

If your family has a history of any kind of kidney problems, you may be at risk for kidney disease.

1.Diabetic Nephropathy
Diabetes is a disease that keeps the body from using glucose (sugar) as it should. If glucose stays in your blood instead of breaking down, it can act like a poison. Damage to the nephrons from unused glucose in the blood is called diabetic nephropathy. If you keep your blood glucose levels down, you can delay or prevent diabetic nephropathy.

2.High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can damage the small blood vessels in your kidneys. The damaged vessels cannot filter wastes from your blood as they are supposed to.

Your doctor may prescribe blood pressure medication. Blood pressure medicines called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been found to protect the kidneys even more than other medicines that lower blood pressure to similar levels. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), a part of the National Institutes of Health, recommends that people with diabetes or reduced kidney function should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mm Hg.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of 22 year old with End Stage Renal/Kidney Disease?
    I’m 22 years old and have ESRD. I started dialysis in February 09 and currently go three times a week. I’m also a type 1 diabetic since 1997. After dialysis I tend to be sick a lot. I’m currently on the UNOS list for a kidny & pancreas transplant. I guess I just want to know how long a young person usually lasts with kidney disease as I want to live my life to the fullest like havig a family. If you have any input I would love to hear it. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      if ur following all of the guide lines, taking ur meds, not gaining more than 2 kilos between treatments, following ur diet, u should be able to live a fairly long life, not doing any of the above mentioned things will decrease the expectancy considerably as the consequences don’t show right away and when they do show up their life threatening and irreversible. Screw around enough with diet, weight, meds and you’ll end up bed ridden in a nursing home if ur lucky and dead if ur not lucky

  2. QUESTION:
    Can you become a living organ donor without a drivers license?
    I’m 16, and I haven’t had time to study for the driving test. Too much homework. Also, because of my age, if my parents consent can I donate my liver/intestine/lung/bone marrow? I can’t donate my kidney or pancreas since I have a risk for kidney disease.
    I’m in Canada, BC.
    I’m in Canada, BC.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know about Canada, but imagine it is probably the same. In the U.S., you must be 18 years old. Nobody can consent for you. It has to be YOUR decision. The organ donor question on your license is asking whether or not you would like to donate should you die. It has nothing to do with making a conscious decision while you are awake and well. Even if you would say yes to being a donor, your family would still have to give their approval for anyone to remove your organs once you die. This goes for anyone at any age, not just because you are a minor.

  3. QUESTION:
    Ciggie Packs To Have Graphic Pictures On The Pack – Why Not Do The Same For Alcohol?
    Hello.I welcome the idea,allbeit a bit late,to introduce graphic images onto cigarette packs to shock people into stop smoking. If it can be done for cigarettes packets,why can’t similar graphic images be used to show the effects of drinking alcohol?

    For example,there could be a photo of throat, tongue or mouth cancer, or a diseased liver and pancreas, or kidneys all shown as the “before” and “after” effects in photo form of alcohol abuses. There could even be a diseased brain showing damage. In fact, there are so many possibilities and permutations on this.

    My question is thus:- If the effects of alcohol were shown in photo form on EVERY type of alcoholic beverage currently available in the UK,and done in the same way and manner which is going to be used on cigarette packs,would it deter you from drinking alcohol?

    I wonder where YOU stand on this?

    Alan L.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree. Everyone knows what cigarettes can do to you, but I don’t think many people believe that alcohol can also kill you.

      My 23 year old cousin almost died from pancreatitis last year, he only had a 25 % chance of survival, he pulled though but if he starts to drink again he’ll kill himself. He is now one messed up young man.

      My friend’s partner died last month from sorosis of the liver from years of binge drinking, he was 35 years old.

      I don;t think the pictures will work on ciggies and they wouldn’t work if introduced for alcohol either.

  4. QUESTION:
    Why no reply to my quetion on What does kindneys do if you have too much sugar?
    Why no reply to my quetion on ”What does kindneys do if you have too much sugar or saluts or not enough ”’

    This should be a no brainer question. The closest I can find on this topic is this.
    ==========================================================
    Your kidneys don’t brake down sugar has your pancreas makes insulin and your insulin brakes down the sugar .Too much sugar you get sick and you body is not making enough insulin and your diabetic .Too little sugar and you get sick and this mostly if you starve you self or you body is not processing the sugar. .If you making enough insulin you sould have no problem.

    Wel protein in the urine is sign of diabetic or kidney disease. And sugar in the urine is a sign of your body not making enough insulin . There should be no sugar or protin in the urine.

    Well salts in the urine is okay.Your body does will store any extra protein and sugar not being used.

    too much sodium will damage the kidneys very quickly.
    ==========================================================

    But it does not say that much or what happence when body goes bad and you have too little or too much or having problems procccesing it.

    I seen progrmas on TV where people are in ER with too much or too litle or having problems procccesing it.I seen a program where the person body is going bad and crave salts alot.

    This should be a no brainer question.

    • ANSWER:
      Too much sugar can result in the kidney getting larger and producing pathological changes in the kidney. It can also lead to the formation of kidney stones.

      However, not having enough sugar doesn’t really effect your kidneys.

      To find out more info look at the page below :)

  5. QUESTION:
    My husband may be in denial about his cancer?
    My husband is currently suffering from the early stages of liver and kidney disease. While undergoing routine imaging of his liver, the doctor noticed an abnormality on his pancreas as well. It turned out the abnormality was a tumor. This was three weeks ago.

    He handled the news relatively well at first, but now I’m convinced he’s losing his mind. He outright refuses to even consider any treatment options and seems entirely convinced that there is no cancer at all.

    He’s cooked up a crazy conspiracy theory that his cancer diagnosis was an elaborate hoax perpetrated by his ex-wife and her new husband. He’s convinced himself that the doctor who diagnosed him was, in fact, an actor and that the test results were entirely forged. I tried to reason with him, but he’s completely absorbed in his insane fantasy world. I don’t think he’s even slept in four days.

    How can I bring him back to reality?

    Please help. I’m beginning to lose control of the situation. Thanks and God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      Problem is you never had control over the situation. It’s just a guess but I wouldn’t be too surprised that your husband is an alcoholic. Liver failure, renal disease and now pancreatic tumors are all classic end line damage from drinking. (not the only way it happens but probably the most common) Add dilusional thinking which is also part of a chronic alcoholic. Pancreatic cancer is very painful and usually ends in death in less than 1 years time. It really doesn’t matter what he does at this point in time if it is pancreatic cancer so what does this dilusion do to hurt him? It will not change the outcome one bit.

      What could have changed the outcome would have been to have the same concern over his chronic drinking. Getting help for that would have changed everything in his future that has now come to be. We don’t see what we don’t want to admit… both for him and you. You cannot change other people until you look inside and change what needs to change in yourself. People can only react to what they see. If you supported the man so that he could successfully drink then what did you have the potential to control that could have been different???

      Now it is very late in the process to change much. Get his financial affairs in order. That is the only reality at this point he really needs to deal with.

      Addendum:
      I am not trying to blame her for her husband’s drinking. What I am trying to show is that there are few successful alcoholics without someone propping them up enabling their addiction. It is always a dance between the addict and the enabler. If the enabler begins to look at their own behavior then usually the addict cannot hide solely in his addiction. Her husband is responsible for his own actions however, the enabler teaches their children that all of this is ok and part of life to accept as normal. Mom put up with it so I guess this is what I should look for too in a mate. A trip to Alanon would be very beneficial for the whole family even if the addict does not get involved or wants to get better. At least the family chaos stops at his own two feet and not taught to the children this is a good way to live not to mention all the heartache to his wife over the years. Like I said, both need to get help… not just the addict. What happens now to her husband is in God’s hands. What happens to her and her family is in her hands. It’s just too bad that it takes this level of chaos to get people to think that maybe I need to learn some new tools to live a better life. Help would have been very beneficial earlier in the relationship and both would have benefited from it even if she was the only one to go to Alanon. At least the children would learn a better way to cope by her example. She cannot control his drinking or his disease but she has a lot of control over the collateral damage his disease brings to the rest of the family. This is why the enabler has a shared responsibility. I hope you get this.

  6. QUESTION:
    Do the Dead connect with the living for some reason? I feel him around me. I see him in my home.?
    My husbands step sisters boy killed himself September 11 this year. He would have been 22 on Sept.14th. We have not been around them since 1996 when his father past away from Kidney disease. He fell at this boys feet and died. When he was only 8 years old. The boy fought with his fathers death for many years. The boy became a Brittle Diabetic at 11 he was on shots and pills both, He had to be tested every hour. Then at 13 they found out his pancreas was not working was why his insulin would not regulate. Then at 16 he had to have open heart surgery he had to have a big patch put on his heart. Then at 18 he found out his kidneys were shutting down. His mother wanted him to go on the organ transplant list he refused. The boy was very smart. We have not been around him since 1996. And yet when I went to his funeral. I looked at him I could feel his spirit reaching out to me. I look at pictures of him and his eyes almost feel like they conect to mine. He committed suicide by taking his car to a place nobody but him knew about. And he mixed coxic chemicals in a big tub and put them in the back of his car left a suicide note that he was in so much pain and was tired of his life always his heart hurting, his kidneys shutting down. Not wanting the organ transplants and all and so he felt this was something he had to do. I feel it was much easier.He was seeing a phychiatrist so he was not allowed guns, If he quit taking his heart medicine and his mom found him from a heart attack they would keep him alive by machines and give him the heart transplant. If he quit taking his insulin and went into a Diabetic coma the would just pump him full of insulin and bring him back. And if he wrecked his car then they would put him on life support and he would or could end up in a wheelchair for life. This way it was over by the time he was found. And he left a suicide note so the police never even ordered a Autopsy. But when I am home alone I go into a room and I can feel him there. I see him in the dark. I feel his voice talking to me And yet I never even really knew him as a young man. I have not seen him at all since 2007 when my husbands grandmother past away. I just really feel so connected to this young man. It makes me feel good to know he is here. I am not scared in anyway. It is just a warm feeling that he chose me to come to. But yet there are so many questions when he has 2 sisters and his mom and other family.That all Loved and miss him so greatly. To basically choose me a stranger. Is it that he feels the comfort being around me that I truely understand in my mind why he felt that he had to take his life.I do not feel bad because he done it. I feel he is at peace finally and no longer in the anguising pain he was in. Both mentally and physically. But I feel his presents in my home where he had NEVER been.

    • ANSWER:
      Poor soul, he had too much to contend with. Maybe he saw you as a person of understanding. I believe you are wrong about one thing-he may very well be near his sisters & mom,too. At any rate, this won’t last long. He is just having a lingering good bye and will soon be off to far greater things.

  7. QUESTION:
    Cancer Colon or Pancreas?
    My father has been operated for cancer and surgeon has removed part of his large intestine and pancreas, kidney and spleen completely. Now biopsy report is awaited. Doctor says it is safe now and necessary next level therapy will start after three weeks. I want to provide him best of alternative therapy along with chemo and radio. Pls guide me. I live in Indore and wish to take second opinion either in Delhi or Mumbai. Pls suggest which one is better and also names of oncologist to assist me. I am not aware whether it is 4th level colon or pancreas cancer. Kindly help me in understanding in his disease and the best way forward.

    • ANSWER:

  8. QUESTION:
    I’m looking for any advice on Crohn’s disease & Pentasa?
    I’m hoping there is someone out there that could help me, I’ve been sick since May, Dr finally diagnosed me with Crohn’s says hes 80% sure.

    Symptoms
    Upper Abdomen
    Pain worsens with activity or bending
    Fatigue
    Bloating
    Gas
    Painful cramps
    Pressure
    Some mucus in stool
    Sometimes tenderness
    Sharp pain above navel moves to under rib cage mostly on left side toward middle
    Scraping feeling in abdomen
    Bowel movements very

    No Symptoms while sleeping
    No Jaundice
    No Blood in stool
    No Dark Urine
    No Loss of appetite
    No weight change
    No vomiting
    No sexual problems
    No heart Palpitations
    No relief after eating
    No relief by bowel movement
    No relief by passing gas

    After taking Pentasa for a few days the pain started to go away. Then I developed joint pain from the Pentasa to the point I could hardly walk this has lasted a month along with the headaches now that joint pain and headaches are no longer a issue I have nausea most of the time. Tired all the time. Still have some pain in gut, not as bad as before Pentasa.
    I have searched forums haven’t had any luck.
    So my Questions are,
    How long Does the nausea last?
    Why haven’t I lost weight do to the Crohn’s?
    Do I really have Crohn’s or could I been looking at something else?

    HISTORY

    TEST
    6-24-2008 C-scan abdomen
    7-7- 2008 Ultrasound Gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys
    8-1- 2008 Upper EUS endoscope
    8-11-2008 MRI MRCP protocol
    9-12-2008 HIDA scan
    9-17-2008 Colonoscopy (Biopsy)

    Surgeries
    3-2000 Cervical Cancer Surgery
    3-2004 Hysterectomy minus ovaries and clamps

    Medacations
    10-2008 Pentasa 500 mg 8x day Crohn’s disease
    9-2005 Lexapro 10mg 1x day Depression
    7-2008 Aciphex 20mg 1x day When needed/ heartburn
    1-2008 Diphenhydramine 1-2 x day left arm itch syndrome
    Vitamins
    Oscal 500+D 1x day
    Citrucel 1x day
    Centrum A-Z 1x day

    Snow love thank you so much for your input.
    I live in the US.
    I did have the Barium x-ray its called MRI MRCP protocol its more advanced.
    I also forgot to mention at times I still have the bloating, very uncomfortable.

    • ANSWER:
      Pentasa never did anything for me when I took it but made me depressed from taking those 16 pills a day, in addition to my other pills. Like the previous person said, I seem to recall that Pentasa isn’t highly used to treat Crohn’s any longer.

      Ask your doctor about Endicort. Yes, it is a steroid but FAR less damaging than prednisone.

      Also, visit www.ccfa.org for some great info. They have some great support groups for people with Crohns. I used to lead one before I got married. I only quit because life was too busy then. I found out recently, life gets alot busier when you have a baby.

      If you ever have any questions, click on my pic and send me an email.

  9. QUESTION:
    Do You Know?
    All products containing tobacco, like cigarettes and snuff lead to disease and death by causing:

    > cancer of mouth, throat, lungs, larynx, food pipe, urinary bladder, kidney, pancreas and cervix;

    > accelerating heart disease and hypertension;

    > chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd);

    > reproductive problems like impotence in men, sterility in women;

    Smokers have

    > 20-25times higher risk of developing cancer

    > 2-3 times higher risk of heart attack

    > 3 times higher risk of sudden death

    Passive smoking is deadlier than u think

    Children who inhale tobacco smoke, run risk of having bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, and reduced rate of lung growth.

    So, Friends, LIFE IS BEAUTIFUL. DON’T LET IT GO UP IN SMOKE pls!!
    I know that what is listed out here is common knowledge. It is not my intension to preach. I just would be happy if this rings a bell somewhere and some one finds it helpful….

    • ANSWER:
      i know!! i dont see WHY people smoke. it smells on top of all that u just said!! i wish they would just STOP selling that stuff.. i think it is good that ur informing/preaching people about it. u should post it more and more.. so people see this. i cant believe how horrible our world is getting.. and alot of people dont even CARE!! there like what the heck is an ozone? why is there a hole in it? gosh,, people need to learn. i respect you.

  10. QUESTION:
    Husband is an alcoholic and has inflamed kidneys, liver and pancreas..?
    He is in hospital again now for about the 8th time going through a detox. He has alcoholic seizures when trying to stop drinking. If you want to read some of my old posts, feel free…

    Basically I have now split up with him – could not stand it anymore. But I still care about him and hate to see him like this. He went into hospital last Thursday after he called an ambulance. He had been sick for the past 2 days and brough up ALOT of blood – I know I had to go and clean it all up. It suprised me, he has been really sick in the past, but I had never seen anything like that…it had tiny clots in it also.

    Anyway, the doctors have said to him that his kidneys are inflamed, his liver is and his pancreas is. He thinks that he is coming out of hospital today – well is hoping. What do you think the chances of that are? He can be a pain in the ar5e and he just wants to be at home. But there is no one to look after him at home anymore as I am not there for him. I just worry that he will go home and he will just do what he did before, which was just literally sitting there being depressed and start drinking again. Oh he also has slight jaundice as well.. as I said this is about the 8th time being in hospital now……always gone in with seizures when he tried to stop drinking, he has alcoholic liver disease. He has had jaundice a few times now. He won’t get the professional help he needs, he thinks he knows best all the time. this is another reason for me leaving – that and all the verbal, physical and mental abuse I have had to put up with over the years..

    Any help or advice would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I know it sounds a bit harsh, but your in a situation that you cannot win. I had the same thing with a member of my family. she got aggressive every time I tried to make her see sense. Shes dead now. and to be honest no one could have done anything to stop it. Alcoholism is like a slow suicide. bloody painfull to watch. My advice is to just be there and do what you can, (if that’s what you want to do) but be carefull, don’t let it wreck your life. don’t be pulled down by it. Its not your fault that hes an alcoholic. Knowing what I know now, I would have walked away from the situation from the beginning.

  11. QUESTION:
    Gallbladder Disease or Stones?
    Here’s the quick version of my story! :)

    For the past 14 months I have had 5 “attacks.” I call these attacks, because I am not in pain on a regular basis. I have gotten woke up out of the blue, in the middle of the night (only once did it happen during the day) with SEVERE pain in my stomach/front. It’s it a peircing pain, that seems to start up high, and just flood my complete front – side to side, top to bottom. Nothing makes the pain go away. It always goes away in about an hour. Most times I end up sick in the bathroom with diarrehea/vomiting/sweaty/hot. The next day I feel like someone beat me up in the stomach and bruised me up. Also I feel like I can’t hold in my stomach!
    After attack #2, I went to our local Urgent Care the next day, they said they thought it was the onset of diverticulitis and saw the constipation in a xray. After attack 3 or 4 I realized I was most always menustrating at the times of these attacks. So, off to my gyno I go to see if it’s related.
    It’s not – but they did find an ovarian cyst we’ll be taking care of – surprise! So my gyno sent me to get an Ultrasound of my Gallbladder, Liver, Pancreas, and right Kidney. I got that today, and will have my results in a few days. When the Ultrasound tech pushed right where my ribcage connects, kind of pushing up and underneath, from the middle towards my right, it hurt! She asked me if there was pain in that spot, and seemed to spend some time there in a small area.

    When she checked under my right side ribcage, no pain – or my right side towards my hip – no pain. But that spot right where my ribcage connects, felt like someone was pushing on a giant bruise! It’s kind of sore now after getting pushed on so hard. I don’t have pain there on a regular basis, only when she was doing that ultrasound.

    Could this be the sign of a bad gallbladder or stones? Is this where the gallbladder is located? Tell me your story. Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      see a doctor since it sounds like more than just stones.

  12. QUESTION:
    metastatic disease is this very bad?
    abdomen multiple seen within the liver with peripheral enhancement.seen inright and left lobe.larges measures4.5×2.7 cm.there calcified granulomas seen in liver and spleen.nosplenic are seen.mass seen in the tail of the pancreas measures5.1×2.9.kidneys normal.bowel normal.chest normal.

    • ANSWER:
      Since you do not mention what kind of cancer you are referring to no one can answer you specifically, but usually it is bad and usually incurable.

  13. QUESTION:
    Driver Education quiz Help on (I DRIVE SAFELY) please.?
    1. __________ is critical to safe driving.
    Vision
    Proper seat position
    Hearing
    Proper hand position

    2. ________________ affect the amount and rate the alcohol reaches the bloodstream.
    The size of the drink, your age, and body weight
    Drinking rate, body weight, and the size of the drink
    Time of day, type of alcohol, and body weight
    Drinking rate, the temperature outside, and body weight

    3. True or False: Driving a motor vehicle after taking substances which alter the central nervous system can have side effects which include impaired attention, reaction time, and vision.
    True
    False

    4. The faster alcohol is consumed, the faster it reaches the __________.
    Bloodstream
    Stomach
    Brain
    Liver

    5. Your field of vision is greatly reduced by________________________.
    Alcohol and speed
    Pedestrians
    Passing other cars
    Intersections

    6. Alcohol can increase __________.
    Reaction time
    Fatigue
    Headlights
    Speed

    7. Cirrhosis is a disease that affects which of the listed organs?
    Liver
    Kidney
    Pancreas
    Stomach

    8. Visual acuity is reduced more than ______________ at nighttime.
    Two percent
    One-half
    Twenty-five percent
    One-tenth

    9. The more alcohol-concentrated a beverage is, the __________.
    Faster it will be absorbed
    Slower it will be absorbed
    Better it will taste
    More likely it will cause a hangover

    10. True or False: Most drugs are eliminated by the kidneys in urine although some are excreted in saliva, sweat, or exhalation.
    True
    False

    • ANSWER:
      Drinking rate, body weight, and the size of the drink

      +

  14. QUESTION:
    12 patients of zodiac, being ill in Astrology? ?
    Astrology has also it’s own opinion about medicine science and some signs have more certain diseases and problems with health. But is this true in your case?

    Aries – Accidents, injuries to head, mouth and tooth diseases, ocular diseases, headaches and insomnia.
    Taurus – Angina and tonsillitis, kidney problems, health issues caused by over weight. Rarely sick.
    Gemini – Insomnia and problems to relax. Migraine, decent, asthma, skin problems, backache. Infections in hands, fingers and neck. Addicts easily.
    Cancer – Stomach pains and stomach ulcer. Anemia, stress, exhaustion and other psychosomatic problems. Burn outs and mental problems. Kidney problems and headache. Addicts easily.
    Leo – Depression, weak bloodstream, heart condition, backache and neck pains, stomach dysfunction.
    Virgo – Insomnia, neurogenic stomach and bowel pains. Haunch and hand pains, gout, arthralgia. Rarely sick.
    Libra – Over weight, kidney and urine diseases. Flus.
    Scorpio – Liver and artery diseases, genital diseases, varicose veins, sports injuries, nose bleedings, flus. Alcohol diseases.
    Sagittarius – Broken bones and sport injuries. Migraine, eczema. Liver and pancreas problems.
    Capricorn – Burn outs and stress. Mental problems. Headaches, eczema, migraine, allergies. Tooth problems. Cancer.
    Aquarius – Weak bloodstream. Heart, pineal gland, nervous system problems. Mental breakdowns. Weak skeleton.
    Pisces – Liver, lung and other visceral diseases. Allergies, eczema, rheumatism and weak metabolism. Alcohol problems. Flus.

    Have you ever diseased you signs typical diseases? Do you think this list makes sense at all?

    This list i guess is by sun sign, is there any else planet that might rule sickness?

    • ANSWER:
      Considering I am only 20 years old, I probably won’t be able to answer this fully. IN 20 years I might have a different answer.

      I have a lot of problems with head aches, mental breakdowns, bi polar ( which isn’t listed ), and stomach aches.

      So I guess that is a mixture of Leo and Aquarius, which is my moon and rising sun respectively. My sun is in Sagittarius which I have never had problems with any of that stuff. My sister is a Sag and she broke a bone.

  15. QUESTION:
    To the WWE Universe, what do you think of this sad article?
    Source: WWE.com

    ARLINGTON, Va. – Sgt. Slaughter is best known to the WWE Universe as the order-barking drill sergeant that participated in countless classic matches. But sadly, this weekend the WWE Hall of Famer attended the funeral of a true American hero: his nephew, Army Ranger Cpl. Benjamin Stephen Kopp.

    An emotional Sgt. Slaughter recalled his nephew by saying, “Ben always loved the military. As a little boy, he loved G.I. Joe and WWE. I was Ben’s hero.”

    Just outside Washington, D.C. at Arlington National Cemetery, Sgt. Slaughter joined a crowd assembled to mourn the loss of Cpl. Kopp, a gathering that included United States Defense Secretary Robert Gates. The 21-year-old serviceman, beloved by all who came in contact with him, was participating in his first tour of Afghanistan after two successful excursions in Iraq.

    On July 10, Kopp and his unit attacked a Taliban safe haven as part of the United States’ continued actions against the fundamentalist organization. For several hours, the servicemen were assailed from multiple directions, and in the process killed more than 10 enemy combatants.

    During the operation however, Kopp was seriously wounded, necessitating that he be transported to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany and then to Walter Reed Medical Center in Washington, D.C. Sadly, despite the best efforts of the medical team, Kopp died as a result of his wounds on July 18.

    “When Ben succeeded in becoming an Army Ranger everything he did became classified. He was one of the elite. We didn’t know where he was or what he was doing. I was worried but I knew he was doing what he wanted to do, what he loved to do; serve his country,” said Slaughter.

    While Cpl. Kopp’s sacrifice in the service of his country would be reason enough to declare him a hero, this young serviceman continued to have an impact even after his death. In accordance with Kopp’s wishes to be an organ donor, the heart of this hero was transferred into the body of a family friend, who was suffering from a rare congenital heart disease. In death, the noble warrior not only saved the life of the heart recipient, but also gave his kidney, pancreas and liver so that others might benefit.

    “It’s a blessing to know my nephew not only gave his life for his country but gave his organs to save more lives. Now, Ben is my hero,” said the WWE Hall of Famer.

    Though the loss of any serviceman is an occasion for mourning, there is a bright light that comes with Cpl. Kopp’s sacrifice. Even after giving of himself in the name of his country, Kopp continued to save and change lives even after his death, an act that should make not only his uncle, Sgt. Slaughter, but all of America proud.

    The story inspired me to support the American troops and become a bigger fan of Sgt. Slaughter. When I saw the article, I was moved so much that my eyes filled with tears. What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      It is a sad article, kinda rough for Sgt. Slaughter, but if he was in the ring announcing that, you know damn well the crude and disprespectful audience would BOOOO as long as he was talking! I know how rude and crude they can be!

  16. QUESTION:
    Having bad chest pains under ribs, shoulder, neck,stiffness plus for years have had right abdominal pain?
    i have the hla b27 gene (AS), sleep apnea, migraines, anemia, cervical disc disease, ear, nose, and throat problems, allergies, pain everywhere, bipolar mixed. i have to research all this on my own because around here nobody cares. anyway I’ve had this right side abdominal pain which i had to have exploratory surgery, removed a piece of tube can’t remember what it’s called and took out my appendix since they were there. then still had abdominal pain which it gave out my back for a month so i had a partial hysterectomy. Well still have that pain and doctors say i’m okay. well what could it possibly be? With this autoimmune disorder it could be the lymph glands (i get a like a lump where it hurts sometimes) and or liver, kidney, pancreas, or adrenal glands, tumors, cancer, cause everything i have can make any thing happen, heart attack, stroke. i’m tired already of researching, have post traumatic stress disorder. Please help, i know it’s a doozy.

    • ANSWER:
      how long ago di you have your hysterectomy, it does take about 3 months to get over it, it is a major operation. even if it was partial.
      do not bend lift or carry anything heavy , you may of strained something inside of you. go back and see gp about it, you may of ruptured it . i hope not for your sake, will keep fingers xx for you.

  17. QUESTION:
    Could this be Hypoglycemia?
    hello , i have visited the doctor multiple times for my condition. I am being diagnosed with anxiety after all the tests i have had done; which include; Echo cardiogram, EKG, full body CT scan, thyroid, liver, kidney and pancreas function test, urinalysis.Gastrointerologist visits, Tested for celiac disease. stool sample was given also. Everything is pretty much normal, except i have Wolff parkinson white syndrome, and mild Mitral Valve prolapse. This problem has been ongoing for about 8 months, the very first day i started having symptoms i felt a bit dizzy,nausea,had loose stool with mucus appearance,mild chest pain, felt a bit depressed, insomnia, short of breathe. After that first day i no longer felt nausea but the other symptoms still occur. along with these other problems i have.
    Heart Palpitations upon waking up a few hours after falling asleep
    Tremors upon waking up
    Shortness of breathe after eating large meals or sugary foods
    Extreme insomnia
    Cloudy urine quite often and sometimes with mucus
    Loose stools, often undigested looking
    Stomach Noise all the time (every day)
    I believe i may have Tinnitus (ringing and clicking sounds in my ear)
    My tongue is white, which my dentist says its “Geographic Tongue”
    I often feel like i have a strong pulse in the middle to lower of my back, and the back of my head
    I have a fungus under my right toenail that will not clear up with medical cream after 9 months
    Some days i urinate like 15-20 times
    Used to feel Depersonalized until my Psychiatrist put me on Zoloft
    I dont feel depressed like i used to , i used to feel sad, but now im just not happy very often.

    I just got out of the army, in June this year, which i had just spent a year in Iraq and got back in March.
    When i first got back i felt a little weird…. i didn’t feel quite right, I started having my physical symptoms and stuff when i got home to my family in April. I havent felt right since then. Im currently going to the VA clinic. And they probably see me as a Hypochondriac because i make so many appointments, and they just keep telling me i have anxiety. My mother has Hypoglycemia so i decided to research it and it seems to really fit the bill for my symptoms but im not sure. But my doc says that my blood sugar is fine, its been within 88-92 fasting for 12 hours at least. I pretty much feel bad all the time, i tried celexa for a month and i didn’t sleep the whole time, now im on Zoloft for 2 weeks now and taking sertraline(sleeping pill) cause it does the same. Im a 23 year old male and i have been exercising often and trying to eat healthy which doesn’t seem to help my mood very much . Any help/advice would be appreciated.
    sorry i mean the Sleeping pill i take is QUetiapine not sertraline

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, the very first thing I want to say is thank you for your service to our country.

      As you probably already know Wolf parkinson white syndrome can cause the palpitations, dizziness and fainting. In the list of tests done I do not see one that was done for hypoglycemia. This is called a glucose tolerance test. With this a person has a blood draw and then drinks a very sugary drink and then has blood draws over the next several hours. The test shows how your pancreas reacts to an overload of sugar.

      However in all honesty the symptoms that you have described do not sound like hypoglycemia to me. It does sound like a combination of your Wolff parkinson white syndrome and anxiety and or depression causing many of your symptoms. You have only been on Zoloft for 2 weeks and it can take up to 6 weeks or more before the full effects begin to kick in. Give it some more time and in the mean time see if you can set up an appointment with a mental health professional. Good luck to you and please let us know how you are doing.

      Ron

  18. QUESTION:
    smoking….interesting…?
    WHAT HAPPENS TO MY BODY WHEN I SMOKE?

    When you smoke, you can become addicted to, or not able to function without nicotine. By definition: nicotine is a colorless, poisonous alkaloid, derived from the tobacco plant and used as an insecticide. It is the substance in tobacco in which smokers can become addicted. Nicotine is as habit-forming as the drugs heroin and cocaine. Over time, you may have problems with your teeth and gums; staining on your teeth, fingers, and fingernails; bad breath; and wrinkling skin. There are also other, more serious health problems caused by smoking, such as:

    · Lung cancer and other lung diseases, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis

    · Other kinds of cancer, such as cancer of the throat, mouth, esophagus (food pipe), pancreas, kidney, bladder, and cervix (opening to the uterus or womb)

    · Atherosclerosis – clogged and narrowed arteries

    · Heart disease

    · Heart attack

    · Stroke

    · Early menopause – the stopping of menstrual periods

    · Osteoporosis – the thinning and weakening of bones

    · Infertility – problems getting pregnant

    · Problems during pregnancy like miscarriage, early or premature birth, having an infant born with low birth weight, stillbirth, and even infant death

    SMOKING is a habit. Is it good or bad, allowed (halaal) or prohibited (haraam)? Let us see the ruling of Allah Almighty and what medicine said about it, this “evil weed, cancer stick, coffin nails.”

    “Spend your wealth for the way of Allah, and do not throw yourselves with your own hands into destruction. and do good; indeed Allah loves the doers of good ” surah 2 verse#195

    by

    Hamadi Al-Aslani

    THATS ISLAM….the perfect religion.
    @harry : dont take it as a joke..u could have a heart attack….would u think about menopause when u are in the hospital discovering and crying if had u cancer?? dont take life a joke…look at ppl arround u, at the ppl who u love, so dont waste ur life for menopause…..
    just be careful and stop smoking girl.
    ALLAH(swt) knows best.
    @jake: i respect u a looot.
    @wondertwit: ur welcome..thank u for ur politeness.
    @the cat: i doubt that sick ppl with desease bcz of smoking say the same word: cool….i think they are thinking of ‘regret’ more.

    ALLAH(swt) knows best.
    @RK: very interesting..thanks a lot for ur note…im sorry for ur father.
    i ask ALLAH(swt) to protect us all from smoking and these desease.
    again thank u a lot for ur answer.

    • ANSWER:
      mashAllah, great advice sis! smoking is harmful for the body so it’s good that we advice the people to quit.

  19. QUESTION:
    I get nausea if I eat past 6pm it seems. What could be the cause?
    Okay so I’m not pregnant. That’s a fact. We can rule this out right now.
    I have been diagnosed with acid reflux disease. I have family history of ulcers, problems with the pancreas, liver, kidneys. Liver because my grandpa drank quite a bit and my dad because he had hepatitis when he was a young teen I think. Kidneys, I believe my grandma just had kidney stones, and my dad, they just recently found some “sand” in his kidneys (sorry I’m translating this from Russian to English so please excuse me for incorrect terminology if there is any). I’m 18, and in the past about 7 days I’ve been taking prilosec because I think it may have been something like an ulcer opening in my stomach..that was my best guess..
    I’m going to go to a doctor, don’t worry about that, I just wanted to see if anyone has had something similar or if anyone has any suggestions as to what it could be?
    any ideas are appreciated.
    much thanks!
    by the way, I’m pretty good about the food I eat. Since this has started I’ve tried to minimize the fatness of the foods that I eat but it didn’t work. Although I’m still sticking to lower fat foods, I’m not doing a totally low fat diet any more.. I do eat salads and healthy foods. Lately I’ve been trying to stick to light soups like chicken noodle soup and stuff like that. Nothing with too much fat in it.

    • ANSWER:
      Does the Prilosec help?

      Acid reflux is often associated with nausea, and one of the things they tell you is not to eat late at night. Acid reflux, or GERD, is often linked with ulcers too.

      Your initial guess is mine as well.

  20. QUESTION:
    Tell me is it possible for a “non smoker” to develop?
    1 arteries problem (yes/no)
    2 heart attacks(yes/no)

    3 renal failure(yes/no)

    4 strokes(yes/no)

    5 peripheral vascular disease (yes/no)

    6 impotency. (yes/no)

    7 lung cancer (yes/no)

    8 cancer of the oral cavity, (yes/no)

    9 pharynx, (yes/no)

    10 larynx,(yes/no)

    11 esophagus, (yes/no)

    12 bladder,(yes/no)

    13 stomach, (yes/no)

    14 cervix, (yes/no)

    15 kidney and
    pancreas, (yes/no)

    16 acute myeloid leukemia(yes/no)

    If the answer is yes, then why people relate it too much with smoking??
    Just curious to know

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, smoking increases your chances of getting those, that’s all.

  21. QUESTION:
    doctors only , is it possible for a “non smoker” to develop?
    1 arteries problem (yes/no)
    2 heart attacks(yes/no)

    3 renal failure(yes/no)

    4 strokes(yes/no)

    5 peripheral vascular disease (yes/no)

    6 impotency. (yes/no)

    7 lung cancer (yes/no)

    8 cancer of the oral cavity, (yes/no)

    9 pharynx, (yes/no)

    10 larynx,(yes/no)

    11 esophagus, (yes/no)

    12 bladder,(yes/no)

    13 stomach, (yes/no)

    14 cervix, (yes/no)

    15 kidney and
    pancreas, (yes/no)

    16 acute myeloid leukemia(yes/no)

    If the answer is yes, then why people relate it too much with smoking??
    Just curious to know

    • ANSWER:
      The answer to all of your questions is “Yes”. The problem with smoking is that it INCREASES your risk of developing these cancers. Cancers can occur when your cells form in an incorrect pattern and uncontrolled growth rate. Cigarette smoke causes cellular damage and causes a cell to have to replace itself. Each time a cell replaces itself, there is more of a chance of it forming incorrectly, and more of a chance of the body not identifying it to kill it. This is why smoking leads to a higher incidence of cancers.

      As far as impotency, strokes, heart attacks, and PVD-smoking also affects the blood vessels because nicotene is a vasoconstrictor. The long term effects of continuous vasocontriction is hypertension, which manifests as stroke, heart attack, PVD, and renal failure.

  22. QUESTION:
    Doctors only , is it possible for a “non smoker” to develop?
    1 arteries problem (yes/no)
    2 heart attacks(yes/no)

    3 renal failure(yes/no)

    4 strokes(yes/no)

    5 peripheral vascular disease (yes/no)

    6 impotency. (yes/no)

    7 lung cancer (yes/no)

    8 cancer of the oral cavity, (yes/no)

    9 pharynx, (yes/no)

    10 larynx,(yes/no)

    11 esophagus, (yes/no)

    12 bladder,(yes/no)

    13 stomach, (yes/no)

    14 cervix, (yes/no)

    15 kidney and
    pancreas, (yes/no)

    16 acute myeloid leukemia(yes/no)

    If the answer is yes, then why people relate it too much with smoking??
    Just curious to know

    • ANSWER:
      I am not a doctor but I would still love to give my opinion to your question. Yes to all of the above question. Because people who smoke are more apt to become ill. Insurance companies end up paying the medical bills or the state ends up paying the medical bills. By relating it to smoking and trying to get the patience to quit it will save the insurance companies and the tax payers money. I honestly believe that everyone have a gene in there body for cancer and what it does is lay dormant. If the gene decides that it wants to become active that is when your body develops cancer. Now the reason I believe this is I do know several people who do not smoke and have never smoked in there life but have developed cancer and have died from it. Thank you for allowing me to express my opinion.

  23. QUESTION:
    DOCTORS Tell me is it possible for a “non smoker” to develop?
    1 arteries problem (yes/no)
    2 heart attacks(yes/no)

    3 renal failure(yes/no)

    4 strokes(yes/no)

    5 peripheral vascular disease (yes/no)

    6 impotency. (yes/no)

    7 lung cancer (yes/no)

    8 cancer of the oral cavity, (yes/no)

    9 pharynx, (yes/no)

    10 larynx,(yes/no)

    11 esophagus, (yes/no)

    12 bladder,(yes/no)

    13 stomach, (yes/no)

    14 cervix, (yes/no)

    15 kidney and
    pancreas, (yes/no)

    16 acute myeloid leukemia(yes/no)

    If the answer is yes, then why people relate it too much with smoking??
    Just curious to know

    • ANSWER:
      Yes non smokers can get them.

      However, smokers are much more likely to get them. For example, 10% of smokers get lung cancer, less than 1% of nonsmokers. Of all lung cancer patients, 80% are smokers, 20% are non smokers.

  24. QUESTION:
    Oncologists/doctors ,?
    Oncologists/doctors , is it possible for a “non smoker” to develop?
    1 arteries problem (yes/no)
    2 heart attacks(yes/no)

    3 renal failure(yes/no)

    4 strokes(yes/no)

    5 peripheral vascular disease (yes/no)

    6 impotency. (yes/no)

    7 lung cancer (yes/no)

    8 cancer of the oral cavity, (yes/no)

    9 pharynx, (yes/no)

    10 larynx,(yes/no)

    11 esophagus, (yes/no)

    12 bladder,(yes/no)

    13 stomach, (yes/no)

    14 cervix, (yes/no)

    15 kidney and
    pancreas, (yes/no)

    16 acute myeloid leukemia(yes/no)

    If the answer is yes, then why people relate it too much with smoking??
    Just curious to know

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    are there any Oncologists/doctors?
    Oncologists/doctors , is it possible for a “non smoker” to develop?
    1 arteries problem (yes/no)
    2 heart attacks(yes/no)

    3 renal failure(yes/no)

    4 strokes(yes/no)

    5 peripheral vascular disease (yes/no)

    6 impotency. (yes/no)

    7 lung cancer (yes/no)

    8 cancer of the oral cavity, (yes/no)

    9 pharynx, (yes/no)

    10 larynx,(yes/no)

    11 esophagus, (yes/no)

    12 bladder,(yes/no)

    13 stomach, (yes/no)

    14 cervix, (yes/no)

    15 kidney and
    pancreas, (yes/no)

    16 acute myeloid leukemia(yes/no)

    If the answer is yes, then why people relate it too much with smoking??
    Just curious to know

    • ANSWER:
      It is possible to get all of those as a non-smoker. Many of those have an increased risk if you are a smoker. There are certain types of lung cancer (small cell carcinoma) that is very rare if you are a non-smoker, but you can still get lung cancer if you are a non-smoker, just not as likely. There is no instance in which smoking is good for you.

  26. QUESTION:
    petechiae?
    i’ve had petechiae on my legs/feet for about 6 years now.. a couple years ago, i showed them to my doctor, and she said she wasnt worried about them.. but i’ve been reading things online, and getting scared. my blood doesnt have a problem clotting when i get a cut.. and i’ve recently gotten my blood tested and my white blood cells are perfectly fine, as are my spleen/liver/kidneys/pancreas. i’ve been reading TONS of websites about petechiae, but i dont have any blood-disease-related symptoms AT ALL. what else could this be???

    • ANSWER:
      I wish I could help but I have been getting these also… they sure are worriesom and I have yet to show them to the doctor…

      God Bless

  27. QUESTION:
    What do U think advocates call Americans lazy fat how many illegals did this GI’s heart saves family friend?
    WASHINGTON — Cpl. Benjamin Kopp gave his life. And then he saved one.

    An Army Ranger who had been on his third tour of duty, Kopp was buried Friday at Arlington National Cemetery. Sadly, it’s a familiar story: a young man dead before his time, shot by enemies on the other side of the world.

    But this time, there was a renewed life too. Kopp wanted to be an organ donor.

    And after he died, his heart was transplanted into a family member’s friend who had a rare form of congenital heart disease.

    “How can you have a better heart?” said a grateful Judy Meikle, 57, of Winnetka, Ill., who is still recovering from the surgery. “I have the heart of a 21-year-old Army Ranger war hero beating in me.”

    Kopp’s mother, Jill

    Stephenson, of Rosemount, Minn., said that in addition to her son’s heart, doctors removed his kidneys, pancreas and liver for transplant.
    Kopp had served two tours of duty in Iraq when he left this spring for Afghanistan. On July 10, his unit attacked a Taliban haven in Helmand province, according to the 75th Ranger Regiment. The fight lasted several hours, resulting in the deaths of more than 10 Taliban fighters, but Kopp was shot in the leg.

    He was eventually transferred to Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington.

    “Initially, it was really comforting to have him be there” on U.S. soil, Stephenson said. “And then it was tough to see him in that condition. . . . He looked like a big, strong guy. But he was full of tubes and cords and wires.”

    On July 18, Stephenson posted an online journal entry telling family and friends about Kopp’s passing and said they would donate his organs.

    Maria Burud, Stephenson’s first cousin in Chicago, had been following Kopp’s condition on the website. What occurred next was happenstance.

    Burud and Meikle are friends who had worked together in the 1980s. Burud knew that Meikle needed a heart transplant, and Stephenson happened to see her cousin’s message in time.

    Meikle knew it might not work out, that Kopp’s heart might not be a match.

    “It’s a million-to-one shot,” she said.

    It had taken her seven months to get on the eligibility list because she needed to build up a tolerance for heparin, a drug used to prevent blood clots during heart surgery.

    But she got a call later that day from Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago.

    In the early hours of July 20 — two days after Kopp died — Meikle had her transplant surgery at Northwestern.

    “Ben and Jill were so courageous that something good came out of something that was the worst thing that could happen to someone,” Meikle said.

    “I’m just the luckiest woman alive.”

    • ANSWER:
      It’s beyond me how so many can defend, or be complacent about an illegal population who’s allegiance can be questioned so easily. Our soldiers that are serving our country at this moment are renewing my faith in the younger generation. At the very least we need to remove the illegal population so that when our young people come home they can have a job to continue their lives, and not be left wondering if their service was in vein.
      We cannot dishonor their sacrifice.

  28. QUESTION:
    Dog died unknown reasons… Any feedback?
    Hello everyone. heres my question. (Max…age 13) I brought my dog outside on am. fed him, gave him fresh water for the day. I came home 6 hours later and found him lying on the floor. He was wide awake, breathing and looking at me. however he couldn’t stand up. I tried to give him a slice of turkey meat, but he couldnt open his mouth to eat. I instantly brought him to the Vet Hospital. They took xrays, blood work, ultra sound and found his temp. to be 104.5 (normal for dogs is 101-102.5). The kept him over night. the next am. i brought him to my vet, due to a lie i found the vet at the hospital told me (not related to dogs sickness). My vet also did blood tests etc and found only that there was inflamation, fever started to go down to 103, dog still couldnt stand up, no obvious pain, eyes open, could try getting up on front of body only, only hydration/food thru intervenous. i visited him throught this ordeal and he looked at me reacted reg. by petting etc. that night, 9-11-08 he passed in the vet clinic. We did an autopsy which came back last night. All that was found was abnormalities in the liver and kidney brought on by CUSHINGS DISEASE (diagnosed 2006), but not failure to any of these organs. Heart, pancreas, spine, head, brain, anal gland, urine tract and bladder all normal. Cause of death: UNKNOWN. Anyone have and ideas? I know things happen etc, but he wasn’t that old, was well cared for. todays is his burial at the pet cemetery. Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry for your loss.

      I stood by your bed last night, I came to have a peep.
      I could see that you were crying, you found it hard to sleep.
      I whined to you softly as you brushed away a tear,
      “It’s me, I haven’t left you, I’m well, I’m fine, I’m here.”
      I was close to you at breakfast, I watched you pour the tea
      You were thinking of the many times your hands reached down to me.
      I was with you at my grave today, you tend it with such care.
      I want to re-assure you, that I’m not lying there.
      I walked with you towards the house as you fumbled for your key.
      I gently put my paw on you, I smiled and said, “It’s me.”
      You looked so very tired, and sank into a chair
      I tried so hard to let you know that I was standing there.
      It’s possible for me to be so near you every day
      To say to you with certainty, “I never went away.”
      You sat there very quietly, then smiled; I think you knew…
      In the stillness of that evening, I was very close to you.
      The day is over… I smile and watch you yawning
      And say “good-night, God bless, I’ll see you in the morning.”
      And when the time is right for you to cross the brief divide,
      I’ll rush across to greet you and we’ll stand, side by side.
      I have so many things to show you, there is so much for you to see.
      Be patient, live your journey out… then come home to be with me.
      ~Author Unknown~

  29. QUESTION:
    Heartburn, Stomache pain on Right side, Prior ultrasound? Any answers?
    Hello. I am a 35 yr old female, have had 2 children (c-section) and a hysterectomy. I am a bit overweight, approx. 40 pounds. I have been diagnosed in the past with stomach ulcers. Most recently (January) I had severe right side (2-3″ below the ribs), I went to the Dr. assuming I had an appendicitis, well it seems I didn’t. He ran tests and did an ultra sound, my stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, kidney and appendix were all fine, however he did say that I showed signs of moderate fatty liver disease. Recently, (last week) I started having the same pain in my side, it was severe last weekend and hurt worse with movement. I took it easy, what what I ate (when I did) and it has gradually gotton better, (is still a dull, constant, aching pain), however in addition to it now I have SEVERE heartburn after I eat/drink anything. I have a horrible taste in my mouth, my stomache, chest and throat burns, I still have the pain in my side as well. Antacids don’t help, bland diet didn’t help, water didn’t, Aciflex meds didn’t help. I am in pain and am not sure what else this could be. I know I should see a gastroenterologist, but I am not eligible for insurance for another month. I know there are such things as gall stones, acid reflux, GERD, ulcers, etc. But does anyone have any educated idea as to what this is and should I be extremely concerned or should I hold out a few more weeks until the insurance kicks in and I can see a professional. My quack of a Dr. doesn’t seem to help me much, anyone out there with the same symptoms and a diagnosis, and Dr’s out there with suggestions. Thanks for any help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      This is reason for concern and could be an indication of something like a problem with the heart (when a woman has a problem with her heart such as if there’s an impending heart attack-just using this as an example only-the symptoms that can occur can be in the stomach area and also cause heartburn) but I would recommend checking with the city health department to see if they offer a free health clinic that can evaluate the situation.

      If not, I would recommend going to the ER for further evaluation of the situation to see what they say.

  30. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say…..?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don’t know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2′s are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  31. QUESTION:
    What are the negative effects of prolonged statin usage?
    My doctor prescribed LIPTOR 10mg dose about 2 years ago for my then total cholesterol of 250mg/dl. Since the last 6 months I have been in ill-health with these symptoms:
    - mild fever in the evenings
    - loss of appetite
    - very low energy levels
    - easily exhausted
    - occasional gastritis
    - overall not able to motivate myself to “rise and shine”
    and feeling miserable.
    My present cholesterol is around 160 – 180 mg/dl.
    I have been tested for almost all diseases/conditions under the sun including Diabetes,AIDs,TB,Cancer,Cardiac disorders, thyroid-kidney-liver-pancreas-etc etc malfuctions, and my body and brain has been put thru several CAT and MRIs: net result =
    “you are OK – nothing wrong with you”.
    Could it be that my statin usage is responsible? (my cardiologist says NO)
    Or are my doctors missing something else?
    PLEASE HELP – I NEED IT

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, I would consider a new doctor.. your symptoms could most definitely be associated with side effects of Lipitor. Secondly, statins are known to deplete the body’s production of CoQ10, an extremely important substance in the body that plays a large role in energy production and heart health (google CoQ10 for details). Anyone taking statins should highly consider taking supplemental CoQ10. Mention this to your current doc… better yet, mention it to your NEW doc. Btw.. I am a doctor myself.

  32. QUESTION:
    Health Questions Part 5?
    41. ____________ is the sugar that is found in the blood and used as the body’s main energy source. (1 point)
    Glucose
    Insulin
    Carbohydrate
    HDL
    42. The type of diabetes that occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas is called: (1 point)
    Type 1 Diabetes
    Type 2 Diabetes
    Insulin Dependent Diabetes
    Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes
    Both A and C
    Both A and D
    43. Obesity is: (1 point)
    a term used to describe a person who has a high Body Mass Index
    a term used to describe a person who has excessive amounts of body fat
    Both A and B
    None of the above
    44. The organ that produces hormones such as insulin in order to break down and use food is: (1 point)
    the kidneys
    the pancreas
    the intestines
    the colon
    45. A substance that is released by an organ or tissue in the body is called: (1 point)
    cholesterol
    a hormone
    glucose
    insulin
    46. A disease that makes it hard for the body to control the level of glucose in the blood is: (1 point)
    arteriosclerosis
    diabetes
    hypoglycemia
    hypoglycemia
    47. Hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by the accumulation of fatty materials is referred to as: (1 point)
    arteriosclerosis
    diabetes
    hypoglycemia
    hypoglycemia
    48. The term ___________ relates to the relative amount of muscle, fat, bone, and the organs that are in your body. (1 point)
    girth measurement
    hydrostatic weighing
    body composition
    body fat
    49. The term____________relates to the circumference around a person’s body. (1 point)
    girth measurement
    hydrostatic weighing
    body fat
    body composition
    50. The most reliable method of measuring body fat is (1 point)
    skinfold caliper
    girth measurements
    hydrostatic weighing
    BMI calculation
    51. Skinfold measurements are most accurate when taken: (1 point)
    after exercise
    before exercise
    during exercise
    early in the morning, before you eat
    52. The tool used to take girth measurements is: (1 point)
    a cloth tape measure
    a metal tape measure
    a ruler
    a scale

    • ANSWER:
      41. ____________ is the sugar that is found in the blood and used as the body’s main energy source. (1 point)

      Glucose

      42. The type of diabetes that occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas is called: (1 point)

      Type 1 Diabetes

      Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes

      43. Obesity is: (1 point)

      Both A and B

      44. The organ that produces hormones such as insulin in order to break down and use food is: (1 point)

      the pancreas

      45. A substance that is released by an organ or tissue in the body is called: (1 point)

      a hormone

      46. A disease that makes it hard for the body to control the level of glucose in the blood is: (1 point)

      diabetes

      47. Hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by the accumulation of fatty materials is referred to as: (1 point)

      arteriosclerosis

      48. The term ___________ relates to the relative amount of muscle, fat, bone, and the organs that are in your body. (1 point)

      body composition

      49. The term____________relates to the circumference around a person’s body. (1 point)

      girth measurement

      50. The most reliable method of measuring body fat is (1 point)

      hydrostatic weighing

      51. Skinfold measurements are most accurate when taken: (1 point)

      before exercise

      52. The tool used to take girth measurements is: (1 point)

      a cloth tape measure

  33. QUESTION:
    health fitness nutrition?
    21. _________ is a condition which occurs when waste products (called ketones) build up in the blood and results in the body utilizing fat as its main source of energy. (Points : 4)
    Osteoarthritis
    Osteoporosis
    Ketosis
    None of the above

    22. Risk factors: (Points : 4)
    refer to being in good shape or physical condition
    the processes and functions of the body
    social needs, social behaviors, and social problems
    traits that increase the possibility of developing an illness or disease

    23. ________ is a disease where there is a loss of bone density, causing the bones to become porous, soft, and weak. (Points : 4)
    Osteoporosis
    Osteoarthritis
    Arthritis
    All of the above

    24. __________ is a type of connective tissue found between the bones which allows for the smooth movement of joints. (Points : 4)
    Cartilage
    Synovium
    A tendon
    A ligament

    25. _______ is the pain or discomfort often felt 24 to 74 hours after exercising. (Points : 4)
    DOMS
    Muscle sprains
    Muscle strains
    Overuse injury

    26. An inflammation of the tissue under the foot (fascia) caused by overuse and improper athletic footwear. Characterized by intense “start-up” pain under the heel bone: (Points : 4)
    pronation
    plantar fasciitis
    osteoporosis
    osteoarthritis

    27. A set of actions to offset counterproductive behaviors: (Points : 4)
    motivations
    strategies
    behaviors
    changes

    28. ___________are a complex set of characteristics that make a person unique, and are influenced by heredity, environment, and behavior. (Points : 4)
    Relationships
    Imbalances
    Personalities
    Emotions

    29. What is a muscle fiber? (Points : 4)
    the functional unit of a cell
    the neuron that conducts impulses for a muscle contraction
    the single cell of a muscle that is responsible for protein production
    none of the above

    30. The organ that produces hormones such as insulin in order to break down and use food is: (Points : 4)
    the kidneys
    the pancreas
    the intestines
    the colon

    31. Abdominal muscle which runs horizontally across the abdominal wall and underneath the internal and external obliques; assists with forced exhalation and trunk stabilization: (Points : 4)
    external obliques
    internal obliques
    rectus abdominus
    transverse abdominus

    32. The pulmonary valve and the aortic valve ____ as the ventricles begin to contract. (Points : 4)
    close
    open
    contract
    relax

    33. . ________________refers to the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest, between beats. (Points : 4)
    Blood Pressure
    Systolic pressure
    Diastolic pressure
    Intra-cranial pressure

    34. _________ gradually become smaller and smaller and divide into capillaries. (Points : 4)
    Veins
    Arteries
    Capillaries
    Alveoli

    35. Many people prefer working out at a gym, and find that they can achieve their fitness goals more easily than working out at home. (Points : 4)
    True
    False

    36. A 5k marathon is: (Points : 4)
    a 3 mile running event
    a 6 mile running event
    a 23 mile running event
    a 26 mile running event

    37. _________ is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent cycles of excessive, uncontrollable eating, followed by purging . (Points : 4)
    Anorexia nervosa
    Bulimia nervosa
    Binge eating
    Osteoporosis

    38. The Heimlich maneuver was developed and introduced by Dr. Henry Heimlich, in 1974. (Points : 4)
    True
    False

    39. For many users, nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine. (Points : 4)
    True
    False

    40. ________ are the result of an injury to a ligament. (Points : 4)
    DOMS
    Muscle sprain
    Muscle strain
    Overuse injury

    • ANSWER:
      21. Ketosis

      22. Risk factors: traits that increase the possibility of developing an illness or disease

      23. Osteoarthritis is a disease where there is a loss of bone density, causing the bones to become porous, soft, and weak.

      24. Synovium is a type of connective tissue found between the bones which allows for the smooth movement of joints. (Points : 4)

      25. Overuse injury is the pain or discomfort often felt 24 to 74 hours after exercising. (Points : 4)

      26. An inflammation of the tissue under the foot (fascia) caused by overuse and improper athletic footwear. Characterized by intense “start-up” pain under the heel bone: plantar fasciitis

      27. A set of actions to offset counterproductive behaviors: (Points : 4) NOT SURE
      motivations
      strategies
      behaviors
      changes

      28. Personalities are a complex set of characteristics that make a person unique, and are influenced by heredity, environment, and behavior.

      29. What is a muscle fiber? (Points : 4)
      NONE

      30. The organ that produces hormones such as insulin in order to break down and use food is:the pancreas

      31. Abdominal muscle which runs horizontally across the abdominal wall and underneath the internal and external obliques; assists with forced exhalation and trunk stabilization:transverse abdominus

      32. The pulmonary valve and the aortic valve ____ as the ventricles begin to contract. open

      33. . ________________refers to the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest, between beats. ]Diastolic pressure

      34. _________ gradually become smaller and smaller and divide into capillaries. (Points : 4)
      Arteries

      35. Many people prefer working out at a gym, and find that they can achieve their fitness goals more easily than working out at home.
      True- less distractions at gym

      36. A 5k marathon is: (Points : 4)
      a 3 mile running event

      37. _________ is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent cycles of excessive, uncontrollable eating, followed by purging . (Points : 4)
      Bulimia nervosa

      38. The Heimlich maneuver was developed and introduced by Dr. Henry Heimlich, in 1974. (Points : 4)
      True

      39. For many users, nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine. (Points : 4)
      True

      40. ________ are the result of an injury to a ligament. (Points : 4)
      Muscle sprain

  34. QUESTION:
    please help with heath 10 points best answer!!!?
    1. Nutrition is the process of the body using the foods that we eat in order to sustain life. (1 point)
    True
    False
    2. A high intake of fats has become a problem because of its direct relationship to heart disease and cancer. (1 point)
    True
    False
    8. Obesity refers to a condition of being ____ % or more overweight than an ideal body weight. (1 point)
    20
    30
    40
    50
    13. The organ that produces hormones such as insulin in order to break down and use food is: (1 point)
    the kidneys
    the pancreas
    the intestines
    the colon
    14. According to the lesson content, the average adult body is about ____% water. (1 point)
    30
    45
    55
    60
    15. __________ occurs when the body loses an excessive amount of water. It is can be caused by a number of things including excessive sweating without fluid replacement, drugs, alcohol, caffeine, and improper diet. (1 point)
    Hyperthermia
    Hyponatremia
    Dehydration
    Hypotension
    18. ___________are a complex set of characteristics that make a person unique, and are influenced by heredity, environment, and behavior. (1 point)
    Relationships
    Imbalances
    Personalities
    Emotions
    20. Often teens who experiment with drugs grow into adults who are afflicted with drug addictions. (1 point)
    True
    False
    21. Some of the warning signs of teen drug abuse are changes in dress style, discipline problems, and new friends who are disinterested in school or family related activities. (1 point)
    True
    False
    22. For many users, nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine. (1 point)
    True
    False
    25. ____________ is an eating disorder characterized by a distorted body image whereby a person does not consume enough calories. (1 point)
    Anorexia nervosa
    Bulimia nervosa
    Binge eating
    Osteoporosis.

    • ANSWER:
      1) f
      2) t
      8) 30%
      13) pancreas
      14) 60%
      15) dehydration
      18) personalities
      20) t
      21) t
      22) t
      25) anorexia

  35. QUESTION:
    Kidneys Stones, Bladder Stones, or pancreatitis Help!?
    So i got kidney stones back in septemper, ever sence i have been in on going pain. I have had them twice, with frequent UTI like symptoms, and ruptured ovarion cyts. I have been brought up to kind of grin and bear it so i have just push ed the pain aside. Until now. I cant take it anymore. Im hurting.!!!!! So i went to the uerologist, after checking with the DUMB gyno, honestly shes a tool. Anyways, im still waiting to get a Ct scan. We all are thinking its kindey/bladder stones. But! im starting to think its pancretitis—-because its often confused with kidney stones, and all the symptoms ironically i have. Oh and did i mention i have this out of the blue lesson on my pancreas. Yup! So anyone familair with the “disease” that can tell me about it ect.
    For starters, yes there is such thing as bladder stones, its when the kidney stones have moved there way to the bladder and gotten stuck, they are kidney stones but because of their place they are bladder stones, so can be called the same thing. Yes i know i had kidney stones my mom is a doctor, and im going to be a premed student and i went to the er. You cannot treat kidney stones once they have passed, well the hospital couldnt anyway.

    • ANSWER:
      I can understand the “grin and bear it” thing, but you need to understand when you can and when you should not, as pancreatitis can kill you if left untreated. During an acute attack it would show up in a blood test. The most common symptoms are a swollen and tender abdomen, nausea, vomiting, fever, weight loss, diarrhea and oily stools. This causes digestion problems not urinary ones.
      You can forget about bladder stones there is no such thing.
      How do you know you had kidney stones in September? Were they treated? Did you pass them? You will have pain on and off until they are treated or passed. I think this is the most likely cause of your pain. Kidney stones are very painful and very sharp. You should know as soon as you get the CT. I hope it is soon.

  36. QUESTION:
    Do you believe this chemical should be banned?
    The chemical I refer to is dihydrate monoxide.

    Here’s some of the facts about dihydrate monoxide that you should REALLY be aware of:

    1) People with the following conditions are found to all have HIGH LEVELS of dihydrate monoxide in their organs and blood:

    Heart failure
    Kidney malfunction and failure
    Asthma
    Diabetes
    Breast, stomach and colon cancers
    Various diseases of the liver and pancreas

    2) It is used to clean fruit and vegetables and is STILL PRESENT within the produce once it has been removed from the fruit’s/vegetable’s surface.

    3) It is added to practically ALL baby foods with little more excuse from the manufacturers than “we have to put it in”.

    4) It is found in practically ALL dairy products (through both transmission from the animal from their own consumption of it, and also addition at the point of manfacture).

    5) If inhaled, the chemical is lethal causing paralysis and death within a few minutes if medical attention is not IMMEDIATLEY given.

    6) When it’s in it’s solid form, it has been reported to be the cause of INSTANT death.

    7) It is transferred from mother to infant when in the womb.

    Based on these facts, do you believe that dihydrate monoxide should be banned for human consumption?

    • ANSWER:
      You also forgot to mention it exists in high dosages in tap water, LOL.

  37. QUESTION:
    I don’t get it..?
    Cigarettes can cause chronic lung disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke, as well as cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, and bladder. Smoking is also known to contribute to cancer of the cervix, pancreas, and kidneys.

    And Alcohol Can cause;
    • permanent damage to vital organs
    • several different types of cancer
    • gastrointestinal irritations, such as nausea, diarrhea, and ulcers
    • malnutrition and nutritional deficiencies
    • sexual dysfunctions
    • high blood pressure
    • lowered resistance to disease
    And lets not forget all those killed by drunk drivers and Angry drunks.

    Weed only puts you in a happy place, and rarely causes cancer.

    So why is Alcohol and cigarettes legal, tho they not only kill you but they harm others around you, but the least harmful one of them is legal.

    http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/tobacco.htm

    http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/alcohol.htm

    http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/marijuana.htm

    Put in wrong category, My bad.
    Nothing against smokers,
    I’m just wondering why they make weed illegal when It’s least harmful then stuff you can buy from a local grocery store.

    • ANSWER:
      i agree with u 100%.
      legalise it!!! lol!

  38. QUESTION:
    Help! Honors Anatomy questions?
    1. Which autoimmune disease destroys the beta cells of the pancreas?
    2. The first patient you see claims that even though she is indoors almost all the time, her skin is continually getting darker. You consider sending her to a psychologist, but after running tests you discover she is hypoglycemic and has low blood pressure. Your final diagnosis is hypo secretion of the _____ gland.
    3. You see a patient who is hyperglycemic and has high blood pressure. A CAT scan is likely to reveal a tumor on what gland?
    4. You have a patient with kidney stones. You will also need to check for a tumor on which gland?
    5. A deep-voice female comes into your office. Upon examining her you notice she lacks muscle tone even though her flesh is puffy. She is discovered to have a tumor where?
    6. A patient comes to you with a large bulge in their neck. What is the problem with their thyroid? (Do not name the bulge)
    7. A patient is experiencing gigantism. You would expect a tumor to be discovered by a CAT scan of the _____.

    • ANSWER:
      How are you in an Honors class if you can’t answer these simple questions?

      Study the material.

  39. QUESTION:
    NEED PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE FROM A DOCTOR ….. ” CT ABDOMEN AND PELVIS. CLINICAL INFO. ” HELPPP!?
    Can anyone interpret this? Is it serious? What to do next?
    My girlfriends not well. Need help. Many docs are recommending various stuff. Please Suggest ideas.

    …………………………………………………………………………………..

    CT ABDOMEN AND PELVIS.

    CLINICAL INFO.

    Abdominal pain and fever.

    CT scan of abdomen performed after administration of oral contrast with IV contrast administration.

    Ther is short segment of terminal ilium close to ilio caecal junction showing concentric wall thickening. Streekiness of mesenteric fat is seen. Multiple well defined lymph nodes are seen in the mesentery with diameter upto 1.1cm. Minimal free fluid is seen in pelvis. No intra abdominal masses. Liver , spleen, adrenals pancreas and kidneys are unremarkable. Note is made of cystic ovaries on both sides(functional cysts).Uterine cavity shows fluid density.No focal myometrial lesions in the uterus. No gross lytic or sclerotic lesions in the bones.

    OPINION.

    Short segment concentric thickening of terminal ilium close tothe junction associated with minimal free fluid in the pelvis and mesenteric lymphadenopathy. Consider the possibility of inflammatory pathology/tuberculosis.Crhon’s disease is differential diagnosis.Suggest correlation with biopsy.

    ………………………………………………………………………………………

    • ANSWER:
      I am not a doctor but from what I am reading looks like your friend could have someting wrong with their colon, some sort of inflammation in the colon they mentioned crohns disease, which is controlled with medication and diet. They also want to do further testing to confirm it. Hang in there ..

  40. QUESTION:
    Could this too be a complication of diabetes?
    My auntie is very sick. She has type 2 diabetes that went undiagnosed for quite some time. It wasn’t until she got a cracked callous on her foot last June that we found out she has the disease. Her foot never healed and the infection traveled to the bone and up her leg. Eventually she had to have her left leg cut off just one week before Christmas. Last week we realized that the leg became infected and she had to have about an inch more cut off. She has also had severe diarrhea since her first operation. The doctors have done numerous tests of her major internal organs- stomach, intestines, gall bladder, liver, pancreas, and kidneys, but they have all showed to be fine. They do not know what is causing her to have this chronic diarrhea. She has also lost a tremendous amount of weight and is now down to just 90 pounds and loses a half pound of weight a day! Could this just be another complication of advanced diabetes? I am SO scared she might die!

    • ANSWER:
      complications:

      The 1st clue here is your statement, ‘. . .had severe diarrhea since her first operation . . .’

      so, she didn’t have a BOWEL problem until her first operation.

      so, I think she got the diarrhea from taking antibiotics. The antibiotics are aimed at killing the infection but they also kill-off some of the good bacteria.

      has auntie’s stool been tested for c. difficile? this pathogen is in all of our intestines but the good bacteria keeps it in check.

      a person with c. difficile in the stool can be identified by a strongly pungent odor of the stool and the stool is also slimy.

      the long word for c. diffcile is

      clostridium difficile

      any sustained time of diarrhea would cause weight loss

      FIRST – call her doc on the phone and ask where you can deliver the stool sample.

      SECOND – get her blood sugars within normal range.

      THIRD – buy your auntie some butt cream. I’m sure she’s sore.

      FOURTH: practice strict hygiene. one can easily transmit this pathogen by not using proper handwashing techniques.
      use warm water and soap and scrub between the fingers and thumb up the the wrists. wear gloves for direct contact with toileting her or assisting her to wipe. use a clean paper towel to turn off the spikots and you use a different toilet. carry her soiled clothes away from your body and then wash your hands again.

      Well, I hope this helps. Maybe i’m all wrong but I think not.

      The results of the poop specimen will tell. Then the docs can feel awful sorry they didn’t think of it. And, she’ll get help for it.

  41. QUESTION:
    Been ill for almost 3 years..can anyone help…?
    Start Date: April 3rd 2007-(still being affected by some symptoms)

    So I’ve been sick since April 3rd/2007- to the present day. Some of the symptoms have worn off a bit at this present day but I do still deal with them. I’ve been to many doctor’s, pharmacists, walk-in clinics and hospitals and I am still not fully diagnosed what is wrong with me….and i can promise you, i am not a hypochondriac…..this all started when I had a cold and developed into the flu bug…I was under a lot of stress with school considering I was graduating and I was on my last month of school which I had a lot of projects and tests on the way…and I became really ill during the beginning of April and it went away in a week..And then reappeared…the thing is…Every time I felt capable of doing school work I would immediately go up to my school and work for hours on end to try and get myself caught up…but then my sickness came back repeatedly..It was awful…the symptoms I’m having are:

    *constant nausea 24hrs a day (sometimes to the point where I can’t get out of bed) (As of now 2009 happens once and a while but not as invasive as it once was)
    *stomach ache pains (doesn’t’ happen anymore)
    *bloating (sometimes)
    *gas pains (rarely)
    *eating sometimes relief nausea feeling; but only for a few minutes (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *changes in bowel movements & odor (sometimes)
    *mucus in bowel (not very often…just recently started, but doesn’t happen as often as it did back in 2007)
    *lump in throat feeling (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *symptoms worsen @ nights (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *after certain bowel movements; nausea will feel 10 times worse than before and will continue on for days (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *sometimes motion (driving) depending on how bad the nausea is on that specific day will make my nausea feel worse and sometimes I feel like I need to pull over on the side of the road feeling like I’m going to be sick (doesn’t happen anymore)

    I’ve been under a number of medications…and nothing has seemed to work so far…

    The tests I have received since April 2007 till December 2007 is:
    *upper G.I x-ray (barium swallow)
    *complete abdominal ultrasound & limited pelvic: aorta, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, spleen, & kidneys
    * 4 blood tests
    * 2 urine tests
    *esophagastroduodenoscopy aka Stomach endoscope procedure & biopsy

    ALL OF THESE TESTS CAME BACK NEGATIVE…THEY HAD FOUND NOTHING IRREGULAR IN ANY OF THE TESTS GIVEN.
    I’ve been under a number of medications…And nothing has seemed to work so far…The medications I’ve been under are:
    *gravol
    *Acidophillis (this medication will give me a few days of relief…But symptoms will reappear)
    *Zantac
    *Pepto-Bismol
    *Marvolon (birth control, currently on)
    *Nexium
    *Benadryl
    *flu shot (2006)
    *Techna shot (2006)
    *Gen Alprozolam 0.25 mg (anxiety medication)
    *ferrous gluconate (elemental iron pills)
    *bonamie
    *benefiber (still taking from time to time)
    *peglyte (bowel cleanse)
    *penicillin
    *pariet (reduces stomach acid & used to eliminate helicobacter pylori)
    *ran-domperidon 10mg (improves motion threw esophagus)
    *Detox foot pads (I think they may have helped a little but only did 5 foot pads so far)
    (I’ve also thought about ordering Dr. Natura detox program which includes colonix & toxin out…and I’ve also heard that depending on how toxic your body is, it can hang onto viruses in your body…So I’m going to try it and see if may help my situation)

    Possible diagnosis from doctors, pharmacists, family and friends are:
    *prolonged gastritis
    *stomach bacterial infection
    *stomach ulcer
    *anxiety
    *stress gastritis
    *celiac disease
    *irritable bowel syndrome (from last doctor’s visit @ the hospital, he thinks it could be that…but not feeling any better from doing a colon cleansing with PEGLYTE and taking benefiber everyday)
    *prolonged stomach flu virus
    ALOT OF THESE POSSIBLE DIAGNOSES HAVE BEEN RULED OUT FROM THE ENDOSCOPE TEST

    Now i have developed some new symptoms, I’ve been sick with this constant cold/flu bug since the end of June 2008; I first became ill with an illness in April 2007 and was diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome Jan 2008 as well. Ever since June I just started with a sore throat and a general run down feeling, sometimes chills and fever and I would get the stomach flu-like symptoms here and there, at first I thought it was just a basic cold/flu but then it wouldn’t go away. But now I’ve been getting this recurring stomach flu or just cold/flu-like symptoms like before over and over again…the stomach flu has been going on since Dec 2008 until now, I also am anemic, so I am taking iron pills one pill a day 300mg, but my doctor told me to updose to 3 times a day which adds up to 900mg a day.
    For example: When I became ill with the stomach bug (or seemed like the stomach bug because it felt exactly like the symptoms of it) December of 2008 I not only had it once but it came back 8 more times before I moved onto

    • ANSWER:
      I’m NOT a doctor. Please contact your doctor for proper medical advice.

      The first thing that popped in my head when reading your story is that you may have what I have; which took me years to get diagnosed, too. Gastroparesis. To find out this diagnosis, a Gastric Emptying Scan (GES) is the best test. An upper endoscopy would not be able to diagnose this condition. I’d contact a gastroenterologist, if you haven’t already, to discuss proper medical treatment.

      Praying you find a diagnosis and get some relief from your symptoms soon. =)

  42. QUESTION:
    Loads of questions about smokings effects and some diseases?
    1. Is bladder cancer one of the effects of smoking? (pls cite your info, where you got your ans from)
    2. What is bladder cancer? (can link me to some webpage or ans by yourself)
    3. What is pancreas?
    4. Is it one of the effects of smoking?
    5. Is kidney cancer one of the effects of smoking?
    6. If yes, How is kidney cancer caused by smoking?
    7. What is chronic bronchitis?
    8. Is it an effect of smoking?
    9. How can i learn more about it?
    10. What is emphysema?
    11. Is it a cause of smoking and if yes, why so? how is it caused by smoking?
    12. What are hormone levels?
    13. Are they effects of smoking?
    14. If yes, explain how smoking affects hormone levels.
    15. Are bronchitis and pneumonia effects of smoking? What are they? How does smoking cause bronchitis and pneumonia?
    16. Does smoking dull senses of taste and smell? why? how?
    17. What component in a cigarette stains the teeth and how?
    18. how does smoking cause smoke, lung and mouth cancer?

    Plz ans some Q at least.

    • ANSWER:
      These web pages answer most of your questions.

      http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/Factsheets/health_effects.htm

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_10_2X_Cigarette_Smoking.asp

      http://www.ash.org.uk/html/factsheets/html/fact08.html

  43. QUESTION:
    PLEASE HELP! VET ADVICE DESPERATELY NEEDED!!!?
    My 5 year old pembroke welsh corgi has been acting funny for the past 1-2 weeks. He started drinking incredible amounts of water and peeing frequently, he stopped eating (very rare of him), and he was very lethargic. We took him the vet last Friday and they said they were going to treat him as if he had a bladder infection. They put him on Clavamox twice a day for 7 days and then re-evaluate the situation. On Monday we still weren’t seeing results so we took him back to the vet. They did x-rays and blood tests. The x-rays showed up pretty normal, and they said his kidneys were functioning fine as well(we were afraid of kidney failuer) but they discovered he had a high amount of liver enzymes. We continued him on his medicine as well as a recommended “bland diet” (rice and chicken) and he seems to be getting somewhat better. He shows a slight increase in energy, he eats his “bland diet” in a heart beat, and has slowed down considerably on his water intake. We try to test him to see if he can eat anything else and it seems as if it is hurting his mouth to chew. i.e. he only eats one kibble at a time. As a test we threw him a tiny curnal of popcorn (his favorite food) and he caught it in his mouth, but spit it out. We are in the process, per directions from the vet, of collecting 3 consecutive daily urine samples to test for Cushing’s Disease. If it is not that then the vet said it could be an infection of the pancreas or liver. We are desperately hoping it is not Cushing’s Disease because we know the effects are not good. Can anyone with experience with Cushing’s Disease please tell me their own story and if you think my dog may be suffering from it.

    • ANSWER:
      I wish I knew about Cushing’s Disease so I could help you. I’ll star your question and maybe one of my contacts will see it and can offer you some advice. Also, you might want to think about re-posting this question in the “Pets” section under “Dogs” in order to get some more feedback from dog owners or Vets. God bless you and your dear pet – I pray he will be allright!

  44. QUESTION:
    Stomach/back pain. Help, please.?
    I was diagnosed with Kidney Stones in both Kidneys in December. They said, that my Kidney Stones were sitting in both Kidneys and weren’t hurting anything.

    I started last night having this terrible pain in my Back shooting to my Stomach. The pain comes on very sudden, and it is a sharp/stabbing pain. I can not get comfortable when this pain comes and it usually leaves me on my knees and grabbing at my back, and it usually brings me to tears.

    I have been sick since December. They first said, I had Kidney Stones. We went to a Urologist, and she said, “The Kidney Stones are sitting in your Kidneys, and not hurting anything.” The Urologist referred me to a G.I. Doctor. The doctor did a Colonoscopy and Endoscopy he found a bacteria in my Colon. I had a Picc Line for I.V. antibiotics to get rid of the Bacteria. The Bacteria is gone. They are questioning Crohn’s Disease. He said I can have physical symptoms (Mouth Sores, Joint Pain, Stomach Pain, Weight Loss, ect) He then said; but, sometimes the visual symptoms (Blisters) don’t show up till months or sometimes even years later.

    I was mainly having Stomach Pain shooting to my Back. Now I have this terrible stabbing pain in my Back shooting to my Stomach. Any ideas? Thank you.

    I also have some lumps/masses on my Hip. The doctors can’t figure out what they are

    They have done CT scans of Abdominal Area and Chest, Ultra Sound of Stomach, HIDA Scan, Small Bowel Series, They have checked my Pancreas, Several things of Blood work (I have scars and scar tissue) Urinalysis.

    I have been admitted twice.

    They are re-doing the Colonoscopy and Endoscopy

    I asked this once; but, added some more details.

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Why haven’t they biopsied the lumps on/in your hip? I mean seriously, if the lumps/masses are new why haven’t they been checked? I agree that kidney stones of a certain size will not move or cause problems, however that’s not to say smaller stones or pieces of larger stones will break off and try to exit the kidney. If need be, see a nephrology specialist. I say if the first and second opinion don’t add up, get a third, fourth, or fifth one. It’s your body you have to live with, so do what you need to do to make it work right.

  45. QUESTION:
    biology…pleasssse hellppppp!?
    62 In order for the body to maintain homeostasis,
    the chemical decomposition of food to produce energy must be followed by
    A water intake.
    B muscle contractions.
    C waste removal.
    D nervous impulses.
    CSB00188
    63 Carbon dioxide is produced as cells break down
    nutrients for energy. Which of the following pairs of systems would participate in removing the carbon dioxide from the body?
    A endocrine and circulatory
    B circulatory and respiratory
    C respiratory and endocrine
    D reproductive and excretory
    CSB10350
    64 The respiratory system depends on the nervous
    system for signals to
    A enhance the amount of available oxygen in the lungs. B coordinate muscles controlling breathing. C release enzymes to increase the exchange of gases. D exchange gases with the circulatory system.
    CSB00124
    65 Striking the tendon just below the kneecap
    causes the lower leg to jerk. Moving an object quickly toward the face can cause the eyes to blink shut. These are examples of
    A learned responses.
    B short-term memory.
    C reflex reactions.
    D sensory overload.
    CSB10353
    66 The fight-or-flight response includes greater
    heart output and a rise in blood pressure. This response is due to
    A insulin secreted by the pancreas.
    B thyroxine secreted by the thyroid gland.
    C oxytocin secreted by the pituitary gland.
    D adrenaline secreted by the adrenal glands.
    CSB20068
    67 Which of these secretes a hormone that
    regulates the rate of metabolism of the body?
    A spleen
    B cerebrum
    C thyroid
    D kidney
    CSB00233
    — 22 —
    This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions
    Header – Biology Released Test QuestionsHeader – Biology Released Test QuestionsHeader – Biology Released Test QuestionsHeader – Biology Released Test Questions
    71 The Sabin vaccine is a liquid containing
    weakened polio viruses. Vaccinated individuals
    become protected against polio because the weakened viruses
    A prevent further viral invasion.
    B induce an inflammatory response.
    C promote production of antibodies.
    D are too weak to cause illness.
    CSB00220
    72 Injecting a person with a killed-bacteria vaccine
    can protect that individual from a disease because the proteins of the killed bacteria
    A remain in the body, and live bacteria later prey on them instead of live tissues.
    B bind with receptors in the body, so that live bacteria cannot bind with them later.
    C stimulate the production of antibodies which can be manufactured later in response to infection.
    D give the person a mild form of the disease, which conditions the body not to respond to later infection.
    CSB10083
    73 Which of the following require a host cell
    because they are not able to make proteins on their own?
    A blue-green algae
    B bacteria
    C protozoans
    D viruses
    CSB00227
    68 Which of the following is a function of the
    nervous system?
    A releasing ATP into contracting muscle tissues
    B signaling muscle tissues to contract
    C producing lactic acid in fatigued muscle tissues
    D increasing cellular respiration in muscle tissues
    CSB10097
    69 A signal that the bladder is full is sent to the
    central nervous system by
    A feedback loops.
    B sensory neurons.
    C nephron tubules.
    D receptor proteins.
    CSB10568
    70 What is the greatest danger to a patient who
    has had damage to the skin?
    A loss of oils produced by the skin B excessive muscle contractions in the
    damaged area C infections in uncovered tissues D damaged tissue entering the blood stream
    CSB00068
    — 23 —
    This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2008 California Department of Education.
    74 How do human diseases caused by bacteria and diseases caused by viruses react to antibiotics? A Neither responds to antibiotics. B Both respond to antibiotics. C Viral diseases respond to antibiotics; bacterial diseases do not. D Bacterial diseases respond to antibiotics; viral diseases do not. CSB10365

    CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST
    Header – Biology Released Test QuestionsHeader – Biology Released Test QuestionsHeader – Biology Released Test QuestionsHeader – Biology Released Test Questions
    75 Individuals with HIV sometimes contract a
    pneumonia infection that is rare in the rest
    of the population because people with HIV
    A are unable to fight off these pneumonia-causing organisms.
    B are more often exposed to these pneumonia-causing organisms.
    C release pheromones that attract the pneumonia-causing organisms.
    D release substances that increase the strength of the pneumonia-causing organisms.

    • ANSWER:
      A biology textbook will have all the answers

  46. QUESTION:
    homework question please help?
    1. the joints of the bones of the skull and pelvis are classified as_____________ joints.
    a. ball-and-socket
    b. gliding
    c. hinge
    d. immovable

    2. A protein that enters reactions and helps join or break up two substances is called
    a. bile
    b. chyme
    c. an enzyme
    d. hydrochloric acid

    3. The main excretory organs of your body are the kidneys, lungs, and_________________
    a. heart
    b. liver
    c. pancreas
    d. skin

    4. ________________ is a bacterial disease that can cause sterility if untreated
    a. chlamydia
    b. gonorrhea
    c. herpes
    d. both a and b

    5. When an egg and a sperm unite, a(n)_________________ is formed
    a. embryo
    b. fetus
    c. ova
    d. zygote

    • ANSWER:
      1) a. ball-and-socket
      2) c. an enzyme
      3) d. skin
      4) a. chlamydia
      5) d. zygote

      Hope this helped, and good luck!! :)

  47. QUESTION:
    Do fat people understand that Bariatric Surgery is not easy way out?
    The following is a list of possible side-effects and complications to consider before having weight-loss surgery. We will discuss these in more detail at your office consultation.

    1. Anastomotic leak (leak from a connection made to the bowel, usually requires re-operation and long hospital stay)

    2. Anastomotic stricture (narrowing or obstruction at an intestinal connection resulting in vomiting)

    3. Bowel obstruction/strangulation/internal hernia/ischemic bowel possibly needing removal (associated with pain and vomiting, usually requires re-operation)

    4. Injury to an abdominal or pelvic organ/structure (especially the liver, spleen, pancreas, bile duct, stomach, esophagus, colon, bowel, diaphragm, urinary bladder, nerve or blood vessel)

    5. Conversion to an open operation (due to bleeding, poor exposure, large liver, tension on intestines, etc.)

    6. Incisional hernia (more likely if procedure is done open)

    7. Infection or abscess (due to a leak, spillage of intestinal contents, underlying infection, etc)

    8. Bleeding and the potential need for blood transfusion. Blood transfusion carries the risk of infection with bacteria, parasites (malaria), and viruses (hepatitis, HIV/AIDS).

    9. Need for additional surgery or procedures to treat any complication that may occur

    10. Prolonged hospital stay or readmission may be needed to treat complications

    11. Deep Vein Thrombosis (blood clot in a vein)

    12. Pulmonary Embolus (blood clot going to lung, fatal 30% of the time)

    13. Atelectasis (lung collapse causing fevers, possibly pneumonia)

    14. Pneumonia, lung infection and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion)

    15. Heart attack (myocardial infarction)

    16. Stroke

    17. Pancreatitis

    18. Rhabdomyalysis (breakdown of the muscle in the body)

    19. Pressure ulcer or decubitus (skin breakdown, may require skin grafting)

    20. Allergic reaction to anesthesia, medications or materials

    21. Nerve or ligament injury from positioning or lying on the operating table

    22. Kidney failure and/or the need for dialysis

    23. Need for ICU care

    24. Need for a ventilator (machine to help you breathe)

    25. Multi-system organ failure (liver, kidneys, lungs, etc.)

    26. Poor cosmetic results (ugly scar, keloid, unattractive incisions, contour defects)

    27. Chronic pain, discomfort, numbness, burning or tingling in the incisions or anywhere else (abdomen, back, extremities)

    28. Transient or chronic nausea/vomiting due to strictures, gastroparesis, food intolerance, etc.

    29. Dysphagia (difficulty or painful swallowing)

    30. Diarrhea, constipation, foul smelling gas and stools

    31. Heartburn (acid reflux) symptoms

    32. Ulcers or gastritis

    33. Intestinal perforation due to ulcer, foreign body, obstructed food, etc.

    34. Development of food intolerances/loss of taste

    35. Dumping syndrome (abdominal pain, heart palpitations, sweating, nausea, diarrhea)

    36. Hair loss or thinning

    37. Development of malnutrition or vitamin deficiency

    38. Anemia

    39. Metabolic bone disease (loosing calcium from the bone because of inadequate intake and supplementation) with possible osteoporosis, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone fractures

    40. Failure to lose an adequate amount of weight

    41. Loss of too much weight

    42. Development of loose or redundant skin

    43. Sterility or inability to become pregnant

    44. Increased ability to become pregnant

    45. Birth defects or fetal injury if you become pregnant. This is less likely once weight has stabilized and laboratory tests are normal. Usually, about 2 years after surgery.

    46. Postoperative depression or other psychological reaction to surgery

    47. Need to revise or reverse the procedure at some point in the future because of nutritional deficiencies, excessive weight loss, pain or other reasons

    48. Extended disability, financial hardship as a result of complications related to weight loss surgery

    49. Parts of your stomach and/or intestines will be inaccessible by endoscopy.

    50. Death (1% nationwide) within 30 days

    • ANSWER:
      It’s just amazing how thousands and thousands of people have actually survived this surgery and are now healthy and happy. How long would your list be if you listed all the things that morbid obesity causes in a person. It would be much longer and certainly more serious than those you listed. You get this surgery to save your life. It has done that for my husband who is doing just great with it. He hasn’t had a single problem yet other than getting adjusted to eating the right amount to not feel so full. He has lost 80 pounds and feels great. He is so much more active and actually takes long walks all the time. His energy level has skyrocketed. He started planting a garden yesterday and doesn’t need anyone to help him get down on the ground to do it which he hasn’t done in many years. He doesn’t get out of breath like before. His blood pressure has dropped enough to lower his medication for it. Obesity caused him to have both his knees replaced and it still bothered him. Now he no longer has any pain in his knees, and he walks with ease. Next week, we are going to start riding our bikes. I always have had to do it without him, but no more. He is going along with others family and friends. This surgery has done much more for him than anyone can imagine. I don’t know why you want to keep running it down, but it is a real lifesaver to many people. Yes, there are risks. But the real question is whether or not the risks of staying obese are greater than the surgery. Most doctors will agree that obesity is the bigger risk for anyone morbidly obese. My husband loves his new life without all that weight. He knew all the risks before he had it done. It was well worth taking those risks for his good health now.

  48. QUESTION:
    Doctors can you please help guide and advice me possibility of cause & effect of deasese with the CT report?
    I am thankful to all answere’s of my Question related to “Misty Mesentery”. They are all best. So I can not Choose best to all of them.
    From Then I learned so many things So I thought to write full report.

    My husband had mild pain in his right waist exemplaryys. So we went to Doctor. Blood and urine report were. Ok. But In X ray doctor found lots of feces in Iliac. Colon junction. We are vvegetarian and my husband eats lots of Fibers. His eating habits are examplary. Except if he eats too much I can not say.I will say just the dinner at 5Pm is big meal. The Xray was taken at 1 am. Doctor suspected Cancer. So he ordered Barium Aneama DC.

    In That too there was food on that portion but there was not structural problem. but due to food radiologist was unable to find polyp if they were there. He found Slip of L4 on L% and symptoms of Kind of osteoporysis on L4 And L5. The evening before Aneama his dinner soup was not Clear. It was lentil soup in a glass. 1/4 was just very fine lentil. rest was just clear.
    And then we went for CT.

    Ct report is this CT of the abdomen and pelvis were performed following Oral and intravenous contrast.

    The Liver and the spleen are normal without evidence of enlargement or any space occupying process. The pancreas and the right adrenal gland are normal. There is a small Nodule in the left adrenal gland. Which may be fatty in nature and may represent and adenoma. This nodule measures 1.2 cm in diameter. A tiny stone is seen in the Collecting system of the right kidney. A Large (8mm) stone is seen in the Collecting system of left Kidney.I see no evidence of retroperitoneal Lymphadenopathy.

    Quite strikingly, there is increased density of Mesintery with the apearence of what is termed as Mesenteritis or ” Misty mesentery”. What is unusual about this is that I see several other FOCI of increased density in the mesenetry anteriorly, Quite seperate from central opacification. Misty mesentery is usually a BENIGN, poorly understood, condition. There are Mimickers, however which include TB, Carconoid, and Metastatic disease.

    Cuts extending into the pelvis show normal anatomical structures without evidence of Iliac or inguinal Lymphadenopathy. There is moderate prostatomegaly and thickness of the bladder wall.

    The lung bases are normal.
    The Lumber spine and pelvis are free of Osteoblastic/osteolytic.

    I am 54 years old and I do not have children so my husband is everything for me.I got married at late age. I Know some humen anatomy and Physiology. I have a B.Sc degree. My husband has 2 children.

    Please explain advice and guide me in detail What to ask. My husband’s appointment with Gasteriointerionology is on 20th May and for his inlarged prostate ( which we already knew ) is on 5th. it to me in detail.
    Is there any thing in the report which may be the reason of misty Mesentery? Or any other thing which can cause serious problem?

    I am O.K. Now after reading the answers of my Misty Mesentery answers . Otherwise I was thinking I will loose my mental balance. I was unable to sleep. Some day 3 am some day 1 am.
    I live in a french city and I do not speak and understand French very well.

    Once again Lots of thanks to all those who answered my questions and made be breath normally.

    But if you are not a Doctor please do not answer.

    • ANSWER:
      I am a GP . I answered your questions about misty mesentery. From the details you have given I could safely conclude that your husband is not at all suffering from any serious disease..Mild prostatic enlargement is very common among males above 50 . Blood ESR if normal , generally rules out cancer and infection . You have nothing to worry.

  49. QUESTION:
    Biology 102 – General Biology test need help answering questions?
    Fill in the Blank: Provide the appropriate word to fill in the blank. Each blank is worth 1 point.

    1.All vertebrates have an __________ system of secretory glands and cells.
    2.When blood glucose is low, alpha cells secrete __________, which calls for glycogen breakdown and glucose release by the liver.
    3.Binding of a protein hormone may lead to formation of a __________, which relays a signal into the cell.
    4.The __________, a forebrain region, is structurally and functionally linked with the pituitary gland as a major center for __________ control.
    5.__________ acts on the uterus and milk ducts.
    6.Four __________ glands make a hormone that acts on bone and kidney cells and raises blood calcium level.
    7.The __________ secretes aldosterone, which targets the kidney, and __________, the stress hormone.
    8.__________ and _________ are released by neurons of the adrenal medulla and cause a fight–flight response as does stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system.
    9.Light suppresses secretion of __________ by the pineal gland in the brain.
    10.The __________ consists of skull bones, a vertebral column (backbone), and a rib cage.
    11.The __________ is the pelvic girdle, pectoral girdle, and paired limbs.
    12.Some bones have __________ that makes blood cells.
    13.__________ are cells that synthesize bone, whereas __________ break bone down.
    14.Signals from motor neurons result in action potentials in muscle fibers, which in turn causes the __________ to release stored calcium ions.
    15.__________ fills spaces between cells.
    16.The __________ circuit carries blood from the heart to body tissues, and then returns it to the heart.
    17.__________ is mostly water in which diverse ions and molecules are dissolved.
    18.Red blood cells, or __________, contain the hemoglobin that functions in rapid transport of oxygen and, to a lesser extent, carbon dioxide.
    19.The __________ gland produces hormones and is the site where __________ (a kind of white blood cell) mature.
    20.An antigen-bearing pathogen that breaches surface barriers triggers __________ immunity.
    21.__________ immunity specifically targets billions of different antigens.
    22.Inflammation begins when mast cells in tissue release __________, which increases blood flow and also makes capillaries leaky to phagocytes and plasma proteins.
    23.__________ fights infection by increasing the metabolic rate.
    24.Some clones of the original immune cells are __________ cells, long-lived B and T cells reserved for future encounters with the antigen.
    25.__________ are proteins, Y-shaped antigen receptors made only by __________ cells.
    26.There are five antibody classes: __________, __________, __________, __________, and __________. (Ig stands for __________.)
    27.__________ refers to processes designed to induce immunity.
    28.__________ is the only disease to have been eradicated from causing natural infections.
    29.__________ relieve allergy symptoms by dampening the effects of histamines.

    Multiple Choice: Highlight the best answer for the following questions. Each question is worth 1 point.

    1.Estrogens from birth control pills
    a.Are excreted in urine
    b.Are removed during standard wastewater treatment
    c.Can cause female fish to develop male traits
    d.Have different effects in fish than those of industrial estrogen mimicking pollutants
    e.Do none of these

    2.Signaling molecules act to adjust __ in all animals.
    a.Growth
    b.Metabolism
    c.Gene expression
    d.Reproduction
    e.All of these

    3.Bayliss and Starling first demonstrated the existence of hormones when they were studying which of the following?
    a.Thymus
    b.Islets of Langerhans
    c.Bursa of fabricus
    d.Pancreas
    e.None of the above

    4.Which of the following statements is true?
    a.Although hormones are carried to all parts of the body, they produce effects only in cells with proper receptors.
    b.Hormones are limited to steroid compounds.
    c.Hormones are secreted by specialized exocrine glands.
    d.Most hormones are controlled by positive feedback mechanisms involving the pituitary gland.
    e.Target cell response to the secretion of a hormone is as rapid as an effector response in the nervous system

    5.Based on evolutionary evidence in higher animals, the search for hormones in insects should focus on
    a.The digestive system
    b.Exocrine glands
    c.The nervous system
    d.Muscles
    e.The exoskeleton

    6.The reason that some individual hormones have so many different effects is that
    a.They influence gene transcription
    b.They trigger a second messenger system that produces a cascade effect
    c.There are a great many different cells in different tissues that have specific receptors for the hormone
    d.The hormone is carried throughout the body, and only a small amount is needed to produce its effect
    e.All of these are true

    7.Which is (are) the predominant second messenger(s) involved in regulating glucose metabolism?
    a.Ins

    • ANSWER:
      This is your professor. All of these questions should be easily found in your text. If you really want to learn, look up the answers yourself! We are always watching :-) .

  50. QUESTION:
    Do you know what chem trails are? (This is very serious)?
    Maybe this is not the right section to ask this question but it is a very dangerous subject which the government are well aware of if not behind it.
    THIS IS A VERY SERIOUS SUBJECT THAT THE MAINSTREAM MEDIA BLACKS OUT. Research it yourself on Google or you tube and write to your MP’s demanding answers.
    You are being poisoned every week of the year form the air in the form of chem trails.
    You only have to look up and see the chem trails cris crossing the sky’s forming toxic clouds.
    These chem trails are from planes that are not on the official flight paths and the trail behind the planes are not normal con trails.

    It is a scientific fact the con trails evaporate after 1 – 2 minutes but these con (chemical) trails linger all day and spread out forming clouds. Toxic metals then fall out of these clouds on to our heads. Organic food grown outside cannot be sold as organic anymore.

    These chemtails are being sprayed in every country of the world. A scientist took a sample of rain water after 15mm was dropped from chemtrails skies. The scientist took his sample to two laboratories, one an independent lab and the other a government funded laboratory. Both had the same results which consisted of heavy toxic metals. Heavy metals in the rain water should be around 1 to 3parts per million. The result proved that there was 28.9 ppm.

    These are NOT normal contrails where the jet fuel evaporates in one or two minutes behind the jet, these chemtrails (chemical trails) linger for hours and form toxic clouds.
    Heavy metal poisoning in the human body include the following causes:
    Chronic fatigue, splitting headaches, upset stomach, and central nervous system is effected causing spells of dizziness, insomnia poor concentration abilities, lack of muscular coordination, tiredness, neurological ailments, Alzheimer’s, damage to immune system and irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, convulsions, weakening of the muscles, and cancer.

    The metals found in these tests were:
    ACCUMULATED ALUMINUIM
    Its contents were recorded at 780 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal causes a wide range of neurological ailments and Alzheimer’s.
    ARSNEC
    Its contents were recorded at 593 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal causes headaches, confusion, sleepiness, convulsions, arsenic poisoning, vomiting, diarhoea, kidney and skin cancers, scrotal cancer, liver cancer, cancer of the lymphatic system, lung cancer, blood in the urine, severe mussel cramps, hair loss, stomach pain, coma and death.
    MANGANESE
    Its contents were recorded at 4,000 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal can poison the human body if there is prolonged exposure.
    BARIUM
    Its contents were recorded at 300 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal causes anxiety, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, weakening of the muscles, chronic fatigue, watery eyes, dry throat; prolonged exposure can cause paralysis and death.
    ZINC
    Its contents were recorded at 8,000 times over the safe recommended levels. Too much of this metal ingested begins to become a poison to the liver and pancreas and causes a wide range of neurological ailments. When Zinc reaches more than the recommended amount (15mg/day) it leads to hypocupremia or depletion of copper which has serious consequences for health.
    IRON
    Its contents were recorded at 2,000 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal is deadly and it is a major factor causing diabetes, heart disease, cancer, arthritis, chronic infections, hypothyroidism, and hyperactive behaviour.
    BORON
    Which ends up in our drinking water and is over 4,000 times over the safe recommended levels? It causes acute toxicity in animals, depression, ataxia, convulsions, kidney degeneration and death. It also causes testicular and ovarian atrophy (The male reproductive organs diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function). Boric acid tested on mice, rats and dogs in the laboratory caused testicular lesions. Research chemtrails.
    William the government do want us to pay taxex but they want to carry out depopulation so there are less people using up services. The government officials are breathing this too but they are more interested in getting mega buck backhanders to keep quiet, anyway most government officials don’t believe it because only the high level people know about this military opperation.

    • ANSWER:
      You crazy.