Symptoms Kidney Problems

Discover the Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones
It is important that you are aware of the signs and symptoms of kidney stones to seek help as early as possible. Early detection of any illness is essential to address the problem properly on its early stage and avoid complications. Early diagnosis of any kidney problem will help you avoid serious kidney disease.

The signs and symptoms of kidney stones may vary from person to person and there are people who have kidney stones and yet they do not know it. If the stones are still small and not blocking the urinary track, it can pass along with the urine without any pain. But if the stones get bigger and obstructing the urinary track, pains at different levels will be felt.

Here are common signs and symptoms of kidney stones:

Different degrees of pain. One of the common signs and symptoms of kidney stones is pain. The pain depends on the size and location of the kidney stones. Pains may vary from tolerable to sharp or stabbing pains that may bring you to your knees or could make you unable to walk. The pain is usually on the side and lower back or pelvis. The pain may also radiate from the side to the lower abdomen or groin. It creates great discomfort to the sufferer and sometimes the pain is accompanied by vomiting and nausea.
Fever and chills. Along with the pain, sufferers may experience chills and fever. Your energy level becomes lower and you may experience fatigue and dizziness.

Painful urination and blood in the urine. Another included in list of signs and symptoms of kidney stones are pains during urination and the presence of blood in your urine. You may also notice unusual color and foul-smell of your urine.

Persistent urge to urinate. This is another annoying signs and symptoms of kidney stone. You will have that constant urge to urinate which is very annoying especially at night because it will really disturb your sleep.

Kidney stones problem has many symptoms, some can be tolerable but others can be really disturbing and disabling. It is important that you seek medical help once you recognize the signs and symptoms of kidney stones.

Natural remedies are another option if you want to pass and dissolve kidney stone naturally. If you are into natural remedies visit The Kidney Stone Removal Report

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are some symptoms of having kidney problems?
    What are some symptoms of kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Stones cause pain and blood in the urine. Infection can cause pain in the flank, urine odor and cloudiness. Decreased output with adequate intake needs a doctor evaluation immediately.

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of kidney problems?
    Can missing your period be a sign of a kidney problem or ibs ?

    • ANSWER:
      Missed period is not related to kidney problems. The most common reason for a missed period would be pregnancy, then stress or illness.
      See a doctor.

  3. QUESTION:
    what are symptoms of kidney problems or failure?
    i think i have some sort of kidney problem but im not so sure. can someone please help me!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Fatigue and weakness
      Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting
      Need to urinate frequently, especially at night
      Swelling of the legs
      Itching skin
      Headaches
      Numbness in the feet or hands
      Disturbed sleep,
      Altered mental status
      Restless legs
      High blood pressure, chest pain
      Shortness of breath
      Bleeding
      Bone pain

      Hope this helps you

  4. QUESTION:
    Does a sore lowerback= kidney problems? other symptoms?
    I have had a sore lower back for the last week, maybe two weeks & it seems to be getting worse & worse. Its not a “general” all over back pain its in perticular spots on the left & right side of my lower back. Could this be kidney problems? what are some other kidney problem symptoms? thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:
      This sounds very much like kidney stones. There is often a sharp, stinging and stabbing pain in your lower back on one or both sides. Drinking a lot of water helps to get rid of the pain as kidney stones absolutely love water.

      You can see further information in a web search for “how to dissolve kidney stones”.

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of kidney problems in an anorexic person? Can it be mistaken for kidney stones?

    • ANSWER:
      Anorexia messes up your electrolytes, the chemical balances of your body, and the result can be stones or kidney failure from chronic dehydration and low potassium levels. More info: http://eatingdisorders.suite101.com/article.cfm/kidney_failure_anorexia_and_bulimia

  6. QUESTION:
    What symptoms are there for any and all kidney problems?
    KIdney problems what are the symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      lower back pain, high fever, dark urine, bad chills, fatigue.

  7. QUESTION:
    Health: What are the symptoms of kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      I am on kidney dialysis at home called PD. I would not wish this on my worst enemy. It has alot to get used to as apposed to the normal way or going to the bathroom. I am a diabetic and have been since I was 19 years old. There is no way of knowing that your kidneys are failing, no phusical way really. It doesnt hurt while its happening. No pain is involved. It is after the fact of them failing that your body reacts. Cramping, bowels are upset, weight gain from too much fluid in the body, sleepless, less and less urine being passed, deit , food intake changes, you lose your memory; forgetful,bloating, and in sme cases depression. The answer to all of this is going on a list for kidney transplant which is in my future. Go to the kidney foundation or divita.com. Both are a good sort of info.

  8. QUESTION:
    Anyone had Kidney problems?…If so,is it possible to just get pain in back with no other symptoms?
    Ive got a sharp stabbing pain towards the lower half of my back to the right of my spine right in the muscle next to it. I just wondered if it was a sign of kidney problems, as i saw it on the net thats a symptom of kidney infection. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I have kidney disease have since childhood, and I am non symptomatic in terms of fever urinary issues but I have horrible kidney pain. so yes you can have kidney infections without other symptoms though it is not common. sometimes scarring on the kidneys from chronic infections can cause pain even when you are clear of infection. But you should be seeing a nephrologist or urologist, or at least your primary care provider. also if you are prone to infection you should be having regular (at least every six months) blood draws and urinalysis. A Dr may suggest a nuclear scan to assess damage and inflammation along with a sed rate. Also make sure you urinate before and after sex if you are active. before careful, I wish I knew more as a teenager.

  9. QUESTION:
    Symptoms of kidney problems?
    I’m not sure if I’m just being paranoid or if I might have something wrong with my kidneys. My mom probably wouldn’t take me to the doctor and I wouldn’t want to go unless we were sure these are signs of kidney problems.

    Ever since I was little, I would get UTI’s ALL THE TIME. Luckily, these have decreased, but I still get them occasionally (I’m 14 now). Sometimes my urine is cloudy or really yellow. Other times, out of nowhere, it’s clear. (The color might have something to do with the fact that I hardly ever drink water. I know it’s really unhealthy. I feel like it’s such a waste of money drinking bottled water and I feel bad. But the tap water in my town taste horrible! But even days when I don’t drink any water, my urine is clear.) I’ve never had blood in my urine or anything extreme.

    Also, I have really bad back pain everyday! It’s so annoying! I’ve always had back bain (I think because of cheerleading and gymnastics). It’s mostly in my lower back. Finally, I heard somewhere that kidney problems can lead to swelling. I might be imagining it, but I think my ankles are bigger than they used to be. They aren’t sore or tender or anything though.

    Does it sound like a have a problem with my kidneys? I know that, if anything, it will be an extremely mild problem, but I’m just curious. Also, what are some other symptoms of kiney problems?

    Thanks in advance! :)

    • ANSWER:
      Your mum probably won’t take you to the doctor? Then go yourself, if it’s kidney problems it should be attended to straight away.

  10. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of Kidney damage in a puppy?
    My two puppies have been on the recalled food (canned Nutro Natural Choice chicken, rice, and oatmeal puppy food) and have been very sick with vomiting and bloody watery stools. They have gotten better with veterinary treatment and since they are not on the food, but now one of them is drinking a lot and her urine is clear. Does it mean that she is having problems with her kidney’s? What are the symptoms of kidney problems?

    I have already called the vet, but since it is after hours I am waiting for them to call me back. So please no “go to the vet” replies. There is not a 24 hour clinic in my area, so I have to wait for my vet. I will take her as soon as the vet calls, I am just worried now.
    Also, they have had all of their shots and tested negative for both parvo and intestinal parasites.

    • ANSWER:
      Even if your pups are not ill, wait till monday have the vet do do blood test from that they can check if values relating to kidneys or liver are abnormal, if so they can do further diagnostics, also lodge and complaint, their may very well be compensation for those dogs affected.

      I hoped your dogs are okay

  11. QUESTION:
    Can kidney problems make your face swell and sensitive?
    I woke up this morning with my face and abdomin, places I noticed a difference, puffy. Plus, my face is still red after I used the same facial cleaner I have used for months, today is the first time this has happened. You can actually see where I had the cleanser on.

    I have been pushing lots of water for 5 days because I have been having problems, symptoms seem similiar to kidney stones, but have not be diagnosis with them yet. I know, get them checked, but don’t have insurance to cover the CT scan. Have had other tests run, urine,blood,ultra sound. Plus, there is a swelling near or where my ureter is. Not a cyst or tumor. I guess I wanted to know if anyone has had a similiar problem. Thank you for your time.

    • ANSWER:
      *Thinks about this*

      Seems a bit of an abstract thing to happen…. but if your kidneys aren’t working properly then your blood isn’t being effectively filtered, and all kindsa crap could be building up in there and reacting with different parts of your body along the way….. so yes, its possible…

  12. QUESTION:
    Can Kidney problems be associated wt Lyme disease?
    I’ve recently been diagnosed wt Lyme disease and i am now seeing the symptoms of kidney problems. I was wondering is it likely for humans to have kidney problems wt Lyme disease?

    • ANSWER:
      uh huh

  13. QUESTION:
    what are some symptoms of kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Low back pain (can be severe), fever, pain when urinating/blood in urine, skin turning yellow, diarrhea, water retention, nausea, fatigue, vomiting. So many symptoms! I had a kidney removed. The tell-tale sign was horrendous pain in my back. I also turned yellow and had a high fever and vomiting. They can diagnose kidney problems through ultrasounds and urine tests.

      If you have major pain/fever, get to a doctor right away.

  14. QUESTION:
    Could these symptoms mean Kidney Problems?
    Okay so about two days ago I got super sick… and here are my symptoms…

    -I have a very bad pain where my left kidney is located ( i googled that much)
    -I have a very bad head ache, either my forehead hurts, or my left side of my head has an awkward pressure feeling.
    -I have runny nose, fever, and I’m cold, which is probably cuz of the fever lol
    -I have some trouble urinating and having bowel movements
    -No matter how much a brush my teeth I have avery bad taste in the back of my throat
    -Funny feeling in my hands and legs when I stand up, along with lightheaded ness
    -Dizziness, and nausea, fatigue, and when I eat I can be full for hours, but I know I should eat.

    I searched some of it online but I wanted to get someone elses opinion. Im a generally healthy person and i HATE going to the doctors. I drink about 5-ish water bottles a day. At least 2.
    Any advice?

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    what are symptoms of kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      it depends on what kind of kidney problem u have.

  16. QUESTION:
    can i know what is the early symptoms of kidney problems??

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Amber,

      I’m assuming you’re asking this question because you’re worried about yourself or someone else. There are many different types of kidney problems; some involve your creatnin, BUN ratio, and liver enzymes as well.

      Since I don’t know what symptoms you’re experiencing, I can’t tell you exactly what to watch for, but here’s a base list:

      concentrated (bright-colored) urine, even when you’re drinking lots of water.
      constant thirst
      fatigue
      short-term memory loss

      If you don’t drink enough water, exercise a lot, eat too much protein, take a lot of medications or non-food-based supplements, or don’t get adequate nutrition, these can cause you to experience symptoms.

      I’d be happy to help you figure this out. Feel free to email/IM me.:)

  17. QUESTION:
    Is it true that itchy skin is a symptom of kidney problems?
    This is a general itchiness all over but no rash, spots or bites. I’ve heard that liver problems can cause an itchy skin, but kidneys too?
    I didn’t really believe the person who told me, just checking and wondered if anyone else had heard of it.

    As I don’t feel particularly ill and the only other symptoms are the usual hay fever ones I thought the itching was due to the pollen.

    • ANSWER:
      They can, but you would have other symptoms and be rather ill.

      Chances are you have an allergy to something.
      The body getting too hot can also give these symptoms.

      Keep checking for a rash or bites, sometimes they don’t come up straight away.

      If you are very concerned please visit your doctor

  18. QUESTION:
    If you had kidney problems would it be painful?
    like would have alot of pain in the back? What would the symptoms of kidney problems be?

    • ANSWER:
      Probably. The pain would be in the lower back about waistline. Other symptoms would be a foul smelling urine dark in color, hard time trying to urinate and fever. These 3 symptoms alone should be enough for you to call your doctor. Good luck and God Bless

  19. QUESTION:
    symptoms of kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    Is it kidney problems or scoliosis?
    I have pain in my lower, back and sometimes in my side..but not usually. The pain in my lower back dosen’t seem to be going away. The pain is also only on the side where my scoliosis is curved the most. I already had xrays but I don’t go to see my doctor til the end of the month. I don’t have any other symptoms of kidney problems..but i’m still really scared! I’m only 15 btw.

    • ANSWER:
      scoliosis. Kidneys are upper back.

  21. QUESTION:
    Is the slight pressure I’m feeling related to appendicitis or kidney problems?
    I have slight pressure in my lower right abdomen. It’s not an excruciating, throbbing pain but just uncomfortable. It comes and goes and sometimes feels like it radiates or switches to my lower back on the right as well. Could this be a symptom of kidney or appendix problems?

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    Kidney problems? recognize these symptoms?
    Does anyone out there suffer from kidney disease of any kind? I think something is up with my left kidney… Last year I was hospitalized for a severe kidney infection that wasn’t responding to antibiotics at first. When images of my left kidney were taken, everyone (including Drs) said there was an abscess. The specialist came along and squashed that theory before even looking at the images (you can see why I was skeptical of him after that). He said it was a cyst and that the cyst is shrinking. He also said that cysts don’t hurt, but mine does.

    So, anyway, here I am a year later with some random, unexplicable problems. The left kidney often throbs with pain (not severe, just annoying and persistent) my lower stomach is bloated almost all the time, my pee comes out slowly sometimes even though there is so much pressure and I drink and pee more than most people. I am also quite fatigued.

    Does this sound like it relates to my kidney? Can anyone relate to this?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry I don’t but here is a website that may help you:
      www.reversingchronicdisease.com

  23. QUESTION:
    If i was having kidney problems what would be the symptoms?
    like would there be alot of pain ad where

    • ANSWER:
      Acute renal failure often does not cause symptoms that you notice. If you are already in the hospital, tests done for other problems may also detect your kidney failure. When symptoms do appear, they may include:

      * Swelling, especially of the legs and feet.
      * Little or no urine output.
      * Thirst and a dry mouth.
      * Rapid heart rate.
      * Feeling dizzy when you stand up.
      * Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
      * Feeling confused, anxious and restless, or sleepy.
      * Pain on one side of the back, just below the rib cage and above the waist (flank pain).

  24. QUESTION:
    How do you know you are having kidney problems?
    My friend has been having pain in her left side that at times is unbearable. Her blood pressure has also been affected. Could this be her Kidneys?What are some symptoms of kidney trouble.

    • ANSWER:
      The main indication of kidney trouble is problems with urination (pain, burning, frequency, strong odor, cloudiness, etc.). Blood in the urine can indicate an infection or a kidney stone. With a kidney infection, you have severe back, flank or abdominal pain and usually fever, chills, sometimes nausea and vomiting. A kidney stone has similar symptoms and is often described as the worst pain the person has ever had. Kidney issues definitely affect BP. I hope your friend is seeing a doctor.

  25. QUESTION:
    How can you differentiate between skeletal muscle pain and real kidney problems?
    I’ve had a dull pain deep in my back on the left side, where I think my kidney is. I dont know if I should have it checked out or if it is just a strained muscle….I have a toddler that I’m constantly chasing after, picking up, and some times not using my weight correctly on my back/legs. Are there other symptoms of kidney infections besides pain?

    • ANSWER:
      When I pee it feels like someone is stabbing me with a broadsword up the pee hole.

  26. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of a kidney problem?
    Would lower abdominal and back pain be one?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. Depending on the problem you might also have fever, nausea, blood in the urine etc.

      However lower abdominal and back pain can be from other things as well.

  27. QUESTION:
    what are the symptoms of any type kidney problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms depend on the specific disorder but in general there may be discolored urine, it may appear reddish-orange or smoky colored. Urination may be painful and urine output may be far below normal. Flank pain, fever. You should really focus on one disorder and run a search for specific symptoms.

  28. QUESTION:
    KIDNEY PROBLEMS!!! Has anyone else had these symptoms???
    My ex-boyfriend is complaining of really bad pain in his kidneys. He can feel it in his back (of course), and he is saying that he has to pee every 30 mins. Has anyone else ever had these symptoms, and what did the problem turn out to be??? He drinks a lot too, so I wonder if that is causing some problems…

    • ANSWER:
      It’s likely to be either kidney stone(s) or kidney infection. Either one is very serious and he needs to see a doctor right away.

  29. QUESTION:
    My dog is drinking an excessive amount of water, could this be kidney problems?
    My 11 year old Min Pin is drinking an excess amount of water. What are the symptoms of Kidney disease?

    • ANSWER:
      Could also be diabetes. Your best bet would be to make an appt. with your vet asap. Have you noticed what color the urine is? You might want to take a urine spec. in when you take your dog in. I hope it is nothing really serious.

  30. QUESTION:
    Can someone tell me what are the symptoms of kidney problem / diabetes?

    • ANSWER:
      Type 2 diabetes: Extreme Thirst, Occasioned bluely vision,
      Frequent urination, Unusual drowsiness, Unexplained weight loss, Extreme hunger, irritability

  31. QUESTION:
    I need to prepare a balanced diet for someone with kidney problems.?
    List of food that can be eaten by someone who has symptoms of kidney trouble.

    • ANSWER:
      ask this person’s doctor to arrange a meeting with a dietican or nutrionrist, this professional can give you exact and useful information for you to use in preparing and planing menus for your friend…do not take advice from just anyone, it is worth the time to meet with a professional, this is life threatening if not eating properly…

  32. QUESTION:
    Kidney problem symptoms?
    What are the symptoms for kidney failures? My side is always hurting (flank pain), my stomach, I urinate all the time, I am exhausted and tired most of the time. I am a college student and I haven’t been able to go to class in the morning ‘coz I am extremely tired even if I go to sleep early. I have headache all the time………
    I also have a hard time breathing and my abdominal area is always hurting (not because of diarrhea or anything).. It just hurts a lot. I didn’t really mind before because it was only a spasm, it comes and go but lately its been hurting more and more.

    • ANSWER:
      Actually I have kidney failure and am currently on dialysis. While the previous answer is correct most times you will not feel any symptoms of kidney failure to the last minute when you have no function. If you are urinating frequently then it is not likely you have kidney failure. Your kidneys are not near your stomach so if you have pain it would be in your lower back…my best suggestion would be to take the urine test at your doctor’s office or local clinic. See most people do not have 100 percent kidneys but kidney failure is not something you feel the decrease of. BUT IF YOU GET lower back pain, blood in urine, no urine then I would suggest you IMMEADIATELY SEE A DOCTOR!

  33. QUESTION:
    Kidney Problems. Please can you help with symptoms ????
    Hi

    Ok quick run down , for the last 4 month i have had a constant ache in my back, to the point i can’t get out of bed some morning’s , so i bought a new mattress thinking dodgi springs…
    In the mean time i had a what i thought was a 24 hr bug of continuous sickness, i mean continuous for 8-9 hrs , not to be crude but it was yellow bile, with fever and cold spells, couldn’t physically move out of bed and feelin bad….

    Got over it but still got the back/ rib weird ache and feelin really really tired to the stage where i just need to rest even for 10 mins…

    So last week all the above returned with a vengence but just before the sickness, i came in from work and felt ill sick and so so so tired, then bang sickness, pain my sides felt huge and swollen and after 12 hrs off sufferin i had to go to my GP and i was told silly not for goin immediatly to the hospital…

    I was diagnosed with a severe kidney infection.

    Finished antibio but still feelin a crushin weird pain ?
    And also putting on weight…

    Now another strange thing is i get a itch in my ankle area , sometimes all over is this connected ???

    So what is going oncan anyone help ???

    • ANSWER:
      Those kidney infections are wicked!! The whole body often feels like it was run over by a truck…weakness, chills, vomiting.

      It sounds as though you need another course of antibiotics. If your infection was that bad, and considering the delay I’m almost sure it was, one course of antibiotics may not be enough. It sounds as though you only took antibiotics for a week; you may need another week. You need to go back to the doc and tell him your symptoms.

      The itching could be an allergic reaction to the antibiotic. Kidney failure can also cause itching, but I wouldn’t say that’s what your problem is at this time. It’s very difficult to know what’s going on with someone without seeing them and lab results. Your best bet is a return visit to your doc.

      I’m sure you’re drinking lots of fluids; keep that up. You want to flush the kidney on a continuous basis. Be sure you’re eating properly and getting enough electrolytes too. In other words, 8 cups of water are good, but add some other fluids too.

      You are going to have to be patient. Your body has been through a lot, and it’s going to take time for it to fully recover. Good luck!

  34. QUESTION:
    I’m really worried that I have kidney problems?
    I have socliosis and have had horrible lower back problems that i’ve never experience before. My mom INSISTS that I don’t have kidney problems, and that it’s my scoliosis. She scheduled an appointment for my back doctor I really don’t think it’s my back. I have normal urination, and no fever though. So what are some other symptoms that I have kidney problems? I’m really scared, please some answers to soothe my nerves would be great!

    • ANSWER:
      What makes you think it’s your kidneys?

      Urine color and frequency are usually signs of a kidney problem, though you said it’s normal.

  35. QUESTION:
    Symptoms of kidney stones, but there are no urological problems, What do i have?
    I have the symptoms of kidney stones, or UTI’s. I do NOT have any kidney stones of urine infections or bladder infections. I thought i did, but after several tests, and ultra sounds there are no problems in that area.

    What else could be causing burning when urination with incontinence, as well as abdominal pains, pain in my lower back, and foul smelling urine? I’ve had the burning and incontinence for exactly one year now, and i’m thinking maybe its an STI such as chlamydia?
    I went to a urologist, that was all the tests he does. I cant do any tests for STD’s or STI’s til im back in the UK.
    And he can’t think what i could have. I’m 18 and living in an arab country so he cant suspect anything sexual because it’s illegal out of marriage.

    • ANSWER:
      Pregnancy possibly, or an STD. Go to a gynecologist and get tested for either.

  36. QUESTION:
    Kidney Problems?
    I think I might have kidney problems because I get lower back pains…
    What are some symptoms of kidney problems?
    Because my legs are KILLING me…for no reason at all…could this be because of this?
    Does this run in families because my dad has kidney problems..?

    thank you.=]

    • ANSWER:
      Well I have Polycystic Kidney Disease. When I was 14, I started getting lots of pain in my lower back… everyone I told(family) kept telling me that it was “growing pains” Well it wasn’t… a few months later my father passed away from Polycystic Kidney Disease. It’s a genetic disease so they then tested me and I came up positive. It’s been almost 10 years I’ve been living with the disease and I have lower back pain, sometimes my legs hurt, I have bad circulation. But it’s hard to tell what is from what because i also have heart problems and an ovary disease. I think you should see a kidney doctor. you might have to get a referal from your family doctor but I recommend you do. good luck…hope you are well.

  37. QUESTION:
    is catnip safe for cats with kidney problems?
    is catnip safe for cats with kidney problems?
    my 12 year old cat has been on a special prescription diet for renal problems for a couple of years (hill’s k/d). Thankfully he has no symptoms and seems healthy in spite of his compromised kidneys. Anyway.. like most cats, he loves catnip. Does anyone know if cats with kidney disease have problems processing catnip/ excreting it? Is it ok to keep giving it to him? thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      As far as I know cats don’t eat catnip, they just like the aroma so you probably don’t need to worry.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of having a kidney problem?

    • ANSWER:
      Chronic Kidney Disprders:What are the symptoms of autosomal dominant PKD?
      The most common symptoms are pain in the back and the sides—between the ribs and hips—and headaches. The pain can be temporary or persistent, mild or severe.
      People with autosomal dominant PKD also can experience the following complications:
      •urinary tract infections—specifically, in the kidney cysts
      •hematuria—blood in the urine
      •liver and pancreatic cysts
      •abnormal heart valves
      •high blood pressure
      •kidney stones
      •aneurysms—bulges in the walls of blood vessels—in the brain
      •diverticulosis—small pouches bulge outward through the colon.
      •A number of different medical conditions can lead to an increased risk for developing kidney stones:
      oGout results in an increased amount of uric acid in the urine and can lead to the formation of uric acid stones.

      oHypercalciuria (high calcium in the urine), another inherited condition, causes stones in more than half of cases. In this condition, too much calcium is absorbed from food and excreted into the urine, where it may form calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate stones.

      oOther conditions associated with an increased risk of kidney stones includehyperparathyroidism, kidney diseases such as renal tubular acidosis, and some inherited metabolic conditions including cystinuria and hyperoxaluria. Chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) are also associated with an increased risk of developing kidney stones.

      oPeople with inflammatory bowel disease or who have had an intestinal bypass or ostomy surgery are also more likely to develop kidney stones.

  39. QUESTION:
    what are the symptoms of kidney problem?

    • ANSWER:
      A metallic or other foreign taste in your mouth
      Tiredness
      Feeling cold
      Headaches
      High blood pressure
      Insomnia
      Itching and dryness of the skin
      Loss of appetite or nausea
      Pain in the small of the back in the area of the kidneys
      Poor concentration, confusion, forgetfulness
      Poor sex drive
      Restless or cramped legs
      Shortness of breath
      Swelling in the hands, feet, or face, especially around the eyes, when you just wake up)
      Urination problems, such as foamy or bloody urine, more or less urine than usual, or a change in how often you urinate

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the main symptoms of a kidney problem? I pee little but often?

    • ANSWER:
      Two common causes of peeing “little but often” are DIABETES (covered in an answer to a different question of yours a few days ago), and UTI’s (Urinary Tract Infections) which include kidney infections.

      The blood circulating around our bodies needs to be kept clean – and that’s the job of our kidneys. Our kidneys filter our blood, and they get rid of any blood wastes by sending these waste products off to the urinary bladder, to be passed out of the body later as urine. It’s the blood wastes such as urea and ammonium which make your pee smell.

      We can all get bacterial infections anywhere along this “urinary tract”, from your kidneys at the top, all the way down through your bladder, right down to your urethra. The most common forms of UTI’s are acute cystitis, often referred to as a bladder infection. At the upper end of the urinary tract, we can also get kidney infections, which can be more serious.

      Common symptoms of UTI’s (and therefore the main symptoms of kidney problems) include:
      •frequently feeling the need to urinate;
      •frequent urination;
      •pain during urination; and
      •cloudy urine.

      I also know from personal experience that a kidney infection can cause pain in and around your kidneys (situated around the middle of your lower back, either side of your spine, and about halfway out from your spine).

      Similar to my answer to a different question of yours a few days ago, if you think you have any type of kidney problems at all, it’s important for you to see your qualified medical practitioner SOON, to see if you should have some simple tests to finds out what’s wrong.

      Although they cause discomfort, UTI’s can usually be easily treated with a short course of antibiotics – but *please* make sure you take the whole course of antibiotics your doctor has prescribed. Don’t just take a few, start feeling better, and stop taking them. If you’re prescribed 7 tablets, take all 7. If you’re prescribed 20 tablets, take all 20 – this way, the infection shouldn’t return immediately.

      Always remember *prevention* too – the best way to prevent any type of Urinary Tract Infection from happening is to regularly drink PLENTY of water, to flush out your urinary system. In the old days, doctors used to advise everyone to drink 8 cups of water a day. Naturopaths advise us to drink more than that – for every 20 kg (44 lb) of body weight, they say you need to drink 1 litre (1/4 gallon) of water per day. Therefore, if I weigh 60 kg (132 lb), then I need to drink 3 litres (3/4 gallon) of water each day.

      To make it easy, a good rule of thumb is this: If you start to feel thirsty, then you haven’t drunk enough water – so you need to go and have a big drink of water now, PLUS drink more often.

      Good luck! :-)

  41. QUESTION:
    I have a sharp pain in my lower back only on one side; don’t think it’s kidney problems…?
    I have had this rather sharp pain in my lower back only on the left side for about 4 days now. I was wondering if maybe it might be a kidney problem, but I don’t have any other symptoms of kidney problems like blood in urine or burning sensations, nausea, etc. It hurts to the point of not being able to get it massaged because that just makes it hurt worse. I’m considering accupuncture, but I’d like to know what’s wrong first! HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      OK, you know when you go to the doctor, he asks, what is the pain like, is it dull, sharp. Sharp pain is a warning, warning, warning. Do not massage the site, go to the phone, call your doctor and see him at the earliest date possible, today if you can, if it gets worse go to the emergency room. This can be an ovary, cyst on an ovary, appendix, do not wait for something to perforate, and you need surgery, seek help now.

  42. QUESTION:
    Before bloodwork showed with liver or kidney probs, what symptoms did you exhibit?
    For those people with liver or kidney problems…did you have your symptoms long before you were diagnosed with a problem?

    I seem to be exhibiting every serious symptoms of a kidney or liver disorder except bloodwork is showing nothing.
    Severe pruritus, itchy/buring skin, inflamed RUQ, swollen eyes, nausea and swollen joints, burning eyes. NO blood indicators.
    I have a lot of suspicion of have kidney problems, because it started when was holding 10lbs of water.

    Swollen kidney? Enflamed Nephrons? Without blood problems?

    Thanks very much for sharing your experiences.
    Also, this has gone on over year, without letting up… Im holding water in my gut too.

    • ANSWER:
      I have PBC – Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (Stage 3 liver disease) and am on medication for it. The only symptom I exhibited before being diagnosed is severely itchy skin, which I assumed was dry skin but never had professionally diagnosed. Apparently some liver diseases cause you to itch a lot. Luckily, I was diagnosed during a routine physical where my doctor ran a panel of blood screens and they found the liver enzymes were high. That led to more tests by a specialist, which eventually led to a biopsy to determine for sure what was going on. Anyway, have you gotten a second opinion or gone to a different lab for the blood work? Maybe the doctor isn’t running the correct tests on the blood? Good luck, hope you feel better soon.

  43. QUESTION:
    Is there a possiblity that i am suffering from any kidney problems?
    Im going to the doctor’s on Monday but i just really want to know what i am probably suffering from in case my doctor misdiagnoses me. My symptoms are:

    Stabbing pain in my kidney, i don’t have that much anymore but i can feel it.
    Pain in the stomach and in my other intestine’s area’s
    Tiredness
    Memoryloss, i didn’t remember what day it was lately.
    Weak legs
    Rarely urinating.
    Headache’s which i usually don’t get.
    Muscle pain when i haven’t really excercised on those muscles.
    Nausea
    Metallic taste in my mouth.

    I just want to clear my head and know if it’s anything serious or not for the reasons above, can you please help me out here? All help is appreciated and thank you so much for your time!

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds more like you are dehydrated…drink lots of water and cranberry juice..do you have a fever? if so take tylenol or motrin. Kidney pain is usually in the back, not the abdomen. This is from my own personal experience. I have only one kidney, lost the other one some years ago……..Good Luck

  44. QUESTION:
    can you have a kidney problem when you have other symptoms that my be related?
    for several months, i have had flank pain, on and off, puffy eyes in the mornings, itching in both legs, sometimes low grade fever and slight chills that come and go, i sometime urinate 1 or 2 times in a whole day, i went to the doctor but i was afraid to tell her because i thought what would she think if i had so many symptoms all at once. i am 37 yr old female.

    • ANSWER:
      Why on earth would you be afraid to tell a doctor something? Thats what YOU are paying the Doctor for, to help you with a medical problem. You dont have a personal relationship with a doctor, they are there to meet your medical needs.I have kidney issues and what your describing fits everything to a t with the exception of the itching. Flank pain and low grade fevers for several months is not normal. Do yourself a favor, go back to the doctor, tell her EVERYTHING. If she cant help, she will refer you to a urologist who can do proper testing for urinary tract infection, kidney and bladder problems etc. I know its scary, but believe me, I waited for years to investigate and now Im paying an enormous price.You are only hurting yourself by doing nothing about this. Good luck, I hope everything works out.

  45. QUESTION:
    If i was having a kidney issue what would be the symptoms?
    Im asking this because i have bubbly pee but when i drink alot of water the bubbly pee kinda goes away so im wondering if it has anything to with kidney problems. I do eat alot of protein foods like meat.

    • ANSWER:
      It is significant in women, as it is common in men to have this type of urine.
      Anyway you will need a check up and urine examination to find out for sure. Symptoms are- frequent urination, dysuria, backache etc.
      All the best!

  46. QUESTION:
    What are the main symptoms of a serious kidney problem?

    • ANSWER:
      I had a kidney infection and an extra toob on my kidney.. im not sure if thats as seriouse as you were thinking but my symptoms were:
      Lower back pain
      Pain in my right lowere quardant of my stomach
      Pressure when i urinate
      dull and sharp pains all over
      dehidration
      and cramps.
      Hope this helps you!

  47. QUESTION:
    Multiple sclerosis symptoms? Spina bifida, kidney failure, other health problems?
    My husband &I are really worried. He is 42 years old &born w/spina bifida. He has always been mobile &worked hard at his job. He lost a kidney @ 4y.o. and now his remaining kidney is loosing more function (about 40%). He also has a urostomy and has issues w/bowels. He is dx w/high blood pressure, controlled with medication. Recently,2-wks ago), he was admitted into the hospital for extremely high fever btw 104 &106. His body had produced an e-coli infection that zapped him. He lost function of his kidney from 56% to 40%. He was extremely dehydrated &was swollen in the face to where his eyes were almost swollen shut. We think this is bc his kidney wasn’t filtering due to the infection. On Monday of this past week, he felt so much better &went back to work. His nephrologist &urologist are just monitoring him bc he is doing well w/those functions. Our concern is that his legs are like jello& twitch @ night, his balance is off, his hands are numb&trembling, he is sooo fatigued& has a hard
    time w/even simple activities. Is there a concern to get checked for MS? Can you have Spina bifida and MS? Thank you for your help and knowledge.
    He has always had the twitching of legs at night and muscle spasms. Some nites are worse than others. He has in the past 4-5 years developed the hand tremors, mostly when he’s mowing or has been exposed to heat. The jello/rubber legs are new and they are sore, I assume from the spasms. We associated the fatigue w/kidney. Not sure where to go. We are a newly married couple 4 years seeking fertility treatments to have a baby. I just want him to feel better. I would take it all for myself if I could. I’ve never even had a fever over 100 and hardly get a cold. I just worry about him so much! Thanks for listening!
    One more thing, he also has a horrible dry cough that they checked w/a chest x-ray in the hospital that came back okay. Could this be a symptom too?

    • ANSWER:
      I have had MS for 10 years and his symptoms could be MS but they could also be caused by something else. Is he using any products with artificial sweeteners? If so, stop immediately because these can poison you and mimic MS. You’d be surprised what products have artificial sweeteners in them these days. I can’t chew any gum at all anymore because all of them are using some form of artificial sweetener even if they are not sugarless. Read labels and make sure he isn’t ingesting any of them. If it turns out he has MS this is especially important because it will just aggravate the symptoms. I’m truly sorry he has been dealing with so many medical issues. I know how hard it can be dealing with MS and just the issues it alone causes.

  48. QUESTION:
    Kidney problems from the recall, what are the symptoms?
    My dog suddenly got sick, he’s still eating, hes a 9 year old portugese water spaniel and he has had the runs and been throwing up for about a week, he eats beneful wet&dry food, is he suffering from the tainted recall food? He’s my baby and if he died i would cry for days

    • ANSWER:
      Vomiting
      not wanting to eat
      diahrea
      take him 2 the vet

  49. QUESTION:
    intermittent flank pain, is it kidney problems?
    Hello i just started to have intermitten flank pain on my right side but goes away. It happened a couple times, once in the movies when I was sitting and yesterday. The pain went away. It wasn’t accompanied by anything else. Is this a symptom of a kidney problem or diabetes? I am obese and have gained a lot of weight recently and do have high blood pressure. I am a little scared.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s possibly related to your kidney, but it could also be gas or a number of other problems (including gallstones). If the pain becomes severe, you develop nausea or vomiting, or if it becomes more persistent, you should make an appointment with your primary doctor. If the pain becomes very severe, go to the emergency department.

  50. QUESTION:
    What is the MAJOR (main and formost in all patients) symptom of kidney problems…?
    such as needing dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      If you aren’t eliminating fluid (peeing) then you need dialysis every time but it would be pretty rare to suddenly notice that you’ve stopped peeing. Many people stop peeing “right” or enough and they end up on dialysis. Often they’ve notice swollen feet, ankles, calves, etc. signs of edema and gone to the doctor.

      Edema is a common sign of diminished kidney function but dimminisher kidney function is an uncommon reason for edema. However, edema does cause other symptoms beyond swollen extremities. Other physical symptoms of having excess fluid in the body are high blood pressure and fatigue. However, there are other reasons a person might have edema needing dialysis is a small percentage possibility.

      Kidney disease is measured on a five stage scale. When you’re diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease One (CKD1) by a doctor it means that your kidneys are slightly impaired, CKD2, CKD3, CKD4 are all degrees of increased imparement and CKD5 means that you need either dialysis or a kidney transplant. What stage of CKD a person is in is defined by a person’s Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR).

      The GFR is determined by a doctor through a blood test (check out wikipedia entry for GFR here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glomerular_filtration_rate ) Once a person’s GFR goes below 15 many nephrologists will suggest dialysis (or a transplant if a living donor is available).

      Sometimes people hear their doctor say that they should get ready for dialysis and it is a shock. “Dialysis? Even though I feel okay … maybe tired or less of an appetite but still DIALYSIS?!”

      But if your kidneys are not doing the right job – taking things out of the blood they should be leaving in (spilling protein) or letting things they should control out of control – then a doctor will know that you need or will need dialysis long before you feel really sick. The blood test can say dialysis long before you feel as bad as you imagine you should need to feel for dialysis.

      If your doctor is telling you that dialysis is in your future; that you either have to start now or have a fistula placed and start soon then you should listen. Even if don’t feel that sick. Starting dialysis with some kidney function will be much easier on your body and there are some kinds of dialysis like peritoneal dialysis that can preserve kidney function.

      If you doubt a blood test result then do get a second opinion but if the second blood test result an/or a urinalysis (sometimes you need to collect 24 hours worth of urine) indicate CKD4 to 5 then it is time to come to grips and get knowledgeable about CKD. It’s time for you to go to KidneySchool:

      http://www.kidneyschool.org


Creatine In Dogs

Pregnancy Stages in Dogs
Just like human females, your dog has a pregnancy schedule, and a uterine calendar that can pinpoint which pregnancy stage she is in according to her body’s symptoms.

In a dog’s first pregnancy stage, for example, when she is in the first two weeks of since copulation, the dog’s nipples start to enlarge. When you notice this phenomenon your dog should see a veterinarian, to determine if there is a pregnancy and if so what pregnancy stage she is in.

The veterinarian will be able to tell if puppies have been conceived just by feeling the dog’s stomach. Just as with human pregnancy tests, the dog’s pregnancy or lack of it can be verified through a blood test. Of course, the pregnancy stage for a canine is shorter than that of humans because dogs give birth only sixty three to sixty five days after conception.

Each pregnancy stage for a dog, therefore, is only about 21 days long as compared with a woman’s pregnancy trimester of three months. In the dogs sixth week of pregnancy her need for nutrition will increase as will her appetite. At this point she is truly eating for several little ones including herself, and should be fed more food accordingly. Her food consumption will increase approximately 50 percent over what she normally consumes. It is very important that her diet be balanced. For this you should take the advice of your veterinarian.

A dog that is going to have a litter of many puppies will have a visibly enlarged tummy, although there are some dogs – especially those giving birth to just a few – whose abdomen won’t enlarge noticeably. For these dogs, the pregnancy stage where they are showing is about one week long. Dogs who deliver a great number of puppies tend to deliver them prematurely.

In general, your dog can deliver her own puppies without the intervention of a veterinarian. There are exceptions to this, of course, and it’s important to be able to know what these exceptions are and when they are occurring.

You should call the vet if your dog has been carrying the puppies for more than 65 days, or has been having contractions for more than two hours without delivering any puppies. If your dog has given birth to a puppy or puppies but not all, and now three hours have elapsed since the last birth, call the vet. This is especially crucial if you see your dog pushing and putting in a lot of effort. If your dog is very tired and her contractions are so slight that they don’t bring on delivery you should call the vet.

Once your dog has advanced to the stage of pregnancy where she has given birth you’ll need to step in to give some care to the newborns. It’s important that the babies have heat. A puppy crib is ideal, somewhere away from any circulating air. As puppies are still being delivered those that have been born can be pushed towards their mom for warmth and comfort.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Does using creatine supplements for injury recovery in dogs help? What are the amounts,frequency and duration?
    I have a 13 yr. old 90lb. German sheppard mix. He hurt his back last month and have been getting accupuncture,massage,heat blankets,pain pills,linament gel,increase in his vitamin supplements and custom made traction sling and a cart to help him move around. I give him raw beef bones with some meat on them they help with the bodys creatine. I wanted to know if the supplements would boost the process even more?

    • ANSWER:
      desicated liver pills. Full of protein and creatine producing ingredients. Cheap too. You can also try creatine by its self in small ammounts. Ask your vet.

  2. QUESTION:
    Can I give my dog creatine?
    I have a blue nose pit bull she is 7 months but shes in grat shape..i wanted to know if I can give her protien or creatine to make her stronger

    • ANSWER:
      NO. Her kidneys will be over worked filtering thru creatine.

      This is an adult supplement. It is not meant for dogs. If you want her to have more protein, feed her lean meats.

  3. QUESTION:
    Musashi Growling Dog Creatine?
    I just bought “Musashi Growling Dog Creatine”. I put it in orange juice but it wont dissolve. I can see white bit everywhere. Is this normal.

    Also is this brand of creatine good? Its “micronised” creatine.
    Im not trying to lose weight!…..wtf!…do u even kno what creatine is

    • ANSWER:
      no because exercise is important in our health!! but i can suggest 4 times a week!!!

  4. QUESTION:
    BUN and creatine levels in a raw fed cat, are they different like raw fed dogs?

    that doesn’t answer my Question at all.

    • ANSWER:
      I researched this at one point and my understanding that BUN may be higher in raw fed cats and that this is not a bad thing.
      I no longer have the source of the information.

      I would be curious to know if there have been any studies of BUN and creatine in wild-living cats. I think that would provide more accurate information on what is truly “normal” for a cat.

      Update: See last paragraph of the section on CRF. Does not specify raw diet but high protein. Says BUN may be higher:

      http://fnae.org/diseases.html

      Update 2: This is on normal values for Felis silvestris (European). The Near Eastern subspecies of this animal is the direct recent ancestor of domestic cats.
      Read the part about what they ate then scroll down to Table2:

      http://www.jwildlifedis.org/cgi/reprint/36/3/445.pdf

  5. QUESTION:
    what is the best supplements to use to gain muscle fast whilst being toned?
    16 male having trouble putting on muscle ive hit the stage that i cant gain much more muscle was weighing in as 75 but now lost 3kg over the past few weeks im using 100% Whey Protein by balance and also musashi growling dog creatine.. what should i be using?

    • ANSWER:
      creatine is good to bulk quick but has a lot of water weight is all. serious mass I heard is good lots of calories in it as well as carbs n protein. but cheaper more natural way peanut butter sandwiches lol. no joke.

  6. QUESTION:
    I have a 5 yr old chi/min pin mix that just had a blood panel test and the results for creatine were high.?
    This happened again about a year ago where I had to take urine samples and the levels turned out fine. However, I feel that my vet is ALWAYS trying to sell me on things and try to get extra tests out of me because he knows how much I love my dogs. Does anyone know what levels of creatine are normal in dogs? I believe he said he had a 2.9 level. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m not sure what the “normal” range is, but when they elevate, it bears watching due to possible kidney failure…
      I lost a dog to kidney failure…
      Better to be safe than sorry.

  7. QUESTION:
    Creatine or Kre-Alkalyn?
    Okay I’m quite a new to creatine but from what I heard it is a very effective supplement. Anyways I’ve been looking around and I found creatine for a fairly low price it was growling dog creatine and for about . The store however recommened Greenridge Kre-Alkalyn, they say it is better than creatine as it doesn’t make u bloat and etc…Yeah I’m confused what should i get or what do you recommend? and where to get it I live in Victoria btw dandenong =). Also the Kre-alkalyn is like a small bottle o.0 so yeah…

    • ANSWER:
      You can look up any Pubmed journal and find articles on the effectiveness of Creatine. Yes it fills muscle cells with water and enhances recovery and strength. The other guy has no idea what he is talking about. There are NO electrolytes in Creatine whatsoever. As for Kre-Alkalyn is probably nothing more than a marketing gimmick for Creatine. Go with the cheaper version! Hope this helps ya.

  8. QUESTION:
    Has anyone dealt with a small, fairly young dog with kidney failure? Levels BUN 130, Creatine 13? Please help?
    I need help. I recently put my 9 year old Yorkiepoo to sleep because two vets told us that he was in the late stages of chronic kidney failure. Its been three days since and I’m so sad and the guilt is unbelievable. Since he’s left us, I’ve talked to another vet who basically made me feel we did the wrond thing by letting him go. She told us that even with terrible levels, he may feel better with intravenous fluids administered for 3 days. We were given that option by the vet who helped us in making our decision and she told us that it would more than likely only prolong his life by weeks. This other vet is saying that it could have been more like years. We didn’t do the fluids because we didn’t want him to be in the hospital for 3 days and without us for the sake of maybe a few weeks. We were worried he was suffering, but now I read all of this information that treatment may have given him his normal life back. I’m dying inside knowing that I may have ended his life too quickly. Can anyone help? If you have a personal story, please share it with me….good or bad. Before the end, his levels were BUN 130 and Creatinine 13. I was told those numbers were very terrible, but I’ve been reading that dogs have been treated with numbers worse. I just want to know what quality of life there was to look forward to. I know I could have kept him alive, but we didn’t want him to suffer.

    • ANSWER:
      my neighbour had a lab-border collie cross:8yrs old.
      had kidney failure and was put to sleep.
      it will be a downhill thing, slowly watching the dog die.
      I think there still are dogs and cats out there,who will die from the contaminated dog food,from last year.
      It just did not show up right away, but the damage was already done.
      Now,in Ireland there is dioxin in the cows meat.
      How?they are saying its in the feed.

  9. QUESTION:
    dog section: Help understanding this study?
    know with dogs BUN and creatine are higher when raw fed. Appears the same for cats based on this

    http://www.jwildlifedis.org/cgi/reprint/36/3/445.pdf

    I’m having troubles understanding a part. It says,

    “In cats on a high protein diet, excessive
    fluid loss due to a marked urea-induced
    diuresis can cause an increase in sodium
    values (Bush, 1991). This could have occurred
    in the wildcats of our study and
    correlates with the increased values of
    BUN. However, in other wild felids fed a
    similar high protein diet, BUN values are
    within the normal range for the domestic
    cat (Currier and Russell, 1982; Fuller et
    al., 1995; Weaver and Jonson, 1995; Dunbar
    et al., 1997).”

    ???? I am so lost. If you have any idea what that means, I’d appreciate if you could dumb it down for me :D

    Also I understand this is the dog section soo LEGIT Q TIME!

    Do you know the four quads of operant conditioning?

    • ANSWER:
      It means that the concentration of salty urine is higher in the kidneys of a wild cat fed on a high protein (meat) diet. This could lead to problems with expressing urine, ie salt crystals will form along the urethra.

      I have no idea what BUN is! But it is also increased in cats fed on a high protein diet. However, a different study conducted by Currier and Russell, 1982; Fuller et al., 1995; Weaver and Jonson, 1995; Dunbar et al., 1997, shows in their study of wild cat populations, a high protein diet shows BUN levels are within normal ranges, especially when compared to the domestic cat.

      Sorry, don’t know the four quads!

  10. QUESTION:
    creatine powder help!!?
    ok so a kid at my school was getting sniffed by a drug dog and it found a bag of creatine in his backbag and when the cop tested it, it came up as cocaine in his test, and he got suspended for 30 days. i just want to know if this is true or a bunch of b.s

    • ANSWER:

  11. QUESTION:
    Anyone have any ideas or been through this with their dog?
    My dog was hospitalized for 4 days on IV fluids, she would not eat and would vomit if she did, when I would visit her she would eat but vomit after I left. Her BUN and creatine were elevated, and WBC, ALT and Potassium. I seen she was so nervous to be away I took her home on friday. She has not vomited once at home and is eating k/d,drinking water, normal urine and stool, she is playful been on walks everyday and running around with her toys and my other dogs. No signs of dehydration, but she is shaking. She is a three year old jack russell and has always shaked but not as much. Could it be a side affect from the antibotics she is taking? Kidney disease is possible but repeat testing next Saturday after one week of meds. Would she have done so well the past three days if she is in kidney failure? waiting on Addisons results also.. I dont know what to think. She was retested this Saturday and her creatinine dropped to 2 from 3.5 BUN little change. The Vet said as long as the Creatinine improved over the last 12hrs he was not as worried, Potassium was normal also but WBC still slightly elevated. Anyone been through this?? I am so upset, I love my baby and will pay or do anything if she has a chance. She was hospitalized for dehydration due possible obstruction from digging in gravel, she has no previous symptoms of kidney disease and blood work last year was normal.
    My dog did recieve a injection on thursday for Addisons? could this be why she is feeling better?

    • ANSWER:
      She is in a type of kidney failure which is why her levels are up. Did they ever suggest it was kidney stones (uric crystals?) That would cause pain which might explain the high levels and the shaking from pain. She also might have a kidney infection which shows from the elevated WBC. If crystals are blocking the ureter that can cause an infection.

  12. QUESTION:
    Name the emcee of this verse….? Easy ten points….dont cheat?
    We was high school sweethearts, talkin since we was teens
    Every mornin, and every ev-ening
    Ten years later, she eatin that Lean Cuisine
    I’m on the field, straight gone off that creatine
    in the NFL – which mean Not For Long
    City to city, all the groupies they hop along
    Word get back, the wifey she like, “Stop the song”
    “I’m takin the kids to my momma’s, I’m out, I’m gone!” – whoa!
    Momma was like, “Baby now, I hate to see your tears
    But I been with your daddy for bout 35 years
    And in my day, I had to turn a blind eye to cheatin
    but I ain’t never had to wear no black eyes from beatings
    As long as he doin right, by you and the kids
    How you gon expect that man not to be who he is?
    I ain’t sayin that it’s right, but we often pay the price
    cause a woman’s life is love, a man’s love is life
    and he gon live it to the fullest,
    and I ain’t tryna pull you down, or sound like a broken record
    But you should know by now that ALL ni**as is dogs
    Better to have a rich Pit than a broke German Shepard,
    Two Wrong answers…..lol

    • ANSWER:
      Phonte

  13. QUESTION:
    HOW IS MY WORKOUT????
    I am trying to gain weight, I have been going to the gym for 1 year and a half. I have gotten good muscle tone and I have gotten stronger, but I have not gotten bigger. Currently I go to the gym Mon-Fri around 7-8pm for about 1 and a half hours (Only weights, no cardio). I work early morning until about 4-5pm (Labor job, landscaping which involves shoveling, heavy lifting up to 200lbs, mowing lawns etc.. ) So throughout the day I am constantly sweating getting in a good hard workout at work alone. Than right after work i go home eat and than go to gym. And wake up at 5am the next morning and do it all over again. RIGHT NOW I am taking a weight gainer supplement!!! called MADMASS. I am taking 2 servings a day which have a total of 972 calories each serving, 7.5g fat, 24 saturated fat, 170g carbs, 56g protein, 25g sugar, also has creatine. On top of all that, everyday i also have Oatmeal, 2-3 sandwiches wit turkey, cheese, lettuce, whole wheat bread. and for dinner either pasta with steak or on odd days ill have couple hot dogs or pizza slices. AND i drink atleast 6-8 glasses of water a day aswell as a few glasses of juice or soy milk.

    FACTS ABOUT MYSELF:
    WEIGHT: 134.2Lbs
    AGE: 18
    HEIGHT: 5”10 or 11

    MY WORKOUT: (All of these are without a spotter)
    CHEST:
    Bench Press: 120lbs 5 sets of 5 (Bar)
    Incline Press: 120lbs 5 sets of 5 (Bar)
    Decline Press: 120lbs 5 sets of 5 (Bar)
    Pec Fly: 155lbs 5 sets of 5 (Machine)

    SHOULDERS:
    Shoulder Press: 30lbs 5 sets of 10 (X2 30lbs dumbbells)
    Front Raises: 15lbs 5 sets of 10 (X2 15lbs dumbbells)
    Side Raises: 15lbs 5 sets of 10 (X2 15lbs dumbbells)
    Upright Barbell Row: 60lbs 3 sets of 10 (Barbell)

    BICEPS:
    Bicep Curl: 35lbs 5 sets of 5 (Dumbbells)
    Hammer Curl: 25lbs 3 sets of 6 (Dumbbells)

    LEGS:
    Squats: 60lbs 6 sets of 10 (Barbell)
    Leg Press: (Dunno the weight cuz no label on machine) but 5 sets of 10

    TRICEPS:
    Rope Extensions: 80lbs (Machine)
    Dips (Body weight 134.2lbs)
    Seated Tricep Press: 25lbs 5 sets of 10

    BACK:
    Lat Pulldown 80lbs 5 sets of 10
    Seated Row 80lbs 5 sets of 10
    Reverse Flys 40lbs 5 sets of 10

    AND PLENTY OF ABS EVERY 3rd day

    DAY 1 = Chest, Back, Triceps
    DAY 2 = Shoulders, Biceps
    Day 3 = Legs. Abs

    LONG DESCRIPTION OF EVERYTHING!! SORRYY!! BEST ANSWER GIVEN!

    • ANSWER:
      wow, nice workout dude. i dont know why you aretn gaining mass or ‘getting bigger’. hmmm, why dont you try doubling everything? so double you foods, protein etc…

  14. QUESTION:
    How Much Weight Will I Gain?
    I am trying to gain weight, I have been going to the gym for 1 year and a half. I have gotten good muscle tone and I have gotten stronger, but I have not gotten bigger. Currently I go to the gym Mon-Fri around 7-8pm for about 1 and a half hours (Only weights, no cardio). I work early morning until about 4-5pm (Labor job, landscaping which involves shoveling, heavy lifting up to 200lbs, mowing lawns etc.. ) So throughout the day I am constantly sweating getting in a good hard workout at work alone. Than right after work i go home eat and than go to gym. And wake up at 5am the next morning and do it all over again. RIGHT NOW I am taking a weight gainer supplement!!! called MADMASS. I am taking 2 servings a day which have a total of 972 calories each serving, 7.5g fat, 24 saturated fat, 170g carbs, 56g protein, 25g sugar, also has creatine. On top of all that, everyday i also have Oatmeal, 2-3 sandwiches wit turkey, cheese, lettuce, whole wheat bread. and for dinner either pasta with steak or on odd days ill have couple hot dogs or pizza slices. AND i drink atleast 6-8 glasses of water a day aswell as a few glasses of juice or soy milk.

    FACTS ABOUT MYSELF:
    WEIGHT: 134.2Lbs
    AGE: 18
    HEIGHT: 5”10 or 11

    • ANSWER:
      You probably have a very very fast metabolism. While being so active it will be very hard for you to gain weight. Then again, once you make it to 30 or so you might want to start losing, the way metabolism goes…

      Try to see also how you do your workouts. Weights can be done to target definition, strength or muscle gain. It is mostly in the intervals between repetitions, assuming you do sets composed of certain number of repetitions as you should. If you do random programs, then your results might not be the ones you aim for.

      Try to put your exercises to good use, targeting exclusively muscle building, mass gain.

      If you dont’ know how to do that, ask away, but it should not be that hard to find how…

  15. QUESTION:
    i got a dog question?
    can i give my do creatine or mix protien powder in his water so he will get buff
    will he get sick?
    will he buff up?
    hmmm i want him to be buff walks wont do it
    this was a joke and glad to see alot of your comments

    • ANSWER:
      Sure.
      If you like the thought of vomit, lethargy, runny poo, and ultimately the death of your dog.

  16. QUESTION:
    Why does my dog have bloody urine? Can anyone provide some insight on the results of her blood work?
    We adopted a little Yorkie/Chihuahua mix a year ago and since then we’ve had to take her in to the vet on a regular basis for everything from fever, an eye infection, to a stomach illness. Six months ago we noticed her urine had become darker, and that she was drinking a lot for water for being such a small indoor dog, so we took her in again and they diagnosed her with Ehrlichia and prescribed some antibiotics. It worked for a while, and she had no noticeable problems until her urine started to appear bloody, and that’s when we immediately took her back to the vet, who gave us more antibiotics. It cleared the blood up for a few weeks, until the bloody urine came back. So we took her in again, and they gave her a urine and blood test. The urine test was negative but her blood test revealed that her ALT was 10x above normal, her Creatine was low, Cholesterol was low, her Eosinophils were high, and platelets were low.

    Our vet advised us to put her on a daily regimen of 100 mg of SAM-E, 50 mg of Doxycycline, 12.5 mg of Vitamin K, 250 mg of Milk Thistle, and 1 capsule of Yunnan Paiyao every 8-12 hours when we see any blood in her urine.

    She’s only 8 lbs, so been she’s sleeping a lot, shedding a lot more than usual and losing her appetite. We’re going to take her in this week for a biolysis test. They recommend that she gets a biolysis, x-ray, and then a sonogram to see if they can’t determine what exactly is wrong.

    I’m wondering if anyone out there might have any ideas, in case they’ve every witnessed a dog with the same symptoms or perhaps had to deal with a sick pup.

    It’s heartbreaking and I just want to give her the best care that we can afford, so any insight would be helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      how did they diagnose her with ehrlichia? were tick titers done?

      as far as the rest of her bloodwork, her alt is extremely high- could be liver disease, could be cushings, could be tick disease, could be liver cells having a bad day, could be the way the sample was handled, could be because your dog is over weight, etc

      low creatine is usually not an issue

      low cholesterol usually not an issue

      low platelets- was the platelet estimate low or adequate? low platelets with an adequate estimate usually means there were clumps in the sample which is an invitro phenom and nothing to worry about. if the estimate was low as well, this suggests some sort of clotting issue, tick disease, etc.

      a bipopsy should be the third option. not the first. xrays and ultrasound first, then the biopsy.

      what other blood work was done? clotting panel?

      treating with doxy, vitamin k, and milk thistle is a good treatment plan until you find out whats going on.

      just out of curiosity, is she overweight? you mentioned she is sleeping a lot and losing hair. has her thyroid been checked? has she been tested for cushings? those are classic signs of cushings. as well as the high liver enzyme and low platelets.

  17. QUESTION:
    My dog is fully functioning but cant stand up or walk.?
    My dog is a 9 year old Cocker Spaniel who lives a great life in a suburban community and a family that loves him… So on tuesday my mom took him for a 2 mile walk like normal and she had mentioned that he was walking generally slower than normal. At one point on the walk he slipped on some ice and stumbled and then he fell once more but nothing to serious. again walking very slow and stumbling a bit. Just like normal he was let off his leash a little before he got home and then ran up to the house. She had also talked about how when he was walking up the steps into the house he kept tripping when he got in the house he slowly digressed to the point where he couldnt walk straight and would fall over. It got worse and worse… he thought he could walk but couldnt and would just stumble and fall. We took him to the vet and she ran blood tests all came back with normal aside from high white blood cell count (possibly due to ear infection) and low creatine in his Kidney. Other than that the tests were normal. They also gave him IV to wipe out toxins if it was a case of toxicity. Hes back home now and hasnt changed. He is very responsive in the face and tail. He eats and he drinks. He pees, although we have to tell him its okay to do it in the house on a pad. He is completely fine and digestive and other things are working fine. But he can stand up and walk. His legs are flexible and normal. Sometimes he’ll move one leg but very slightly and thats it. But when we prop him up he doesnt try or know how to support himself and just falls over. Please help we miss our baby and we’re hoping for a Christmas miracle. Please help us.
    The Vet said that most likely it is Neurological.

    • ANSWER:
      take him TO HIM OR SHE TO THE VET!! IS CUD BE SOMETHING

  18. QUESTION:
    What is wrong with my dog?? NEED HELP!?
    Hello, I have a precious peekapoo who is almost 2 yrs old named Bella. She recently didnt feel well one night, so i comforted and figured she ate something she wasnt suppose to, and we went to bed. I woke up the next morning at 5am to her making weird noises downstairs (which she usually sleeps with us through the whole night). I ran down there and finally found her laying under the couch. She would not move and was bleeding. I am not sure if she was bleeding from her skin or her rectum. I immediately called me vet, and he met me up at the clinic and immediately put her on IV fluids. He told me she was in shock and was almost dead.
    The vet figured she got into something toxin, but some things just arent adding up to myself OR the vet himself!
    She was treated for the shock, and responded very well to that, and then the vet ran some blood work on her, and found her blood pressure to be high, BUN-high, Phosphorus-high, creatine-high, protein-low. So he immediately thought, her kidneys were affected. We kept her on IV fluids for close to 5 days. She was being stubborn and wouldnt eat because she was depressed from being at the vet’s for so long. When the vet ran her blood work again after 2 days of being on fluids, her blood pressure had came to normal, along with her phosphorus, and creatine, but her BUN was a 63. He finally recommended me to take her home, so that she would eat.
    Sure enough, right when we get home I made her a plate of her special food for kidneys, and she gobbled it right up. She is eating again, no vomitting or diarreah, but now i have noticed she is having some balance issues, almost like she is dizzy. So i took her back to the vet, he recommended a very small dose of cortisone, enough to not affect the kidneys. While she was at the vet’s i noticed a very dark good sized bruise on the side of her body. This had been the same place, when i found her she had a lot of dried blood. Could it possible she was bleeding from where this bruise was almost on her hip? The vet is confused himself, and I just want to make sure I do everything possible that I can, so that I do not regret anything.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry about that! I hope she gets better soon, and doesn’t have anything like this happen to her again! I wish I could help in some other way than to just give you encouragement, if I can even do that! I love dogs, and hate to hear about things like this happening to poor innocent little dogs! I hope you and Bella the best of luck with this.

  19. QUESTION:
    Which joint relief med is best for my dog Cetyl-M or Synovial Flex?
    My dog is only 3 years old but has had a bad leg since he was a puppy. The pound found him wandering along a road when he was only a few weeks to a month old and he may have been hit by a car. They did a bone graph from his hip to his knee and put a metal pin in his knee as well. He favors that leg and the pound said I would need to give him joint relief supplements regularly. I have not for a while now but do see how he needs it now. The pound had him on the Synovial Flex Chews which from my source appear to be only about .30 per chew. I’ve been looking around and other choices and I am open to suggestions but have also in mind the new medicine called Cetyl M which is only .25 per pill. I cant decide between the 2 right now (though synovial seems the better as it was what he was on before) so I was wondering if the forum here could help me decide before I go in blindly to the vet in a way. Here is the composition of each pill:
    Cetyl M- Figures are for 2 pills “.. formulated with cetyl myristoleate (500 mg), glucosamine-HCL (500 mg), Garlic Root (30 mg), Bromelain (20 mg) and Ginger Root Extract (15 mg) to support joint health and function like no other product on the market”- keep in mind this is for 2 pills

    Synovial Flex Soft Chews- These figures are for 2 pills at a time “Active Ingredients(per 2 soft chews) Glucosamine HCL 1,000 mg MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) 1,000 mg Perna Canaliculus 300 mg Creatine Monohydrate 200 mg Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) 18 mg Docosahexanoic Acid (DAH) 12 mg Vitamin C not less than 10 mg Vitamin E not less than 50 IU Initial”

    • ANSWER:
      Between those two, I would stick with the Synovi because it has the MSM and the Perna Caniculus. The MSM is a natural anti-inflammatory and the Perna Caniculus is a source of glycosminoglycans, both of which have research behind them for improving joint health.

      If you are looking for an alternative that may be less expensive, Glyco-Flex III is very similar to the Synovi product you are using (which is also sold as Synovi G3). I use the Glyco-Flex III chewable tablets with my dog and entirelypets.com has very good deals if you buy multiple bottles at once. If you look, you can find it for around per 120 tablet bottle, making it .21 per dose. (A dose is one tablet to provide what you are getting in 2 Synovi chews.)

      Here’s the breakdown on the Glyco-Flex III per tablet: Glucosamine HCL (1000mg); MSM (1000 mg); Brewers Yeast (810mg), Perna canaliculus (Green-Lipped Mussel) (600mg), Dicalcium Phosphate (262mg), Stearic Acid (190mg), Cellulose (190mg), N,N Dimethylglycine HCl (100mg), Manganese Amino Acid Chelate (100mg), Smoke Flavor (57mg), Vitamin E (50 IU), Calcium Ascorbate (30mg), Silicon Dioxide (21mg), Grape Seed Extract (5mg), L-Glutathione (2mg), Selenium (0.002mg).

      ETA: If it’s any help: My dog has bilateral (both knees) luxating patella, which is why we began a joint supplement in the hopes of delaying arthritis. We started when she was diagnosed, at 3 years old. She was xrayed last month at nearly 9 years old and still has no arthritis. She also had bloodwork done and that’s completely normal.

      I can’t say for sure that the Glyco-Flex III did the trick, as we did also carefully manage her weight and discourage jumping, but I think it helped. ;)

  20. QUESTION:
    Am I trying to find something to worry about or should I be concerned? Dog Question?
    So my dog recently got a blood panel done because he has seizures and he takes phenobarbital. Well the BUN came back slightly elevated so they did a urine test and the gravity was slightly low. So they did a creatine test to make sure there isn’t any protein in his urine and that his kidney’s were working properly so they did the test and (330 dollars later) everything came back normal. The doc did a physical exam on him and all other blood work and urine test and everything else looks great and the only thing the vet wants to keep an eye on is the BUN and he said he wants to check on that when he gets another blood panel done in 6 months. I asked the vet if I had anything to worry about when it came to my dog and he said no.
    Needless to say I was ecstatic with this news but I am still worried and I am watching him like a hawk how much he is peeing, pooping, his eye color, teeth color, how much he is playing, eating, sleeping etc. Well he peed like 7-8 times today from the time he got up at 7am – 11pm is that normal??? He does not mark… he doesn’t even lift his leg and he’ll be 2 years old in May.

    • ANSWER:
      All of the tests came back NORMAL. Just to be careful, your vet will check again in six months. Stop worrying.

  21. QUESTION:
    What is the best protein powder, weight-gainer powder on the market of 2011?
    I have tried so many brands and a lot of their products trying to figure out the best protein and weight-gainer powder on the market. I have read many reviews: athletic performers, body builders, doctors, personal trainers, and the average gym attendee, and all of their reviews are the opposite of the others or what other sites post which leaves me to have to just go out and spend a fortune and try it myself which kinda blows because i was hoping to just get an accurate review of someone who actually used the product for awhile and actually explained the results.
    Im a 6,1″ 17 year old who’s pretty slim accurately 165lbs. and im looking for a good weight-gainer packed full of calories and protein and then im looking for a protein powder loaded with protein and creatine. So far for a weight-gainer i have tried iso-mass extreme and i have to say…its one hell of a weight-gainer. Full of almost 1000 calories and 72g of protein. Don’t know much about all the main ingredients in muscle building besides the basic: BCAA’s, creatine, and protein (of course). But besides that, the powder was pretty good. It called for 3 scoops and like enough milk to fill up the rest of the pitcher and after drinking that i was full as shit. But i drank 3 pitchers full every day 3 scoops every pitcher for about a whole week and i gained about 10lbs. And no all of that was not pure muscle but it did what i wanted it to do: build mass, gain some thickness and put on some weight. I worked out about 4-5 times a week and i have a fast metabolism so its really hard for me to get fat non the less gain weight and i want a little thickness to my look instead of just looking cut i actually want to gain some bulk. Then iv tried many protein powders and the ones that i really like were the muscle tech nitro tech hardcore. It taste like dog shit but if it gives results its worth it. And about after a week i could see the results but i was able to feel the results just from the knowledge of other protein powders and how long and good the results took and felt. Even though i am very young and some would say i barely have any knowledge or experience (which is true) iv still tried many powders to realize the difference. I really like brand muscle tech and their products but iv read so many reviews and probably bias opinions that i really don’t know anything for sure. So my question to all of you is, what are some truly dependable, actually working weight-gainers and packed full protein powders. Just cut the B.S. and save me some time and money and name some brands or names of powders that actually show results. Remember weight-gainers with mainly tons of calories but with a good amount of protein and BCAA’s and creatine if possible. Then the second product im looking for is an amazing protein powder. This one i would like it to have plenty of creatine, BCAA’s and once again a shitload of protein.

    Give a legitimate reason where and how you know your info Thank you. Didn’t mean to sound like a dick just sick of buying shit and it not working as people said.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m not reading all of that.

      I like the Trader Joe’s Soy Protein powder, its 79% protein.

  22. QUESTION:
    I’ve had 2 seizures, why?
    Ok, here’s my story to help you guys better understand.
    on sept 8, 2010 my boyfriend and I were,kidnapped and held hostage. The guy beat my boyfriend and he had a head injury, to which he later died from. I was tied up for 8 hours, and raped repeatedly but I got myself out of the ropes and ran away for help.
    After that in November I had my first seizure, it was a grand mal, and just the other day I had another grand mal.
    I can’t sleep at night, I have anxiety problems, stress is an issue, and my best friend (my dog) died on the first of the year he was ran over and I held him while he was dying, it was so sad…anyways, can anyone help?
    I also take creatine and body toner pills when I work out, and im 19.

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    Sandcastle contest and recepie questions! Help!?
    So, my family and I are at the beach. We come every year and enter in a sand sculpting contest. Me and my cousin are working to gether. Does anybody have any creatine BIG ideas of what to make? (we made a christmas scene with a fire place and a christmas tree one year -won 1st!- and a dog the other-won 3rd!-) Also, we are also doing this thing where every night a new person makes a 3 course dinner. Me and my cousin are working together. We are making italian riceballs as an appitizer, and a blonde as dessert. We don’t know what to make for dinner though! Tell me any of your favorite dinners (we were thinking Italian). Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Pollo con Salsa al Mascarpone e Marsala
      1 1/2 lbs boneless skinless chicken breasts, each breast cut
      crosswise into 3 pieces
      salt & pepper
      2 tbsp extra virgin olive oil
      5 tbsp butter, divided
      3/4 c. chopped onion
      1 lb cremini mushrooms, sliced
      2 tbsp fresh minced garlic
      1 c. dry marsala wine
      1 c. mascarpone cheese
      2 tbsp Dijon mustard
      2 tbsp chopped fresh parsley (preferably Italian)
      12 oz dry fettuccine, cooked
      Instructions: Sprinkle chicken with salt and pepper. Heat the olive oil in a large skillet over high heat. Add the chicken and cook til browned (but not fully cooked), about 4 minutes per side. Transfer the chicken to a plate.
      Melt two tbsp butter into the same skillet over medium-high heat. Add the onion and saute until tender, about 2 minutes. Add the mushrooms and garlic and saute until the juices evaporate, about 12 minutes.
      Add the marsala wine. Simmer til reduced by half, about 4 minutes. Stir in the mascarpone and mustard. Cut the chicken breasts crosswise into 1/3-inch-thick slices. Return the chicken and any accumulated juices to the skillet. Simmer, uncovered, over medium-low heat until the chicken is just cooked through and the sauce thickens slightly, about 2 minutes. Stir in the chopped parsley. Season the sauce, to taste, with salt and pepper.
      Toss the cooked fettuccine with three tbsp butter and salt and pepper to taste. Arrange the fettuccine on serving plates. Spoon the chicken mixture over top. Garnish with parsley and serve.

      Served with Focaccia, bread of course.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for my cat?
    My 11 year old sweet orange tabby was attacked by a dog on Thursday. I took him to the vet where he has been on IV fluids. They have done x-rays and a sonogram but found no internal injuries. He drinks on his own but will not eat. I have been feeding him with a syringe but his creatine levels are rising. Yesterday, he was acting more normal but still didn’t eat on his own. I took him in to the vet this morning and they want me to leave him for several days and possibly put a feeding tube in. The problem is he gets really depressed when he is not with me or my other cat and that could make him not eat on his own. I don’t want him to have a tube surgically put in if it is not necessary. He is my baby and I want him better. Any advice??? Does it sound right or is the vet just trying to make more money off me — I have already paid over 00. My cat’s health is more important that $$ I just don’t want him to go through unnecessary surgery.
    Thank you all for your answers. I will be visiting him at lunch to day and will talk with the vet regarding the surgery and consider it if he doesn’t start eating. He usually never goes out but was sneaky the other day and got past me.

    • ANSWER:
      I would definitely talk to your vet about your options on handling this and explain your concerns just as you did in your post on this site. Just be upfront and honest. If his creatine level is rising then it might be a good idea to have your vet keep him and monitor him so that make sure he is stable. They probably would encourage you to go in and visit him and support him that way. If he doesnt eat he may lose weight too rapidly and deteriorate. He just might not be eating due to the stress of all he has been through as all the trauma can be upsetting emotionally. In the future I would strongly consider not letting your cat outside and make him a strictly indoor cat. Your cats age is consider geriatric and a cats responses are not as quick as when they were young and they cant get away as quickly. Both of my cats are nine and they no longer go out. It is in their best interest to protect them. Best Wishes…

  25. QUESTION:
    Buy or Sell: Weezy da king of Punchlines?
    BUY WITHOUT A DOUBT, LOL at all you Wayne haters heres some gems for you
    “***** real Gs move in silence like Lasanga”
    “I leave the pussy microsoft like Windows Vista”
    “Took the game to school now im bout to cap and gown it got a circle of success you can say im well rounded”

    “I dont **** with sqaures, now do that mean im outta shape?”
    “My gun go crazy like its retarded red light on it like its recordin, i aint recordin im just c4in, my currency foreign we are in da league they arent better dig in ya pockets and pay homage.”
    “Take them shoes off your teeth, and stop running your mouth”
    “Im a vegetarian, i only eat beats, i wear a lotta carrots and i smoke the best greens, no beef in my grocery bag, just some swishas and a whole buncha cans of whoop ***”
    “1 2 3 way, 4 4 makes 8, 9 times outta 10 its 11 or a 12 gauge, Friday the 13th thats the day that hell raise, but ya’ll boys 2 week, like 14 days”
    “im from tha dirty keep it dirty like im playin rugby, chick ride me like a old school huffy, let me see u work ya mouth like a ***** guppie.”
    “dog i got cake like everydays my birthday”
    “i can get a hundred thousand up in these jeans…. big stacks, my pockets on creatine”
    “no homo, young louisiana, hit u wit tha 3-5-7 like mc hamma. n money talks, so thats my gramma if it aint bout the money u can step like a gamma”

    You ***** could get it for acting like a man
    Them ****** in Pakistan ain’t packin’ like ya man (pause)
    I back his hand ya man on command
    In front of ****** he cool with the boys on fam
    I’m on, I adjust in different climates,
    ducking the animal keep on running wit my primates
    You ain’t did it till you done it like in 5 states,
    Weezy hustle no blubber I put on weight
    And in a drought I go on I diet and stretch more
    Loose all that weight, leave a ***** with stretch marks
    You don’t even come up to a ***** chest paw, subpar,
    what the **** they play it in the club for ?
    Real **** I’m ducking bombs from a drug war,
    no religion but the cops swear that I’m a drug lord
    To the first answerer- all these lines make perfect sense. And to the couple others who said Big L, Wayne kills Big L.
    LIL WAYNE- WALK IN

    This is the Carter y’all welcome, hard as Malcolm
    Dawg is a vulcan Lord help him but y’all felt him
    That make you a part of me and pardony
    If a part of me is what you wanna be what you oughtta be
    Dont worry Carter me I just actin accordingly
    I give orders to the commander in chief, just the commander in me
    Handlin streets in the mandarin V
    I hear you haters slanderin me I just hand him the P
    Any drama I pace it like Indiana, I take your grandma pacemaker and jus handle the piece
    Not two fingers I simultaneously bout two bangers
    You do not want angus USDA prime beef, ya dead meat
    I’m so ahead of these trendy rappers speed up
    I’m already hot when another one startin to heat up
    Got Mannie hot wit me cuz I always beat his beat up
    Yall cats wit y’all feet up startin to look like feet up, I’m G’d up
    On the V’d up, in the truck I gotta put my seat up
    In the trunk I got my bass and I ain’t speakin bout no speakers
    Whats leakin up out of yo speaker is the speech of Weezy F.
    This is the Carter y’all welcome, hard as Malcolm
    Dawg is a vulcan Lord help him but y’all felt him
    That make you a part of me and pardony
    If a part of me is what you wanna be what you oughtta be
    Dont worry Carter me I just actin accordingly
    I give orders to the commander in chief, just the commander in me
    Handlin streets in the mandarin V
    I hear you haters slanderin me I just hand him the P
    Any drama I pace it like Indiana, I take your grandma pacemaker and jus handle the piece
    Not two fingers I simultaneously bout two bangers
    You do not want angus USDA prime beef, ya dead meat
    I’m so ahead of these trendy rappers speed up
    I’m already hot when another one startin to heat up
    Got Mannie hot wit me cuz I always beat his beat up
    Yall cats wit y’all feet up startin to look like feet up, I’m G’d up
    On the V’d up, in the truck I gotta put my seat up
    In the trunk I got my bass and I ain’t speakin bout no speakers
    Whats leakin up out of yo speaker is the speech of Weezy F. Baby
    No more no less
    For a DEEP verse, here Waynes verse in My Generation

    uh
    If you weather that storm then that rain bring sun
    Been a long time coming, I know change gon come
    Man I got to keep it moving to the beat of my drum
    Last night I set the future at the feet of my son
    But they thinking that my generation gotta die young
    If we all come together then they can’t divide one
    Don’t worry bout it
    Just be about it
    Got a message from God heaven too crowded
    But I say hey young world, you never looked better
    And I heard change starts with the man in the mirror
    Uh..this generation, imma represent
    A generation led by a black president
    Now how is that for change
    Who knew that can change
    I don’t even look at the flag the same..yeah
    So when you finish reading revelations
    Thank God for my generation

    • ANSWER:


Kidney Functions

Cure For Protein In The Urine For Kidney Diseases Normally the protein in the urine is very small, no more than 7~10 mg/24h, and the common urinary routine exam will not detect out. When the protein in the urine increases and the examination detect it out, that is called Proteinuria. If the urine protein exceeds 3.5g/24h, it is called large amount of proteinuria.

Proteinuria is one of the main symptoms of chronic kidney diseases. The formation of proteinuria is closely related with barrier function of the glomerulus. The glomerular capillary is composed by three layer construction, endothelial cell layer, basement-membrane layer and epithelial-cell layer from the inner side to the outside. These three layers are all scattered with filtration pores and negative charge, so the barrier function of the glomerular capillary can be seen as mechanical barrier–filtration pore and charge barriernegative charge.

The reason of the high proteinuria: The basement membrane of the glomerulus and the inherent cells are damaged which make the filtration pores expand, so the former filtrating blood function of the glomerulus are damaged, and the protein will leak out and flow out through the urine. At this time, the examination will show a high proteinuria, that is the proteinuria is positive.

How to treat high proteinuria?

Shijiazhuang Kidney Disease Hospital summarized a set of new method for treating the high proteinuria, which is Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherpay. This method can not just decrease the proteinuria index, but also can repair the damaged part of the kidneys so as to solve the problem from the disease root. It starts from two aspects. First, the active medicines can expand the blood vessels, which can effectively relieve the ischemia and anoxia condition. Thereby, the damaged kidney functions of the inherent cells can be activated, the phenotype of the inherent cells can be reversed, and the inflammatory mediums can be prevented from further damaging the glomerulus and block the renal fibrosis. Second, the Micro-Chinese Medicines can supply many nutrient substances which can be used to repair the damaged kidney cells. They can be imported by microwave and arrive the nidus directly, which can accelerate the repairing work. This method completely solves the problem of the recurring proteinuria which cant be handled by the western medicines.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    kidney functions?
    Dr. states, “Your kidney function blood tests are mildly abnormal-slightly increased from the prior results”. What could cause this?

    • ANSWER:
      I would have to know wich ones specifically to even guess

  2. QUESTION:
    what does high liver and kidney functions mean?
    my mum has been signed off work now for 9 weeks as doc refuses to put her back to work until they know whats wrong with her. she is 55 and works as home help. She was always feeling tired, being sick or suffering with urine infections. Docs have taken blood test and said that she has high kidney and liver functions. We dont know what this means though and cannot seem to get sense from doc, but i’m getting worried. anyone know what could be wrong?

    • ANSWER:
      The doctor does three types of blood tests
      to check to see how the liver is doing:
      (1) the liver enzymes show if there is damage
      to the liver cells
      (2) the liver functions tests show how the cells
      of the liver are functioning to keep the body
      healthy
      (3) viral testing to see if the patient has
      contacted a virus.

      The doctor does testing also to see how
      the kidneys are functioning.
      The kidney filters the blood and removes
      a by product that develops when we use
      our muscles… it is known as creatinine.
      If the kidneys are having a problem, they
      cannot remove this efficiently. Therefore
      it stays in the blood and show a higher level.
      Having a kidney infection may increase these
      levels on her blood work.
      Some of the liver tests can also be elevated
      when someone has urine infections.

      The doctor is right in keeping her off work
      so she can rest until her body can heal from
      this and he is sure of what is going on.
      Your mother could see specialist regarding
      this. A gastroenterologist would check the
      liver and a urologist would check the kidneys.
      She could ask to be referred to them.

      Without her tests results and without knowing
      her past medical history…it is almost impossible
      to say whether this is an organ related disease
      or not. Wish I could be of more help to you.

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the differences and similarities between kidney dialysis and regular kidney functions?
    Okay, I know that one is the normal process for your body and the other requires you being hooked up to a machine. What I’m asking for is what the similarities and differences are between the actual processes of the two.

    • ANSWER:
      Both filter out impurities. A real kidney is much more efficient.

      A machine doesn’t produce chemicals (such as renin) that affect the blood pressure.

  4. QUESTION:
    How does a dialysis machine work and what kidney functions does it replace?

    • ANSWER:
      It takes the blood out of your body, runs it through a machine that ‘filters it’ and cleans your blood. If you have to have dialysis, that means your kidneys are no longer functioning and removing all the toxins that our kidney’s do each and every day, and that in order for you to live, you must be on dialysis.

      It is a pretty exhausting procedure to have it 3 times a week, like my cousin did. She was fine when they’d start, and get tired about 2/3′rds of the way done.

      Be supportive to whoever is on Dialysis.

  5. QUESTION:
    How does the mammalian kidney functions to maintain water balance?

    • ANSWER:
      control of water is one of the homeostatic control mechanism operating on a negative feedback process, it’s a form of osmoregulation, which involves maintenance of a balance of solute and solvent (water) in the body.
      This process is mainly performed by the kidney tubule of the human excretory system under the contorl of hormones released from the hypothalamus.
      when blood passing over the brain has low water content, in otherwords low blood volume, it’s sensed by a nerve receptor in the brain (hypothalamus), which then send impulses via it;s neuoral axon upto the posterior pituitary gland, stimulating it to release a hormone called antidiuretic hormone into the blood stream.
      once the hormone ADH reaches the kidney, it will act specifically on the collecting ducts of the kidney by increasing its permeability to water uptake from the urine in the tubule.
      in that way, much water will be absorbed, hence returning the blood volume to normal ( there will be production of hypertonic urine, that is productive of very little concentrated urine).
      once a set point is reached, it will stimulate the reduction in release of ADH from the P. pituitary gland.
      once there is also less water in the blood, the thirst centre in the brain is stimulated which cuases more water uptake especially after each and every meal.
      basically return the blood volume back to normal.

  6. QUESTION:
    How much water need to be taken by a 88 year old male living in South India, to maintain good kidney functions

    • ANSWER:
      While i do agree with above suggestion a person of 88
      year old male living in south india which is near the
      equator therefore it is more hot there, therefore you need
      to consume consciously 8 to 10 glass of water. Usually when
      you are that old you do not experience thirst and therefore
      you tend to dehydrate hence ideal would be to consume
      or sip water every hour about about 6 to 8 ounces. This will
      prevent the need to go frequently to the bathroom. Also
      performing VARUNA MUDRA will go a long way in
      hydrating yourself. To keep kidneys functioning properly
      perform APAN MUDRA. Good luck and may you live to
      be a healthy CENTURION.

  7. QUESTION:
    what are three kidney functions that help maintain body homeostasis?
    this is for my anatomy and physiology class.
    it is a question that is for the next test

    • ANSWER:
      Kidneys play several roles –
      1.) They excrete urea, this is a byproduct of protein metabolism.
      2.) They maintain the pH balance throughout the body.
      3.) They regulate the amount of water that is retained and excreted in the body.
      4.)They assist with fluid and electrolyte balance throughout the body. 5.) They produce EPO hormone (which has a role in the production of red blood cells)
      6.) They assist with increased and decreased blood pressure. So basically, the kidneys filter plasma to get rid of certain ions and wastes, while keeping other ions and maintaining water balance. They get rid of substances that, in great amounts, can become toxic to the body in the blood stream.
      I hope this helps!!!!

  8. QUESTION:
    Is there any relationship between dizz and kidney functions?

    • ANSWER:
      Dizz? I am guessing you meant dizziness! Yes if your kidneys are not functioning well they might not be reabsorbing electrolytes such as sodium, potassium etc., and water. Lack of electrolytes most certainly can cause dizziness.

  9. QUESTION:
    are there ways to improve kidney and liver functions after they have been damaged?
    A friend of mine recently quit drinking and wanted to know if there is anything that he can to improve the function of his kidneys and liver.

    • ANSWER:
      The article in the Journal Medicine Today encouraged a gradual reduction in weight which has been shown to improve liver function and reverse liver damage. However the authors warn against very rapid weight loss from fad diets or radical surgery which may have a negative impact upon the progression of liver injury. Also, dont go Veg, when your body is healing it is crucial to get complete protiens (most of which come from animal sources). Just remember to keep animal products at a minimum and cholesterol low (that wont help the liver). As far as the kidneys….you can get cranberry extract at any drug store (pill or tincter form) pop one of those a day with plenty of water.

  10. QUESTION:
    I have questions about kidney functions?
    At one point in 2008 my left kidney was only functioning at 70-80% capacity for those of you that have medical backround or for those of you at know this, aside from the kidneys storing urine what are the other functions that the kidneys do for the human body, and how do the kidneys play a part in health and well being for the human body?

    Thank you in advance for your answers e4g

    • ANSWER:
      Every vertebrate has a pair of kidneys. Their functional units are called nephrons. The kidney contains more than a million nephrons, which collect fluid from filtered blood. The renal arteries and renal veins carry blood to and from the kidney.
      The collected waste material leaves the kidney via the ureter and is stored in the urinary bladder; it is then expelled from the body through the urethra. The kidney filters 1600 liters of blood per day, producing 1 liter of urine.

      The nephron’s cup shaped Bowmans Capsule surrounds a knot of blood capillaries called the glomerulus. Much of the bloods fluid filters into the glomerulus due to pressure from the circulatory system. Left behind are large proteins and whole cells, which are too large to fit through. This filtrate is then passed through the nephron tubule, which has 4 main parts (proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, and the collecting duct).
      In the proximal convoluted tubule, a considerable amount of resorbtion occurs. Small proteins, glucose, and ions are returned to the blood by active transport. Negatively charged ions follow passively, followed by the osmosis of water. About 75% of the filtrate is returned in this section of the nephron.
      The loop of Henle, lie in the medulla of the kidney, the other parts of the nephron lie outside of the medulla in the cortex. Salt is actively transported out of the filtrate, and since this area impermeable to water, water cannot follow the ions out here.
      The distal convoluted tubule, urine is then passed through here to the collecting duct where it is concentrated due to its permeability to water. It leaves the collecting duct into the pelvis of the kidney, which leads to the ureter and the bladder where it is stored.

      Regulation of Kidney function: Urine composition and the rate of urine formation are largely regulated by hormones vasopressin, aldosterone, and angiotensin, and the enzyme rennin.

      Vasopressin (ADH) is produced by the posterior pituitary gland and increases the bodies ability to resorbtion of water. it increase the permeability of the collecting ducts.
      Diabetes insipidus is caused due to a lack of this hormone. It is characterized by thirst, and the production of large amounts of dilute urine.

      Angiotensis and Aldosterone are hormones that regulate the amount of sodium that is resorbed from the filtrate in the nephrons. Aldosterone is produced by the adrenal gland. it promotes the resorbtion of sodium by the distal tube. Its action is directed by the bloods salt content. The kidney secretes an enzyme rennin, which changes a plasma protein angiotensinogen into angiotensin, which helps to increase the production of aldosterone and the blood pressure of the kidney.

  11. QUESTION:
    At increase in creatinine levels in blood indicates a _______ in kidney functions?
    At increase in creatinine levels in blood indicates a _______ in kidney functions

    • ANSWER:
      lacsavcr – The answer is “decrease”. The same is true for a rising blood urea nitrogen (BUN) to creatinine ratio.

  12. QUESTION:
    what can cause kidney functions from blood work to be abnormal?

    • ANSWER:
      There is a very long list of diseases that can affect the kidneys, including diabetes, lupus, and polycystic kidney disease just to scratch the surface. Being dehydrated can also affect the labs that are used to check on kidney function. Do you know what specific labs were abnormal and what the results were? That can help narrow things down.

  13. QUESTION:
    What is the differnce between the kidney and liver functions in our body?
    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Kidneys have a couple of different functions. The main purpose of the kidney is to separate urea, mineral, salt, toxins and other waste products from the blood. The kidney also conserve water, salt, adrenal, appendix, bladder digestive system.
      As for the liver, the body depends on the liver to perform a number of vital functions, and although there is substantial overlap, they can be divided into three categories.
      1- Purification, transformation and clearance. The liver removes harmful substances such as ammonia and toxins.
      2- Storage.
      3- Regulations, synthesis and secretion.
      The above three points needs a lot of explaining if you wish to have in more details.

  14. QUESTION:
    The kidney functions to help maintain acid-base balance in the body.,.?
    It does this by altering both the hydrogen ion and bicarbonate concentrations. Explain this process

    • ANSWER:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bicarbonate_buffering_system

      This is the bicarbonate buffering system in the body!

      Any added H+ is removed by HCO3-
      And any added OH- is removed by H+ in the body

      That’s why the acidity and basicity of the body is balanced

  15. QUESTION:
    Proteins are inolved in which of the three kidney functions?

    • ANSWER:
      see the Pearson’s chi square test

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the vital functions of the kidney?
    I answered “Filters blood and regulates the water and electrolyte balance”, but still i got zero out of 6 points. What more could it be? Is it me? or is it my teacher. Please help.
    I need short and simple answer. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Healthy kidneys act like a filter to make sure the right amount of wastes and fluids are removed, they keep the proper balance of salts and acids in the body, and produce hormones. Each day your kidneys process around 200 litres of blood, with around 1 to 2 litres of waste leaving the body as urine. Our kidneys make three important hormones, erythropoietin, renin and active vitamin D. Erythropoietin stimulates the production of red blood cells, renin is involved in the control of blood pressure and active vitamin D controls calcium uptake and helps make strong bones.

      Your kidneys intervene in many processes and balances in the body and control many vital body functions. Your kidneys are master chemists of the body. The major role of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood and eliminate it in the urine. To remove this waste and extra water, blood enters the kidney through the renal artery; blood is then cleaned in the kidney as it passes through tiny filters called nephrons. The nephrons are the basic working units of the kidneys, controlling the formation of urine. One kidney contains about one million nephrons and each nephron contains a filtering apparatus called a glomerulus.

      We have about a million hairpin-like glomeruli at birth, but lose about 100,000 of these every decade of life. Droplets of filtered blood pass through a number of tubules (tiny tubes) into the medulla, a central collecting region. The glomeruli and tubules together make up nephrons, long and extremely fine tubes which, if connected, would run for 80 kilometres (50 miles). Cleaned blood returns to the body by the renal vein. Waste and extra water removed by the kidney passes through a tube called the ureter to the bladder, where it is stored as urine or wee. When the bladder is full, the urine passes out of the body through another tube called the urethra. The process of removing waste and extra water in simple terms is:

      Food and drink enters the stomach and are broken down into nutrients
      Solid waste products are removed and nutrients enter the bloodstream.
      Nutrients are used by the body for energy, growth, repair and maintenance of body functions.
      This process creates waste which is removed by the kidneys.
      Extra nutrients not immediately needed by the body are also removed by the kidneys.
      Waste products and extra water move from the kidneys to the bladder, then leave the body as urine

  17. QUESTION:
    What are the functions of the Kidney and the Liver in the Human Body?

    • ANSWER:
      the liver produces many chemicals and enzymes that aid in digestion; bile, for example, helps to break down lipids.

      the kidney is responsible for filtration; it helps the body hold on to essential nutrients and minerals before waste products are excreted.

  18. QUESTION:
    what are the five main homeostatic functions of the kidney?
    preferbly legit answers from a .org website?
    any advice on which sites to check out?

    • ANSWER:
      1)they remove wastes that form during cellular metabolism, as well as toxic and non toxic substances 2)maintain appropriate concentration of water and ions 3)regulate volume of blood and interstitial fluids by controlling ion excretion 4)appropriate balance of hydrogen ions and hydroxyl ions in the blood 5)maintains the pH of the body fluids for chemical reactions.

  19. QUESTION:
    How do the liver and kidney perform similar functions?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver and the kidneys BOTH filter the blood and separate the waste from the nutrients that the body needs.

  20. QUESTION:
    What are the functions of these organells in relation to the Kidney?
    Endoplasmic Reticulum
    Nucleolus
    Golgi Body
    Mitochondria

    Why are they important to a Kidney cell?
    I understand what they do, I just am having trouble relating it to a Kidney cell.

    Thankyou,

    • ANSWER:
      Lets start with the mitochondria. The mitochondria produces energy in the form of ATP (thats a whole process I’m not going to go into here). In kidney cells, a large part of this energy is going to be dedicated to the operation of ion pumps for the maintenance of blood ion concentrations. As far as the other three go, they are all connected in function. They are involved in the production and secretion of extracellular products such as hormones. In the case of the kidney, it secretes a variety of hormones related to the regulation of oxygen levels, blood pressure, and platelet production (erythropoietin, renin and thrombopoietin). The nucleolus houses the DNA which is transcribed and translated into these products on the ER, the golgi apparatus then packages these products into vesicles for secretion.

  21. QUESTION:
    can higher levels of glucose be detected in kidney functions blood work?

    • ANSWER:
      The lab tests that doctors usually use to test kidney function are usually ordered in a group called the basic metabolic panel. This includes sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and glucose levels, usually (and sometimes calcium). There are other more specific tests that can be ordered and tests can also be ordered on urine to determine kidney function, but the basic metabolic panel, or BMP, is almost always the starting point.

  22. QUESTION:
    What are the functions of the kidney cells?

    • ANSWER:
      kidneys are complex organs made up of many kinds of cells. The main purpose of the kidney is to remove waste products from the blood and maintain various aspects of water and electrolyte balance in the blood, which it accomplishes by producing urine with varying concentrations of the unneeded products.

  23. QUESTION:
    identifie 3 kidney functions?
    identifie 3 kidney functions that are currently lacking in hemodialysis machines

    • ANSWER:
      The kidneys regulate the body’s fluid volume, mineral composition and acidity by excreting and reabsorbing water and inorganic electrolytes. This helps balance these substances (which include sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, phosphate and hydrogen) in the body and keep their normal concentrations in the extracellular fluid. Body fluid volumes, which are regulated by the kidneys, are related to blood volume and the blood pressure in your arteries.

      How does the kidney help regulate blood pressure?

      Regulating blood pressure is linked to the kidneys’ ability to excrete enough sodium chloride (salt) to maintain normal sodium balance, extracellular fluid volume and blood volume. Kidney disease is the most common cause of secondary hypertension (high blood pressure). Even minor disruptions in kidney function play a role in most (if not all) cases of high blood pressure and increased injury to the kidneys. This injury can eventually cause malignant hypertension, stroke or even death.

      In normal people, when there’s a higher intake of sodium chloride (salt), the body adjusts. It excretes more sodium without raising arterial pressure. However, many outside influences can reduce the kidneys’ ability to excrete sodium. If the kidneys are less able to excrete salt with normal or higher salt intake, chronic increases in extracellular fluid volume and blood volume result. This leads to high blood pressure. When there is an increase in hormones and neurotransmitters that cause blood vessels to narrow, even small increases in blood volume are compounded. (This is due to the smaller area of blood vessel through which the blood is forced to flow.) Although the increases in arterial pressure lead the kidneys to excrete more sodium (which restores the sodium balance), higher pressure in the arteries may persist. This shows the important link between kidney disease and high blood pressure.

      kisses

  24. QUESTION:
    What are the adaptation of kidney to its functions?

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    What types of tissues are in the kidney and what are their functions?
    I need help on a science project. Please put your reference! Thank u(:

    • ANSWER:
      The main unit of the kidney is the “nephron”. Kidneys filter blood for excretion (urine), they regulate fluid levels in the bloodstream (via potassium, sodium chloride, glucose; thus someone with high blood pressure would need to look at their kidneys), and they produce some hormones.

  26. QUESTION:
    Is there a correlation between kidney function and body odor?
    I need to see a neurologist. The doctor is concerned about my kidneys. My family is concerned about my strong odor. Is there a connection between kidney function and body odor? Please let me know. Thank you.
    Dominee does depression play a part in this?

    • ANSWER:
      yes – when your kidneys do not function properly waste products and excess fluid then build up inside the body and can cause a foul body odor and breath that smells like urine.

      You would usually have symptoms like persistent fatigue or shortness of breath; loss of appetite; increasingly higher blood pressure; pale skin; excessively dry, persistently itchy skin.

      #1 & 2 causes for bad body odor are Diet and hormone level. **ALCOHOL consumption is included in diet…as well as all other beverages like soda and sugary juices.

      If you have no other real symptoms … i would put money on diet.

  27. QUESTION:
    whats is the kidney functions? why its is related to hair loss and short breath ?

    • ANSWER:
      The Kidneys filter your blood. Chinese medicine has discovered the link between Kidneys and Hair. Go see your local accupuncturist and get some herbs and a quick education on there relations.

      Good Luck!

  28. QUESTION:
    How often does kidney function return if you suffered from acute renal failure?
    Just wondering if any doctors out there happen to know…I suffered from kidney failure about 3 years ago from e coli and luckily my renal function returned (its not perfect but pretty good), but how often does kidney function NOT come back? (I take immunosuppresants for lupus nephritis and was wondering if it happened again I might not be so lucky…)

    • ANSWER:
      My wife’s has returned to normal twice after extreme renal failure due to Lupus Nephritis. Currently her renal function is normal. She is still taking immuno supressants (Myfortic – time released Cellcept). I’m sure you were given Cytoxan in the hospital. This medication seems to help greatly in returning the kidney’s to normal function. Your kidneys are damaged due to nephritis which means swelling. If caught in time and treated quickly the swelling can be decreased before any permanent damage occurs. This is why it is important to see your nephrologist regularly.

  29. QUESTION:
    How might a sudden blood pressure drop affect kidney function?
    Probably negatively but what sorts of things happen?
    “One of the effects of a drug overdose is a serious decrease in blood pressure. How might this affect kidney function?”

    • ANSWER:
      when ur blood presure dedresez….d kidney wont reciev bloods 2 untreafiltrate….even bloods will nt go past d helis loop..cos d preasur is down.

  30. QUESTION:
    What supplements can I take to improve kidney function?
    I drink plenty of fluids, but I have kidney pain. I’ve been to the dr, and had an MRI, and they found nothing. I was just curious what I can take to improve my kidney function on my own, to see if this helps my problem. Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      potassium
      cranberry juice

  31. QUESTION:
    summaize how the kidney functions as a homestatic organ?

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney is known as the osmoregulators. They help in regulating the amount of water present in the blood tissues.For example,Pituitary Gland secretes more ADH(Anti diuretic hormones) which stimulate the kidney to reabsorb more water when the person lacks of water due to the environment( loss of water through pespiration due to the hot day).
      When the amount of water in the person’s blood is of a large amount, The pituitary gland then secretes less ADH which stimulate the kidney to reabsorb less water.
      In this way the amount of water in the person’s blood tissue is kept relatively constant by the kidney.

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the lowest percentage of kidney function before you need dialysis?
    My kidney function is at 25 percent.

    • ANSWER:

  33. QUESTION:
    What are the functions of a kidney and how the shape of the kidney helps it to perform all its functions?

    • ANSWER:
      The kidney filters the blood of impurities and sends that material down to the urinary bladder and eventually out of the body.

      Blood is supplied to the kidneys, and at a certain fine level, the vessels run beside another open tube, like a blood vessel, but both are very thin-walled. The salts, excess water, urine, drugs, acids, and nitrogen are pulled off by diffusion. Further along that vessel, it runs past loops of the open tube, where water is re-absorbed to the blood stream. The open tubes funnel the waste material down to the urinary bladder where it is expelled.

  34. QUESTION:
    How many blood samples are required to test both liver and kidney function?
    My doctor asked for my liver function and kidney function to be tested but the nurse only took one blood sample into the tube. Can both be done with one blood sample?

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have a blocked kidney artery if I have good kidney function?
    Im getting tested to find out why i have high blood pressure, my doctor thinks it may be because one of my kidney artery is partially blocked but my tests for kidney function came back great and he didnt hear any sounds. I really dont want to have to get my kidney artery dilated, if my kidney function is good is that a sign it may not be that?

    • ANSWER:
      Your kidney function can show perfectly normal with only ONE kidney working properly…it is better to get it tested…..always safer to know for sure.

  36. QUESTION:
    How can I improve the health and function of my kidney?
    I have stomach problems including bloating that I am starting to think may be related to my kidney function. Anybody have experience with this?

    • ANSWER:
      I have polycystic kidney disease which a hereditary condition. It is basically the formation of cysts in the kidney. By itself it is not life threatening, but I am more prone to kidney infection and stones than the average person.

      To answer your question. Best things you can do for your kidneys is to drink lots or clear liquids such as water. Cranberry juice is also good. If you smoke you should quit, as smoking increases the rate of organ decay.

      Hope this helps. Have a good day!

  37. QUESTION:
    Is Purina Veterinary Diets NF Kidney Function Cat Food similar to Nutro Natural Choice Complete Care Senior?
    My vet recommends the Purina Kidney Function Cat Food, but it’s rather pricey. Does anyone know if the Nutro Natural brand is similar in nutritional content? Or any other brand that is less expensive and low in protein and phosphorus. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      NF is a prescription food specifically designed to protect the kidneys. It is prescribed in cases where the kidneys are displaying decreased function and should be fed to older cats with some level of kidney disease.

      Nutro Natural Choice is an over the counter diet suitable for any healthy, older cat.

      If your veterinarian is recommending NF, then likely your cat has some level of kidney function loss and you would be doing more to maintain your cat’s long-term health by continuing to feed the special diet than by switching to an over the counter diet. There are other options available that are suitable for this situation, but they are prescription diets, also. Science Diet K/D or Iams MultiStage Renal are comparable diets. Anything that is over the counter is not going to be comparable because over the counter diets have to be designed generically for healthy cats.

      Think of it as Tylenol vs. Darvocet following a broken leg.
      Nutro Senior = Tylenol
      NF = Darvocet

      Your cat has a specific problem that can be addressed through diet – think of it as a tasty daily medication, and maybe the cost won’t seem so high.

  38. QUESTION:
    How long can you live on 20% kidney function?
    My mother has kidney failure. There is really nothing they can do because it’s caused by diabetes. How long can you live on 20% kidney function?

    • ANSWER:
      Well. it is a bit tricky. I have been functioning with less than 20% for over a year now and holding steady at the moment. I have been told it could be tomorrow or 5 years from now until I would need dialysis or transplant. I know someone that went almost 10 years before dialysis. Once she goes on dialysis she can live up over 20 years possibly, although the average is around 10 years.
      She really needs to start taking managing her health better and I am guessing that you will also help your mom. There is a strict diet called the renal diet on www.davita.com It is awesome and I recommend it. This was recommended by my dietician that follows me closely at MUSC.

      I know you said transplant wasn’t an option, but have you talked to a transplant team? I am only 37 and have Sjogrens Syndrome. I REALLY thought there was no way I would qualify for a transplant, but I did.

      Make sure she goes to her regular follow up appointments with the kidney Doc and get that diabetes and whatever other health issues she may be having under control. She will have good days and bad days. Many thoughts going out your way during this transition!

  39. QUESTION:
    Will my partner be able to survive on one kidney that is diseased?
    My partner suffers from End Stage Renal Disease. He only has one kidney and the kidney functions only 30% than the average. He says he won’t be able to survive. Can someone give me an expert advice or some advice on where I can seek information on this. I am unable to ask my partner doctor as he lives in another country.

    Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      Eventually, if the disease progresses, your partner’s remaining kidney will be insufficient to maintain his body function. At that point there are three outcomes – dialysis (either haemo or peritoneal), transplant or death. This sounds stark and it is.
      Dialysis takes over much of your life planning but can keep patients in a fair degree of health for many years although it involves very careful diet. Successful transplantation gives a normal quality of life although it involves taking anti-rejection medication for ever.

      www.patient.co.uk/showdoc/40000681

      will give you an authoritative view of renal failure and links to other parts of the site if you wish to investigate further.

      Good luck

  40. QUESTION:
    Which of the following statements about kidney function is not correct?
    help thanks!

    Which of the following statements about kidney function is not correct?

    A. The glomerulus is involved in size-selective filtration of the blood
    B. The loop of Henle acts as a countercurrent exchanger, so no energy is required to maintain the osmotic gradient
    C. the thin ascending limb of the loop of Henle is highly permeable to salt
    D. the descending limb of the loop of Henle is highly permeable to water
    E. reabsorption of water and solutes takes place primarily in the proximal tubule
    actually explain please why the “one” is not correct. thanks alot!

    • ANSWER:
      The answer is B.
      The loop of Henle is the countercurrent multiplier (a system that uses energy to create a concentration gradient) while the vasa recta is the countercurrent exchanger (a mechanism of exchanging some property of a flowing fluid to another across a semipermeable membrane. The fluid should flow in the opposite directions. In this case, blood flow in vasa recta is opposite to the direction of filtrate flow in the loop of Henle.

      Hope it helps.

  41. QUESTION:
    Will getting my kidney function checked show recently drinking?
    I have to get my kidney function checked today because its required for a medicine I take. I drank last night and stopped around 1100pm. They are checking too see if i’ve been drinking but will checking the function of my kidneys show i recently drank?

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe… I mean it is your kidney. But they might not even care if they did find that. Doctors just do their job. They will probably just see that u have drank sometime before

  42. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have a diet for someone with virtually no kidney function, but unable to take dialysis?
    I am trying to cook for a very elderly relative who needs a very low potassium and phosphorus diet as there is virtually no kidney function. Any suggestions for a source for a cookbook or detailed menu?

    • ANSWER:
      If dialysis is not an option in an individual with “virtually no kidney function” as you describe, you should try and get a hospice consult. They’re experts in ensuring comfort, and can help you with caring for your elderly relative.

  43. QUESTION:
    How to make the kidney function more efficiently?
    As one ages, the kidney usually does not function perfectly as it would have. I was wondering if there was a way to make the kidney function more efficiently as one age increases

    • ANSWER:
      Just drink lots of water, and your kidneys will do their very best. The great enemy of kidneys is getting dehydrated. This leads to problems including kidney stones.

      The other enemies are high blood pressure and diabetes, which are not good for the rest of you either! So stay healthy.

      Don’t go looking for magic potions to increase “efficiency”. Your kidneys are wonderfully efficient, as is your liver. They work together to keep you clean and alert. Treat them well. Diet, exercise, sleep, and mental attitude will keep the system working forever or until you get hit by a bus.

  44. QUESTION:
    My friend is suffering from mild kidney disease due to Diabetes, Can he take beer to improve kidney function?
    his createnine is 1.0 and his GFR is 78, some of his friends advised him to take beer to improve his kidney functioning since it contains Barley, Is he right?

    • ANSWER:
      A creatinine of 1.0 is in normal range (normal range is 0.6 to 1.2). Alcohol is rather irritating to the kidneys and other organs. I don’t see any benefit that beer would give to any kind of kidney disease. I’ve been an RN for some years now treating cardiac, respiratory and kidney problems and have NEVER seen it as a treatment option. Sounds like they just want to be drunk. Tell your friend to stay away from the beer. It’s no good for you.

  45. QUESTION:
    Any oral therapy for kidney failure? My kidney functions only 25%. Can I reverse this?

    • ANSWER:
      A diet low in protein can help prolong your kidney life, as will keeping your blood pressure under control. There are lots of other kidney patients and caregivers who can answer your question on the dialysis message forum at www.ihatedialysis.com. Online discussions are a great way to connect with those with CKD. I wish you the best of luck.

  46. QUESTION:
    Does your GFR level also mean your percentage of kidney function?
    I’ve been diagnosed with stage 2 chronic kidney disease. My GFR is 60, which looks like it’s at the very end of the stage since stage 3 starts at 59. Anyways, how do I know what percentage my kidneys are functioning? (Besides asking my nephrologist of course.)

    I always see that dialysis is needed at stage 5 which is 15% or lower, and the GFR is also 15. Is that how they calculate it?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Yvonne, yes GFR is the % that your kidneys work.

      The only way to calculate GFR is by blood tests. Other blood indicators for kidney failure are creatinine, urea and potassium.

      Email me if you have any more questions please.. good luck.

  47. QUESTION:
    What Are TWO IMPORTANT functions of the kidney?

    • ANSWER:
      Filter wastes and toxins, then send it to your bladder to be released. That is all they do.

  48. QUESTION:
    He asks you to explain why proper blood pressure is necessary for proper kidney function?
    Your neighbor was recently diagnosed with high blood pressure and has been reading up on the problems it can cause with kidney function. He asks you to explain why proper blood pressure is necessary for proper kidney function? What do you tell him?

    • ANSWER:
      High blood pressure makes the kidneys work harder. Working harder wears them out faster, so the filters that still work have to work more, and then they wear out faster still.

      There is probably more. BP is made higher by too much water in the blood stream. One of the things that dialysis does is take the water out. That lowers the blood pressure.

  49. QUESTION:
    How harmful is alcohol for someone with 75% kidney function?
    My boyfriend was born with a birth defect that caused him to undergo intense surgery about 7 years ago. It left him with his kidneys only functioning to 75% of their natural ability. He isn’t a heavy drinker, but will get drunk every so often, maybe once a month or so. Last night he drank a lot, and now he has pains in his lower back, which I believe can be kidney pains, does anyone know anything about that?

    My question is, is it okay for him to drink?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, drinking is very bad for your kidneys. Can even lead to cancer.

  50. QUESTION:
    How does kidney function affect hair, teeth and nails?
    Could low kidney function cause cavities and dry hair, etc.? With a restricted diet, how do I counteract this?

    • ANSWER:
      see this links hope it will answer ur question


Cat Kidney Disease

Heating Pad Treatment for Gout – Alternative Methods to Relive Pain
If you suffer from gout or know someone that does, likely you are seeking ways to alleviate the pain. You will find many different methods that can work for many people. Among them will be charcoal and charcoal ointments, dietary supplements, holistic methods and even heating pad treatments for gout pain. More than likely, you are going to be more than willing to try almost anything within reason to simply make the pain stop.

Throughout this article you will find useful information on how to minimize gout attacks and limit the pain you have from an attack. It is wise for you to first discuss with your doctor methods you should use for the discomfort and what you should avoid.

Your doctor will take into consideration the other health conditions you have as well as other medications you might need to take to treat those conditions. If you do not discuss with your doctor first you can be risking a more serious condition related to an interaction with the alternative treatment and existing medications.
A widely recommended treatment for subsiding the pain associated with a gout attack is using a heating pad. You should alternate between the heating pad and an ice pack, about every 15 minutes switch to the other. Generally speaking, this will not completely eliminate the pain but it will make it much less sever and more tolerable.

If you prefer to not use a heating pad but still want to use a heat source you can use hot and cold water for the same outcome. Soak the area that is troubling you in hot water for around 2-3 minutes and then switch to cold water for about 30-45 seconds. Continue to do this until the pain is tolerable.

Another method is to soak the joint in warm water with Epsom salt. This can be purchased at almost any store for a few dollars. You will find instructions for usage on the package for many other aliments. For gout you should put about 3 tbsp of Epsom salt in a basin of warm water and soak for half an hour.

Many have spoken of their positive results from using a heating pad treatment for gout, as well as alternating heat and cold. You should try a different method to see which meets your need the best. Be sure that you avoid foods and beverages that you know cause your gout to flare up.

How The Kidney Functions

How Your Kidney Can Get Infected
Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is a point lettering of urinary swathe infection (UTI) that commonly begins in your urethra or bladder and travels up into your kidneys. If not treated properly, kidney infection can permanently hurt your kidneys or coverage to your bloodstream and affect a life-threatening infection. Prompt medical awareness is vital.

The kidneys are an important factor of the urinary logic. These organs means blood; filter out unwanted; and flush out discarded as urine, which travels to the bladder through tubes called ureters and is eliminated from the body through the urethra. The kidneys also keep certain chemicals balanced and generate hormones that help insist blood bulldoze, red blood cubicle view, and healthy bones.

Chronic glomerulonephritis is a gradually progressive disease characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli, which outcome in sclerosis, scarring and, eventually, renal fiasco. This disordered commonly develops insidiously and lacking symptoms, often over many living.

Causes of kidney infection

The pest caused by kidney sand occurs when a gemstone becomes blocked in the ureter, the lean tube that connects the kidney with the bladder. Urine streamed is then blocked, which causes urine to back up into the kidney. The kidney then swells and enlarges, stretching the nuisance-aware shell, or thin layer around it.
Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of one or, both kidneys with alterable manifestations. It may be acute, relapsing or habitual. The complications of this disorder are hypertension, lasting infection, renal insufficiency and renal letdown. The course is very flexible but typically the chronic disease progresses really leisurely, with patients having adequate renal task for more than 20 days after start.

Kidney infection typically occurs when bacteria input your urinary zone through the urethra and arise to multiply. Bacteria from an infection elsewhere in your body also can mushroom through your bloodstream to your kidneys. Kidney infection is abnormal through this means, but it can arise in some circumstances – for instance, when a strange body, such as an artificial usual or spirit valve, gets infected. Rarely, kidney infection fallout after kidney surgery.

Most kidney infections extend as a complication from cystitis (bladder infection). Bacteria causing cystitis sometimes voyage up to infect a kidney. The bacteria are mostly those which live in your bowel. They sometimes trek from the anus, up the urethra into the bladder, and grounds infection. (Note: cystitis is general, and most people with cystitis do not exploit a kidney infection.) Strep infection is the most common start of glomerulonephritis. Pyelonephritis can be caused by any of the organisms that source inferior urinary strip infection (E. Coli, klebsiella, etc.)

Conditions such as pregnancy, diabetes, evil, kidney stones, and abnormalities of the urinary swathe can sink your ability to contest off the bacteria that origin kidney infections. Foley catheters (tubes inserted through the urethra to drain the bladder) can also pilot to infection if left in place for complete periods. Women sometimes engage kidney infections when bacteria get into the urinary tract next sex.

Some kidney infections result without a bladder infection. This is sometimes due to a challenge in the kidney. For example, you are more prone to kidney infections if you have a kidney deseed or an abnormality of a kidney. Bacteria in the urine don’t always imply an infection. Some people, especially older adults, may have bacteria in the bladder that don’t instigate any cipher or symptoms or impair, and thus doesn’t demand handling. This rider is known as asymptomatic bacteriuria.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How does the mammalian kidney functions to maintain water balance?

    • ANSWER:
      control of water is one of the homeostatic control mechanism operating on a negative feedback process, it’s a form of osmoregulation, which involves maintenance of a balance of solute and solvent (water) in the body.
      This process is mainly performed by the kidney tubule of the human excretory system under the contorl of hormones released from the hypothalamus.
      when blood passing over the brain has low water content, in otherwords low blood volume, it’s sensed by a nerve receptor in the brain (hypothalamus), which then send impulses via it;s neuoral axon upto the posterior pituitary gland, stimulating it to release a hormone called antidiuretic hormone into the blood stream.
      once the hormone ADH reaches the kidney, it will act specifically on the collecting ducts of the kidney by increasing its permeability to water uptake from the urine in the tubule.
      in that way, much water will be absorbed, hence returning the blood volume to normal ( there will be production of hypertonic urine, that is productive of very little concentrated urine).
      once a set point is reached, it will stimulate the reduction in release of ADH from the P. pituitary gland.
      once there is also less water in the blood, the thirst centre in the brain is stimulated which cuases more water uptake especially after each and every meal.
      basically return the blood volume back to normal.

  2. QUESTION:
    I have questions about kidney functions?
    At one point in 2008 my left kidney was only functioning at 70-80% capacity for those of you that have medical backround or for those of you at know this, aside from the kidneys storing urine what are the other functions that the kidneys do for the human body, and how do the kidneys play a part in health and well being for the human body?

    Thank you in advance for your answers e4g

    • ANSWER:
      Every vertebrate has a pair of kidneys. Their functional units are called nephrons. The kidney contains more than a million nephrons, which collect fluid from filtered blood. The renal arteries and renal veins carry blood to and from the kidney.
      The collected waste material leaves the kidney via the ureter and is stored in the urinary bladder; it is then expelled from the body through the urethra. The kidney filters 1600 liters of blood per day, producing 1 liter of urine.

      The nephron’s cup shaped Bowmans Capsule surrounds a knot of blood capillaries called the glomerulus. Much of the bloods fluid filters into the glomerulus due to pressure from the circulatory system. Left behind are large proteins and whole cells, which are too large to fit through. This filtrate is then passed through the nephron tubule, which has 4 main parts (proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, and the collecting duct).
      In the proximal convoluted tubule, a considerable amount of resorbtion occurs. Small proteins, glucose, and ions are returned to the blood by active transport. Negatively charged ions follow passively, followed by the osmosis of water. About 75% of the filtrate is returned in this section of the nephron.
      The loop of Henle, lie in the medulla of the kidney, the other parts of the nephron lie outside of the medulla in the cortex. Salt is actively transported out of the filtrate, and since this area impermeable to water, water cannot follow the ions out here.
      The distal convoluted tubule, urine is then passed through here to the collecting duct where it is concentrated due to its permeability to water. It leaves the collecting duct into the pelvis of the kidney, which leads to the ureter and the bladder where it is stored.

      Regulation of Kidney function: Urine composition and the rate of urine formation are largely regulated by hormones vasopressin, aldosterone, and angiotensin, and the enzyme rennin.

      Vasopressin (ADH) is produced by the posterior pituitary gland and increases the bodies ability to resorbtion of water. it increase the permeability of the collecting ducts.
      Diabetes insipidus is caused due to a lack of this hormone. It is characterized by thirst, and the production of large amounts of dilute urine.

      Angiotensis and Aldosterone are hormones that regulate the amount of sodium that is resorbed from the filtrate in the nephrons. Aldosterone is produced by the adrenal gland. it promotes the resorbtion of sodium by the distal tube. Its action is directed by the bloods salt content. The kidney secretes an enzyme rennin, which changes a plasma protein angiotensinogen into angiotensin, which helps to increase the production of aldosterone and the blood pressure of the kidney.

  3. QUESTION:
    summaize how the kidney functions as a homestatic organ?

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney is known as the osmoregulators. They help in regulating the amount of water present in the blood tissues.For example,Pituitary Gland secretes more ADH(Anti diuretic hormones) which stimulate the kidney to reabsorb more water when the person lacks of water due to the environment( loss of water through pespiration due to the hot day).
      When the amount of water in the person’s blood is of a large amount, The pituitary gland then secretes less ADH which stimulate the kidney to reabsorb less water.
      In this way the amount of water in the person’s blood tissue is kept relatively constant by the kidney.

  4. QUESTION:
    How might a sudden blood pressure drop affect kidney function?
    Probably negatively but what sorts of things happen?
    “One of the effects of a drug overdose is a serious decrease in blood pressure. How might this affect kidney function?”

    • ANSWER:
      when ur blood presure dedresez….d kidney wont reciev bloods 2 untreafiltrate….even bloods will nt go past d helis loop..cos d preasur is down.

  5. QUESTION:
    How many blood samples are required to test both liver and kidney function?
    My doctor asked for my liver function and kidney function to be tested but the nurse only took one blood sample into the tube. Can both be done with one blood sample?

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    How can I improve the health and function of my kidney?
    I have stomach problems including bloating that I am starting to think may be related to my kidney function. Anybody have experience with this?

    • ANSWER:
      I have polycystic kidney disease which a hereditary condition. It is basically the formation of cysts in the kidney. By itself it is not life threatening, but I am more prone to kidney infection and stones than the average person.

      To answer your question. Best things you can do for your kidneys is to drink lots or clear liquids such as water. Cranberry juice is also good. If you smoke you should quit, as smoking increases the rate of organ decay.

      Hope this helps. Have a good day!

  7. QUESTION:
    How to make the kidney function more efficiently?
    As one ages, the kidney usually does not function perfectly as it would have. I was wondering if there was a way to make the kidney function more efficiently as one age increases

    • ANSWER:
      Just drink lots of water, and your kidneys will do their very best. The great enemy of kidneys is getting dehydrated. This leads to problems including kidney stones.

      The other enemies are high blood pressure and diabetes, which are not good for the rest of you either! So stay healthy.

      Don’t go looking for magic potions to increase “efficiency”. Your kidneys are wonderfully efficient, as is your liver. They work together to keep you clean and alert. Treat them well. Diet, exercise, sleep, and mental attitude will keep the system working forever or until you get hit by a bus.

  8. QUESTION:
    How does coffee affect kidney function?
    And how is it different from other beverages when the kidney is filtering and reabsorbing it?

    Also, is it possible if a test subject who drank 12 cups of coffee between 6 am to noon, is it possible to know the rate at which the kidneys were filtering and reabsorbing the coffee in each hour? I need to create an experiment, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      coffee contains a drug known as Caffeine. A side of effect of Caffeine is frequent urination. When you urinate, what you drink has been filtered by the kidneys. So drinking Caffeine puts added stress onto the kidneys.

  9. QUESTION:
    Does your GFR level also mean your percentage of kidney function?
    I’ve been diagnosed with stage 2 chronic kidney disease. My GFR is 60, which looks like it’s at the very end of the stage since stage 3 starts at 59. Anyways, how do I know what percentage my kidneys are functioning? (Besides asking my nephrologist of course.)

    I always see that dialysis is needed at stage 5 which is 15% or lower, and the GFR is also 15. Is that how they calculate it?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Yvonne, yes GFR is the % that your kidneys work.

      The only way to calculate GFR is by blood tests. Other blood indicators for kidney failure are creatinine, urea and potassium.

      Email me if you have any more questions please.. good luck.

  10. QUESTION:
    What effect does a restricted ureter have on long-term kidney function?
    In Aug last year I had acute renal pain, in ultrasounds my left kidney was shown to be enlarged & not emptying properly, X-Rays showed no stone but a CT scan revealed a 6mm stone 2/3 of the way up my ureter.

    In November this was removed ureteroscopically with a holmium laser. However, I continued to have pain, & a further CT scan this January revealed that my kidney was still enlarged & not draining properly. So on the 8th of this month I had another ureteroscopy with a pylogram, & was found to have a severe narrowing caused by scar tissue, caused either by the stone, or by the procedure to remove the stone.
    I am due to go back to have the ureter widened & to have a stent inserted for a month.

    My question is this, given that my problems started in August last year – 7 months ago, how long does it take for a kidney to become damaged when the flow of urine is restricted? Is any damage reversible?

    Many thanks for taking the time to read this & for any help you can give me.
    Thanks ‘greatbrickhill’ for your lovely answer, I fully intend to ask my consultant this when I next see him (which will be when I’m having the stent put in), but in the meantime if anyone out there has experiences that can help me then I’m interested to hear from them.
    Also what were people’s experiences of living with a ureteral stent?
    Sorry Matador 89, but I asked about kidney function not what procedures are appropriate. My Consultant has already decided what he is going to do to relieve the narrowing. Blinding me with science… ‘It may be curative in patients with isolated epithelial strictures (no involvement of corpus spongiosum). Stents are designed to be incorporated into the wall of the urethra and provide a patent lumen. They are most successful in short-length strictures in the bulbous urethra.’

    That would mean something to a Urilogy Consultant, but it sure as heck don’t mean anything to me as someone who simply has GCSE’s in Human Biology and Human Physiology & Health.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi,

      You poor thing I totally understand, I went through the urethra widening operation about 18 months ago. I’m please to say you will notice an immediate difference. In terms of long term damage, they will need to do a scan on your kidneys to see if there is any scarring on the actually kidneys themselves if not then you have escaped long term damage.

      Make sure you are drinking loads of water at least 2.5 litres a day, it will help flush out the kidneys. Absolutely no tea or coffee.

      Oh just to add on your further information I had a stent for a month also and its fine okay not the most pleasant thought I give you but as long as you follow the doctors advise its okay.

      Best wishes though its horrible.

  11. QUESTION:
    Human Biology – Kidney Functions/Structure?
    Could you please help me with the following questions –

    1. Does your circulatory system suply blood to the cortex THEN medulla or the medulla THEN the cortex?

    2. How does a kidney get a large enough surface area?

    3. Why would it be a health risk if humans urinated freely and continuously?

    4. Why is it not a good idea to dely urinating for too long? – Especially for females?

    Thanks guys!
    The hot climate of Australia summers means a high water loss through sweat. What action should we take to maintain the health of our kidneys in hot weather and why?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are a couple of sites that should help you with these questions.

  12. QUESTION:
    Anyone know how long kidney disease usually takes to progress in dogs?
    I just found out my 12-year-old female Samoyed has the start of kidney problems and was put on a precscription diet specifically to help maintain kidney function.

    • ANSWER:
      Did the vet say there was any loss of kidney function or just that there might be some problems?

      I know when my dog was diagnosised with kidney failure we were able to keep her going by changing her diet to a home made diet. What our biggest problem was our dog also had a sensitive tummy so food she should eat would give her diarrhea. She did pretty well on the home diet for 6 months then we did have to go back to her old food as by then it was try to keep weight on her.

      With kidney failure my dog lasted 9 months BUT that is worse than kidney problems. Some dogs can go for years with a kidney problem and not get worse. It really depends on the dog, if it was caught early enough and if the change in diet will help.

      I got lots of good help with diet and support from Yahoo Groups K9kidney. They will also tell you some supplements that may help.

  13. QUESTION:
    How soon does diabetes start affecting the kidney function if untreated?

    I was recently diagnosed with Type I diabetes and have only one kidney. I am having hard time controlling blood sugar spikes after eating even with insulin injections.

    • ANSWER:
      I became diabetic at age 12. I had it pretty well controlled until I fell off my mother’s insurance at age 23. I was in poor control for many years, and at age 34 I had acute renal failure. I was on dialysis for almost 2 years when I received a kidney/pancreas transplant in December 2006.

      I would recommend eating smaller amounts more frequently to keep your blood glucose as even as possible.

  14. QUESTION:
    What % is considered complete kidney failure?
    My mother has 11% kidney function and is being prepared for dialysis. We are not receiving any input from the doctors as to just how sick she is and how long she will survive after starting her treatment. Any help would be really appreciated. Thanks
    She suffers from high blood pressure, thyroid problems, weak heart, depression, stomach ailments and many more. She is currently taking approximately 26 tablets a day for all her problems. Doesnt look promising does it?

    • ANSWER:
      A person can not live in complete kidney failure, so just as it says when the kidneys stop working completely the heart then fails as well. Your mom’s condition is considered chronic kidney disease or CKD and if her glomerular filtration rate is 11% then she is in stage 4 or 5 of chronic kidney disease and stage 5 is the last stage and requires dialysis. Survival rate depends on if there are other disease processes as well but survival rate does decrease as kidney function decreases. Ill pray for you and your mom! You can read more about CKD here….http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End_stage_renal_failure

      She has a poor prognosis but saying she only has 6 months would just be a guess, she could live 2 years or longer. Just prepare for the worst but enjoy the time you have left.

  15. QUESTION:
    How can I help with my cat’s kidney problems?
    My cat is 14-people-years-old and he’s starting to feel it. He takes a trip to the vet every 2 weeks to get a shot to help his kidneys function. For as old as he is, this is the only problem he has. I was wondering if there was anything I could do for him or buy for him that could make this problem diminish or possibly go away. Tall order, I know. But what do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      What do you mean get a shot? Do you mean he gets fluids? You can give fluids at home.
      If it is a shot, what is it? You can email me the answer if you don’t want to post.
      There is alot you can do.
      Treatment of Chronic Renal Failure

      If your cat is not in final stages, this is not want you want to do. You do not want to put your cat on the
      Vets low protein diet. There are simply so many better options out there than to hand the poor cat a low amount of poor quality protein – which often results in a poor appetite and muscle wasting since the body is now robbing its own muscle mass to feed itself a decent quality and amount of protein.
      . There are new thoughts on this and the thinking is it is not the amount of protein but the quality of protein that matters.
      The Merck veterinary manual [www.merckvetmanual.com] says that cats need “4 g of protein of high biologic value per kg body wt/day”. That’s about 7 calories from protein per pound body weight per day. If a cat isn’t a good eater and consumes, say, 20 calories per pound per day, then 7/20 = 35% of calories can safely be from protein. It must be high quality protein, which means meat, fish, milk, and eggs, and not grain or soy.

      I am under the assumption that you have been feeding mostly dry foods. Many use a vegetable based protein instead of animal and that is part of the problem.. Your cat needs protein as it is a carnivore and cutting down on it will lead to other health issues and may cause faster degeneration.
      You want to cut down on fat and phosphorous (no fish allowed now) The best way to do this is with a raw diet which you can make yourself or buy. (Making yourself is better) link provided at the bottom
      If you are unwilling to do that then something like the non fish flavors of Wellness or Merrick with NO grains are good alternatives. Wysong is also a good canned choice. This list gives a breakdown. Remember you want low phosphorous

      http://webpages.charter.net/katkarma/canfood.htm

      You also will want to look into phosphorous binders. Something like aluminum hydroxide
      Ask your vet or look into calcitrol

      You may want to talk to the vet about having injectable Pepcid AC on hand or you can buy it in pill form (ac not plain pepcid) and give 1/4 tab for stomach upset which happens a lot in crf cats due to acid in the stomach.
      I hope this stuff helps, here are many links for you
      Making cat food

      http://www.catinfo.org/makingcatfood.htm

      other links. Read, read, read!!!!

      http://www.felineoutreach.org/EducationDetail.asp?cat=KidneyDisease

      http://www.marvistavet.com/html/body_chronic_renal_failure.html

      http://www.felinecrf.org/

      http://www.felinecrf.com/

      http://pets.groups.yahoo.com/group/Feline-CRF-Support/

      About that vets diet. This report is for dogs but applies to cats

      http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/Opera/2167/bovee_protein_RD.pdf

  16. QUESTION:
    How does Kidney function in the human body relate to solutions?
    Chemisty

    • ANSWER:
      Vague question. You may want to actually do your homework yourself. I assume your teacher is trying to get you to think about either filtration or dialysis. I am leaning to the latter.

  17. QUESTION:
    Has anyone used Tripsy for cats for kidney failure? Did it work and how long did it take if it did?
    My cat’s kidneys are failing. Because he is such a difficult cat, he has to be put under anesthesia every time he goes to vet. Last time he was there his blood work showed that his kidney function was worse. The vet said that usually they keep the animal there hooked up to IVs but in his case they couldn’t because they would have to sedate him the whole time and that would be bad for him. I saw the natural supplement Tripsy and was wondering if anyone used it.

    • ANSWER:
      While I have not had any personal experience with Tripsy, I did check out information about this “natural” suppliment that is available to help restore kidney function.

      http://www.petwellbeing.com/cat-kidney-disease-p90.cfm#

      I have a cat whose kidneys are “borderline”. Our veterinarian is “holistic” in her practice and is also a licensed acupuncturist. She has prescribed a holistic product for him, which is a liquid and he enjoys the taste. If the failure progresses, which we hope will not be the case, and his tests have been very optimistic, we will start acupuncture. There is a specific location on the top of the cat’s head which is called the “happy” spot, and relaxes the cat so that acupuncture is at least tolerated if not altogether a pleasant experience.

      This article may be of help:

      http://www.apvet.com/Why%20Holistic.htm

      Since hydration is so crucial to cats who are in kidney failure, your kitty would have to be treated several times a week by more “traditional” methods. Of course being sedated regularly is not a good choice, since the kidneys have to work overtime to process any drugs, and since he is such a “difficult” kitty, I am sure that anxiety and stress would not be helpful either.

      If this were my kitty, I would search for a holistic veterinarian in your area, and at least have a consultation and discuss alternative treatments which may be very helpful for your cat. I am so thrilled that our vet will seek alternatives when appropriate, far less stressful for our cat, and so far it is working very well.

      I hope this helps, and good luck with your cat.

      Troublesniffer
      Owned by cats for over 40 years

  18. QUESTION:
    if someone has diabetes 2 how do they check kidney function?
    if someone has diabetes 2 how do they check kidney function to make sure the kidneys are staying healthy and do they do that with diabetes 2 paitience from time to time? check kidney function … making sure kidneys arent failing..etc.

    • ANSWER:
      The most common screening done for kidney function in diabetics is a urinalysis. The first sign of kidney disease from diabetes is often small amounts of protein being spilled in the urine. Your doctor should check your urine on a regular basis to check for protein as kidney failure is one of the biggest complications of diabetes.

  19. QUESTION:
    how long would i live with a kidney transplant?
    hello i am 17 and was first diagnosed with FSGS. now my kidney function is around 12 percent. im currently getting done the things i need to do to be on the list. i was just wondering how long i could live with the transplant.

    • ANSWER:
      After having a kidney transplant, you will have to take medicines that suppress your immune system (immunosuppressive medicines), such as prednisone, azathioprine, tacrolimus, and cyclosporine, to help prevent your body from rejecting the new kidney. You will need to take these medicines for the rest of your life. Because these medicines weaken your immune system, you will have an increased risk for serious infections. There is also the chance that your body may still reject your new kidney even if you take these medicines. If this happens, you will have to start dialysis and possibly wait for another kidney transplant.

      You should live based on the life expectancy of America where i assume your from in your 60′s – 70′s but hey you could beat the odds and live to 110.

  20. QUESTION:
    how do we reduce the swelling of ankles caused due to the impaired kidney function?

    • ANSWER:
      raise your legs when you are in bed i suffer lymthodima and it helps also try compression socks it will improve circutation

  21. QUESTION:
    what does the kidney function with and how?
    im doing a human body project and i’ve checked every place possible. please help!

    • ANSWER:

      http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/

      Looked it up on google, and NO JOKE….TONNNNNS OF INFO. I LEARNED ALOT!

  22. QUESTION:
    How does alcohol effect the way the kidneys functions?

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    Is eating meat damaging to kidney function?
    I am having troubles with my kidneys at the moment. there is +protein in the urine and basically i’m on my way to kidney failure…

    i’ve been a meat eater all my life and was wondering if its because of the meat i eat that is making my kidneys leak protein?

    is eating meat damaging to protein function? if so, how much meat should i cut back? i currently have meat in just about every meal. i am willing to explore a vegan option…

    • ANSWER:
      YES.

      ATLEAST once meal per day should be meatless, at LEAST. And one day per week should be TOTALLY meatless. And even eating like this is overconsumption of meat. It’s not your fault, per se, our society focuses way way way too much on meat being the focal point in EVERY meal. And that’s wrong & unhealthy. Also, meat has been thought of as a “diet food” (and hey, the Atkin’s diet is ALL MEAT—-so what does that tell you?!), so people think by having it 7 days a week at every meal is being healthy. It’s not. You are destroying your body and putting yourself up for a number of health risks. Why doesn’t the general population who eats omnivorously know about this? Well, because MOST of the population eats meat, and probably 75% or more overconsume it. So eating meat & overconsuming it is the NORM, meaning, everyone will suffer these health changes of a bad meaty diet, and thus, no one thinks ‘i bet this could have resulted from the amount of meat I’m consuming’, they just assume it’s a normal part of aging/growing up, because the same health problems are happening to everyone else.

      If you can manage, I encourage you to try being a vegetarian (that way you can still have milk & egg) or if you want, a vegan option (no milk & eggs), and see how you improve, but I definately bet that you will feel much much better and your kidney’s WILL improve.

      There are fake meats out there, and some of them are pretty good. Of course, just as with meat, you don’t want to overconsume them.

  24. QUESTION:
    Uncle has stage four kidney disease, how can I help him with his diet?
    Should he be on a no meat diet so to eliminate too much protein intake? or just low protein diet? He vomited one night after eating a steak and movie popcorn. He is diabetic and has high blood pressure and does not exercies. Do you think his eating habits will worsen his kidney function unless he changes for the better? His doctor did not suggest any special diet for him. Is he to rely only on medication to help his condition? I would appreciate any suggestions or experiences with people who had kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    can any one explain the kidney function in detail?
    if possible can anyone give me a step by step information on how kidney works so i can look at it in the diagram.

    • ANSWER:
      Most of the waste is removed by the Kidney. On its way through the body, blood passes through the kidneys. Inside there are millions on tiny filters that remove wast, water, glucose and minerals from the blood. The water, glucose, and mineral are returned to the blood, leaving behind only the waste. The waste, called urine, passes through a tube and into the bladder for storage. When it is full, the bladder contracts, pushing urine out of the body.

  26. QUESTION:
    how is ammonia related to kidney functioning?
    why are nephrons considered the structural and functional units of the kidney?

    • ANSWER:
      ammonia is a byproduct of protein breakdown. Typically ammonia is converted into Urea in the Liver through the urea cycle. Ammonia can be extremely toxic, as it can readily nonspecifically bind to various tissue, organelles, enzymes, cell membrane, etc…

      In the case of kidney dysfunction, urea is unable to be excreted causing an excessive build up of ammonia in the blood. People with kidney failure have a marked stench of ammonia on their breath which can be an indicator of this disease. Toxic build up of ammonia can lead to a long list of negative effects on the body and ultimatly death.

      As for the nephrons, you can think of the kidney as just millions upon millions of nephrons organized into an organ. Their really is nothing else in the kidney besides the nephrons. Aside from the seperation of denser regions of nephrons from more spread out (medulla vs. cortex), the kidney has no other functional tissue (in terms of kidney function). The kidney does have connective tissue, endothelial tissue, etc… but this to maintain the kidney as a whole, not necessarily involved in its role in the body (filtration).

      Nephrons are tiny tiny filters with a system of pipes which maintain proper electrolyte balance in the blood, protein levels, sugar levels, etc… A major physical property of the kidney is its ability to maintain tough gradients. This is due to the work of the nephron and the complex tubing system.

  27. QUESTION:
    how does a urinary tract infection affect the kidney function?
    example does it affect the glomerular filtration?

    • ANSWER:
      That is a good question. Hmm…I know that the infection would spread up to the kidneys and quite possibley affect the glomeruler filtration allowing blood to pass into the urinary tract. I’m not totally sure but I better look it up just in case. Good question though.

  28. QUESTION:
    Should it be legal to buy a kidney?
    Hi Guys, i would just like to know the following points
    1. What are the consequences of living without healthy kidney
    2. Why are kidney donors difficult to find?
    3. Why do people who have lost their kidney function due to disease or and accident apply to receive transplant?
    4. What is dialysis? How does it work? Why might a kidney transplant be preferable to dialysis?

    Thanks ! Much appreciated

    • ANSWER:
      Life expectancy is not shortened with kidney donation…site below. Doctors would not intentionally shorten the life of one person to lengthen the life of another. That would violate the hippocratic oath. Besides the recovery of an invasive surgery, the donor would have to be very careful to make sure nothing happened to the remaining kidney. A person can easily live with only one kidney.

      The tissues have to match in order to be a donor for a particular person or the recipient will end up rejecting the kidney.

      People who are in need of a kidney sign up on a national registry. Everything is on a first come first serve basis. Contrary to popular belief, money doesn’t buy you a kidney. The only way to by-pass the list is to have your own donor, ie a relative or friend.

      Dialysis removes toxins and fluids from the body. Essentially, it performs the kidney function outside of the body. A kidney transplant would be much, much more preferable to dialysis. Most people with renal disease need to have dialysis a few times a week. Each treatment is typically about 3 hours long and leaves the patient extremely worn out.

  29. QUESTION:
    how can i diagnose the kidney function test without creatnine?

    • ANSWER:
      without creatnine you can diagnose with the following:

      Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the volume of fluid filtered from the renal (kidney) glomerular capillaries into the Bowman’s capsule per unit time.

      Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can be calculated by measuring any chemical that has a steady level in the blood, and is freely filtered but neither reabsorbed nor secreted by the kidneys. The rate therefore measured is the quantity of the substance in the urine that originated from a calculable volume of blood. The GFR is typically recorded in units of volume per time, e.g. milliliters per minute ml/min. Compare to filtration fraction.

      GFR = frac { mbox{Urine Concentration} times mbox{Urine Flow} }{ mbox{Plasma Concentration} }
      hope it is clear to you!

  30. QUESTION:
    My mom is 75 has kidney function of a low percentage and anemic with bladder shrinkage?
    Is Pot really the only natural remediy ? She cant smoke she has empazema how can i make her comfortable , she hurts just sitting. Goes to the bathroom and pain is real real bad. Went to many docs. i need some miracle drug . Or a possible natural way to keep her iron up and kidney function rise ..

    • ANSWER:
      There is no natural way to keep her iron levels up. She needs to see a hematologist. Your mom needs to be on EPO (erythropoietin), a hormone to increase red cell production.

  31. QUESTION:
    does anyone know of a website that explains kidney function and?
    how to prepare for a transplant and the signs of needing a transplant?

    • ANSWER:
      What are the signs of kidney disease?

      People in the early stages of kidney disease usually do not feel sick at all.

      If your kidney disease gets worse, you may need to urinate more often or less often. You may feel tired or itchy. You may lose your appetite or experience nausea and vomiting. Your hands or feet may swell or feel numb. You may get drowsy or have trouble concentrating. Your skin may darken. You may have muscle cramps.
      What medical tests will my doctor use to detect kidney disease?

      Since you can have kidney disease without any symptoms, your doctor may first detect the condition through routine blood and urine tests. The National Kidney Foundation recommends three simple tests to screen for kidney disease: a blood pressure measurement, a spot check for protein or albumin in the urine (proteinuria), and a calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on a serum creatinine measurement. Measuring urea nitrogen in the blood provides additional information.
      Blood Pressure Measurement

      High blood pressure can lead to kidney disease. It can also be a sign that your kidneys are already impaired. The only way to know whether your blood pressure is high is to have a health professional measure it with a blood pressure cuff. The result is expressed as two numbers. The top number, which is called the systolic pressure, represents the pressure when your heart is beating. The bottom number, which is called the diastolic pressure, shows the pressure when your heart is resting between beats. Your blood pressure is considered normal if it stays below 120/80 (expressed as “120 over 80”). The NHLBI recommends that people with kidney disease use whatever therapy is necessary, including lifestyle changes and medicines, to keep their blood pressure below 130/80.
      Microalbuminuria and Proteinuria

      Healthy kidneys take wastes out of the blood but leave protein. Impaired kidneys may fail to separate a blood protein called albumin from the wastes. At first, only small amounts of albumin may leak into the urine, a condition known as microalbuminuria, a sign of deteriorating kidney function. As kidney function worsens, the amount of albumin and other proteins in the urine increases, and the condition is called proteinuria. Your doctor may test for protein using a dipstick in a small sample of your urine taken in the doctor’s office. The color of the dipstick indicates the presence or absence of proteinuria.

      A more sensitive test for protein or albumin in the urine involves laboratory measurement and calculation of the protein-to-creatinine or albumin-to-creatinine ratio. This test should be used to detect kidney disease in people at high risk, especially those with diabetes. If your first laboratory test shows high levels of protein, another test should be done 1 to 2 weeks later. If the second test also shows high levels of protein, you have persistent proteinuria and should have additional tests to evaluate your kidney function.
      Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) Based on Creatinine Measurement

      GFR is a calculation of how efficiently the kidneys are filtering wastes from the blood. A traditional GFR calculation requires an injection into the bloodstream of a substance that is later measured in a 24-hour urine collection. Recently, scientists found they could calculate GFR without an injection or urine collection. The new calculation requires only a measurement of the creatinine in a blood sample.

      Creatinine is a waste product in the blood created by the normal breakdown of muscle cells during activity. Healthy kidneys take creatinine out of the blood and put it into the urine to leave the body. When kidneys are not working well, creatinine builds up in the blood.

      In the lab, your blood will be tested to see how many milligrams of creatinine are in one deciliter of blood (mg/dL). Creatinine levels in the blood can vary, and each laboratory has its own normal range, usually 0.6 to 1.2 mg/dL. If your creatinine level is only slightly above this range, you probably will not feel sick, but the elevation is a sign that your kidneys are not working at full strength. One formula for estimating kidney function equates a creatinine level of 1.7 mg/dL for most men and 1.4 mg/dL for most women to 50 percent of normal kidney function. But because creatinine values are so variable and can be affected by diet, a GFR calculation is more accurate for determining whether a person has reduced kidney function.

      The new GFR calculation uses the patient’s creatinine measurement along with weight, age, and values assigned for sex and race. Some medical laboratories may make the GFR calculation when a creatinine value is measured and include it on their lab report.
      Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

      Blood carries protein to cells throughout the body. After the cells use the protein, the remaining waste product is returned to the blood as urea, a compound that contains nitrogen. Healthy kidneys take urea out of the blood and put it in the urine. If your kidneys are not working well, the urea will stay in the blood.

      A deciliter of normal blood contains 7 to 20 milligrams of urea. If your BUN is more than 20 mg/dL, your kidneys may not be working at full strength. Other possible causes of an elevated BUN include dehydration and heart failure.
      Additional Tests for Kidney Disease

      If blood and urine tests indicate reduced kidney function, your doctor may recommend additional tests to help identify the cause of the problem.

      Renal imaging. Methods of renal imaging (taking pictures of the kidneys) include ultrasound, computed tomography (CT scan), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These tools are most helpful in finding unusual growths or blockages to the flow of urine.

      Renal biopsy. Your doctor may want to see a tiny piece of your kidney tissue under a microscope. To obtain this tissue sample, the doctor will perform a renal biopsy—a hospital procedure in which the doctor inserts a needle through your skin into the back of the kidney. The needle retrieves a strand of tissue about 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch long. For the procedure, you will lie on your stomach on a table and receive local anesthetic to numb the skin. The sample tissue will help the doctor identify problems at the cellular level.

      For more information, see the fact sheet on Kidney Biopsy from the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse.

      http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/

  32. QUESTION:
    Is kidney donantion usually done when the donnor and recipient are both young?
    My grandmawhoe’s 87 years has 20% of her kidney function left, is this still worth it for me to translante one of my kindney to hers. If I did that out of alove, how long will I surving afterward, whould it be more prone for my single kindney to fail as well
    I saying it’s worth it, because I love her to death, but also very worring if she can take it without rejection, she’s also worry aout me loosing a kindney so young. What do you think I should do

    • ANSWER:
      87 is fairly old to be undergoing such intensive surgery…ask a urologist or a neprologist what their opinion is…sometimes doctors don’t like to operate on older folks..it is a big risk for the older person to go through so much…and then there are the expensive anti-rejection drugs that she will have to take afterwards…check with a doctor…

  33. QUESTION:
    Protein in urine. i have a kidney problem?
    I have angiomyliopoma with a lesion in my right kidney. Well the hospital said. Until I get results from ct on Monday
    I was feeling really ill. Went to the doctors and there is protein in urine
    does this mean its affecting how my kidney functions?

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    how do i increase my kidney function?
    im in renal failure for the second time. i barely pee and in the last 24 hrs ive gone twice! does anyone know what i can drink to pee more??? or a medicine thats over the counter that will help? Apple juice was suggested so im gonna try that..but any other ideas??

    • ANSWER:
      There are many diuretic beverages. But, is it a good idea to put even more strain on your kidneys? They can’t handle regular demands, it may be life-threatening to push them any more. Kidney failure is so dangerous, I worry for you. That being said, I hate to be one of those people who doesn’t actually address the question. Anything with caffeine is diuretic. Green tea, chamomile, and lemongrass make you go, too. In Chinese medicine we use pearl barley (aka: Job’s tears, coix seeds, yi yi ren), amongst other Chinese herbs which aren’t as easily obtained. We have people soak 9-30g in just enough water to cover it up in the pot (not metal, just enamelware or earthen ware) for 20 minutes. Then bring to a boil, simmer for 15-20 minutes. Drain the water into a container to be kept & put the barley back in the pot with new water, bring to a boil again then simmer for another 15-20 minutes. Drain the water into the container w/the 1st batch of water & you can throw the barley away or even eat it- it’s good. Drink 1/4 of the decoction right away, another 1/4 in 4-6 hours, the other doses the next day in the same manner. It’s best to drink it on an empty stomach & wait a bit after that to eat.

  35. QUESTION:
    Question about loss of kidney function?
    last Feb. moms kidney funtion was 3.0 %. went to the er on sat. and kidney funtion is at 3.9%. how does the percentage scale work for kidney function? Please make sure to list sources. Thank you.
    The doctors wanted to put her on Dyalisis, but she has a DNR, and just wants to go. She had a massive stroke about 4 years ago, and she’s been deteriorating ever since. We know she’s going to die, we’ve called hospice, and she’s home now. I was just wondering a couple of different things. 1. If her kidneys are functioning at 3.9, how much worse can they get? Does it go up to 5? 10?
    and 2. The doctors at the ER told us that she has a month, maybe 2. Does this sound correct?

    Again, please list sources. Thanks so much.

    • ANSWER:
      My dad went in to kidney failure but he was 92 yrs old I am sorry to tell you it is very painful I took care of him myself with the help of Hospis but he started not drinking and final went into renal failure he didn’t last a month.He had of course at his age a DNR also .Spend the time you have left with your mom. Then I buired my mom 2 months later. My prayers are with you and your family Take care of yourself too.

  36. QUESTION:
    My cat has FLUTD! How many other peoples cats had bad kidney function and turned around?
    My cat was just taken to the vet. I happened to feel his belly and noticed the bladder was hard. I also noticed outside he was not able to urinate! He never uses a litter box. Got him to the vet good news they did get his bladder flushed out. Bad news is that his kidney functions are not good. The vet said it can go either way at this point and its up 2 my cat. Has any one else had this experience? Please share
    thank you all for your post! He has been given antibiotics, and is on iv fluids. He still has a cath in and will be staying all wkend with the vet supervising him.

    • ANSWER:
      my cat had a really bad kidney infection and the vet gave him antibiotics and used a laser on him and in a week or so he was getting better and now he is just fine. Best of luck.

  37. QUESTION:
    Kidney Failure & Heart Disease?
    My grandfather is 82 and weighs 280 pounds, He suffers from Diabetes and Kidney Failure, and Heart Problems.

    He was admitted to the hospital last Wed with Anemia, loss of blood from retum, do to bleeding of the intestine, he also has an enlarged heart and kidney functions are not good.

    His uraine is redish, brown and smelly. He has always been one to talk, now he is in and out of sleep some confussion, pain.

    My question is this, he does not want dialysis, his heart is inlarged and he’s ready to die, how long does he have left approx, I mean no one knows but the good Lord, but really.

    • ANSWER:
      He could linger for weeks , or months, even. but only Our Lord knows.

      Please respect his wishes. don’t let them force dialysis, to force him to prolong his diseased state beyond what he wants. Our Lord is merciful to the sick who suffer.

      I have severe heart failure since a car struck me 1 yr ago. I’m middle-aged guy with no diabetes or other problems. the crash sent my heart into massive cardiac arrest, with bad damage in all portions of my heart muscle. I now am swollen and BURSTING with water in my legs. I gasp & wheeze upon any exertion.. doctors have NO REMEDY for the damaged heart muscle. this means I cannot come and go freely, travel and do things like before which may push me heart to over-exertion and another heart attack.

      God is being merciful to him by allowing him to gradually succumb to multiple illnesses, naturally – without them forcing him to live on dialysis and machinery and drugs daily. that is not life!!!!

      Let God’s will be done . Please pray for me also.

  38. QUESTION:
    Caffeine and kidney function?
    How do various volumes of caffeine (coffee) affect kidney function. How various amount of caffeine can affect urine production in the kidneys?

    I need to Design a lab experiment with which you can test how various volumes of caffeine (coffee) affect kidney function.

    (Unfortunately I am not this creative, can anyone help)

    • ANSWER:
      Caffeine effects the action of a hormone called – ADH or anti-diuretic hormone.

      ADH helps maintain the water balance in the body by triggering water re-absorption by the nephrons of the kidney.
      When ADH is blocked, water re-absorption is reduced and the kidneys lose water by an increased urine output. This is called diuresis.

      Your method could involve measuring the urine output of people who have had various amounts of caffeine.
      I have found a few experiments that could help you with techniques for urine analysis and include background into how the kidneys work I have linked them below…

  39. QUESTION:
    renal dialysis vs normal kidney function – how does the process of excretion differ between the two?

    • ANSWER:
      Normal kidney function includes more than just removal of water and waste from the blood. The kidneys serve to maintain the blood rather than just cleaning it. They also produce hormones that increase red blood cell count in low oxygen environments.

  40. QUESTION:
    Kidney falure at 10% tired i dont know?
    hello i have been feeling tired most of the time when i stick to a low protein diet like no cows milk im alright i drink rice milk now mmm vegan food LOL. but how do i know the difference between busy/stressed tired
    and low kidney function tired?
    i have neorecormen (spelled correctly i think) injections for anemia works quite well and i dont look yellow. cheers thanks for input any experiences appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      You will need to get blood work done to determine which one It Is. Kidney function test to be specific.

  41. QUESTION:
    6th UTI/Kidney Infection in 2 months, HELP!?
    Hello there! I am writing to ask some people on the online community if they too have/are experiencing this. I have been having recurring UTI infections over and over, and they KEEP coming back.

    I have had a urine culture (am resistant to Cipro)
    I have had my kidney functions tested (3 UTI’s ago)
    I drink tons of water, shower like crazy, and have no STD’s (they checked for that just in case too)
    I pee and shower after sex
    I wipe properly
    I take 5 cranberry pills a day

    I am just wondering, after all the antibiotics, all the tests and all the effort I keep putting into it, how can this keep happening? Could there be another underlying cause?

    I just am wondering if someone has gone through this and has figured it out! My doctor is a bit incompetent and I am sick of going every other week! Should I see a urologist? and what do they do there?

    Sorry, thanks for reading!

    • ANSWER:
      Make sure that when you do have an infection, you take the entire course of antibiotics exactly as prescribed. If you don’t, the infection can spread. If you do take the full course of antibiotics and still have problems, you should ask your doctor for a referral to a urologist. A urologist can do other tests and help you figure out why you have so much trouble with infections, and help you find a solution. It is important to get this taken care of, because recurring UTIs can lead to kidney damage.

  42. QUESTION:
    question about loss of kidney function?
    last Feb. moms kidney funtion was 3.0 %. went to the er on sat. and kidney funtion is at 3.9%. how does the percentage scale work for kidney function? Please make sure to list sources. Thank you.
    Thanks for the answers so far. The doctors wanted to put her on Dyalisis, but she has a DNR, and just wants to go. She had a massive stroke about 4 years ago, and she’s been deteriorating ever since. We know she’s going to die, we’ve called hospice, and she’s home now. I was just wondering a couple of different things. 1. If her kidneys are functioning at 3.9, how much worse can they get? Does it go up to 5? 10?
    and 2. The doctors at the ER told us that she has a month, maybe 2. Does this sound correct?

    Again, please list sources. Thanks so much.

    • ANSWER:
      My guess is that she had a blood test for creatine. Normal is 0.6-0.9, if her kidneys are only functioning at 3.9% she would already be on dialysis. If they are functioning at 10% you can be put on a waiting list for a transplant for a cadavear kidney and are usually on dialysis. Cr of 3.0 and 3.9 is signicantly higher than normal. She should make an appointment to see a nephrologist (a Dr. that specializes in kidney disorders) without delay. They can help her with medications and diet to prolong the need for dialysis. I am a kidney pt. and have had a transplant, been on dialysis. Good luck with everything.

      Added info. 1.Yes, it can go up to 5 and yes even 10, she will probably feel pretty sick at 10, without medications I’m just not sure. Fluid will accumulate in her lungs making breathing difficult and toxins will build up in her system. There is no magic number to predict this.

      2. I can’t tell you how long she will live, that would be difficult to predict as well, you said she had a stroke and has been deterioating every since so I’m guessing there are other issues to think about too. The fluid accumulation is going to be hard on her heart, without medication it could well be sooner. I’m sorry I can’t help you more. Good move getting hospice they deal with issues like this and may be able to give a more specific answer.

  43. QUESTION:
    I need help ASAP Kidney disease?
    My dad is in stage Stage 3 CKD : moderately reduced kidney function
    I dunno much about it but the doctor told him he needs to go on a diet and he shouldnt have more than 30 grams of protein per day so what shall I do to help him, i need reciepes so I can cook him lunch and dinner, but what kind of food would be good to him with less protien!

    P.S: any website that has reciepes with the percent of fat protein and all so I can tell how much protein does the meal contents.

    thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      A fresh fruit and vegetable diet contain low amounts of protein and are healthy for any kidney condition. Just don’t have too many fruits high in sugar. I drink rice milk and eat rice instead of pasta because it has less protein and dairy isn’t too good for people with kidney problems. You can get rice milk with fortified vitamins A and D and Calcium. Oats are good too. They have low amounts of protein. He shopuld drink one glass of water every hour to keep cleaning the kidneys. He might want to try a cleanse. Preferably the Arise & Shine cleanse. No meat, beans, peas, pasta, dairy and nuts because they all are high in protein. Oh! And if he is having trouble urinating then buy Corn Silk tea at any health food store. Hope that helps.

  44. QUESTION:
    After seeing my doctor for years, he ordered tests to be done for kidney function two months ago.?
    The results came back negative and I now have kidney disease. Why were’nt tests done much earlier to see how my kidneys were?

    • ANSWER:
      maybe he saw signs that worried him so he just wanted to check he should check it more often since he knows what it is now he will have something to compare it to

  45. QUESTION:
    50% Kidney Function, RCC Renal Cell Carcinoma?
    if one kidney has lost 50% function and the other one has too but it’s cancerous, and they remove the cancerous one, how well will you do with the one they left in? If you’re 66, obese, anemic and diabetic? Can u live a normal life for, say, ten years?

    • ANSWER:
      That sounds like a high risk situation for future dialysis to me. you can live on dialysis of course, but life wouldn’t be necessarily normal.

      Blessings

  46. QUESTION:
    My 12 yr. old Yorkie has been diagnosed with Kidney Disease. They say he only has about 25% kidney function.?
    So far he’s lost some weight but is responding well to a new dog food. He still has plenty of energy.
    The vet was reluctant to say how long he would live. Anyone else experienced this illness?

    • ANSWER:
      my mom had a chiwawa that had kidney problems, and the outcome,well, was not good :( . but you never know!

  47. QUESTION:
    severe loss of kidney funtion?
    my 7 y/o dog (chow/lab)has 10-15% kidney function possibly do to lime disease. i have him on a low protein diet. any ideas on how to keep him comfortable till the end?

    • ANSWER:
      Dogs love there owners so just stay with him and reassure him that every thing is going to be ok…Im sorry about your dog, it must be hard

  48. QUESTION:
    kidney function/renal failure question?
    My cousin’s boyfriend had a blockage in his kidney which are stones which caused an obstruction. They put something in his kidney to drain it for I think 2 weeks. They then did a test to see how functioning his kidney is. The urologist mailed him a letter stating his left kidney is contributing to 96% of his overall renal function, while the right is only 4%. The urologist recommends removal of his kidney to prevent any infection getting up in to his kidney . My opinion is any doctor to mail you a letter instead of setting up an earlier doctors appointment is very unprofessional. Has anyone ever had this situation and went a different route? I suggested he go see a nephrologist since he specializes in kidney’s. Does anyone think this is a bit extreme or standard procedures? Can they keep the kidney with only 4% function if they remove those kidney stones surgically?

    • ANSWER:
      Ok first of all you are very correct, very un profecional, but Kidney failure is not laughing matter, 4% renal function is very very very bad, and 95 % is good but for how long? removal is a must bc ones the kidney gives out its over and done, better to function with one good kidney that 2 infected one, removal of renal stones (kidney stones is very delicate, you can’t just go in an chop open a kidney and sew it back up, they prob gave him a medication to make him piss like crazy and to open up his urethra, they want him to pass the rock from his pee hole, some times they go in through the pee hole and stick an instrument to break up the rock when they are too big…..ASAP get a second opinion if you like but 4 % is a goner for that kidney

  49. QUESTION:
    kidney function & removal question?
    My cousin’s boyfriend had a blockage in his kidney which are stones which caused an obstruction. They put something in his kidney to drain it for I think 2 weeks. They then did a test to see how functioning his kidney is. The urologist mailed him a letter stating his left kidney is contributing to 96% of his overall renal function, while the right is only 4%. The urologist recommends removal of his kidney to prevent any infection getting up in to his kidney . My opinion is any doctor to mail you a letter instead of setting up an earlier doctors appointment is very unprofessional. Has anyone ever had this situation and went a different route? I suggested he go see a nephrologist since he specializes in kidney’s. Does anyone think this is a bit extreme or standard procedures?
    And why wouldn’t they just surgically remove the stones first before removing the kidney. It seems like that is the underlying cause of why it isn’t functioning because of the blockage

    • ANSWER:
      okay coming from an expert he wud function better without his left kidney it is damaged (gaulstones) so ur better off to get it removed. it is of no use and cud infect over time

  50. QUESTION:
    how do you treat a deep vein thrombosis while also having high blood pressure?
    My Dad has a pen size deep vein thrombosis,high blood pressure that began after a recent fall in which he broke a thin bone under his eye(surgically repaired),b/p is 177-200 over 90-110. He has 40% kidney function.What is the best way to treat the high blood pressure while keeping the thrombosis from getting larger or breaking loose and causing an embolism?Do all these afflictions somehow coincide with each other?

    • ANSWER:
      He needs to see his doctor. These things cannot be answered over the internet. Since your father has decreased kidney function, the medication will need to be appropriately adjusted by a physican. Go talk to a doctor.


Kidney Cysts Causes

Ovarian Cysts Side Effects Revealed
The side effects of ovarian cysts include excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation, blood from vagina, pain in the breasts and pelvis and more. Let’s take a closer look at these various side effects:

Heavy bleeding at the time of menstruation

The possibility of more blood flow at the time of menstruation increases after an ovarian cyst surgery. The first period after the surgery may take place after two to three months of the surgery. In other cases, it can take a longer time. There is an increase in menstrual blood flow after a surgery from the pre-surgery state. There have been reports of some women getting post surgery periods after ten days of the first one.

Vaginal Bleeding

Sudden bleeding in women always causes concern and it should always be considered dangerous. Apart from usual menstruation or an occasional heavy period, any other abnormality can spell danger. It is important to understand the precise reason behind any abnormal bleeding. The origin of the blood should also be carefully studied. Blood may originate from the uterus or an organ tissue. It is only after a clear understanding of the origin of bleeding that measures to control and stop it should be decided upon. Vaginal bleeding can be of a fatal nature and needs urgent attention.

Usually, a classic menstrual cycle spans 28 days. One can keep a margin of seven days. The period itself can last between two to seven days. The volume of blood and fluid discharged in a typical period is approximately 5 table spoons. This equates to around 8 or fewer soaked pads per day.

The number of days when heavy discharge is registered should not be more than 2. If bleeding is still noticed from the vagina after a menstrual cycle is over, it may be called an abnormal or dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding. It is when there has to be consideration on whether the ovarian cyst exists or not.
Sometimes, complications in the process of the hormone that begins the process of menstruation and it increases by so much that it results in a complete imbalance in progesterone and oestrogen levels. This causes the body to over produce the uterine flow of blood, which in turn leads to an increase in bleeding from the vagina. Such complications arise due to the presence of ovarian cysts.

Vaginal bleeding has a dual nature: it is one of the side effects of ovarian cysts and also a symptom. Once vaginal bleeding is noticed, it is important to keep track of it as it will help immensely in understanding how serious the ovarian cyst is. If blood is noticed to flow from the vagina at times when the woman is not in the menstrual cycle, urgent medical attention should be sought. It may well indicate the presence of cysts in the ovary.

Early attention will help in diagnosis and treatment, and proper medication can be suggested before the situation gets worse. One should always remember that depending on the holistic system is the finest decision.

Breast pain

Any pain in the breasts should be taken seriously. Tenderness in the breasts should not be ignored, too. These conditions, if ignored, can lead to very serious consequences, such as ovarian cysts. Breast pain that arises from ovarian cysts begins by making them get increasingly tender as each day passes. A prompt diagnosis is strongly recommended under such circumstances. Otherwise, it will lead to further deterioration and complications.

The initial tenderness leads to pain in the breasts. There can also be a severe imbalance in hormone levels in the body. The estrogen secretion correlates breast pain and ovarian cysts. It is important to take corrective measures against ovarian cysts, as they will automatically take care of the breast pain. If left untreated, it may even lead to breast cancer!

Pelvic pain

Ovarian cysts affects copulatory organ in women. Actually, they happen both due to fertilization and its absence. It is therefore natural that ovarian cysts are accompanied by pelvic pain. Pelvis remains the worst affected part of the body. In dealing with ovarian cysts, the pelvis bears the entire pressure and thus, is very severely impacted. It is therefore needless to stress the importance of taking utmost care to cure pelvic pain resulting from ovarian cysts.

The holistic approach

All the side effects of ovarian cysts that have been discussed so far are related and interlinked. The most effective way of combating ovarian cysts is by adopting the holistic system which totally concentrates on overall health development and well-being through the use of spiritualism as well as philosophy. As history has shown us again and again, it is always better to start at the very basic. And this is what holistic system is all about. If one diligently follows the holistic approach in curing cysts, the side-effects can be easily averted.

The holistic approach actually is an approach that borders on divinity. It not only cures ovarian cysts in an individual, but also helps develop a positive attitude for life. With the holistic approach, one will never have to look back again. It will seem like a miracle to realize that none of the side effects of ovarian cyst has really touched you and you are already on you way to complete recovery.

Kidney Failure In People

What To Expect During The Final Stages Of Cirrhosis Of The Liver
A person who is in the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver will go through many complex bodily changes. Here are some of the changes that may be encountered:

- Acites is the build up of fluid in the abdominal area. The liver usually makes a protein called Albumin, which keeps the fluid inside our vessels, but during the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver, it no longer does this accurately. The fluid seeps out and collects in the abdomen. The good news is that the fluid can be drained out to make the person more comfortable, but keep in mind that the fluid will return due to the loss of this important protein.

- Edema is the retaining of fluid and swelling in the legs and feet. People in the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver tend to retain lots of sodium. Their doctor will put them on a lower sodium diet and give them diuretics to try to flush out the sodium. Sitting in a reclining chair and elevating the feet and legs above heart level may give a person relief from the pressure.

- Loss of appetite People with liver disease tend to experience nausea and lose their appetites. They can take some vitamins and other supplements to help with malnutrition.

- Encephalopathy affects the memory. When the toxins that the liver can no longer handle go into the blood, they can end up in the brain. This leads to confusion, memory loss and other various mental changes. The prescription drug Lactalose can help remove this toxin.

Even after liver failure, a person can continue surviving and thriving. In fact, there are many safe, effective, natural treatments and techniques that can help reverse symptoms of liver cirrhosis. Just because you have been told that you’re in the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver, doesn’t mean you need to give up on life. It can be turned around with a good diet, stress-reducing techniques and natural supplements. You can get your life back starting today.

Join The Affiliate Program

The VWD e-lottery affiliate program is an opportunity for lottery enthusiasts to earn from the comforts of their home. It is up to you whether you wish to use the program to build a handy passive income stream or make it your full-time vocation and earn more that you ever will from your day job. VWD is a member of the UK Lottery Council, so you can be sure that you are working with an organization that practices and promotes lawful lottery activities and adheres to a code of conduct.

The testimonials that VWD e-lottery program has acquired are a pointer to the solidity of the program and how it has been embraced by people who now are now stakeholders in the success of the VWD online lottery syndicate. People who have already joined the affiliate program are the first movers who stand to gain a lion’s share of the Internet gambling market, which will soar beyond billion USD by 2010.

The affiliate program offers you the chance to take part in an enterprise where the business potential is unlimited, your market is the entire world – you can introduce members from all across the globe, a solid support system backs you – the VWD online help module is a repository of tools and guidance that you can use to make your business grow, and best of all you reach out to the world without having to step out of your home. You receive your winnings either by cheque or e-gold. 

Upon joining the e-lottery system you get your own website. Every member joining the e-lottery through your website gets you a commission of 20% of their 5 subscription fee for a week. This means that if you can get just 5 individuals to sign-up through your website, you play any one lottery, either UK National Lottery or Euro Millions” for free. A mere 10 references and you get a chance to play both the lotteries for free. Earning money has never been such a pleasurable option.

VWD has built a reputation for looking after its affiliates and offering performance incentives that are the icing on the cake, which is your earning from affiliate programs. These include an E-Lottery Free Syndicate Membership Card; there are six of these to be had and having all six multiplies your chances of winning a jackpot manifold, to put it in numbers you get 27456 chances to win the mega jackpot. There are competitions held which offer serious prizes such as top brand automobiles. You become eligible for an infinity bonus of 1% on every member from your website once you reach a target of 500+ members for both the lotteries, UK National Lottery and Euro Millions. Then, there is the big one – a Porsche – if you can get 10,000 members to join. 

The affiliate program offers you the opportunity to start a business with hardly any capital investment except an annual membership fee of 4.99. There are no contractual obligations and you can continue to be an affiliate for as long as you wish. All that you are required to input is effort to get people to visit your website. In return, you earn through commission, prizes, and performance bonuses.
About the author Sveinn Johannsson is an executive affiliate member of the e-lottery syndicate system that effectively increases your chances of winning The Euro Millions and The UK National Lottery . For more information go to: http://www.lottery-vwd.comSource: http://www.articlesalley.com/article.detail.php/35999/132/Internet-Marketing/Internet-and-Businesses-Online/13/The_E-lottery_Affiliate_Program_by_Virtual_World_Direct

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I would like to join an affiliate program, but i don’t know anything about html code or how to build a site?
    What is the easiest way to create a website to begin an affiliate program? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some easy affiliate programs that have an average commission from – per sale.

      http://www.medicalscrubscollection.com/store/pc/NewAffa.asp to sell Medical Nurse Scrub Uniforms
      http://www.esrogheadquarters.com/affiliate_account.asp to sell Sukkot and Etrogs for Sukkos
      http://www.bestkippah.com/store/pc/NewAffa.asp to sell Kippahs (Kippot) for events and to get them customized.

      Good luck!

  2. QUESTION:
    If I join an affiliate program how can I promote products and increase traffic?
    Is it a good idea to promote the products through Craigslist and similar pages? What are other ways to promote the products without spamming.

    • ANSWER:
      Craigslist is a good place to promote products but you really have to know what you’re doing to get great results. Craigslist has gotten wise over the years and they “ghost” ads that appear too much. Meaning if they find you’ve placed the same ad in a multitude of cities across the U.S. they’ll just remove the ads all together.

      Here are some alternative ways to promote affiliate products and increase traffic:

      Free Classified Ads

      Forums

      Press Releases

      Article Marketing

      Blogs

      Twitter

      Facebook

      Google Adwords

      Ezines

  3. QUESTION:
    I want some free to join pay per lead affiliate programs?
    Please tell me about the affiliate programs you know pay per lead free to join programs.I want to earn some money for my education .I found some programs from cj.com .

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know exactly what your looking for but here guarantee to make a little extra cash each month if your intersted and i will be glad to help you in any kind of way

      http://suveysjerry.webs.com/

  4. QUESTION:
    What is the minimum requirement for a site to join to an affiliate program?
    What is the minimum requirement for my site to join one of any aff programs? Does it required a shopping card or any security issue? or my rule is just redirect the customer to the merchant page to buy the product?
    It’ll be grade if you can send me some sample for a successful affiliate sites

    • ANSWER:
      Your best bet is to ensure that you have a “tasteful” site, with no porn, no links to casinos or online gambling.

      Various advertisers have different requirements, so you basically have to apply for each one. Some advertisers have a minimun traffic requirement, or perhaps they just don’t feel your site fits with their product line. The best way to find out is simply to apply to them.

      There are some companies that work with advertisers to develope affiliate programs, and working with publishers (that would be you).

      Here’s one such company:

      http://www.shareresults.com/?cid=2253&sid=5470&pid=0&mid=105

      Just sign up (it’s free).

      Here are some other links on this page:

      https://ecommbiz.net/Affiliate_Marketing.html

      Good luck, I hope this helps!

  5. QUESTION:
    How do you join the Google money masters affiliate and Referral program?
    I want to make an affiliate marketing site surrounded around the google money masters kit. I basically want to sell the kit for money. How do you join the program and what are the websites to go join the program ?PLEASE help

    • ANSWER:
      If you’re seeking the affililate program here’s the link
      www.google.com type in CPA networks. or click this link here

      http://launch.roirocket.com/index.html?super_affiliate_code=CD58006

      What i found though is, something called Easy Youtube profit. I will not post the link unless you asked. The Google money tree is falling by the wayside. Easy Youtube Profit is the new program to promote.

  6. QUESTION:
    Which is the fastest money making affiliate program to join in the Internet?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately fast and money making online are two seperate entities.

      This has been the focus of my research for the last year. In the process I have picked up many good resources. You can view these to learn about how it is possible to make a living online. It can be very rewarding, but be aware that it is definately not easy, and usually not fast.

      Here are what I have found to be some of the most helpful learning resources:

      http://www.associateprograms.com – affiliate specifically

      http://www.mikes-marketing-tools.com/marketing-forum/

      http://www.warriorforum.com

      http://www.selfstartersweeklytips.com

      http://www.instantgurublog.com

      http://www.freesohojobs.com

      http://www.wahm.com

      http://www.webmasterworld.com

      http://www.im4newbies.com/

      http://www.jensense.com/

      Here are links to some tutorials and misc free info:
      Affiliate masters course – http://www.selfstartersweeklytips.com/affiliatesuccess.htm

      http://www.searchengineworld.com/misc/guide.htm

      http://www.thegaryhalbertletter.com

      http://www.selfstartersweeklytips.com/free/ebooks.htm

      https://www.google.com/support/adsense?gsessionid=-AkFY9GGZJo

      That should be more than enough to get you started, if you’re interested. I can tell you from my experience, it is worth the effort it requires.

      Goodluck, and may you find success in whatever you pursue!

  7. QUESTION:
    I need money now and I want to join affiliate programs but I am trying to find the best affiliate programs.?
    I started a blog about a month ago and joined affiliate programs, but I need money now and I want to know the best ones out there??

    • ANSWER:
      I have never had much success with affiliate programs.

  8. QUESTION:
    how to be an affiliates?do i must have a website or just join the affiliate program?

    • ANSWER:
      It really depends on what kind of product you are marketing, or for what you sign up to be an affiliate. There are some nice answers posted here like Click Bank, and Commission Junction so I’m not gonna repeat myself. If you don’t have a website though, which you definately need for some products, you won’t do much. You just have to think about how you will market your product… If you don’t have a place where people can actually see what you heve to offer, it’s kinda stupid. Of course there are some programs which give you your affiliate website with your affilliate id inside, but I really prefer to work for myself…

  9. QUESTION:
    how hard is it to join an affiliate program like Commission Junction, what is the sign-up process?

    • ANSWER:
      It is very easy as long as you have a website that looks decent enough with content

      Here’s their sign up form

      https://signup.cj.com/member/publisherSignUp.do

      Applying to CJ.com is easy, applying to some of their advertisers is not that easy as some are very particular with the types of sites they accept

  10. QUESTION:
    Need help with working on Affiliate Program?
    Hi! I opted to join Genbucks affiliate program, but I am not able to progress beyond having the template set up for me. Even though I browsed the whole site regarding how to go about it, I am at a loss about this. Can anyone please help me? It has been many days with me trying to figure this out, but obviously cannot seem to.

    • ANSWER:
      Not quite sure what kind of help you are looking for.

      If you are looking into ways to set up and get your affiliate links, you might want to sign to your affiliate control panel, If you don’t know how, you can contact their support for help.

      By the way if they can not help you with such issues, then this will be a glaring indication to rethink your position in promoting such a program. If they can’t support and help you, how do you think they are going to treat the visitors you are sending their way?

      If you are looking into ways to promote products and get traffic then you may get more affiliate marketing help http://1-800.your-inforcom.com/affiliate-marketing/affiliate-marketing-help/

  11. QUESTION:
    How to join the affiliate marketing program at Taobao.com?
    Where can I get more information on the affiliate marketing program at Taobao.com?

    • ANSWER:
      Email them on these addresses – write to both of them as am not sure which department is covered by which address. Good luck

      wenrou@taobao.com
      linghua@taobao.com

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the best affiliate program available?
    Looking for a affilaite program to join that has a great product with good prospects and decent comission. any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t believe there is a best affiliate program out there, below is a list of affiliate sites you can join and from there you will found 100′s of other affiliate inside.

      The key is to find something to promote/sell that has a hungry crowd looking for it, and it’s also not available for free at some other place.

      Then you need to figure out how your going to promote the affiliate, you’ll need to research your competition and much much more, if you want to have a success.

      Here is a list of affiliate networks you could join.

      Commission Junction
      Linkshare
      Performics
      Google Adsense
      Clickbank
      LinkMo
      Linktrust
      Zanox
      Affiliate Window
      Affiliate Future
      Tradedoubler
      Buy.at
      DGM Affliates
      Webgains
      Reporting.net
      PaidonResults
      Clixgalore

  13. QUESTION:
    I hv no my own website,so i cannot join any affilaite program?
    If i can join the affiliate program and i decide to place their promote link/banner into some auction website or some advertisement website.Can i do this?Or only can place their promote link/banner in own website?

    • ANSWER:
      It’s going to depend on the web site you’re working with. Some use the IP address of the sender to decide who gets credit for the click. In this case, the auction site would get the credit. Others let you embed sender info in the link, in which case your plan may work.

      I’d warn you, though, that most web sites where you can post things (including yahoo answers) have specific rules against what you’re trying to do. And most people who browse those sites get annoyed at people who are doing what you’re talking about doing. You won’t win many friends this way.

  14. QUESTION:
    Can I join a yahoo affiliate program without my own webpage?
    Most of the affiliate programs I find are scams.Only a few like SFI,Googles and Yahoo are the ones you can believe and trust that will really pay.I have wasted quite a good number of years trying to search for a good reliable program.It just flashed my mind that a yahoo affiliate program would be the best.I just do not have a web page of my own.I would be grateful if anyone can help me to join a yahoo affiliate program without a web page of my own.Further,it is a problem to get a PayPal account without a credit card.I as a Senior Citizen in India is not eligible to have one.We are allowed to have only Debit Cards and that too only INR.

    • ANSWER:
      How serious are you about building a business online? If you’re serious, and willing to get better over time, and realize that your business will take time (investment on your part) to grow, then you’ll overcome the obstacle of getting a PayPal account.

      You don’t need a credit card to get a PayPal account. Whoever told you that isn’t telling you the truth.

      What I would recommend you do to make money is get started with a free Blog.

      www.blogger.com would be a good place to get a free blog.

      Your blog will become your web site for now. Later, you can take the work you’ve done in blogger and put it on an actual web site of your own.

      You will have a small learning curve at learning to use Blogger, and it might be frustrating to learn how to use it. Get through any frustration and just stick with it.

      Then, pick a topic you like to talk about. Doesn’t even matter what the topic is at this point. But, let’s say the blog is going to be about “issues facing senior citizens” or even more specifically, “issues facing senior citizens in India”.

      Once you start getting some content up, and something worthwhile for people to read, become an affiliate at a web site called ClickBank.

      You will need a PayPal account to get paid by Clickbank, so be sure you figure out how to set up a PayPal account.

      Then, at Clickbank, go to Promote Products –> Click on Marketplace –> and do a search for senior citizen.

      Here are three products I found right away that you could promote on a blog about senior citizens…

      It’s All Free For Seniors! Here Are Thousands Of Little-known Give-aways For People Over 55.

      Senior Golfers Guide. A Complete Golf Resource Especially For Senior Golfers.

      The Man Who Grew Younger. Fitness And Health Exercises Especially Designed For The Middle-aged And Senior Citizens.

      You’ll need a PayPal account to promote through ClickBank.

      If not, and you can’t get through the PayPal account issue, try signing up (for free) through AssociatePrograms.com, CJ.com, or linkshare.com

      Again, there is a learning curve to making real money with a real business, and real affiliate programs, but getting through the frustration and building a business online is absolutely worth it.

      Regards,

      Jonathan Kraft

      http://www.affiliateadvice.us

  15. QUESTION:
    were do i go to join the amazon affiliate program?

    • ANSWER:
      Trying to figure out what to do from scratch can become a bit much. But after several attempts it gets easier I found the how to make money as an amazon affiliate step by step guide quite helpful.

  16. QUESTION:
    does anyone know an affiliate program I can use for my blog without being 18?
    i want to place ad’s on my blog to try and get revenue but, i’m 16 and most sites need you to be 18, are there any affiliate programs I can join at 16? also i need ones where i don’t have to give my ssn or anything because I do not want to give that out on the net.

    • ANSWER:
      The best program is through friendfinder, there are no fees or up front investments, its free to become an affiliate. you can track your stats in real time and they pay you .00 for everybody who signs up for a free account and even more for each person that pays for an account. The link to sign up is friendfinder.com/go/g797150-brk

      I make over 00 a month and not that I’m all set up, I only put a few hours a month into it, you can make allot more if you put more time into it. And, they dont make you pay anything up front.

      Contact me if you have any questions.

  17. QUESTION:
    whats a good Affiliate programs or a reseller program that i can make money with using my domain?
    do you know of any Affiliate programs i can join say for a company like ebay or amazon where i sell a product for them and make some sort of profit? or maybe a a reselling program i can join where i dont spend any money for the product but do a certain amount of sales and make profit? i know amazon has a affiliate program but what other ligit company exists out there? thanks
    what websites www.myeducationcircle.com i’ve been an affiliate before but didnt really do it , i stopped because of how advertising the material was provided to me.i was given a link. what i wanted to do was be able to put an image of my own and make it look like a real shopping webpage where people will think i am the manufacturor.

    • ANSWER:
      The best affiliate programs are the ones the fit well with your site. If you have a travel information site, you will do well with hotel, travel and tour affiliate programs.

      You can sign up with the following sites as they have lots of affiliate programs to choose from, often big reliable companies.
      eBay for example offers their affiliate program through CJ.

      Commission Junction http://www.cj.com
      Linkshare http://www.linkshare.com

  18. QUESTION:
    What are some profitable affiliate programs I could join?
    I used to make a lot of money through the web selling advertising in web hosting – like k a year, but now I’m unable to find a way to make a single buck. The hosting market is now so congested, what industries do you think are profitable in terms of affiliate programs?
    I’m already a member of all the big networks CJ.com, LinkShare, Azoogle, I’m mainly looking for specific products now too. Thanks :) !

    • ANSWER:
      Have you tried MoreNiche? They have several different products and all have a great rep. I make between and 5 per sale. They are Free to join and have tons of resources to make your life easier each product has hundreds of different sized animated banners, pre written content for you to use (slightly modified of course) on your sites and Complete multipage websites. Their support is great and they pay on time, every 2 weeks.

      Follow this link for up to in start up bonuses

      http://www.w8lossreviews.com/commission175.php

  19. QUESTION:
    why yahoo hoting services affiliate program through commission junction rejects an application without reason?
    to join yahoo hosting affiliate program one should be a commission junction member. But through commission junction when i try to apply for this affiliate program it is rejected by advertiser and the reasons unknown. I would like to know the reason and to know how to join this affiliate program

    • ANSWER:
      Your best bet is to contact Commission Junction and to inquire about why your application was rejected. It may have to do with your website that you used in your application not getting enough traffic, or the content not being good enough. Sometimes, some simple site re-organization and cleanup… as well as some marketing to increase your traffic can fix this.

      However, have you looked at other affiliate networks? Mine costs nothing to be a member of… and their offers and conversions are the best that I’ve seen in a network.

      Click on my website below, and click on the banner ad at the top of the site to go to their sign-up page… an account manager will contact shortly afterwards via e-mail to give you their MSN/AIM account so that you can chat with them for questions or issues…

  20. QUESTION:
    Which is the most selling affiliate products?
    I am Arnob from a poor family i am studding in BBA.. I want to join an affiliate program to earn money for carrying my educational cost. But i don’t know what is the most popular affiliate program. I mean what kind of product can i sell as an affiliate.
    Can anyone help me about that ?

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    Can you give me a list of legit affiliate programs i can join?
    i need a whole category like forex, software etc. please help me.
    I want to make a blog and i can’t find the right comapnies.

    • ANSWER:
      In my experience, just about anything on Clickbank is totally legit (and if it isn’t, the Clickbank guarantee applies anyway).

  22. QUESTION:
    Which is best affilite program on the net in the world?
    I want to join some affiliate program to earn money online, can you tell me some best affiliatle programm? I like programs which agree with paypal payment.

    • ANSWER:
      Your own affiliate program is the best in the world. You can design one to accept payment through paypal and other sources. To get the best affiliate program, you have to get studying how affiliate marketing works and what you need to do to succeed. You can get some great tips from the web host that I use at http://affiliatemarketing.sitesell.com/UnstoppableDreams.html

      BEST WISHES!

  23. QUESTION:
    can anyone say about clickbank? i have joined the affiliate program of clickbank..is that a scam?
    can anyone say about clickbank? i have joined the affiliate program of clickbank..is that a scam?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi There,

      I have somewhat a mixed feelings about clickbank. My significant other have somewhat unintentionally spend on an upgrade but she claims she didn’t complete the transaction but my paypal was charged anyway. So i did my research. Yes they are legit. But read all about the affliate program.

      The did not cheat. Most people may not make it pass the initial stage but it does work. Not the normal business ethics as you do not really sign any physical papers or see any transaction but lots of clicking and database sharing and advertising for products that you have no chance of really holding and trying out.

      Not my cup of tea. And like selling insurance, not easy when you start and lots of people fail but those who makes it does.

      I think there is other better ways to make money. Call me old fashioned but i feel some work and a lot of effort is needed before you make it big time. Sure its hard and sure you may fail once,twice or more. But thats how you savour victory. If it is easy it is meaningless.

      Hope this helps

  24. QUESTION:
    What’s the best affiliate programs I should join?
    Actually I want to sell music, books, movies, all kinds of stuff.
    I think I’ll mostly sell physical things though.

    • ANSWER:
      ok go and get about 7 of these and test. …..marketing and selling online is about testing and tracking….

      you will find of these seven you picked one or two of them will get intrest and sell lots….the others wont……all you do is cancel the rest and sell the hot item…..

      sounds easy ey….welll if you are willing to work a bit it is yes.

  25. QUESTION:
    vTravels Launched Highest Paying Affiliate Program in Travel Industry?
    New Delhi, Thursday, 14th December 2009

    vTravels, the fastest growing Online Travel Agency announced the highest paying affiliate program in travel industry and invite people who already have a website or blog to join. The affiliate program is absolutely free and easy to integrate. Members just have to sign up by filling a simple online form, once approved, they will be able to login on website and get a single line JavaScript code to install on their website or blog and that’s it.

    Equipped with world class tracking tools, vTravels will pay 10% commission to affiliates on revenue generated for vTravels. Unlike other affiliate programs, there is no cap on affiliate’s earning, it means on Rs. 5000 revenue they will get Rs. 500 and on Rs. 10000 revenue they will get Rs. 1000. Other major advantage is weekly payouts, there is no need to wait for a month of so for payments. Payments will be settled on weekly basis.

    Silent Features:

    - Highest Payout in Travel Industry
    - 100% Internet Web Control Panel
    - No need to install any software
    - No fees for subscribing
    - Weekly Payment
    - Dedicated Support Team

    http://www.vtravels.in/affiliate/register.php

    Requirements
    Must have a running website or blog
    Must have an internet banking enabled bank account in india

    • ANSWER:
      wow, now thats a nice info.

  26. QUESTION:
    What affiliate programs make the most money?
    I am looking to join some affiliate programs, and I am part of barnes and noble, but looking for some more to make extra money. What programs have you joined that make money, and do you have any tips on making even more money with affiliate programs?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi: I have joined over 140 affiliate programs of gaming sites (bingo, casino, poker, skill games, and sportsbooks). Only about two dozen or so of these have resulted in any income — around K in the last 6 months.

      If you are interested in promoting gaming sites, then you may find my article helpful; it’s called “Seven Tips for Choosing an Online Gaming Affiliate Program”. It contains tips as well as my top 12 recommended affiliate programs.

      http://robertmedl.com/7OGAPtips.htm

      Email me directly if you have additional questions!
      Robert

  27. QUESTION:
    eBay affiliate? can’t sign up no confirmation image? help!?
    When I sign up for the eBay affiliate program it says I have to ” Please enter the characters into the box below” but there is an image there i run the mouse over it and it says there is one but it won’t show up. I can’t be accepted without it plese help!!

    try it if you to see if can

    http://affiliates.ebay.com/join-program/

    then click join now and enter that stuff and it wont show the image not in IE or Firefox whats going on?!

    • ANSWER:
      I just went there to see if I could see the letters. I used IE, and nothing. I even saved the picture that was supposed to be there, and it was blank. I even turned off my firewall for a second and reloaded the page, that didn’t work either (it does work for some things). Then I tried Netscape. Had no problems in Netscape, could see the security code clear as day. You should download Netscape if you don’t have it yet. I can run both Netscape and IE at the same time without any problems.

      Good Luck!

  28. QUESTION:
    How can I become a PushPlay.com affiliate?
    How can I join the affiliate program, there is no link on the actual website.

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.affiliatebuzz.com/

  29. QUESTION:
    Could u please direct me to an online affiliate program that provides a free website & hosting?
    A friend of mine told me that there are free to join companies that provide affiliate marketing programs with free automated websites for the marketers.Since I dont know how to make a website, I think it would be better if I could try this kind of marketing promotion to test whether a marketer really earns money. Help please. Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Join the below affiliate program and get your free website here:

      http://www.affiliateshowcase.com/?67355

      Then make sure that you read all the tutorials and tips to be successful in the affiliate business. Don’t worry, they will provide the necessary learning materials for free.

      I hope that you may be a successful affiliate marketer soon.

      Good luck!!!

  30. QUESTION:
    I NEED HELP signing up for Yahoo affiliate program.?
    Has anyone done this who DOES NOT have their own website? I thought I was in the right spot, but it requested my web site information (which I don’t have). Please, if anyone has any information or tips on how to join the Yahoo affiliate program (formerly Overature?), I would greatly appreciate it!! Thank You

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately you cannot join without a website. As you’ve already found out, the first thing they ask is a website URL

      The Yahoo Affiliate program is now managed by Commission Junction http://www.cj.com — and you can’t join CJ.com if you do not have a website

      And why will you want to join when you don’t have a website? That means you will have to advertise and spend again and again just to get the commission, which is a very questionable business practice.

      Get a website — and then you can join all the affiliate program you want. Right now, without a website you are limited to the few low quality affiliate programs that accept folks like you that does not own a website

  31. QUESTION:
    I joined the ClickBank affiliate program!! Now how do these work?
    Someone who has a good knowledge about how affiliate commission programs and how you profit from them? What modes of advertising do i use (I just signed up so i dont know yet)? How much commission can you make monthly? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I have to disagree with the other answers. I think you can do very well. Me and my friends are affiliate marketers and we know it works. It comes down to you – not the market. My friend just emailed me today with his 5k check for 3 weeks work. And he’s lazy!

      But you have to find the right resources to use. You have to know how to use your skills, time and money to make it work. The web wants content and that’s what you give it.

      How much commission you make depends entirely on how much work you put in. I know guys that make 3k a month and are happy with it, well others say they’re going to break the 100k month…

      Start by learning Google AdWords. That’s where I started. Focus on the long -term strategy. Don’t go in for a quick buck.. doesn’t work like that.

      Have a read of this and hopefully it will lead you on your way:

      http://www.squidoo.com/quickclickbankpages

      Also, don’t focus only on clickbank. Look for other affiliate networks.

  32. QUESTION:
    Question about an online affiliate program??
    I just joined this affiliated program to earn a certain percentage on all the sales they get through my link … the thing is that i got a homepage just like their… in other words a mirror or the page.. but with a differente url.. now my question is can i buy a domain.. ex.. www.whatever.com and point it towards this page or what?

    • ANSWER:
      yes you can

      http://ld.net/isptemp.cgi?page=domains&cogid=cger&refid=cger.ld.net/&aname=C.T.G.%20Communications&logo=http://i68.photobucket.com/albums/i8/cger93/0ccee54b.gif&url=http://ld.net/?cger&bizop=Y&style=

  33. QUESTION:
    What is affiliate program/marketing/junction mean ? plz read bellow details..?
    I just hear about Affiliate, and hear that ppl emake good money with them.
    Me too a’m eager to join the fray, as i’m desperate in making money online.
    NOW, can i join a free affiliate marketing program WITHOUT having my own site or blog?
    If so, how, and which one? How do I start? I have no website and blog.

    plz

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    What are Affiliate “Payout Requirements”? How does it differ from commission type?
    I am thinking about joining an affiliate program for a web host, But I am unclear about the terminology. What is a “Payout Requirement”??

    • ANSWER:
      from the name you can notice that it means that you need to meet minimum requirements in order to get paid, it may be a minimum amount to be able to cash out, Anyway, there are types of affiliate program that you can promote, you ca find a list of these programs here:

      http://www.zakshow.com/2009/04/16/different-types-of-affiliate-programs/

      Commission type stand for the action that you need to accomplish in order to get paid, it can be per lead, per sale or even better by a referral system.

  35. QUESTION:
    How do I get Myspace-type advertisers for my social networking site? Are affiliate-program ads sufficient?
    Hi. Is there a program that I should join to get the sort of ads that Myspace.com gets or what should I do? Right now, I’m affiliated with stores like Macy’s and Amazon.com but will I make enough money with those affiliate programs or should I do a pay-per-click type of thing? And which pay-per-click program will make me the most money? (I know nothing is guaranteed but I guess I’m just looking for a good reputable company to go with.) Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Affiliate ads only pay you when a user does the required action the advertiser wants — and with Amazon or Macy’s that means when someone buys from them through your site. That’s called the pay per action model

      You also get paid everytime the ad is viewed by a user, which I suspect is the model used by Myspace. This is called CPM or cost per thousand impressions ads. Say for example you are paid per CPM, then if you serve 100,000 impressions, that means

      100,000 / 1.000 = 1,000 x = 0

      you earn 0 from the campaign

      There’s another ad model called CPC or cost per click wherein you get paid only if the user clicks on the ad. If you say you will get paid 5 cents per click, then 1,000 clicks mean you earn

      You can sell the ads yourself — but it is more difficult as you need to know how to sell and manage the ads yourself

      But there are online ad agencies that you can join that allow you to earn money via advertising. So you get to show ads from big and small companies alike. The catch is that there’s revenue sharing

      Join an advertising network. Advertising networks are organizations that aggregate Web sites that offer advertising space, and sell banner ads (and other advertising options) across them. Traffic requirement is often a minimum of 5,000 monthly impressions, although many do not accept sites hosted by free page services.

      Burst Media http://www.burstmedia.com
      Fastclick (ValueClick). http://www.fastclick.com
      Advertising.com. http://www.advertising.com
      Tribal Fusion http://www.tribalfusion.com

      You can also participate in contextual advertising networks. Contextual advertising are text ads delivered based on the content of the web page using an automated system.

      Google Adsense https://www.google.com/adsense/
      Yahoo! Publishing Network (currently in beta and available to US publishers only) http://publisher.yahoo.com/
      Intellixt http://vibrantmedia.com/site/web_01a5.htm
      Quigo Adsonar http://www.quigo.com/adsonarexchange.htm
      IndustryBrains http://www.industrybrains.com
      Commission Junction Evolution http://www.cj.com
      Kanoodle Brightads http://www.kanoodle.com/about/brightads.html
      Clicksor http://www.clicksor.com/affiliate_programs.php
      Contextweb http://www.contextweb.com/
      Bidclix http://www.bidclix.com/
      Bidvertiser http://www.bidvertiser.com/

  36. QUESTION:
    Can you please tell me the benefits of joining affiliate programs?
    I have an online children’s consignment store. It is very new and I am looking to expand what I offer for sale. I am interested in joining some other companies affiliate programs, however I am not sure if they would help or hurt my own business. Can anyone give me some feedback and some of their own experience with affiliate partnerships? If I do join affiliate programs, does that help my SEO results or marketing?
    AB Gnome – I don’t understand how I would get scammed or how my customers would get scammed? I am looking at putting a link to another company on my website, when my customers click on it they are re-directed to that site where they can order products if they choose. I’m looking at diaper junction. Please explain your answer a bit further. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Affiliate marketing is really a good source of internet wealth if given more attention. If you want to invest in affiliate marketing, it will require you more time and focus. You need to put and extra hard work to earn out of it. It also needs a thorough understanding of the methods and techniques in affiliate marketing. You need to discover the secrets behind affiliate marketing.

  37. QUESTION:
    who is the best adult affiliate? any suggestions?
    im planning to make an adult website. i also want to make earn money by joining an affiliate program. any suggestions? thanks

    • ANSWER:
      This company is great at porn site development. they also offer a great affiliate program for XXX sites. Give them a try.

      http://www.triplexcreations.com/

  38. QUESTION:
    can some one tell me how to became a successful affiliate?
    Few months back i have joined some affiliate programs..but i did not earn money.. so can any one tell me how and where to promote the product to get benefit.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi,

      For any affilate programe you must need on-line pramotion.

  39. QUESTION:
    about affiliate program?
    Please would any one VERY VERY HONESTLY TELL ME

    about just a one or two affiliate products .. i would like to join and earn money.
    some one who has earned from a affiliate product… could advice me which one product to chose … just one… because i would like to devote my time in just one program and see if i can earn.. if u could do me the favour as to how to join this one affiliate program and hoe to work on it… and please tell me if i work sincerly how soon will i see results and the potential of that product.. how much can i earn in a month,,,
    thanks
    reema

    • ANSWER:
      Frankly, successful affiliate marketers are relunctant to share their winning non-MLM affiliate products to avoid competition in the same playing grounds.

      With the right products, you can earn from a low of US0 to a few thousand dollars a month. And that usually don’t come from 1 affiliate product. The income usually come from many income streams generated by different affiliate products.

      For example, 1 affiliate program gives you a conservative 0 profits per month and if you can find 30 of them, you can generate 00 a month. Sometimes, you can discover super programs that can generate 00 a month, but that will be like hitting the jackpot :)

      Not all affiliate programs can turn out to be a winner. In fact, majority of them are duds. Hence you need to put in a lot of effort and time to test different products to look for your gems.

      You can start with reputable affiliate network like Commission Junction, paydotcom, Linkshare to start your “treasure hunting”.

  40. QUESTION:
    How i could set-up a website for my internet marketing advertisement ? Do i need a domain name ?!?
    I had been joining affiliate program from now on , so the first thing i was thinking how to set-up a website or there is a qualified and suitable web hosting for me to register into . I want to start advertising , so here is my first problem .

    • ANSWER:
      Hi,

      Listen! I will tell you what is involved in creating your own Web site.

      Don’t fall prey to those “Free” Web site builders that only give you a few pages. However, NVU, is a free Web site builder that allows you to build Web sites right, for free and as many pages as your want, thousands even.. More on that later.

      Just creating a Web site will not attact targeted traffic. What is traffic?

      Glad you asked because it’s the heart and soul of a Web site’s success.

      Listen! Targeted traffic is the name of the game. Without traffic your Web site will be invisible to the search engines (Google, MSN, Yahoo, Ask). There are others, but they a insignificant compared to the majors.

      Targeted traffic is visitors coming to your Web site for information. They are not looking for your Web site. Nope. They are looking for relevant information. If your Web site is just a few pages, the search engines will never find you.

      Most new people to Web site building will fall prey to the many so-called “free” web sites and waste a lot of time on them and achieve little in the way of targeted traffic. The theme of your Web site should be something you are very interested in (http://passion.sitesell.com/waltera1.html). It just doesn’t make sense to create a Web site and then have it ignored by the search engines (SEs). The major SEs are Google, Yahoo!, MSC, and Ask. If they don’t know you are there, your Web site, for all practical purpose, is invisible. SEs find you when you have lots of content – many pages of information, relevant to the theme of your Web site.

      You see, there are thousands of web sites that purport to create a free Web site. What they don’t tell you is how to attract targeted traffic via the search engines (Yahoo,Google,Msn, Ask). Web site creation is all you get. Amazon has a program to tell you how popular your Web site is here: (http://traffic-test.sitesell.com/waltera1.html). The program is called Alexa and it will compare a Web site to 65 million active Web sites and give you a rank as to how you stand in that 65 million Web site universe. 500,000 is good, but anything under 100,000 is terriffic. Google is under 10 the last time I looked. If your Web site is not recognized by the SEs, then your Alexa rank will be “no data”. A no date rank means the Web site is invisible to the SEs. Invisible means no visitors, no visitors means no targeted traffic, no traffic = no money. Creating your Web site was a waste of time.

      And you might be able to create 5 or 10 pages at most, even less, before they begin to nickel and dime you to death with add-ons that cost money and before you know it the “free” web site costs over 0 and more, assuming you don’t drop out by this time because the Web site just doesn’t work and you may have wasted a year on this fruitless effort.

      Many people new to Web site creation believe that you just create a Web site and they will come. Like the baseball movie, Field of Dreams (1989), where Kevin Costner creates a baseball field in the middle of nowhere and soon thousands are flocking to the field.

      This only happens in the movies, not in real life.

      You must attract the search engines(SEs). The most cost effective way to do that is by creating lots of Web pages with quality, relevant content (information) that matches user’s needs and requirements for information..

      Potential visitors do not look for a web site per se. They do not enter your Web Address. They are looking for information. They do not enter your Web site URL into an SE. They enter keywords or phrases into the SE and the SE responds with millions of Web sites in many cases and then the surfer may make his keyword more relevant and try again. Most surfers only look at the first few pages even though there may be millions of hits on a particular keyword.

      So the first thing you must do is to brainstorm you keywords – which keywords are relevant to the theme of your Web site.

      But this is not enough. Remember the concept of supply and demand?

      Let me explain. If there is a low supply of something, say a commodity like coffee, that means that there is not much available. What happens if many people all want a lot of coffee. That creates a big demand for coffee, but when they go to buy coffee the price has gone up. It went up because the demand exceeded the supply. This causes the coffee growers to grow more coffee. They grow too much and there is a big supply, so the price drops because the demand has dropped owing to the increase in the supplies of coffee.

      The same concept can be applied to keywords or phrases. Really scarce keywords with hardly any supply related to your Web site theme.

      How do you find those keywords that have a huge demand and very little supply?

      Aye, that’s the rub.

      One of the ways to do this without spending any money is to use Google’s AdWord tool: (https://adwords.google.com/select/KeywordToolExternal).

      This tool is actually intended to help advertisers decide which keywords to buy. It provides Demand (they call it “Search Volume”) and “Advertiser Competition” (another kind of Demand for your keywords!). This tool even provides the “monetary value” (optional) of your keywords (i.e., what advertisers can expect to pay).

      So what do you (a publisher (a Web site builder), not an advertiser) look for? Remember this for now…

      * the more relevant keywords that are generated by this tool,

      * the greater the Demand (“Search Volume”) for the keywords,

      * the greater the “Advertiser Competition”, and

      * the more the keywords cost advertisers…

      … the better for you!

      Just go through the tutorials that Google has to offer.

      The other tool for keywords is Worktracker – it is not free, but is the best on the Web for analyzing keyword demand and supply: (http://www.wordtracker.com/index.html). Try their free trial. I entered “free keyword analysis” into Google and got 11 million hits so you know it’s a hot topic.

      Once you know what your keywords are, they form the basis of creating Web pages for your Web site. You sprinkle relevant keywords throughout your Web page. These will attract the SEs and if you have enough pages, you will rise up through the ranks and hopefully achieve a listing on the first page of the SEs.

      The SEs use software called “spiders”. The spiders job is to crawl the entire universe of Web sites and index them by keyword. The database index is why they can return an answer so fast because there are now a billion Web sites or so and still growing fast.

      You keep adding pages to your Web site – the more pages the better. That’s why the phrase, “Content is King!” came about. The SEs love lots of high quality content.

      That’s also why most 5 – 10 page Web sites attract no targeted traffic. The SEs just ignore them.

      However, all is not lost because once you get to about 30 pages, the SEs begin to take notice. When you reach 50 pages, you may see a page ranked number one in an SE, but don’t stop there. Keep adding pages – just one a day would mount up to 365 in one year.

      Now, where do you find software that can build your Web site. Here is one that is free and it’s a lot like Microsoft’s Front Page. These are sometimes called WYSIWYG editors, pronounced “wizeewhig” and means “What You See Is What You Get”. Another more expensive editor is Macromedia’s Dreamweaver, but this costs several hundred dollars.

      The Web site for the free WYSIWYG is: (http://www.nvu.com/index.php). NVU; pronounced “New View”. There are free tutorial there. More tutorials can be found by entering “free nvu tutorials” in Google.

      You may want to try GIMP (Gnu Image Manipulation Program). This is a free graphics editor that rivals best of breed Adobe Photoshop. There are free tutorials for GIMP, too here: (http://www.designyourownweb.com/gimp-tutorial.htm).

      Once you have your Web site constructed on your PC or Mac, then you need to get a domain name and a server host.. This will cost money, to 0 per year depending on options. About the cheapest with the most options is GoDaddy. Go here: (http://www.godaddy.com/gdshop/default.asp).

      There are free hosting sites, but you have to put up with their advertising all over your pages. There is really no “free lunch”; there’s always a catch.

      Once you have your domain name and host, you upload your Web site to your hosting supplier or server and you are published on the web. As you create more pages, you continue to upload those pages to your host server.

      That’s what it takes to get published, but we are not done yet. We now have to get recognized by the SEs. If you have enough high quality content and are patient, eventually the SEs will discover you. Impatient people use something called Search Engine Optimization (SEO) or Internet Marketing. Here is a new book that does just that: “Search Engine Optimization – An Hour A Day” by Jennifer Grappone and Gradiva Couzin.

      Then, there is Brad Tabke’s “26 steps to 15K a day”. It boils down to solid content thoughtfully put together can make more impact than a decade’s worth of tweaks that may or may not work such as fiddling with META tags. Find his 26 steps here: (http://www.frihost.com/forums/vt-2797.html). Brad also created and runs one of the best forums for Web site building information at: (http://www.webmasterworld.com/).

      I would really be remiss if I did not mention how I created my Web sites. They were created with Site Build It! a Web site builder developed by Sitesell, Inc., a Canadian company that has been around since 1967 and has helped people world-wide to create their own Web sites (over 20,000). It does all of the above utilizing 50 programs (http://results.sitesell.com/waltera1.html). No geeky knowledge required. Hardly any PC knowledge is necessary and it creates pages fast and uploads them to the host server automatically.

      You may want to check it out, before going it alone. A forum is offered that gives budding Web site builders lots of help.

      Kindest Personal Regards,

      Walt Brown
      Site Build It Certified Webmaster

      http://store.sitesell.com/waltera1.html

      capecod1@capecod-beaches.com
      wab@theworld.com

      P.S. Don’t forget to check out (http://www.webmasterworld.com/) for lots of free and useful Web building information.

  41. QUESTION:
    where can I find a free online game site that has an affiliate program that pays for new member free signups?
    I’m looking for a free game site affiliate program, like the one that uproar.com used to have. The affiliate program has to pay per free signup and accept new members from the USA, it has to that pay me for each new visitor I send them. I have alot of people coming to my site looking for game show games that they can play online.

    The affiliate program I’m looking for must be a reliable payer. . I’m not looking for a site where you get games on a free trial basis, been there done that, it’s not a money maker. I want to get paid when People sign up to the free game site that my site referrs them to.

    I am also intrested ina free affiliate program that pays for free signups to retro online games.

    If there is any web site owners out there that has a link to what Im looking for ,send it to me please. I’ll look at it and decide if it’s what I want. If it is I’ll even join under you as an affiliate referal as long as its free for me to join. Sorry no Casino programs needed,

    • ANSWER:
      there are no free game sites that offer affiliate opportunities (not to my knowledge any way) The reason is simple why would they pay you if they are not getting paid.

      However there are 100′s that offer free trials and you will get paid for reffering someone to sign up for a free trial. Just use http://sale0636.reseller.hop.clickbank.net to find them. I think realarcade.com offer what you are looking for (well they did at one point)

      As you have a website you might want to include more than one affiliate service (increases your chances) Just make sure you protect your affiliate links from affiliate thieves. just read the click bank help files it explains how to do all this. My advise is to choose 2 or 3 that fit your profile dont go for second best. Make sure that your chosen affiliate program that you choose has a really decent layout i.e you dont need to be a rocket scientist to work out how to sign up (it seems that some of them you do i spent 30 minutes attempting to find a sign up function on one lol)

      I would like to point out that game affiliation is extremelly difficult to generate sales from (competition is vast) your website may not be enough to generate the leads you would hope.

      check out http://www.homeincomeprofits.com grab your free online promotion guide there also you might want to look into the affiliation guides as well.

      I hope i have made sense just remember dont go fro second best EVER (most affiliates fail because they do).

      Ps all affiliate programs are free to join

  42. QUESTION:
    I want to join all leading affiliate programs on Internet (including google adsense) which website I can join?
    Please give me the website name as well as link for that website also. Thank you

    • ANSWER:

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the best affiliated marketing programs to join?
    I know about Click Bank, Commission Junction, Link Share what should I look for to add to my classified ads site to earn extra income beside Google Adsense, tried them and to many people clicked on them and they booted me out of the program. I use Amazon, and other affiliates, who would you recommend to add.

    • ANSWER:

      http://www.cococontacts.com/affiliates/

      http://members.mystery-shopping-pros.com/

  44. QUESTION:
    I want to start an affiliate site with merchants who don’t have a program… what software can I use?
    I have a web idea that involves me listing products along a similar theme from a variety of merchants who I would find… however most of them probably won’t have an affiliate program. Is there software I can use to make it easy for them to join my site/pay me a percentage of revenues that I lead them to? I can find plenty of affiliate sites… but none that allow the affiliate to recruit the seller as I am planning on doing.

    • ANSWER:
      Probably WordPress would work with one of their many plugins.

      You can also check out these affiliate programs below.

  45. QUESTION:
    I’m joining a free affiliate program..?
    so that means I don’t have to spend any of my own money?
    I just sell the products and earn the money?

    • ANSWER:
      Let’s be reallistc Meh, I don’t think that you will find a free affiliate program anywhere. Every affiliate program needs to charge it’s members for membership for the program to prosper. Here’s a great affiliate program that offers you a 7 day trial for you to try it out, if you don’t like it simply cancell your subscription, come check it out: http://www.emilbus.ws

      Have a great day!

  46. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to get free website traffic?
    I joined an affiliate program and I need people to see my page so they can join too. Any one with good advice? Website traffic or any other way to promote my program?

    • ANSWER:
      1. Video Presentation: One of easiest ways to promote your website is to do a video of what you want to promote with the link your website link. Post your videos on YouTube, Google video or 5min. Posting a video does not cost you anything. They are all FREE on those sites. These websites are very SEO friendly and you could a tonne of traffic getting ranked in the first page of Google. All just because you took the time to do a quick 5minutes video. If you have never done a video before and do not know how to go about it, you can download CamStudio. CamStudio is a screen recording software tool and it is free. If you need to edit and arrange the video you can use window movie make and get the editing done before you upload.

      2. Write an Article: Write an article about something you are promoting. Post them on article directories like ezines and GoArticles. In return for adding valuable content, you allowed to add your website link in the resource or bio box at the end of the article. The more articles you write the more links you have to your website. So, it is important to committed at writing articles to article directories (maybe write one article a day ) so you can make the most out of this free marketing method.

      3. Submit your Article on Digg: besides article directories, you can expose your article to an online community of Digg addicts looking for something new on Digg.com. Once your article is complete, join digg. com and post your article there.

      4. Google Groups: This is both free and drives highly targeted to your website. Join Google groups and find the Google group closest to the what you are promoting or mostly related to your website content. Join the group discussions and where appropriate direct them to their website link.

      5. Twitter: Twitter conquered the world in 2009 and it is becoming one of the fastest growing communities. Ignoring Twitter could cost you dearly. Twitter is free to join and once you build thousands of followers, You can easily drive instant traffic by just promoting your website link on your twitter updates

  47. QUESTION:
    How do I build a website and sell an ebook I have written?
    I have recently written a book that I would like to sell online as an ebook. I am looking for advice on what steps to take in building a website to sell the book on, how to accept credit card payments, and information on how to join an affiliate program. I am looking for something I could possibly do through a site like go-daddy maybe? I am not exactly sure how to begin. Please help. Thanks in advance for the advice.

    • ANSWER:
      I have sold digital products online and it’s not as hard as everyone is trying to make it sound. Now, I’m not saying it’s easy either. Your hardest obstacle will be getting traffic, but that’s a whole other beast.

      Here’s what I would do…

      1. Get a hosting account. Don’t use godaddy for hosting, people have headaches with them. I only use them for domains and like them for that use. I personally use http://www.hostgator.com which is cheap and great. I’ve been with them for years. You can host multiple sites on one account. I recommend getting their “baby” account. It’s going to run less then /month. Here’s a coupon code you can use to get your 1st month for 1 penny. Coupon code = bwg0713now

      2. Get a payment processor. Starting out you can use Paypal which is free.

      3. Look at getting an autoresponder. This is so you capture peoples email address and do follow ups. I use http://www.getresponse.com There are other ones out there.

      4. If you’re interested in setting up an affiliate product you can either use Clickbank to manage your affiliates and payment processing which kills two birds with one stone. But this will cost you I think to setup since you’re the vendor. Or you can use http://www.e-junkie.com/ which cost /month but it intergrates with your free paypal account and offers an affiliate management system. The only downside to using e-junkie is that you will be responsible for paying the affiliates on time unlike Clickbank which will do it for you. The only downside with Clickbank is that you have no control. But with Clickbank, you have a huge market of affiliates. Just a thought to keep in mind.

      Well, that about covers it. It’s not everything you probably need but it’s definitely a good start. : )

      Hope this helps.

  48. QUESTION:
    I need help understanding affiliate programs?
    I’m wanting to join an affiliate program, but my problem is this. Once I create a sale through my web site and a person places their order. When they receive the order there will be all types of brochures and receipts with the companies name and all return sales I will lose a commission on. Is there anyway besides on my site saying bookmark here that can help me? Are there any affiliate sites that act almost like a private label and will handle all sales and customer service under your name? I think a company that provided this service would be huge because all the affiliates doing all the work marketing want their return customers. Anyone with any info or opinions on this, please write.

    • ANSWER:
      The affiliate model is a “high reward/low risk” Web site monetization option…
      * you don’t have to develop excellent products — it has already been done for you. You simply judge and pick the best available ones, from the best available merchants!
      * you don’t have to spend large amounts to manufacture and store inventory
      * no need to take and process a single order, or worry about getting paid (you don’t even need a merchant account!) — you simply send people to your affiliated merchants, then get paid when they buy
      * you don’t have to handle or ship a product — your merchants do that
      * you’ll never have to answer customer e-mail (inquiries and support are 24/7 issues that can easily eat up 50% of your day)
      * they cost nothing to join (beware of the few that do)
      * your affiliate business can be started part-time, on a shoestring

      Sounds great… and the “affiliate model” has mushroomed since Amazon.com first brought it into public prominence in 1997. Millions of affiliates send billions of visitors to tens of thousands of companies in return for a payment. Major research houses like Forrester Research project the affiliate model to grow exponentially over the next few years.

      I hope this info has helped.

      BEST WISHES!

  49. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as the number one affiliate program?
    Has there been research to prove which affiliate work at home program works and that you can be confident enough to join

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t think there has been any unbiased research to prove which affiliate program works. If you are looking for long term residual income, most affiliate programs are not going to offer that. As soon as you quit recruiting others or quit advertising and selling product, you stop making income.

      Also most affiliate programs are a ‘one time’ purchase of non-consumable products, which means there is little likely hood of getting repeat monthly sales. Bottom line you have to continue to search out new customers every day, every month.

      I would not take anyone’s word on it until you check out the company yourself. For instance I went to ripoffreport.com and did a search on an affiliate program listed here as a suggestion. There are 12 complaints about the company, now granted, compared to others 12 is not a lot. But how many get burned and never file a complaint online?

      I wrote a blog on advice for working at home. The link is in the 2nd paragraph of my profile. It gives some basic generic information on things to look for and things to avoid. If you do your due dilligence, you can possibly avoid being ripped off.

      If I can help futher, feel free to contact me through answers.
      ~jennifer

  50. QUESTION:
    affiliate problem?
    When i join the (Wal-mart.com) affiliate program, and signup, but when i go over to (Tigerdirect.com) to join their affiliate program
    it shows the same affiliate form as (Wal-mart.com) in which that they share the same program, So is it that when i joing the affiliate program at (Wal-mart.com) and go over to (Tigerdirect.com) and sign up their affiliate but they say that they have the email address do that tell me signing up to one affiliate and go over to another affiliate to joing them, but they have the infomation already does that tell me if they share the same affiliate program is it that they would already have my information when i join one affiliate and anther site shares the same affiliate form??

    • ANSWER:
      It could be. You`ll have to go through affiliates list.


Diabetes Kidney Function

Shocking Solutions for Kidney Stones
Not all attacks of kidney stones are painful. Some people have them for years without feeling anything. In fact, it’s not uncommon for stones to be discovered accidentally during a routine X-ray examination for another problem.

But it’s hard to forget the pain that kidney stones bring. This happens when the stone becomes too large and forces its way to the bladder. Other signs of kidney stones are blood in the urine and a persistent urge to urinate.

“Problems arise when a stone becomes so large that it obstructs or irritates a part of the kidney or causes problems as it passes out of the kidney. Symptoms include severe pain and tenderness over the affected kidney, frequent and painful urination, nausea, blood in the urine, fever, chills, and extreme exhaustion,” said the editors of Consumer Guide’s Family Health & Medical Guide.

Despite the pain they cause, kidney stones are seldom serious. They rarely cause permanent damage but they shouldn’t be taken lightly either.
That’s because even the smallest stone can destroy delicate tissue in the urinary tract. A few may lead to complications like urinary tract infection and obstruction – both of which require immediate medical attention to prevent kidney damage.

If the stone is small enough and located further down the body, it is usually left alone to exit on its own. A large stone that is high up and causes great pain, urinary bleeding or infection, needs medical help.

In the past, that automatically meant surgery – a major procedure that required a two-week hospital stay and left a large scar both on the skin and in the wallet.

Today’s patient has many options. The most popular is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) which can successfully remove 90 percent of kidney stones.

ESWL was developed in West Germany and became available in the United States in 1984. In this non-surgical method, the patient is given a general or local anesthetic and lowered into a large tub of water until the body is submerged up to the shoulders.

The stone is then bombarded with hundreds or thousands of shock waves, shattering them into tiny fragments that easily pass out in the urine a few hours or days later.

“It is not usually necessary for you to be admitted to the hospital to receive ESWL. It can be done in an out-patient clinic in the morning and you can leave the same night, or at the latest, the following day. After the procedure, you should drink at least two quarts of water a day until your urinary symptoms have cleared up and all the stone fragments have been passed,” explained Dr. Isadore Rosenfeld of the New York Hospital-Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in The Best Treatment.

Does the procedure have any side effects? Find out in the third part of this series. To help you relax, take Sedamine, nature’s answer to a good night’s sleep. Visit http://sedamine.com for details.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How does diabetes affect kidney function?

    • ANSWER:
      Diabetes may affect the kidneys in a number of ways. Diabetes may impair circulation to the kidneys which may in turn damage the functional unit of the kidney which is the nephron. This may lead to diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy may be mild or it may lead to renal failure and dialysis. Diabetes may cause damage to the basement membrane of Bowman’s capsule. The artery runs along this basement membrane and molecules are allowed to pass through various permeable spaces or ‘holes’ in the membrane. Diabetes may damage this membrane allowing larger molecules such as proteins to pass through. The various substances that pass through the basement membrane are then sent through the nephron. Damage of this type combined with impaired circulation may further compromise renal function. The diabetic’s kidney’s production of certain substances such as erythropoetin may be affected which may lead to anemia. There are a number of other possible areas of damage to the kidneys due to diabetes. If I may be of further assistance please let me know. I wish you the very best of health and in all things may God bless.

  2. QUESTION:
    How soon does diabetes start affecting the kidney function if untreated?

    I was recently diagnosed with Type I diabetes and have only one kidney. I am having hard time controlling blood sugar spikes after eating even with insulin injections.

    • ANSWER:
      I became diabetic at age 12. I had it pretty well controlled until I fell off my mother’s insurance at age 23. I was in poor control for many years, and at age 34 I had acute renal failure. I was on dialysis for almost 2 years when I received a kidney/pancreas transplant in December 2006.

      I would recommend eating smaller amounts more frequently to keep your blood glucose as even as possible.

  3. QUESTION:
    if someone has diabetes 2 how do they check kidney function?
    if someone has diabetes 2 how do they check kidney function to make sure the kidneys are staying healthy and do they do that with diabetes 2 paitience from time to time? check kidney function … making sure kidneys arent failing..etc.

    • ANSWER:
      The most common screening done for kidney function in diabetics is a urinalysis. The first sign of kidney disease from diabetes is often small amounts of protein being spilled in the urine. Your doctor should check your urine on a regular basis to check for protein as kidney failure is one of the biggest complications of diabetes.

  4. QUESTION:
    My friend is suffering from mild kidney disease due to Diabetes, Can he take beer to improve kidney function?
    his createnine is 1.0 and his GFR is 78, some of his friends advised him to take beer to improve his kidney functioning since it contains Barley, Is he right?

    • ANSWER:
      A creatinine of 1.0 is in normal range (normal range is 0.6 to 1.2). Alcohol is rather irritating to the kidneys and other organs. I don’t see any benefit that beer would give to any kind of kidney disease. I’ve been an RN for some years now treating cardiac, respiratory and kidney problems and have NEVER seen it as a treatment option. Sounds like they just want to be drunk. Tell your friend to stay away from the beer. It’s no good for you.

  5. QUESTION:
    my dad has 9% kidney function, COPD, diabetes, does not want dialysis, how long can he go on?
    dad has 9% kidney function he is 83, mobility very limited, (few steps before he has to rest), He has chronic COPD, diabetes. He has lost 5 stone in 6 months, he is very breathless with the COPD like i say only a few steps before he has to rest. He has decided not to have dialysis and the hospital are happy with his decision, I do not have a problem with this.

    He is tired all the time, he also gets a little confusedd or forgetful at times. Has anyone any idea how much longer he can survive with kittle kidney function.

    many thanks B

    • ANSWER:
      I would suggest your father take digestive enzyme supplements with every meal. Enzymes are essential for all body functions. I watched a video about it and the narrator gave her grandfather enzymes which prevented him from going onto dialysis. Vitamin B12 deficiency is very prevalent at your father’s age so upping B12 levels can help. I’m not sure how long your father has to live, but i have read case studies that the Gerson Therapy can reverse chronic disease.

      http://www.gerson.org/GersonTherapy/case_studies.htm

      http://www.articlesbase.com/non-fiction-articles/how-to-reverse-kidney-disease-naturally-138179.html

  6. QUESTION:
    62y/o female with 16% kidney function, diabetes, HTN, Hypothyroidism, heart disease, and Chrones disease…?
    What is my mother’s prognosis with dialysis?

    • ANSWER:
      sounds like my father.

      First and foremost, you should talk to a doctor.

      However, once the Kidney function is gone it takes about 2 weeks for a person to die from the build up of toxins in the blood. They will start to fill sicker and more lethargic, and eventually they will fall asleep and die. At the end, I am told that it is relatively peaceful, but they will be unconscious when they die.

      Once a patient goes on dialysis the risk of heart attack or stroke increases tremendously. The risk of heart attack or stroke while having dialysis or shortly afterwards skyrockets. I believe once someone goes on dialysis their previously life expenctancy is cut in half. I think it’s worth it though, she’ll feel better than she has in a long time after dialysis treatments.

      Also the diet for a kidney/diabetes patient is only possible with strict portion control.

      And just a heads up. With heart disease with next major organ to fail are the kidneys. Dialysis is the only option. The organ that fails after that, are the large intestines. For this there is no cure.

  7. QUESTION:
    My father has Chronic Kidney Disease, along with type 2 diabetes. His kidneys function at 20%, but he has?
    stated that they have been that way for 10 years…Is that possible? I mean, to actually have been living for 10 years with such compromised kidneys….also, any idea of how long he can live with kidneys functioning at 20%? Thank you.
    My father does NOT want dialysis, unfortunately, he has stated that he would rather die…. :(

    • ANSWER:
      i got diabetes when i was 7 i had total kidney failure when i turned 30 i went on dialysis. but i lived with only one working about half the Tine for about 9 years. they just need to keep close watch on his kidney functions. have you asked your doctor about dialysis?

  8. QUESTION:
    Effect of diabetes medication on Kidney function (GFR)?
    I don’t know if this is too technical but I’ll give it a go…

    My grandmother, who is 87 yrs old and a diabetic (Type 2), is in Stage 5 with a GFR that is now below 10. When she was officially told that she was at this stage about 1yr ago, the GFR was at 10.5 and remained at that level for a few months. But here is the confusing part. She has been on Diamicron (aka. gliclazide – diabetes medication) for a number of years until about 7 months ago when she ran out and the prescription was not renewed. When she went for her tests two months after stopping the medication, the GFR was at 13. The following month it was up to 19. Initially we thought the medication might have had something to do with the decreasing GFR. We asked the doctors about a possible correlation but they told us that there was no link. Yet, when we look at the description for Diamicron, it clearly states that people who have impaired kidney function should NOT take this medication. Of course her glucose levels went up without the Diamicron and a little over a month ago she was put back on the medication. Two weeks ago she went in for another set of blood tests and lo and behold, the GFR had plunged from the previous 19 to 8.4. I can’t help but think that this fluctuation in GFR is more than just pure coincidence. Does anybody here have any insight on the role that diabetes medication plays in GFR calculation or if it truly has an impact on the results. And if there is a link, is there another way of treating the diabetes that will not further reduce kidney function?
    P.S. She is currently not on dialysis and probably won’t be. Interestingly enough, potassium, sodium, phosphorous are all in the normal range and she is passing urine with negligible change in frequency and colour.
    Unfortunately I’m not in my home country @ the moment, but I can say that this diabetes medication was and still is successful in controlling her glucose levels. When she was off it; her levels went up to 8.9 from 4.7. Her blood pressure is also under control but I’m not sure what she was taking for that. She is also taking epo. injections every 3 weeks for anemia. Her appetite is poor, but has been like this for a while now, and consequently she has lost a significant amount of weight. She has a whole host of medications but of course I don’t have access to that information now. What I find curious though is that two years ago, the blood tests showed a GFR of 20, but this didn’t seem to alarm the diabetes specialist at all. Only when it went down to below 15 was she referred to a renal management clinic run by the same doctor who was treating her hypertension. Even with this supposed 8.4 GFR there is no real sense of urgency – potassium, sodium, urea, phosphorous – all normal.
    Cardiac markers are high but a stress test was perfectly normal even though she does have angina attacks which has been a long-standing problem as well as attacks of vertigo which has also been long-standing. The creatinine is @ 3.3-3.4 mg/dL now…a slight rise after two previous tests -notably those when she was off the diabetes medication – had shown a decrease.

    • ANSWER:
      You are correct that oral sulfonylureic agents should not be used in individuals with diabetic nephropathy. In fact I do not use these medications at all as they lead to premature pancreatic beta cell failure committing individuals to insulin. There is insufficient information for me to be able to offer an opinion as to whether or not this medication played a role in her decreasing renal function. You do not tell me what her medical regimen is now nor do you offer insight into her level of diabetic control. Reference laboratories have adopted the pernicious habit of calculating the GFR. These calculations have no predictive validity as they do not correlate with true renal function. To truly measure glomerular filtration rate a person must collect their urine for 24 hours and blood work is done when the urine is dropped off. If her GFR was not determined in this way then there would be no way to make sense of the GFR readings. If her GFR is truly at 8.4 then I would not be too quick to say that she will never need dialysis. If I may be of further assistance please let me know. I wish you both the very best of health and in all things may God bless.

  9. QUESTION:
    what is protein excreation. How to control it It is related to Kidney function/Diabetes?
    Protein Leakage is considered as leading to bed ridden status sooner or later. I want to be corrected.

    • ANSWER:
      If significant protein(albumin) is found in the urine, it means your kidney is not doing it’s job by filtering those proteins. And yes it’s related to diabetes and kidney function. Diabetes can lead to cardiovascular problems and kidney problems, just to name a few.
      If the kidneys should fail, people are put on dialysis. It will filter waste products of your blood and once it’s cleaned it’s recirculated back to the body. Anyways, about the bed ridden status, it really depends on the degree of severity of the disease.

  10. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for Kidney Function to raise?
    My dads Kidney function is at 20%.

    When he went to the doctor to have this tested he had a bad cold.Is it possible the test he had was a fluke?Could the cold have caused it to be off?

    The last time he had went to the Kidney Doctor it was at 23%.He goes every three months.

    Also he is a diabetic but totally healthy aside from the kidney issue/diabetes

    Just looking for some answers haha!

    • ANSWER:
      Having a cold can raise blood sugar. If his blood sugar had been elevated for any period of time, it could affect his kidney function and the test results. If he was taking any medications for his cold, this could also alter test results.

  11. QUESTION:
    How long can you live on 20% kidney function?
    My mother has kidney failure. There is really nothing they can do because it’s caused by diabetes. How long can you live on 20% kidney function?

    • ANSWER:
      Well. it is a bit tricky. I have been functioning with less than 20% for over a year now and holding steady at the moment. I have been told it could be tomorrow or 5 years from now until I would need dialysis or transplant. I know someone that went almost 10 years before dialysis. Once she goes on dialysis she can live up over 20 years possibly, although the average is around 10 years.
      She really needs to start taking managing her health better and I am guessing that you will also help your mom. There is a strict diet called the renal diet on www.davita.com It is awesome and I recommend it. This was recommended by my dietician that follows me closely at MUSC.

      I know you said transplant wasn’t an option, but have you talked to a transplant team? I am only 37 and have Sjogrens Syndrome. I REALLY thought there was no way I would qualify for a transplant, but I did.

      Make sure she goes to her regular follow up appointments with the kidney Doc and get that diabetes and whatever other health issues she may be having under control. She will have good days and bad days. Many thoughts going out your way during this transition!

  12. QUESTION:
    My friend’s husband is 71, has 15% kidney function, dialysis 3 x week and multiple complications w/diabetes?
    With this limited amount of info, how long would would you guess he has to survive?

    • ANSWER:
      a 71 year old man is approaching the statistical end of his lifetime –about 75 years.

      if he maintains his dialysis, and all else functions well, there is no reason why he should not make it to the NATURAL end of his life — about 5-10 years.

  13. QUESTION:
    what are the early tests to be performed to rule out kidney disease in diabetes, ignored for several years?
    I would like to know that what r the lab tests to be done to identify the renal function in early stages of chronic diabetes?

    • ANSWER:
      1. Ultrasound of kidneys and urinary tract, 2, Blood work and urine analysis 3, Urocultivation and last or rather first: clinic history: weight loss, loss of muscle mass, and power to move, pain in urinary tract region, in some cases excruciating pain in descending colon septum leading to suspicions about colon disease.And of course determination of various types of glucose levels and stabilization of same.

  14. QUESTION:
    my dad has type 2 diabetes and was stung by yellow jackets today should i be concerned?
    i heard somewhere that stings from wasps on type 2 diabetes sufferers can cause kidney damage. my dad seems fine now and it has been several hours. the thing that concerns me is that he has relatively poor kidney function to begin with because of a childhood illness.

    • ANSWER:
      Your dad could test his blood glucose levels to make sure the levels are fine and also keep a check for an allergic reaction. You could give him an antihistamine if he has an allergic reaction so keep an eye on him. I’m sure your Dad urinating will filter out the venom, have him drink plenty of fluids.

      If you feel his kidneys could be affected by the yellow jackets he needs to see his doctor to obtain blood tests, if necessary.

      Hope this helps.

  15. QUESTION:
    diabetes and renal function?
    How are kidney function and the disease diabeties related?

    • ANSWER:
      As alerady explained, diabetes if not treated leads to futher complications which includes diabetic, nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy and diabetic retinopathy.

      Diabetic nephropathy (nephropatia diabetica), also known as Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome and intercapillary glomerulonephritis, is a progressive kidney disease caused by angiopathy of capillaries in the kidney glomeruli. It is characterized by nodular glomerulosclerosis. symptoms of diabetic nephropathy It is due to longstanding diabetes mellitus, and is a prime cause for dialysis in many Western countries.

      History

      The syndromed was discovered by British physician Clifford Wilson (1906-1997) and Germany-born American physician Paul Kimmelstiel (1900-1970) and was published for the first time in 1936.

      Epidemiology

      The syndrome can be seen in patients with chronic diabetes (15 years or more after onset), so patients are usually of older age (between 50 and 70 years old). The disease is progressive and may cause death two or three years after the initial lesions. and is more frequent in women. Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of chronic kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease in the United States. People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk. The risk is higher if blood-glucose levels are poorly controlled. However, once nephropathy develops, the greatest rate of progression is seen in patients with poor control of their blood pressure.

      Etiopathology

      The earliest detectable change in the course of diabetic nephropathy is a thickening in the glomerulus. At this stage, the kidney may start allowing more albumin (plasma protein) than normal in the urine (albuminuria), and this can be detected by sensitive medical tests for albumin. This stage is called “microabuminuria”. It can appear 5 to 10 years before other symptoms develop. As diabetic nephropathy progresses, increasing numbers of glomeruli are destroyed by nodular glomerulosclerosis. Now the amounts of albumin being excreted in the urine increases, and may be detected by ordinary urinalysis techniques. At this stage, a kidney biopsy clearly shows diabetic nephropathy.

      Signs and symptoms

      Kidney failure provoked pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy pathology diabetic nephropathy by glomerulosclerosis lead to fluid filtration deficits and other disorders of kidney function. There is an increase in blood pressure (hypertension) and of fluid retention in the body (edema). Other complications may be arteriosclerosis of the renal artery and proteinuria (nephrotic syndrome).

      Throughout its early course, diabetic nephropathy has no symptoms. They develop in late stages and may be a result of excretion diabetes diabetic nephropathy of high amounts of protein in the urine or due to renal failure:

      •edema: swelling, usually around the eyes in the mornings; later, general body swelling may result, such as swelling of the legs
      •foamy appearance or excessive frothing of the urine
      •unintentional weight gain (from fluid accumulation)
      •anorexia (poor appetite)
      •nausea and vomiting
      •malaise (general ill feeling)
      •fatigue
      •headache
      •frequent hiccups
      •generalized itching

      The first laboratory abnormality is a positive microalbuminuria diabetic nephropathy in cats test. Most often, the diagnosis is suspected when a routine urinalysis of a person with diabetes shows too much protein in the urine (proteinuria). The urinalysis may also show glucose in the urine, especially if blood glucose is poorly controlled. Serum creatinine and BUN may increase as kidney damage progresses.

      A kidney biopsy confirms the diagnosis, although it is not always necessary if the case is straightforward, with a documented progression of proteinuria over time and presence of diabetic retinopathy on examination of the retina of the eyes.

      Treatment

      The goals of treatment are to slow the progression of kidney damage and control related complications. The main treatment, once proteinuria is established, is ACE inhibitor drugs, which usually reduces proteinuria levels and slows the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Many studies have shown that related drugs, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), have a similar benefit. In fact, a combination may be best.

      Blood-glucose diabetic nephropathy screening levels should be closely monitored and controlled. This may slow the progression of the disorder, especially in the very early (“microalbuminuria”) stages. Medications to manage diabetes include oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin injections. As kidney failure progresses, less insulin is excreted, so smaller doses may be needed to control glucose levels.

      The diet may be modified to help control blood-sugar levels.

      High blood pressure should be aggressively treated with antihypertensive medications, in order to reduce the risks of kidney, eye, and blood vessel damage in the body. Therefore, it is the most effective way of slowing damage from diabetic nephropathy. It is also very important to control lipid levels, maintain a healthy weight, and engage in regular physical activity.

      Urinary tract and other infections are common and can be treated with appropriate antibiotics.

      Dialysis may be necessary once end-stage renal disease develops. At this stage, a kidney transplantation must be considered. Another option for type 1 diabetes patients is a combined kidney-pancreas transplant.

      Prognosis

      Diabetic nephropathy continues to get gradually worse. Complications of chronic kidney failure are more likely to occur earlier, and progress more rapidly, when it is caused by diabetes than other causes. Even after initiation of dialysis or after transplantation, people with diabetes tend to do worse than those without diabetes.

  16. QUESTION:
    I have diabetes and only one functioning kidney. I just found out I was preg. Can anyone relate.?

    • ANSWER:
      My friends my mom has diabetes. When she had her two children they both have diabetes cause she had it really bad. It all depends on what type of a diabetic you are. I know for sure her daughter has type three diabetes and I am not sure about her son, but I think he has type one diabetes. Just go to the doctors and get a up and get the baby tested for it. It’s not a big deal. May God bless you and your unborn child.

  17. QUESTION:
    How do combined cancer meds hurt the kidneys if they are already not functioning because of diabetes?
    Father had colon cancer, 21 inches of colon removed in March. 1 out of 24 lymph nodes showed cancer. Now removed and cancer free. He has many health issues including heart disease and diabetes and now cancer with kidney now functioning at 2.2. Dr. Wants to add a stronger med to chemo treatment but legally can only do so if we sign release — but what will this do to kidney function already struggling ? What are chances of making it thru treatment with 2 chemo meds , one being very hard on kidneys but he needs to have it to more aggressively fight cancer reoccurence? Trying to help him make a good decision on what to do…

    • ANSWER:
      This is something you should be discussing with his oncologist.
      You’re not even telling what drugs you are referring to.
      Chemo is not given to kill the patient. The risks are explained and the patient is monitored.

  18. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for a person with diabetes to have a normal sugar level?
    my question is not really the one stated above. i want to say that i urinate alot, but when i went to the doctor he didn’t tell me i have diabetes, he told me my bloodsugar is 80 which is very health, my kidneys function very well, my cholesterol is 130. but am still having some question marks about me going to bathroom alot. what is the blood sugar level for a person with diabetes? can a person have diabetes and still has a health blood sugar lever?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      SURE!!

      ANYONE can (and will) have normal blood sugar levels — but the diabetic only occasionally. In fact, when a diabetic starts treatment, they must be careful fo Hypoglycemic Attacks — blood sugar dangerously TOO LOW!

      You blood sugar doe NOT stay at one consistent level throughout the day. it changes, minute by minute, depending on When, What, and How much you ate, your overall health (do you have a cold?) and you mental status (worried, happy, depressed, etc).

      At any given instant, you could have almost any blood sugar reading, from dangerously low to extremely high. the “finger Prick” method takes a “snapshot” of just that one moment. because of this, the “finger stick” reading is useful ONLY for on-going care of your diabetes, and NOT a reliable tool for diagnostic.

      a BETTER test is the A1C test. this test measure an AVERAGE of your blood sugar levels (highs and lows) over the last 90 days. This test is a MUCH more accurate reading for diagnosing diabetes.

      Return to your Doctor, and ASK FOR the A1C test, then discuss the result with him. if the A1C test come back “normal” then you are NOT diabetic, and you need to look into to lifestyle problems for your frequent urination.

  19. QUESTION:
    Angiogram – Risks of kidney failure?
    My father is 80 years old. He has diabetes, and kidney problems (his kidney function is only around 25%). About a year and a half ago, he had an angiogram done, which indicated 2 blockages (one in the front and one in the back of the heart). At the time, an angioplasty wasn’t possible, and the recommendation was to use medication, and if the condition gets worse by-pass surgery should be considered.

    He’s now experiencing more shortness of breath in walking, and his left arm feels a little numb. The cardiologist suggests an angiogram be done now, with the warning that the kidney function may worsen, and he might even require dialysis for life. His nephrologist said that there are procedures that can protect the kidney for the angiogram, and recommended he go ahead with the angiogram.

    Any comments on what he should consider would be very much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Your Dad’s interventionalist cardiologist is acutely aware of exactly what your Dad’s kidney function is. There is a general rule that the amount of dye used during a cath should be limited to the estimated GFR (if your Dad’s GFR is 30, then no more than 30mL of dye should be used). Its a rule of thumb – my point is that cardiologists obsess over renal function with cardiac caths.

      Can something be done? Sure there are bicarb and pre-hydration protocols used for patients who have acute and chronic kidney failure – prior to a cath. The other possiblility of using CT angiogram requires dye as well, so there is no real benefit to that over the cardiac cath in terms of renal function. With the aforementioned protocol we have had excellent results regarding renal function. I can not think of a single patient that had worse renal function after a cath – if we employed those protocols. (among thousands of patients) There are some very good studies supporting the protocol’s use in these cases.

      It will be necessary to quantify the extent of and location of disease – even if they are planning a potential bypass. (They also will check the mammary artery to make sure it is flowing. It is an artery that runs inside the chest wall and is borrowed as a vessel for bypass)

      Given your Dad’s other health issues and advanced age – surgery will not be easy on him. It is something to consider long and hard before doing.

      In fact, given that a possible by-pass is a very big deal, perhaps before a cath is ever attempted, your Dad should get a consult with a cardiothoracic surgeon regarding his prognosis for an open heart surgery

      After all, they said before that their only option was to do a by-pass if things got worse, right? So logic would dictate that they are seriously considering a by-pass now. Wouldn ‘t it make sense to know if your Dad was even a candidate for such a surgery? If not then why would you proceed with the cath and risk renal function? Also it is important to know if your Dad WANTS the surgery after he knows the details?

      Lastly you need to remember that the cath and possible subsequent angioplasty is to address symptoms – not necessarily prolong life. If the symptoms are really intolerable then perhaps consideration of alternative treatments – like narcotics and/or other novel treatments – click on the links below for more information. Some may or may not be appropriate for your Father.

      http://www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ijtcvs/vol1n2/angina.xml

      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/406427_print

      http://heartdisease.about.com/cs/coronarydisease/a/EECP.htm

      http://www.ranexa.com/home.html

      It might be worth getting a full copy of this journal article from your local hospital’s library.

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=16448320&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum

      I hope these thoughts help. Good luck. My best to your Dad.

  20. QUESTION:
    What is the preventive care coverage of a regular health insurance cover for a 49 year old man? for a?
    My husband has his regular annual physical exam. The blood withdraw to test diabetes,liver and kidney function, anemia, PSA, cholesterol. I think only of them is covered.
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      We can’t help you. We do not even know if insurance is involved. If it is, check your plan booklet.

  21. QUESTION:
    If it’s not diabetes or anemia then what is it?
    For the past few months my body temperature hasn’t been higher than 97.6 degrees, my skin has gotten really, really dry, I’ve been urinating alot with having to constantly get up to go to the bathroom and seems like I’m peeing out alot more than I’m taking in. Also the whites of my eyes are blue like BLUE and I have less stamina then everybody else. I’m also 24 and weigh 97 pounds when I used to weigh 107. I’m naturally petite at 5″4″ but this is ridiculous. I eat alot and eat really well with healthy foods but I can’t seem to keep on a proper weight. I have been to the doctor who ran a load of tests and nothing could be found including a complete blood count, diabetes, bone marrow, kidney function, etc but everything says I’m normal. What the heck could this be?

    • ANSWER:
      I would suggest you research iodine supplementation & check your thyroid function (even if lab tests says you are “normal”)

      You can test your thyroid function at home with the barnes basal temperature test. Set your alarm for 5am every day & without moving much & without getting out of bed, take your temperatue for 10 min (full details on link).

      If your temperature averages at less than 96 degrees, this indicates low thyroid. Do not test when you have an infection or any other condition that would raise your body temperature.

      It’s important to do at 5am when your body temp is at it’s lowest point.

      Iodine levels have decreased 50% in the last 30 years & bromine levels (an iodine displacer) have greatly increased. Most people are iodine deficient.

  22. QUESTION:
    Question on Diabetes and Kidneys?
    I’m really stuck on this question. Please help me?
    A patient with diabetes swallows 75g of glucose. Explain, in terms of the way kidneys function, why a urine sample taken 10 minutes after swallowing the glucose will not contain glucose, while a urine sample taken 1 hour after swallowing will.

    • ANSWER:
      You have to allow the absorption of glucose and its distribution all over the body before it reaches beyond the thershold to come out in the urine.Ten minutes is too little a time.

  23. QUESTION:
    My dad has water retention in his legs and feet. He does have diabetes.?
    And his kidneys only function at 20%, but they have been that way for about 10 years. The swelling appears worse lately. Basically, the question I am asking is, does worse water retention signal that his kidneys may be failing more? Or is this just a normal sign of diabetes and chronic kidney disease. I don’t want to over-worry myself….thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be a sign that his kidneys are becoming worse. However, I would imagine that the doctors your dad sees would be checking his kidneys all the time because of his condition and would hopefully know if they were getting worse or not. Try not to worry. Just be supportive of your dad and all that he’s going through. Don’t show him that you’re scared, just show him that you love him. He’s probably worried enough for both of you!

  24. QUESTION:
    How do you are healthy enough to have a baby?
    I have type 2 diabetes and very little kidney function, i am 22 just got married and we want to start having children but im afraid im not healthy enough. What can i do to help get health and or hw will i know when im ready, i dont want to wait too long or it will be too late for me. Help!

    • ANSWER:
      start preconception appointments with a doctor. They will help you become ready physically to have a normal, or as close to normal pregnancy as possible. with your conditions, don’t try to asses this situation without medical help, it could be harmful to you and the child.

  25. QUESTION:
    Is lab work expensive to get done?
    My psychiatrist wants me to get lab work done to test for cholesterol, diabetes, liver and kidney function, that sort of thing. I’m uninsured so I was wondering how much it would cost me to get lab work done myself?

    • ANSWER:
      Lab work is pretty expensive. You could be paying up to a couple hundred dollars for it. But if you’re seeing a psychiatrist and he’s wanting a work up, it’s probably necessary for the medications he’s prescribing.
      So what you need to do is find out one of two things, if there’s a low cost clinic for the uninsured where you can get the labs done at on a sliding scale. Or find out if the lab at your regular clinic will accept a payment plan.
      Whatever you do, don’t forgo the tests.

  26. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know the connection between glucophage and kidney problems (proteins)that were not present before?
    I have been taking glucophage for about 3 years and it now seems that my kidney function level is extremely elevated. I control my diet and I exercise, yet the protein level continues to increase! Should I be taken off this medication as soon as possible before I encounter any more damage? Plus, I am only 28 years old (type II diabetes).

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney damage is an unfortunate outcome of Diabetes itself.

      Ask your doctor if starting an ACE-inhibitor (which slows down kidney damage) would be a good choice for you.

  27. QUESTION:
    Excessive water intake in cat–labwork normal–what’s up?
    What are the causes of excessive water consumption in cats? My cat recently started to drink a lot of water and also pees a lot in response. She just had bloodwork to test for kidney function, diabetes, etc. and everything came back normal except for a UTI which she took antibiotics for and is now all cleared up. The vet says that her labwork is normal except with urine dilution (probably b/c of the excessive water consumption) and that it could be due to early kidney failure even though all her labs are normal. What could be other causes. She is 13 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      Was one of the tests for hyperthyroid (T3/T4)? That is the only other condition I know from experience other than the ones you mentioned that cause the excessive drinking/urinating.

      Have you had any testing since the UTI was cleared? If not, check with your vet to see when she should have a follow-up check.

      Please keep check on her kidneys. My cat that recently crossed the rainbow bridge had recurring UTI’s since December of 2005 (at different intervals, a couple a months apart and some many months apart). Each time we did a round of antibotics and it cleared.

      She was hyperT and had been since January 2005. She was diagnosed in kidney failure in April this year. Her vet told me that the hyperT masks kidney problems since the hyperT makes the heart beat faster and keeps blood flowing to the kidneys, even though they are not filtering properly.

      There is a test for Early Renal Disease and I have attached a link if you wish to read about it and then discuss it with her vet.

      Purrs and prayers for you and kitty.

  28. QUESTION:
    Kidney Failure & Heart Disease?
    My grandfather is 82 and weighs 280 pounds, He suffers from Diabetes and Kidney Failure, and Heart Problems.

    He was admitted to the hospital last Wed with Anemia, loss of blood from retum, do to bleeding of the intestine, he also has an enlarged heart and kidney functions are not good.

    His uraine is redish, brown and smelly. He has always been one to talk, now he is in and out of sleep some confussion, pain.

    My question is this, he does not want dialysis, his heart is inlarged and he’s ready to die, how long does he have left approx, I mean no one knows but the good Lord, but really.

    • ANSWER:
      He could linger for weeks , or months, even. but only Our Lord knows.

      Please respect his wishes. don’t let them force dialysis, to force him to prolong his diseased state beyond what he wants. Our Lord is merciful to the sick who suffer.

      I have severe heart failure since a car struck me 1 yr ago. I’m middle-aged guy with no diabetes or other problems. the crash sent my heart into massive cardiac arrest, with bad damage in all portions of my heart muscle. I now am swollen and BURSTING with water in my legs. I gasp & wheeze upon any exertion.. doctors have NO REMEDY for the damaged heart muscle. this means I cannot come and go freely, travel and do things like before which may push me heart to over-exertion and another heart attack.

      God is being merciful to him by allowing him to gradually succumb to multiple illnesses, naturally – without them forcing him to live on dialysis and machinery and drugs daily. that is not life!!!!

      Let God’s will be done . Please pray for me also.

  29. QUESTION:
    How long do people live after their kidneys start to give out from having type 1 diabetes?
    My father developed Type 1 diabetes about 7 yrs ago due to alcoholism. Now his kidneys are not functioning well even with medication. I am trying to decide if I need to move back to Georgia from Wisconsin depending on how much time he has to live. I want to spend good quality time with him, not sick and suffering time only.

    • ANSWER:
      one year.

  30. QUESTION:
    My dad has had type 2 Diabetes for 10 years….His kidneys are functioning at about 20%, according to doctors.
    Does anybody have any experience with this? Basically what I want to know is, how long can he live with kidneys functioning at this level? Is it possible that they will never get worse? Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Hopefully your dad is seeing a kidnet specialist. The doctor will continue to monitor his kidney function. It is very important that he follow his Dr’s instructions and any renal diet he may be given. Diet and blood sugar control can play a big part in kidney function. Your dad can live for years with poorly functioning kidneys. Once they get to a certain point he will need dialysis. I go 3x per week and I’m doing great. One person that is at my center has been on dialysis for 25 years and is still doing well.

  31. QUESTION:
    If I had some type of cancer that had gone to the stage of spreading to my lymph nodes would blood tests show?
    I have got lymph nodes in my groin area that I have not felt before. I noticed them about 6 weeks ago so went along to the Drs to have them checked out. I was suffering with a bad cold/flu type illness at the time and the Doc put it down to a viral infec. I have had lots of other odd symptoms: cold water running sensation through my arms, pins and needles in my hands and feet, dizzy, nausea, feeling of pressure and throbbing under my arms and in my groin. I have had Complete Blood Count, thyroid, liver and kidney function test, inflammation test, diabetes, anemia blood tests and a urine test. Everthing was normal including physical exams of stomach, strength and reflexes. I had a very close friend who died last year after finding a lump under her arm which she soon found out was melanoma cancer that had got to the stage of spread ing to her lymph glands. If I had cancer and it had got to the stage of spreading to my lymph glands would one of the tests I have had show an abnormality?

    • ANSWER:
      I would have thought the complete blood count would have shown a raised white cell count and other abnormal values.

      These too can be elevated with infection such as the flu virus so I would be optimistic as regard the normal results. All the symptoms you described can be put down to a viral infection, but your anxiety following your friend’s cancer is perfectly understandable.

      You definitely should see your doctor again even if only to allay your fears and get some reassurance as to the lymph nodes

      Good luck!

  32. QUESTION:
    Can a deficit of C02 lead to excessive H2O loss in urine?
    Chinese medicine suggests that there are conditions where the cells cannot hold on to water. I am trying to understand this from a western point of view and have read that a decficit of CO2 can adversely affect kidney function/metabolism. I drink a lot of water, but still feel dehydrated. No diabetes or anything like that.

    • ANSWER:
      CO2 is a natural by product of your body – it isn’t something that you would ever have a “deficit” of.

      The general recommendation for water intake is to multiply your body weight in pounds by .55 to get the number of ounces. So if you weight 100 lbs then you should drink 55 ounces of water a day.

      You might moderate your sodium and other electrolites to see if that effects your feelings of dehydration.

  33. QUESTION:
    Can anxiety/stress really cause pins and needles and other very odd symptoms?
    I went to see my Dr yesterday who has said she is 99% convinced my health situation is anxiety! I have been ill for 7 weeks, it started with a flu type virus along with abdominal pain, noticiable nodes in my groin area, odd cold running water sensations in my limbs, pins and needles, pressure feelings under my arms, very cold hands and feet, areas of my feet underneath sometimes feel numb. Even though my flu type symptoms have gone I have symptoms left e.g. pins and needles in my hands/arms/feet and legs almost constantly which feel numbish. Constant lightheadedness and the feeling of not being real, reactions to lights either bright or dim. I have been terrified that I am seriously ill with either some sort of cancer or MS!and have started thinking about how I will feel when I am told I have something and how I will manage to cope with it! My doc has done blood tests, CBC, kidney, liver functions, inflammation, diabetes, throid etc and is now sending me to a GP at the hosp!Anxiety?

    • ANSWER:
      You are descibing the classic physical symptoms of anxiety. That does not mean that you are making these symptoms up, they are a very real effect of a very real problem. Wether or not you have anything more serious you need to work on your anxiety levels if you want to be as healthy as you can. Try something like a Yoga class or Tai Chi.

  34. QUESTION:
    Why do I have to urinate frequently after I’ve had water to drink?All tests show everything is normal.?
    Its not a UTI, its not diabetes, my kidneys are functioning normally. As far as I know it isn’t cancer, there is no blood in my urine. I’m not having headaches or trouble with vision. It is only after I drink water. I don’t have a problem with coffee or pop or alcohol.

    • ANSWER:
      Because water is PURE! All the other drinks take longer to “process”. It’s no big deal.

  35. QUESTION:
    Kidney failure in only 1 kidney – what’s the outlook?
    My other half’s mum has just found out that one of her kidneys has failed. This was apparently to do with some incorrect drugs they gave her as part of her bladder cancer treatment some years ago (and something they expected may happen) She is already feeling the effects of reduced kidney function, which suggests to me, the kidney has failed suddenly. There are no plans to remove the kidney as yet. My questions are:

    She was diagnosed with diabetes around a year ago, which seems to be under control with diet and medication (oral), will this affect her at all?

    Should she be aware of potential necrosis of the failed kidney, what are the symptoms?

    Will the other kidney try to compensate for the failed one, how long will this take roughly?

    Is there any chance the failed one will start working again?

    She’s 82, not overweight. Only other medical problems are diabetes, bladder cancer and heart murmur (only!)

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Ok, so you must have heard of live kidney transplants right? That is when a person donates their kidney to someone else, when they are ALIVE. Doctors allow people to do this because the body actually needs only 1 working kidney to function. So, unlike what Arturo says, she does NOT need to watch salt intake etc etc, all she has to do is have regular checkups on the other kidney. Yes, thats all.

      As for the failed kidney working again, that depends on why it failed and how much it failed. So, I’m afraid I can’t answer that. Her doctor should be able to answer that though.

      Good luck, and email if you have any more questions.

  36. QUESTION:
    Chronic headache impedes proper rest with a Type 2 diabetes. How to treat it?
    Her kidney is no longer functioning properly and that she has to undergo dialysis. Due to financial constraint, she forgoes it. Does it cause the headache?

    • ANSWER:
      The kidneys work to remove toxins from the blood so if a person is suppose to be receiving dialysis to remove the toxins and they do not then yes they will have symptoms such as chronic headaches the only treatment for this would be dialysis I would suggest that you look in to the possibility of getting help with the cost of the treatment

  37. QUESTION:
    Is Kidney Failure reversible?
    I know there is dialysis and kidney transplant but is kidney failure reversible any other way. I have a loved one that recently had 4 treatments of dialysis. They then suggested diet and exercise. Now about a month later they suggest dialysis again. The loved one has had insulin dependent diabetes for yrs and it is reported she only has 10 percent good kidney function. She is also overweight. So, what is the chance diet and excercise will improve her and to what degree? I think the prognosis is pretty poor. I have a bad view of this and think this will cause her death but I don’t know how long it will take. On the other hand aren’t some peple on dialysis for many years? She is in her late 50s to early 60s. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Chronic kidney damage is irreversible. By the time kidney function has dropped to 10%, there is nothing that can be done to stop the progression of chronic kidney disease. At this point changes in diet and exercise would make little difference on kidney health. The changes would only affect the the frequency and duration of dialysis. Its unusual for someone to suggest diet and exercise as a treatment for a person with 10% kidney function due to a chronic problem. This approach would be expected to work only in a person with an acute problem like an infection where the kidney is not permanently damaged.

      The average life expectancy of a person relying on dialysis is 4 years; however this statistic is highly skewed because many people on dialysis also have other severe health problems such as liver failure. People that are in good health other than kidney problems can live 2-3 decades.

  38. QUESTION:
    Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease testing-PRIVATE ?
    What specific test do I need to see if I have it ?
    Found a place that offers them totally private but they have a LOT of different ones.

    Addison’s Disease Screen (Basic)
    Albumin, Serum
    Antiglomerular Basement Membrane Antibodies, Quantitative
    Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies (ANCA)
    Beta-2 Microglobulin, Serum
    Calcium, Ionized, Serum
    Calcium, Serum
    Calculi, Urinary (Kidney Stones)
    Carbon Dioxide, Serum
    Carnitine, Total and Free
    Creatinine, Serum
    Diabetes Check Panel
    Free Kappa and Lambda Light Chains Plus Ratio, Quantitative, Serum
    Free Kappa and Lambda Light Chains Plus Ratio, Quantitative, Urine
    Glucagon, Plasma
    Kidney Function Profile
    Osmolality, Serum
    Osmolality, Urine
    Phosphorus, Serum
    Potassium, 24-Hour Urine
    Protein, Total, Serum
    Urinalysis, Complete Profile
    Urinalysis, Routine Profile
    Urinary Tract Infection Panel
    Urine Culture, Comprehensive
    I think I need an ultrasound.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello. My guess is that only a doctor, or someone in the medical profession, would be able to answer this question. I don’t think most people on here will have a clue. Wish i could be more help, sorry.

  39. QUESTION:
    My husband doesn’t seem to care about my kidney damage?
    I suffer from PCOS, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Recently, I learned that I have early kidney disease. They ran a microalbumin test, which was over 112 (normal is below 30). My doctor said that if the damage continues, I will have to have dialysis soon. I’m on Diovan HCT, which I’ve been on for a couple of years, but he also put me on Altace to slow down the damage caused from my high blood pressure.
    It’s not caused from my diabetes as it has been under control. My Hemoglobin A1C tests are always normal.

    This has been very upsetting. I’ve been depressed since I found out a couple of days ago. Obviously, I’m probably going to end up on dialysis. At the very least, my life span will probably be shorter than normal. If you have high blood pressure, insist that they do a kidney function test. If they would have ran this test earlier and monitored my kidneys, this damage may have been prevented.

    Anyway, what I can’t understand is why my husband of 28 years whom I’m very close to and who’s also an RN who used to work on a dialysis ward, is acting like this news is unimportant. He said that I’m making much ado over nothing–that it’s certainly not time to sell the farm yet.

    I’m very hurt over his reaction. Does he just not care or is he unable to deal with the reality of the diagnosis? Or maybe, since he’s a nurse, he’s used to distancing himself from such things. I don’t know, but I now feel like I can’t talk to him about it. So on top of dealing with this diagnosis, I’m also having to deal with doubts about my husband’s sincerity. Any suggestions? I don’t know what to do.

    • ANSWER:
      You two may benefit from couples therapy or you can try therapy yourself to help deal with his insensitivity.
      I wish you the best.

  40. QUESTION:
    Donate a kidney to my father?
    My dad recently has has some major health probs & I’m interested in seeing what all is involved in donating a kidney to him. My mom says I’m jumping the gun (he’s still in the hosp) but I think the sooner I look into this the better. Here is a quick rundown of his health: he’s 68 (worried that he’s to old for a transplant?) high blood press controlled by meds & he has type 2 diabetes we THOUGHT he was controlling by proper diet. He recently fell into a diabetic coma (sugar was 674) & they amputated his whole right leg (3 inches from the top). When I say recently, this all happened w in the last 2 weeks. He may or may not have had a small stroke (docs aren’t sure but he’s having big probs lifting his right arm). So, 2 weeks ago my sis & I found him at home breathing but unresponsive & called 911 & this is where we are now. During all this mess his kidneys failed. The doc says he has lost 90% of kidney function & has a 50/50 shot of them working again. Now 4 me: I’m 34 (does age diff matter for a donation?) my blood type is O+. Not sure of his but I’m a universal donor so that should be ok? I know there a million other tests that will all need have perfect results for this to wk. I smoke & I know I’d have to stop for at least a month. No drinking or drugs… Should I get the ball rolling on this & talk to his doc? How long should we wait b4 giving up hope on his kidneys working again? 6 weeks? 6 months? 6 years? I have no clue. Also, my dad is on Medicaid (or Medicare?) whichever u get when u retire & he has extra out of pocket ins that works w his Medicaid. Unfortunately I’m one of millions who has no ins & can’t afford to buy it. (yes I work full-time–I’m on my feet constantly–I wait tables)… Any advice on this would be great. I’ve researched it online but I come up w alot of diff answers so maybe some1 out there has been thru this or knows some1 who has & can ans some of my questions & point me in the right direction so I can get the ball rolling on this. Thanx

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Andrea,

      This is a big issue.. and one I’m all to familiar with since my brother donated his kidney to my father about a year ago (I would have donated but the doctors discovered I am pre-diabetic making me ineligible for the process. I was 34 at the time and all would have been good if not for this issue). My father is a type 2 diabetic, was on dialysis at the time, had had a stroke about a year prior to the surgery, and, at 66, in quite a bad way overall. Without the surgery doctors had given my father about a year to live…

      That said, I’d offer the following details/advice…

      1. Make sure your father has the will to live before doing this. You mention your father had a 674 blood sugar meaning he probably wasn’t taking care of himself the way he should have. My father was the same. Unfortunately, he hasn’t changed his habits since the surgery (despite all the proclamations to the contrary) and the family has been at odds about that since. Most likely, if he can change his habits before the possible surgery (the sooner the better) he should be able to keep the changes going afterwards. Have some serious talks with him about this.

      2. I don’t know what to tell you about his kidneys working again but, in my fathers case, they obviously got to the point where he had to go through dialysis for a year prior to surgery. This is pretty unpleasant for them as they need to have dialysis two, sometimes, three times a week (for about three to four hours at a time) either until the surgery or, in most cases I believe, for the rest of their lives. My father was on medicaid as well and that’s his experience. If your father has lost 90% of kidney function I would, personally, say the dialysis or surgery are soon to be his only choices.

      3. As far as you’re concerned… It goes without saying that even thinking about donating for your father is a noble thing to do. The surgery, if you decide to go through with this, is relatively painless. My brother had no complications and, aside from the air pockets in his body post-surgery being a bit unpleasant (ask a doctor and they’ll be able to tell you a bit about these) was fine throughout. Not only that but, at least in my brother’s case, the hospital will treat you right since you’re doing this (he received a gift basket from the hospital and had post-op stay in the hospital-run hotel)…

      Whatever the case, be prepared for a years long process of recovery on your fathers part (you should recover within weeks if not days). After the surgery, my father remains on a steady diet of meds to keep my father’s body from rejecting my brother’s kidney. I believe my father will be on these for the rest of his life. I guess what I’m trying to say is that nothing goes back to normal. It’s never going to be the same for him if it comes to surgery (or dialysis) and he (and you) need to be ready to deal with this.

      Talk with him, with the family, and see what everyone’s opinion is before deciding to go through. Most importantly, make sure your father is willing to change his habits and make this kidney provide a better life for him rather than taking the same abuse as before.

      It’s a tough battle but it can work if everyone is on the same page.

  41. QUESTION:
    Mom losing the will to live?Guidance plz??Kidney failure.?
    My mom has had diabetes for many years. She is 66. She is a brittle diabetic with sugars regularly reaching 400-600 each week. Her kidney doctor told her her kidney function is really starting to drop. He wants to get her ready for dialysis. She refuses to even consider the thought. ( Honestly, my mom has always been a very selfish person and was physically abusive to all of her daughters. I mean beatings and being made to lay in ice cold water with ice cubes so I didn’t bruise too badly. I don’t think she ever considers how her actions affect the family or my dad, and I don’t think she cares either. She tried to overdose numerous X’s in front of the kids. When she went unconscious, and we got her care, she would come too screaming that we wouldn’t let her die.) Her doctor gave her 1-2 years MAX until she has complete failure. He suspects it will be about 1 year. She said she doesn’t want to be connected to a machine and be in pain. I told her she would still have a half week each week to be with family. It could be since I’m with young children I have a different view, but NOTHING would keep me from being there for my kids. I don’t care if I had to lose my legs or be paralyzed. I wouldn’t let that stop me from seeing my children. Maybe that is what it is, she doesn’t care about her kids. As a mother, the kids even at the age of 30, would still be my babies. While I don’t have kidney problems, I do know what it is like to like with chronic pain. I have neck/back problems since a high speed wreck 5 years ago.

    While she has diabetes from genetics (Native American heritage), she has constantly fought us on taking care of the disease. Often she would refuse to take her insulin, because she feared gaining weight. A part of me feels she deserved the complications she has. She has just about every complication possible. Why do people give up the will to live?? Why do they get so selfish? How long does it take to die after the kidneys fail??

    What do I have to expect medically speaking, for the next year??
    A few people have offered to donate a kidney. She doesn’t seem to care.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry this most be an impossible thing for you but I am afraid you can not force your mom to do anything against her wishes there is an old saying you can lead a horse to water but you can not force it to drink. It is her life and if she wants to ruin it then there is not much you can do.As far as I can see you have a few choices here you can refuse to accept your moms decision and carry on as you are trying to get her to look after herself. you can just accept her decision and carry on doing what you can for her, or you can tell her that she is being extremely selfish and if she wishes to continue to try and kill herself by not looking after her disease but that you will not stay around and watch her slowly kill herself. From what you have said she is not a nice person and if you walked away I do not think anyone will think any the less of you as you have your own children to look after as well and this must affect them. Sorry if this sounds harsh but sometimes you need to know when to draw the line. Good luck what ever you decide to do I wish you all the best

  42. QUESTION:
    My 7 year old male burmese has lost his 11 year old best friend male bengal?
    We had an 11 year old male bengal and we also have a 7 year old brown burmese boy who we’ve had from a kitten.
    As soon as we brought him home he was confident and nothing phased him.
    He seemed to quickly establish himself as the one in charge and probably the most territorial of the two. They were however best friends and respected eachother.

    They loved playing together and grooming each other and if one was outside, so was the other.
    They would sit at the end of the drive together keeping guard although they very rarely slept together they were definitely best buds.

    The older bengal cat started to gradually lose a lot of weight. tests for diabetes and kidney function came back all clear the vet said everything was fine but to keep an eye on the weight and if he lost more bring him back. One mornign however after recieveing all the clear he was acting very strange, seemed very distressed and pooped on the kitchen work surface which he had never ever done so something was obviously very very wrong.
    He seemed in pain so we rushed him to the vets . The vet could feel a lump in his tummy and wasn’t sure if it was a tumour or something lodged so they kept him in the xray.
    A few hours later we recieved the phone call we’d been dreading, it was indeed a tumour that was so deep in his tummy his intestines had wrapped themselves round it. The vet said surgery was an option but there was only 5% charge they could remove the tumour and even then he would probably only have another 6 months or so and would have to have treatment for cancer. We did not want to put him through all that ourely to keep him around for 6 months for us so made the hard decisition to go to vets and have him put to sleep.

    And so, everything happened so quickly. We knew something wasn’t right because of the weight loss but to have him playing one day and acting fine to suddently being so distressed and ill was quite a shock and our remaining cat is obviously missing him, my question is though how can we make it easier for him. Although he was a bit more dominant he would still follow the bengal round a lot and annoy him trying to bite his ankles and play with him and generally act very kitten like with him. So now he’s really missing him, he wonders around the house just meowing a lot and before he was practically a silent cat.
    He has always been very affectionate and likes to be picked up and cuddled and wants to be with you all the time but because i work from home he seems to need attention so much more, going from barely meowing to walking in and out of rooms meowing constantly untill you come and pick him up and just constantly wanting attention and to be picked up and walked around with. When he’s meowing and we cant figure out what he wants its because he seems to want you to just be in the same room as him. I do feel he really misses his older best buddy and does seem to wander around calling for him. He’s still eating and playing and he’s usual self just quite a bit more needy and baby like. Not sure what to do to make it easier, shall we just carry on treating him and cuddling and playing extra or would a new kitten be a good companion for him?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m very sorry for your loss. It is always heartbreaking to lose a much loved family member.

      Whilst all cats are different, some of them can become very distressed by the sudden absence of a close companion and will grieve for them. I think it would be wise to allow your cat some time to come to terms with his loss before you consider adopting a companion for him. Remember it is his friend he misses, and any new cat may simply be viewed as an unwelcome intruder trying to take advantage of his absence which will only add to his feelings of insecurity. At the moment the best thing to do is offer him lots of reassurance in simple ways, like offering food treats to tempt him to eat or offering extra affection. If he likes being groomed spend extra time doing that. Not only do cats find it therapeutic, but it also helps reinforce the bond between you which he will find comforting.

      The Messybeast web site has a really nice article “When Cats Grieve” which has lots of information and advice you may find helpful.

      http://www.messybeast.com/cat-grief.htm

  43. QUESTION:
    Can my cat be in good health eating only dry food…??
    I have 3 cats. 2 of my cats eat wet and dry. My other cat eats only dry food. I’ve tried all kinds of wet and as soon as she smells the food, she runs away from it. I’ve read alot of posts saying that if you feed only dry food, the cat can get diabetes or kidney function. Now, I worry every day for her. She is only 2 years old and weighs about 8 pounds. She is petite and slender. I wanted to know if it’s only low quality dry food that would cause this? I feed them California Natural Chicken and brown rice which is pretty much a quality dry food. Will she be okay eating only that and sometimes she eats a bit of cooked chicken?
    I would never give milk to my cats, they have fresh water all day long plus I don’t think I would bring my cat to the vet just because she doesn’t like wet food!

    • ANSWER:
      There are a handful of frequent “contributors” here who will tell you that their cats got diabetes from eating dry food. The next time that you see a comment from one those Chicken Littles, ask them to tell you the SPECIFIC FOOD that they were feeding to their cat(s). Also, ask them why they didn’t react while their cats were slowly gaining weight over the course of many years. Those people usually do nothing but copy & paste the same worthless, supercilious comments, and they won’t have good answers to those questions. They harmed their own cats by feeding them lousy food. Now they’re trying to absolve themselves of the guilt that they’re feeling by making sweeping, inaccurate statements about dry food. Anyway, you shouldn’t assume that your cat will develop diabetes from eating dry food. However, I do suggest that you switch to a grain-free food like Innova EVO. Foods like Cal Natural have unoffensive ingredients, but they are still quite high in carbohydrates. High carb foods are linked to weight gain and diabetes, and that is one of the major reasons why some people condemn dry foods. Luckily, it is NOT TRUE that all dry foods are high in carbs. Grain-free dry foods like EVO are actually very low in carbs.

  44. QUESTION:
    90 yr old aunt refuses medical treatments so what happens with kidney problems and return of breast cancer.?
    I have a 90 yr old aunt under our care in assisted living. She is doing well, but doctors tell her that she will eventually have an option to go on dialysis if needed as her kidney function is failing. Breast cancer of 10 yrs ago returned, and she took 3 hormone shots that are once a month. All of a sudden, she just wants to be on meds that she has been on for the last 15 years meaning the blood pressure med and diabetes meds. The new doctors are changing things and she claims she does not feel well and she knows her body. Her body is telling her to stop these new treatments. What will happen if she keeps refusing the new meds and how long does kidney failure take. She is on Phosbo to rid the kidneys of phospherous and is no longer taking the b p med and lasix. She only takes the phosbo and I believe the medication for blood sugar, which is a pill. She is not on insulin. She also does not put in the drops for glaucoma. She self medicates.What is her prognosis and time?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom was in her 70′s when she had kidney failure. She did dialysis for like 3 days. She decided she didn’t want to live like that and refused treatment. She was gone with in 3 days.
      My mom had been a fighter for many years, she was a lupus patient and slowly but surely it infected all her organs. She had heart problems had a 5 bi-pass surgery then 15 years later a stroke. Problems with her liver but the kidney failure is the actual cause of death.
      I am not a doctor and dint know your aunt but I do know once they call in Hospice you don’t have much longer. My sister had breast cancer and lived 1 year after Hospice was called. My mom 2 weeks after Hospice was called. and My dad just 3 days once they called in Hospice.
      Stand by your aunts bedside. Feed her ice chips when needed. Help flip her over when she wants to turn and give her permission to die. Tell her you will be ok. I will miss you but we will be ok.

  45. QUESTION:
    How long does my mother in law have before she passes away from kidney failure?
    My mother in law is 57 yrs of age. She suffers from type 2 diabetes and she recently learned that she is in complete heart failure. Maybe two weeks ago when she went to the doctor, it was told to us that her heart was weak. It was not pumping blood through her body the way that it should. In the weeks prior she had become swollen all over her body and the cause was unknown. She was admitted for that and then released with her being told to stay off of her feet as much as possible. She was even given a motorized wheel chair for her to continue to be mobile without putting pressure of her limbs to walk. On last Monday she went to the hospital for them to put a catheter in through her neck for something that had to do with her heart but upon arrival she had far too much fluid in her body and surrounding her heart to perform the surgery so they had to drain the fluid. She was admitted and the draining process began. By Tuesday she had filled 7 bags or so of fluid. When they connected another bag for drainage, the bag was filled with some black substance and blood. they had to immediately take her to surgery and she was taken to ICU after wards. In a day or so after the surgery we learned that her kidneys have completely shut down and she was in renal failure. Dialysis was not possible because her heart was far too weak. At first when she urinated she was putting out a small amount of black fluid like substance that was somewhat thick. Now she is urinating as normal but the doctors are still saying her kidneys are not filtering as they should. They would not recommend her as a candidate for dialysis and if she were to go into cardiac arrest they are pretty much asking us to recommend not resucitating her and to let her die. She is medicated all the time which is causing her to either hallucinate or she starts talking about things that happened years ago. She can’t filter the morphine they are giving her properly and they keep giving it to her. She still recognizes who we are individually but she is not altogether there. Sometimes she makes sense, sometimes she doesn’t. We do not want to just accept that there is nothing else that they can do. If she is still urinating, is it possible for dialysis to work for her to prolong her life or would it be in vain? and if dialysis was not an option then how long would she linger like this before she passes away? She still has some kidney function in the way of urinating, just not filtering. What other options do we have? It seems the doctors want to just write her off.

    • ANSWER:
      well, i think you should let her go, not for you or any one else, but for her.
      she lived her life, and im sure she’d rather be dead then to feel all the confusion and pain. i know it gotta be hard for everyone, but if it was you,would you want to live like that? even if she survives through this the looks of her being normal or even close to normal ever again is not that good at all, but im just saying, but you know her and you know better what she would want, so im sure what ever your choice is, its be right. well i wish you good luck!

  46. QUESTION:
    Is it harmful to take methotrexate for Rhematoid Arthritis?
    My dentist said that Methotrexate was very bad for me: that it “kills everything.” My recent blood test showed a decrease in kidney function. Is it due to the methotrexate. I am not sure if I even have RA because all of the tests for it have been inconclusive and I do not have many of the signs in that all of my symptoms seem to be only on my right side. I do have occasions when I am unable to make a fist. I should add that I have hypertension and diabetes. I take medication for both these conditions. Thank you for any help you can give me.

    • ANSWER:
      In a sense, your dentist is right. Methotrexate is a very powerful drug. A patient taking it should be under the care of a rheumatologist and have periodic lab work.

      Both hypertension & diabetes can cause decreased kidney function. Ask your rheumatologist about methotrexae & your kidneys.

      Having said this, it has helped a large number of arthritis (RA & other) patients.

  47. QUESTION:
    It has to deal with Diabetes mellitus?
    Some common symptoms of diabetes mellitus are increased urine output, excessive thirst, and elevated ketone levels (the byproducts of fat metabolism). Using your understanding of how the kidneys function and the body regulates blood sugar provide a physiological explanation for each.

    HELP PLEASE!! explain in full details

    • ANSWER:
      Insulin is the carrier that lets glucose into the cell. When there is insulin deficiency, glucose will be abundant in blood and deficient in the cells. So the cells will depend on fats for energy. Ketones will be produced as a byproduct. High glucose in blood will cause a state of hyperosmolarity so the person will be thirsty. When he drink more water he will urinate more.

      If you have more questions, u can post them in:

      http://med50.blogspot.com/2010/04/patient-education-program.html

  48. QUESTION:
    Is this a good sign that the kidneys will function normally again?
    Hi, so this is the situation, my mother went into a coma 2 weeks ago and thank God she is concious. She was found extremely anemic, very high glycemic index and we discovered through that she has type 2 diabetes! Her kidneys pretty much stopped doing their job and she has been on dialysis since then. They told us that the coma might have been as a result of hepatic encephalopathy which i did research on…anyway as of now she is still extremely weak, is able to walk for about 1min, she was able to sit up for 10 mins. Like i said she barely talks i am assuming because she is so weak but she is able to produce urine and fill out the pouches that are connected to her at a normal rate. My question here is that is this is a good sign that the kidneys might be able to regain full functionality again? what do you think are her chances for a full recovery. I am not asking for a diagnostic, she is in Africa and I am in the US so i only have the information that they give me and it isn’t much. The doctors there don’t talk either so it’s difficult. Please any information that can help me have a picture of what might to expect and rate of recovery (I know its different for everyone) but i am getting anxious that hers maybe too slow as its been 2 weeks since the coma. Thank you so much and only Doctors or anyone with knowledeg in this will be appreciated.
    I am not sure what her treatment is because my family isn’t giving much details i did ask them to fax me her lab work though so i can get some opinions her in the States. As of now i know she is constantly getting lab work i guess to check on the progress, she had dialysis today but my dad said they want to test and see if her kidneys were able to do their job by themselves. I know she is going to have to change her diet and take better care of herself, i just feel scared that her speech is really limited to a word or two and yes or no, she tires so easily i just want make sure this is all normal giving that she has been concious for almost 2 weeks now. thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Her outcome has so many variables to consider. The quality of care. What is the agreed treatment for her disease etc. It is possible that the kidneys can recover. It can take time, sometimes over a month or more. It is a good sign that she is producing urine. They will have to test her urine and blood frequently to make sure the kidneys can still filter out what they were designed to. I was in a coma due to renal failure last month. Mine was due to that e.coli bacteria that has been mentioned on the news so much lately. My kidneys began functioning again thank God. I pray hers will too.

      Your mother will HAVE to control her diet(not the amount she eats, but what she eats). She will need to have diabetic training classes so she can learn what she should be eating to keep her blood sugar where it should be. It is not easy, but it is necessary.

  49. QUESTION:
    Period for over 10 weeks?
    I am 20 years old and have always had problems with my periods, I only get my periods every 3 to 4 months but recently when my periods come they stay for about 5 weeks however this time I have had my period for 10 weeks an it shows no sign of stopping. I have had my thyroid, hormones, kidney function, liver function, diabetes tested and they all came back normal. I always have abdominal pains, back pains, headaches and problems losing the weight I have put on from my periods started. Does any one have any ideas as to what may be wrong with me?

    All help is appreciated

    I am consulting a doctor and have been for 3 weeks now but i don’t have an appointment again for another 2 weeks and so far she has not given me any answers as to whats wrong with me

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds as though you may have endomitriosis. Only the doctor can confirm that, so it’s good that you are getting yourself looked at. In the meantime, go to webmd.com and you can research endomitriosis and see how you compare to the listed symptoms.

  50. QUESTION:
    What happens when half of each of your kidneys functions?
    My grandma’s been sick for a while and we had no idea what was going on. We took her to the hospital and they find out that half of each of her kidneys is functioning properly. What happens when half of your kidneys is functioning? Will she live long? She also has diabetes.

    • ANSWER:
      Low protein diet and adequate hydration will help her.
      Half renal functions are enough to cope with mormal routine, it can’t bear the stress.
      Her diabetes must be well controlled.
      All the best for your grandma!


Loss Of Kidney Function

Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) Treatment
Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) is the progressive loss of kidney function. The kidneys attempt to compensate for renal damage by hyperfiltration (excessive straining of the blood). Over time, hyperfiltration causes further loss of function. Chronic loss of function causes generalized wasting (shrinking in size) and progressive scarring within all parts of the kidneys. In time, overall scarring obscures the site of the initial damage.

Yet, it is not until over 70% of the normal combined function of both kidneys is lost that most patients begin to experience symptoms of kidney failure. Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Renal Failure Chronic renal failure (CRF) usually produces symptoms when renal function which is measured as the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) falls below 30 milliliters per minute (< 30 ml/min). This is approximately 30% of the normal value. When the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) slows to below 30 ml/min, signs of uremia (high blood level of protein by-products, such as urea & creatinine) may become noticeable.

When the GFR falls below 15 ml/min most people become increasingly symptomatic. Uremic symptoms can affect every organ system in the body. Chronic renal failure nutrition should have a balance of fluids and electrolyte and adjusting the diet to prevent accumulation of toxic waste product to the minimum possible level. Chronic renal failure nutritional needs are as follows: The food should be high in calories and low in protein. Avoid canned, baked, processed and preserved foods.

Salted cheese, butter and nuts should be avoided To reduce potassium content, vegetables should be cooked with more water and excess should be drained off. Avoid fruits, fruit juices, and coconut water. If potassium is restricted avoid tea, coffee, bajra, maize, raji, wheat flour, pulses and legumes, chocolates, vegetables, fruits, sauces, jam, jellies. Treatment for renal failure Prevention is always the goal with kidney failure.

Chronic disease such as hypertension and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is important in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal limits. Specific treatments are dependent upon the underlying diseases. Once kidney failure is present, the goal is to prevent further deterioration of renal function. If ignored, the kidneys will progress to complete failure, but if underlying illnesses are addressed and treated aggressively, kidney function can be preserved, though not always improved.

Chronic Renal failure management in Vedanta A lot of herbal treatments are available for renal failure. The goals of treatment for renal failure are to: Correct or treat the cause of kidney failure. Support the kidneys until they have healed and can work properly. Prevent or treat any complications caused by acute renal failure To check any chronic renal failure, firstly we studying the ongoing disease process and identifying the state of disease and the nature of diseased .We provide personalized herbal formulations to check the further deterioration of renal functions. In lot of patients these herbal compounds reversed the disease process involved & improve the renal functions slowly & gradually; reduces the levels of S.creatinine & B. urea. These herbal products are in capsules forms & can be taken along with other types of medicines & treatments /procedures including dialysis.

Read here for more diabetes ayurvedic treatment, or Chronic Renal Failture or Ayurveda Training

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Question about loss of kidney function?
    last Feb. moms kidney funtion was 3.0 %. went to the er on sat. and kidney funtion is at 3.9%. how does the percentage scale work for kidney function? Please make sure to list sources. Thank you.
    The doctors wanted to put her on Dyalisis, but she has a DNR, and just wants to go. She had a massive stroke about 4 years ago, and she’s been deteriorating ever since. We know she’s going to die, we’ve called hospice, and she’s home now. I was just wondering a couple of different things. 1. If her kidneys are functioning at 3.9, how much worse can they get? Does it go up to 5? 10?
    and 2. The doctors at the ER told us that she has a month, maybe 2. Does this sound correct?

    Again, please list sources. Thanks so much.

    • ANSWER:
      My dad went in to kidney failure but he was 92 yrs old I am sorry to tell you it is very painful I took care of him myself with the help of Hospis but he started not drinking and final went into renal failure he didn’t last a month.He had of course at his age a DNR also .Spend the time you have left with your mom. Then I buired my mom 2 months later. My prayers are with you and your family Take care of yourself too.

  2. QUESTION:
    question about loss of kidney function?
    last Feb. moms kidney funtion was 3.0 %. went to the er on sat. and kidney funtion is at 3.9%. how does the percentage scale work for kidney function? Please make sure to list sources. Thank you.
    Thanks for the answers so far. The doctors wanted to put her on Dyalisis, but she has a DNR, and just wants to go. She had a massive stroke about 4 years ago, and she’s been deteriorating ever since. We know she’s going to die, we’ve called hospice, and she’s home now. I was just wondering a couple of different things. 1. If her kidneys are functioning at 3.9, how much worse can they get? Does it go up to 5? 10?
    and 2. The doctors at the ER told us that she has a month, maybe 2. Does this sound correct?

    Again, please list sources. Thanks so much.

    • ANSWER:
      My guess is that she had a blood test for creatine. Normal is 0.6-0.9, if her kidneys are only functioning at 3.9% she would already be on dialysis. If they are functioning at 10% you can be put on a waiting list for a transplant for a cadavear kidney and are usually on dialysis. Cr of 3.0 and 3.9 is signicantly higher than normal. She should make an appointment to see a nephrologist (a Dr. that specializes in kidney disorders) without delay. They can help her with medications and diet to prolong the need for dialysis. I am a kidney pt. and have had a transplant, been on dialysis. Good luck with everything.

      Added info. 1.Yes, it can go up to 5 and yes even 10, she will probably feel pretty sick at 10, without medications I’m just not sure. Fluid will accumulate in her lungs making breathing difficult and toxins will build up in her system. There is no magic number to predict this.

      2. I can’t tell you how long she will live, that would be difficult to predict as well, you said she had a stroke and has been deterioating every since so I’m guessing there are other issues to think about too. The fluid accumulation is going to be hard on her heart, without medication it could well be sooner. I’m sorry I can’t help you more. Good move getting hospice they deal with issues like this and may be able to give a more specific answer.

  3. QUESTION:
    Is dialysis for dogs available in Australia at all? Kidney failure/loss of function related?
    I just wanted to know whether dialysis for dogs was available in Australia at all. A friend has a dog who’s kidneys are failing and I found out about dialysis – but was unsure whether this was available in Australia at all? NSW in particular would be of most interest (we live in Newcastle NSW).

    ANY help would be much appreciated – the dog is like a family member and we want to do whatever we can to help. Thank you in advance for any help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      You got me curious. I didn’t know that dialysis could be done on dogs. I live in the U.S, nut I found a site
      that talks about dialysis for dogs. I think your best bet would be fine a veterinary school or college where you might friend might be able to have it done. It’s rare to be done in the U.S I believe.

      You are a good friend to try and find some help for your friend’s dog. I wish you all the best of luck. I’m sorry that I couldn’t be of more help.

      Kidney Dialysis: Is It For Your Pet?

      The kidney is normally a tremendous organizer of our small ions. It determines how much calcium to keep and how much to dump. It controls our blood’s pH by controlling which acids and bases to keep and which ones to lose. It controls sodium, potassium, calcium, carbon dioxide, water balance, and more. The kidney filters unwanted toxic biochemicals and gets rid of them in just the right amount of water necessary to maintain hydration. In failure, however, everything goes haywire. The wrong things are dumped, the wrong things are kept, toxins build up and the patient is sick. The state of toxicity that results is uremia or uremic poisoning.

      Most every animal hospital can provide diuresis: a therapy where extra fluid beyond what the patient can drink is provided, thus giving the kidney its excretion medium so that it can remove toxic waste. This works well in a large number of patients but there comes a time when even with plenty of fluids, the sick kidney simply cannot get the toxins out. For most patients this is the end of the line. In fact, dialysis may be another choice, though it is substantially more expensive than diuresis and centers that perform dialysis for pets are still few and far between

  4. QUESTION:
    loss of kidney function?
    no protein in urine
    declined function
    iron deficiency

    • ANSWER:
      No protein in urine simply means you DON’T have a bladder infection. (you don’t want protein in your urine!)
      Iron deficiency means you’re anemic – a common ailment.
      Declined function means you’re dehydrated – drink some water.

  5. QUESTION:
    kidney.function?
    dr never told me loss of my kidney function was serious. he said there is nothing he can do about it. he has me scared to death. i am 65 have had no problems all along he just did a blood test and found i am 40% of my kidney function never told me to do anything my self. boy so confused

    • ANSWER:
      You can live just fine on 20% of kidney function. But you should have it checked every so often from now on. If you’re diabetic, it could be that you have nephropathy and your kidneys function is slowly decreasing.

  6. QUESTION:
    What kind of doctor should I go to to be tested for PKD?
    my mom was recently diagnosed with PKD and 85% loss of kidney function. I would like to be tested first to know if I will be a possible candidate for donation and second to know if I have it and need to start monitoring my blood pressure and other things more closely. My insurance is a PPO, so I don’t think I need a referral to go to a nephrologist, but is this something my GP could test me for or will I need the specialist? When it comes time for my mom to have a transplant her insurance will cover all this, but it has been bothering me and I would just like to know one way or the other.

    • ANSWER:
      Your family physician can order the tests.

      If there any problems, he or she can then refer you to a nephrologist.

      If there aren’t any problems, then you can wait and connect with your mom’s transplant team.

  7. QUESTION:
    My parents cannot afford it, but it is really important to do?
    Heres my problem. I got nominated for National young leaders conference. That is a huge deal and an awesome honor. I also just got nominated for people to people. My parents have plenty of money but my 3 year old yorkie has Lyme disease and loss of kidney function. Her bills are extremely expensive. I don’t want to be a bother to my parents but i really wont to go on these trips. I think they will be very good for college. What should I do?????

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe you can ask other family members for donations or see if the school will help set up some fundraiser for yourself and future students who get the honor for these trips. You might also want to check with local businesses.

  8. QUESTION:
    Do you know anyone who ended up in hospital because lack of protein in their diet?
    High-protein diets are associated with reduced kidney function. Over time, individuals who consume very large amounts of protein, particularly animal protein, risk permanent loss of kidney function.

    The American Academy of Family Physicians notes that high animal protein intake is largely responsible for the high prevalence of kidney stones in the United States.

    • ANSWER:
      Nope, I don’t. But I know plenty who have high cholesterol from meat eating.

  9. QUESTION:
    Where is uncontrolled hypertension most likely to cause ischemia and loss of function?
    a. kidneys, brain, and retinas
    b. peripheral arteries in the legs
    c. aorta and coronary arteries
    d. liver, spleen, and stomach

    • ANSWER:
      a. kidneys, brain, and retinas

      Hypertensive encephalopathy (brain dysfunction) and retinopathy (retinal damage) are well known entities. Kidneys are important target organs for hypertensive damage.

  10. QUESTION:
    How long has a cat had declining kidney function say 50% or more before the vet detects 75% dysfunction?
    My cat was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism. I had to maek the decision to pill him with methimazole or go ahead with I131 radioactive Iodine which is a cure however there are risks with both procedures. The risk with the I131 is your cat could go into acute renal failure if it has preexisting renal failure prior to the I131 injection-AND SOEMTIMES AFTER TREATMENT OF I131 THE KIDNEY FAILURE IS FOUND THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY HIDDEN. DO YOU THINK MY CAT HAD KIDNEY FAILURE PRIOR TO BEING DIAGNOSED WITH HYPERTHYOIDISM AND IT WAS BEING MASKED OR HIDDEN?

    my cat was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism in Nov 06. My cat was diagnosed with kidney disease & 75% kidney loss in Nov 07. I decided to pill him with medication to control but not cure his hyperthyroidism out of fear that if I had the I131 he would go into acute renal failure. There was no evidence suggesting that but I wanted to play it safe but having not gotten the cure may have caused him to die 2 years later instead of a cure of his hyperthroidism. Should i have gotten the I131 when he was first diagnosed with hyperthyroidism or do you think i made the right decision to pill him by allowing extra bllod flow to the kidneys which helps kidney function. But i feel really really guilty like i didnt make the right decison and have been cryign for 1 month straight. My cat dies 2 years later after being diagnosed with Hyperthyroidism on 12/29/08, and I balme myself becuse I think if i had gone ahead with the I131 he would still be here. The doctors dont know why he died. they just say he was severly dehyrdated, lethragic, anemic. I dont know if the hyperhtroidim killed him or kidney failure. I Ijust blame myself either way and will never forgive myself. I will never own another cat becuse I am not worthy or deserving of a cat. My cat was 16 1/2 when he died. I was giving him subq fluids under the skin for his dehydration and wellness can food 2 cans daily with hyperthyroid medicine. I hate myself!
    I am an awful awful person. if my cat had another mom instead of me he probabaly would have lived longer. Im th eone who should be dead nt him. if i could die 4 him and he live I would do it becuse my life is meaningless & empty without him.

    • ANSWER:
      Don’t hate yourself, you did the best job that you could at making sure that he was able to keep alive for as long as he did. 16 1/2 years for a cat is pretty good, the average of cats are usually about 12-13 years old, so this is pretty good for the age. It could have been the complications of the thyroid problem, or it could have been the issue with the kidneys, or it could have been a little bit of both problems which are highly possible too. I know that it is sad, but you did the best thing that you could for your cat, and again as I mentioned, you were able to keep the cat a live for sometime.

  11. QUESTION:
    severe loss of kidney funtion?
    my 7 y/o dog (chow/lab)has 10-15% kidney function possibly do to lime disease. i have him on a low protein diet. any ideas on how to keep him comfortable till the end?

    • ANSWER:
      Dogs love there owners so just stay with him and reassure him that every thing is going to be ok…Im sorry about your dog, it must be hard

  12. QUESTION:
    Why do people often collapse and faint when a kidney stone passes into the ureters?
    This is a multiple choice question. . . .
    A. sudden loss of reflex homeostasis of kidney function
    B. blocked urine outflow causes sudden charge in blood pressure
    C. intensity of colic pain from stretched ureters
    D. extreme sensitivity of kidney to fluid pressure

    Does anyone know???

    • ANSWER:
      C. Intensity of colic pain from stretched ureters
      (and the scratching on the ureters as the ragged stone moves down the ureter)

  13. QUESTION:
    What are the alternatives for the heart failure drug, Coreg?
    My mother has had some issues arise with her health, since beginning the use of Coreg. Her white bone marrow cells are dropping and she is showing a loss in her kidney functions. Also she is showing in her blood work that anemia is creeping up on her. She is acting as if she may be allergic to this medication. Mom has reacted to Lumigan(which is also a beta blocker). Within six months of using lumigan, she was nearly blind in her. Her eye Dr. Put her on a different medication and the sight came back. She is allergic to the beta blocker(lumigan). after reasearching the beta blocker, coreg, I now see the possibility of her being allergic to the heart failure drug,Coreg.
    We will be seeing her Dr. in a couple of days and would like a suggestion as to what might replace the Coreg should the Dr. agree that this is possible.

    • ANSWER:
      There are more people dying from prescription drugs than you are allowed to read about.

      Had you mentioned why your mother was using Coreg, I could point you in the direction of Natural Physicians Healing Therapies which are proven remedies that Medical Doctors don’t know about or don’t use.

      There are pressure points all over the body that can clear up blocked points that control the well being of the heart and other bodily organs.

      There are countless vitamins and home remedies that work but the Major Drug Company talking points put all that down as hog wash.

      Try reading:
      Natural Cures “They” Don’t Want You To Know About by Kevin Trudeau … this book tells you about those “natural cures” that are already common knowledge.

      By the way, I am not a radical, I am a realist, and in case you haven’t figured it out yet, . . . . . . .It’s all about the money.

      Darryl S.

  14. QUESTION:
    salt in a diabetic diet, how much per day? any substitutes?
    iam reliably informed that salt damages the kidneys or accelerates loss of kidney function.

    • ANSWER:
      Persons with diabetes should get no more than 1,500 mg of sodium per day. Considering that a single teaspoon of salt contains about 2,300 mg of sodium, following this guideline may seem harder but its good for a diabetic’s health in the long term. Salt substitute is another alternative as it contains potassium but must be checked with your doctor if a person has kidney disease.

      With diabetes, the small blood vessels in the body are injured. When the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, your kidneys cannot clean your blood properly. Your body will retain more water and salt than it should, which can result in weight gain and ankle swelling. Thus the reason for a need for low sodium. You may have protein in your urine. Also, waste materials will build up in your blood.

      When kidney disease or high blood pressure is suspected, the first dietary change is often to reduce sodium in the diet. Fresh foods over packaged, convenience foods are recommended. Canned foods are particularly high sources of sodium in the American diet. When eating out, those trying to lower their sodium intake should avoid fast food restaurants and ask that foods be prepared without salt.

      Hope this helps.

  15. QUESTION:
    Can a deficit of C02 lead to excessive H2O loss in urine?
    Chinese medicine suggests that there are conditions where the cells cannot hold on to water. I am trying to understand this from a western point of view and have read that a decficit of CO2 can adversely affect kidney function/metabolism. I drink a lot of water, but still feel dehydrated. No diabetes or anything like that.

    • ANSWER:
      CO2 is a natural by product of your body – it isn’t something that you would ever have a “deficit” of.

      The general recommendation for water intake is to multiply your body weight in pounds by .55 to get the number of ounces. So if you weight 100 lbs then you should drink 55 ounces of water a day.

      You might moderate your sodium and other electrolites to see if that effects your feelings of dehydration.

  16. QUESTION:
    5 POINTS FOR ANYONE WHO CAN HELP ME GET IT RIGHT(HOMEWORK)?
    1.An amniocentesis is a puncture with an instrument into the abdominal cavity to remove fluid or relieve pressure
    True or False

    2.A pathogen is a disease-causing agent.
    True or False

    3.Astigmatism is a frequent vision problem caused by the focusing of light rays at different points on a defective or uneven retina.
    True or False

    4.Kidney failure is means loss of kidney function.
    True or False

    5.The conversion of food into nutrients for the body and into waste products for release from the body is called digestion.
    True or False

    Thank you for your help

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    Reduction of Kidney Function in 10yr female feline – how much food/day?
    Just diagnosed a week ago; this on the heels of putting down the 13yr old Nov 3rd :-(
    We got a sample kit of special food, but how much is normal? Going all-can is tough (not to mention expensive on top of K+ over the last 60 days in vet bills). It would be cheaper to feed her solid white albacore every day than .75 for one 6oz can of Iams Renal.
    We had elimination issues recently – 1st we thought grief over the loss of her friend; then we though she was being territorial. It has improved, but now it’s almost defiance. She is always underfoot & begging, & if she doesn’t get fed promptly, we find a ‘gift’ on the carpet (Mon hubby ignored her & she pooped on the floor plus my bed).
    Do I just feed her on demand? HELP!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like, by what you wrote, that your cat has kidney disease and not kidney failure yet. Because with kidney disease and failure they tend to start losing weight quickly, I would let her eat as much as she likes. I would also mix it with warm water to make it easier for her to eat and keep the fluids going in her. If she has kidney disease, she’s drinking a lot of water anyway.

      She may also be hypercalcemic (which causes kidney disease and vice-versa). If this is the case (per the tests your Vet has done), then she will need Sub-Q (Subcutaneous/under-the-skin) fluids on a regular basis to get rid of the hypercalcemia. I have a kidney disease cat and give her fluids every day and her hypercalcemia is gone.

      I was feeding her only the Hill’s Prescription k/d, but she kept losing weight and was depressed, so I started mixing it with Innova. I prefer she have a quality of the remainder of her life and this has made a huge difference. The fluids are still every day.

      You can get your Vet to authorize buying them from the Fosters & Smith website. I buy 5 1000 mL bags for just .00 and they give free shipping, as opposed to paying anywhere between – PER 1000 mL bag! Highly recommend this if fluids are in order.

      If you have any questions, please feel free to e-mail me.

      I’m so sorry about the loss of your other cat, too. That is tough and I’m sure had an impact on your cat with kidney problems – they absolutely do become depressed at the loss of their friends!

      Feel free to write if you need to. I have a few sites I go to specifically for feline kidney problems I can give you if you’re interested.

  18. QUESTION:
    Is memory loss related to kidney failure or is it more related to alzheimer’s and dementia?
    Before my mother-in-law was diagnosed with kidney failure, her memory seemed to be getting pretty bad. I was always told it was because she had kidney problems that ran in her family. She was then diagnosed, put on the transplant list, and received her new kidney. Everyone assumed her memory would get better, but it seems to me that it is getting even worse. In fact it reminds me a lot of my grandfather before he passed away of alzheimer’s. She can remember most things from the past, but next to nothing from the past four years to the present. She will ask the same thing over and over again, call multiple times because she was concerned about something she was already told about, she will say my husband and I never told her something or that her husband or daughter never told her. Should this be a concern of early onset dementia or possible signs of Alzheimer’s? Or is it truly related to a still poorly functioning kidney? I have never mentioned either, but have voiced my concerns about how bad her memory still is and it is always brushed off.

    • ANSWER:

  19. QUESTION:
    My cat died more than a year ago from Acute Kidney failure. Can her ashes be tested for food contaminants?
    I have multiple cats in my household and have been feeding them Nutro Max dry cat food for a long time. This particular cat and one other were the only ones who liked wet cat food and I had been given samples of the wet Nutro Max adult cat food packets about two weeks before they became sick. The vet was at a loss for the reason why these two cats both became sick at the same time with acute kidney failure as all my cats are indoor cats and are not exposed to any chemicals or toxic plants. One cat survived with reduced kidney function for another year – I had to put the other one to sleep which was heart breaking. In my heart I always suspected that the food was the cause of all of this. I have her ashes and wanted to know if there was some group, company or organization that could test her ashes for the pet food contaminates.

    • ANSWER:
      I doubt it.
      I don’t know if you’re aware of this or not, but when you have a pet cremated they don’t do each dog or cat separately they do them all together so as disturbing as this is chances are you may have a little ash from another animal.

      With that said, you may have only your pets ashes IF you requested that they use partitions during the cremation to keep each pets ashes separate or if you requested to have your pet cremated alone.

  20. QUESTION:
    Loss of motor function and pins-and-needles at the three fingers of the left hand?
    My father, for the last one and a half weeks, is experiencing a tingling in his left hand fingers, decresing in intensity from pinky to ring finger, sometimes including the middle finger. He was unable to use the nailclipper for his fingernails of the right hand today. And he feels an uneasiness, stubbiness and tension in his skin while he bends his fingers, as if his fingers are swollen.
    Although i recognize that it is a minor thing, since it persisted for so long, we may want to have it checked. Yet, I am not sure which specialist should we consult first.
    My father is 53, he was a smoker for 25 years but he is not smoking for 7+ years, he drinks bi-daily. He does not use any medication and he is usually healthy for his age, save for kidney stones.
    Thank you all.
    Issue is not money or free health-care, which we also have here. Whatever the reason, whether it is not obvious or if the first person to answer was just lacking in manners, i’m rephrasing the question.
    Is a peripheral neurological system or circulatory system problem more likely? He recently had a check-up just before New Year and there was nothing off. So i’d like to save him pointless tests.

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    Signs of thyroid disease? I have weight gain, fatigue, confusion, memory loss. What all could this be?
    My doctor is checking my thyroid levels, my white blood cell count, liver and kidney functions and B12. Have about a 3 weeks to wait to find out the results. What all could this be?

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    when should you begin dialysis?
    Ive been feeling terrible lately,my 1 kidney i have left is only working at 40% what can i do to stop the rapid loss of my functioning kidney

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    Mitochondrial damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys and liver?
    I am working on a case study for a Microbiology class, and it is gives an autopsy report for the 7 “victims.” (According to the teacher, we are to assume it is a hypothetical situation.) All 7 victims show massive cell death to the heart, lungs, kidneys and liver. Each of those organs also show mitochondrial damage. Immediate cause of death was hypoxia (lack of oxygen or suffocation), but the oxygen levels in patients’ blood was 110 mm Hg (normal is 75-100 mm Hg).

    She wants to know what function of the cells was interrupted and if the loss of function could prove to be fatal.

    • ANSWER:

  24. QUESTION:
    Would anyone like to read these paragraphs on the kidney and then answer 4 questions about it?
    It is the job of the kidney to regulate the volume and composition of body fluids. Body fluids include the extracellular fluid (ECF, the blood plasma) and the intracellular fluid (ICF, inside body cells). Regulating these fluids requires that the kidney conserves (keeps) or eliminates (discards) materials in just the right amounts to balance intakes and non-renal losses to maintain body fluid homeostasis. The mechanism of kidney function is a 2-step process. First, the blood is filtered through the glomerulus, forming glomerular filtrate. Second, the filtered fluid is conditioned in the tubule through reabsorption of some chemicals and secretion of others. The final product is urine, a solution that normally contains water, salt, urea and other substances the body needs to eliminate. The kidney responds to body demands and conditions by changing how much of each material is conserved and how much eliminated, so the volume and composition of urine are quite variable, while the volume and composition of the ECF remains constant. The problem in maintaining constancy in body fluids is that changes caused by eating, drinking, body demands, and activity are very irregular and unpredictable. Even so, the chemical composition of the blood and other body fluids must remain very constant for the body to function normally. The kidneys have the major responsibility for maintaining body fluid homeostasis no matter what the individual eats,drinks, or does. The solution to the problem is to rapidly turn over the body fluids by glomerular filtration and tubular reabsorption, continually filtering and monitoring the plasma for changes that require correction. The adult kidney filters 170 liters of blood plasma per day. An average adult has a plasma volume of about 3.5 liters, meaning that the kidney completely filters the plasma about 48 times per day, or twice per hour! Obviously, all of the material filtered by the kidney cannot be excreted, so the second step in
    normal kidney function is to selectively recover the parts of the filtrate that are necessary and useful to the body. During the process of selective reabsorption, some substances (like glucose) are completely recovered from the urine and other substances (like urea) remain to be eliminated.

    The composition of normal urine is highly variable because our diet and level of activity are highly variable. However, abnormal urine may contain substances that are never present in normal urine. Sometimes the presence of a substance may indicate a great excess in the body, so that the kidney can’t reabsorb it all. If the kidney is diseased, substances that should not be the urine may be present. Depending on what and how much of various substances are present, a physician may be able to determine what’s wrong with a patient. Urinalysis tests for the presence or absence of different substances, so that a physician can analyze the results to find out what’s wrong with the patient.

    1. Why does the volume and color of urine produced by the kidneys vary so much?
    2. Why does urine always contain urea?
    3. Why are glucose and amino acids reabsorbed in the nephron?
    4. Why can’t the kidney just excrete the filtered plasma without adjusting its content?

    • ANSWER:
      1. Volume and color of urine vary because the body needs to stay in homeostasis. If there is an abundance of fluids, the body will filter out what it doesn’t need, and the urine is more diluted. If there are not enough fluids, the body will conserve water (pump out ADH hormone) and keep recycling it through the blood, and therefore the urine is darker in color and lower in volume.

      2. Urea is produced when the liver breaks down amino acids or ammonia. Urea has a lot of nitrogen, which must be expelled from the body by the kidneys in order to maintain homeostasis.

      3. Although small amounts of glucose leave the body through urine, glucose and amino acids are usually put back into the blood so they can be permeated by body cells. If glucose is present in urine in large amounts, the individual probably has diabetes mellitus. Too little glucose in blood can lead to hypoglycemia. Glucose is released into the blood by a sodium transporter.

      4. Once again, the kidneys need to keep homeostasis in the body. Blood pH needs to be between 7.35 and 7.45 so any variations could cause major problems. “Filtering and monitoring plasma for changes that require correction.”

  25. QUESTION:
    10 points !! summarize this 4 me plz?
    ScienceDaily (Aug. 10, 2008) — Cone-rod dystrophies (CRDs) are a group of eye diseases caused by progressive loss of the photoreceptor cells in the retina. Researchers have identified a novel mutation in a gene associated with CRD in dogs, raising hopes that potential therapies can be developed for people suffering from these eye disorders.

    CRD represents a heterogeneous set of disorders characterized by progressive loss of retinal cone function. As these photoreceptor cells allow us to see in bright light, loss of cones results in what is commonly known as dayblindness, and can advance to blindness altogether. Thus far, investigations into the genetic basis for autosomal recessively inherited cases of human CRD have turned up only a few genes associated with the disorder, therefore it is likely there are other genes associated with CRD not yet identified.

    Eye disorders are one of the most frequently inherited disorders in dogs, however canine CRD is limited to only a few breeds. A gene mutation had previously been associated with CRD in the miniature long-haired dachshund, while a genetic basis for CRD in the standard wire-haired dachshund and the pit bull terrier remained unknown.

    In this study, scientists led by Dr. Frode Lingaas of the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science and Dr. Kerstin Lindblad-Toh of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have identified a mutation in a novel gene for early-onset CRD in standard wire-haired dachshund by genome-wide association mapping of a dachshund family.

    The genome-wide strategy utilized by Lingaas’ group isolated a region on chromosome 5 associated with CRD in dachshund. A search for mutations of this area revealed that a portion of the nephronophthisis 4 (NPHP4) gene has been deleted and is likely responsible for recessively inherited CRD in the standard wire-haired dachshund. The finding is particularly interesting, as the human form of NPHP4 has been previously implicated in disease. “This gene has been associated with a combination of kidney and eye disease in human patients,” explained Lingaas. “Here, we found a mutation that affects only the eyes, suggesting that this gene might be a candidate for human patients with eye disease only.”

    The researchers suggest that the protein coded for by the mutant form of NPHP4 may lack a domain that would normally interact with other proteins involved in eye function, yet still retain the region involved in kidney function. “The new information that the NPHP4 gene can be involved in eye diseases only can shed light on the etiology of some low-frequency eye diseases in people where similar mutations may be involved,” Lindblad-Toh said.

    Lingaas noted that identification of causal mutations for diseases has practical implications for dogs, as genetic tests could be implemented to avoid new cases of the disorder and reduce the frequency of the mutation in the population. Furthermore, this investigation of the genetic basis for CRD in dogs could facilitate the development of treatments for humans.

    Scientists from the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (Oslo, Norway), the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard (Cambridge, MA), Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, MA), and Uppsala University (Uppsala, Sweden) contributed to this study.

    This work was supported by the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science.

    • ANSWER:
      … Seriously, I’m tired of people posting questions that ask people to do their homework for them.

      This doesn’t appear to be homework “help”.

      Read the article, highlight the main parts, and paraphrase those main points. There’s your summary. I’m not going to do it for you, though, and nor should anyone else.

  26. QUESTION:
    Vet just told us our cat is in kidney failure. What do we do now?
    First of all I need to understand this a little better. Our cat, Thumper, has lost about 30% of her body weight in the past few months. That’s what made me take her to the vet in the first place. She doesn’t act sick or anything though. She’s pretty active and we thought maybe it was just hyperthyroidism. I’m totally at a loss now. They said her BUN level was 73 and creatinin was 4.9. Is this very high for a cat? Is it going to kill her? The vet put her on the science diet to help her kidneys function better. Will she gain some weight back now or will this just help her to stop losing weight? Is there anything we should look out for, for a possible worsening in her condition?

    Sorry for some many questions. Thumper is 11 years old. We got her when I was in jr high so I’ve had her almost half of my life. It’s devastating :(
    The vet called us on the phone. If the F-in VET had told me this why the F do you think I would be asking?? Is this not fucking Yahoo ANSWERS???

    • ANSWER:
      There are extremely good CRF sites (Chronic renal failure) online, go to google.com and type in CRF feline. They’re up to date on information.

      There is also a CRF and renal cat list on Yahoogroups where you can talk to owners who have cats with this condition.

      It’s NOT fatal immediately if the cat is not in the end stages. Your vet missed his duty by not updating you on what this means in your cat.

      Mine is in ‘renal failure’ for the last 4 years and is stable and doing fine. He’s 19. What’s important is to keep the cat eating, and keeping them hydrated. They should be peeing 2 to 4 times a day, you need the extra fluids in them to help the kidneys function. This means getting the cat OFF dry food and onto canned, and adding a bit of water to it, plus encouraging them to drink more by adding more water bowls around the place. If you can tent up the back of the shoulder are and the skin doesn’t snap down into place fast, your cat needs more water.

      There are ways to give fluids–Youtube has ‘how to’ videos on it. Just search on ‘giving cats fluids’ and you’ll find them over there.

      The prescription foods are no good if the cat won’t eat them. Technically they say the lower protein levels help cats in renal failure, but they do no good if they’re not eaten, so you have to feed the cat what they can eat.

      It’s not an immediate death sentence. I had a siamese who was down to 1/4 kidney function and he lived for 9 more years that way.

      You can also phone any other vet clinic and ask a vet there about the numbers you got on the cat’s test results. A second opinion won’t hurt, and it’s free.

  27. QUESTION:
    Would a grain – free diet help with weight loss in a chubby dog?
    My Maggie is a chub! She went to the vet today,as she was urinating more than usual.She had a slight fever and the vet diagnosed a UTI.She also did bloodwork ( Maggie is almost 12) to check kidney function,liver function,glucose,etc.Everything was perfect. Anyway,as I said Mag is fat,but not obese.She weighs 76 lbs,up from 74 just a month ago,and I have not increased her food. I have started mixing some grain free food in with the dogs’ regular food. They are eating a mixture of Wellness Super5Mix,Eagle Pack Holistic Senior, Chicken Soup Senior,Canidae All Life Stages and Taste of the Wild High Prairie. My question is,since Maggie’s kidneys are OK do you think that if I put her on just the Taste of the Wild,would it help her drop a few pounds? She needs to be about 65 lbs – even 70 would be much better.Would it work? Here is Mag,she looks fatter than she is because of her extremely dense coat.

    Miscellaneous 3339

    Lexi- I have no idea! She is a mystery mutt!! I have heard everything from Corgi to Husky to St. Bernard! One things for sure,she has a VERY thick coat! And thank you for your comment – I think she’s good looking,too!!
    Golden Gal – See,I’m confused.I’ve heard other people say that it’s the carbs that make them fat! Also,sonce her kidney function is fine,my vet says that high protein won’t hurt her. My other dogs are normal weight,and I have alwast mixed their food.I have always mixed foods for my dogs. I do try to exercise her,but I have to do it at night,as she cannot stand the heat with her coat and fat layers!! She does run around the yard quite a bit.
    Hmm.. I think I will try her on just the Canidae Platinum and see if it will help. She does not have thyroid problems,so that’s not the reason she’s fat! She’s fat because she’s a chow hound! Also,I leave dry food down at all times,which I guess I should stop doing,but my dogs are all nibblers. I’ll try her on the Platinum and two feedings a day and let you all know what happens!! Thanks for the advice!

    • ANSWER:
      from a dietitians daughter with many hours of animal nutrition classes herself…
      Carbohydrates …. 4 calories
      Protein …………. 4 calories
      Fat …………….. 9 calories
      fiber in a dog essentially 0 calories

      and guess what? those high protein, low grain foods tend to be high fat and virtually ZERO fiber meaning they are “energy dense” kinda like lasagna with meat & extra cheese. I have grain free kibble in my house as a weight ADDING food ….
      those “fillers” everyone hates serve a function in providing “belly fill” to satisfy the dog while keeping her weight down… if you wish to stay with high quality low filler food substitute some green beans (canned) or canned pumpkin for a portion of the food (high fiber) they’ll keep her with a happily full belly & still dieting

      the very low carbohydrate diets (like Scarsdale & Adkins) work because the body need some carbohydrate to properly metabolize fat and without it the system short circuits & has to discard much of the half metabolized fats – but taken too far this can become dangerous due to the buildup of those half metabolized fats (recall some people DIED on Scarsdale diet)

  28. QUESTION:
    Older cat weight loss problem?
    I have an older cat, soon to turn 14, who started losing weight earlier this year. She has always been small, but has lost around 1 ½ pounds and has gotten noticeably thin (you can feels bones when you run your hand down her back or along her side). Her fur has also started to thin.

    I have taken her to the vet. Her blood sugar, thyroid levels and kidney function were all in the normal range. Per the vet’s instructions, I added chicken baby food to her diet twice a day and kept her isolated for a couple of weeks. During that time, she did put some weight back on, but lost it again as soon as she was allowed free roam again. (She’s always had digestive problems and cannot tolerate fish, which is why we use baby food instead of wet cat food.)

    Since she has shown no improvement, it’s time to take her back to the vet, but I was hoping to have some new ideas before we go. Does anyone have any ideas what could be the cause? I am concerned that stress could be the underlying cause. We do have one other cat and the two of them have not gotten along since the spring, when our neighbor let her intact male cat stay in the hallway, usually in front of our apartment. That cat was removed from the building months ago. Any ideas would be greatly appreciated. Please don’t just say, ‘Oh, she’s old’, I already know that, but other than her weight issues, she seems happy and healthy.

    I do not know her history before age 2, as I adopted her as an adult.
    1 – I am not certain which thyroid test was done. I will certainly ask about that when we go back though, thanks!

    2 – Her teeth are the teeth of an old kitty. She’s lost a good number but her gums are fine. I do soften her dry food with water just to make it easier on her. She does eat and drink just as much as always.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry that your fur kid is not feeling well. I agree with other poster regarding T4 testing. Even free T4 is not always accurate and they dont always have a positive reading initially. Hyperthyroid and renal failure are not the only reasons a cat will lose weight.

      IBD ( inflammatory bowel disease), diabetes, cancers, liver disease, and gastrointestinal bacterias can all cause sudden weight loss and vets can sometimes over look these. Your vet may want to do fasting bloodwork, and then repeat panels later in the day after she has eaten.

  29. QUESTION:
    Chronic Kidney Disease?
    Hi I just need a clarification, I have Mild Chronic Kidney Disease; I read it is a progressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years. There are 5 stages and I am in stage 2. What does progressive actually mean? Will it never stop even with treatments?
    Thank you very much
    Claudia

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    How do I tackle loose skin after weight loss?
    I am in kidney failure so I do not have the strength to do much vigorous exercises. But here is my dilemma.

    Over the past 13 years I have been battling kidney disease and my weight has fluctuated all over the place. Using super high doses of steroids to try to generate kidney functioning I went from 130 to 200 pounds in 6 months. I had a transplant in 2002, but it is now rejecting.

    Being in kidney failure again, I have had significant weight loss and very fast. I had been exercising up until a few months ago and although still overweight at 154 I was firmed up quite a bit and had good abs because of my bender ball. However I am only 5 feet tall.

    So I have lost 27 pounds in about 60 days and have not been where I could exercise. I am not strong enough. I try to use some hand weights to work on my arms; but not much. I also try to do squats while in the kitchen and hold onto the counter. But I have loose skin on my stomach, thighs and I have those turkey flappy things under my arms!! You know….the ones your mom’s aunt had!!

    I realize my health is first and I will have another transplant soon. Somehow there is this little vain of vanity that thinks I still have to try to look good. I am 47 and this is just about my last hoorah! I really want to look and feel better for me and my man. He deserves to have his woman look good for sticking by me through everything. But does anyone have any suggestions for me or know of skin tightening food or creams that really work?
    Thanks in advance for any thoughtful answers.

    • ANSWER:
      WOW! With your current state of health, I admire your concern for wanting
      to continue to look your best. Ther are no creams, exercises or magic potions
      that will take care of the loose skin. I suggest you dress to cover those areas
      that are a problem to you…. knee length shorts, capris, elbow length tops, etc.
      Good luck with your up coming transplant, and best wishes for improved health.

  31. QUESTION:
    Kidney Failure & Heart Disease?
    My grandfather is 82 and weighs 280 pounds, He suffers from Diabetes and Kidney Failure, and Heart Problems.

    He was admitted to the hospital last Wed with Anemia, loss of blood from retum, do to bleeding of the intestine, he also has an enlarged heart and kidney functions are not good.

    His uraine is redish, brown and smelly. He has always been one to talk, now he is in and out of sleep some confussion, pain.

    My question is this, he does not want dialysis, his heart is inlarged and he’s ready to die, how long does he have left approx, I mean no one knows but the good Lord, but really.

    • ANSWER:
      He could linger for weeks , or months, even. but only Our Lord knows.

      Please respect his wishes. don’t let them force dialysis, to force him to prolong his diseased state beyond what he wants. Our Lord is merciful to the sick who suffer.

      I have severe heart failure since a car struck me 1 yr ago. I’m middle-aged guy with no diabetes or other problems. the crash sent my heart into massive cardiac arrest, with bad damage in all portions of my heart muscle. I now am swollen and BURSTING with water in my legs. I gasp & wheeze upon any exertion.. doctors have NO REMEDY for the damaged heart muscle. this means I cannot come and go freely, travel and do things like before which may push me heart to over-exertion and another heart attack.

      God is being merciful to him by allowing him to gradually succumb to multiple illnesses, naturally – without them forcing him to live on dialysis and machinery and drugs daily. that is not life!!!!

      Let God’s will be done . Please pray for me also.

  32. QUESTION:
    hai everybody.. i need ur suggestion.. in india which is best hospital for treatment of kidney…?
    kidney is functioning well but albumin (type of drug binding protein is important for drug interaction) is eliminated by kidney.. so loss of protein leads many health problem.. so suggest me which hospital is best to treat.. is yoga therapy will help in cure..

    • ANSWER:
      Jaslok Hospital , Mumbai is one of tye best hopital for renal/kidney diseases.
      Kapal Bhanti daily for 30 minutes twice in a day on regural basis can cure all kidney related problems.

      Watch Astha Channel daily at 5.00AM to 7.30AM

      Best of luck

  33. QUESTION:
    Kidney Pain?
    I have a history of renal problems, after I suffered severe allergic to antibiotics that sent me into renal failure: resulting in 35 – 40% loss of renal function

    I’ve noticed sometimes that I now get kidney pain on one left side; this usually happens if I am not hydrated. However, the pain has occurred several times this week, I’ve properly kept up my fluids.

    I practically don’t like to worry my family members. I don’t wish to tell them, incase it’s nothing.

    I have been somewhat sleeper than usual and suffered a few patches of feeling “hot” though do not have a temperature.

    I’m wandering if I could have signs of perhaps a kidney infection?

    • ANSWER:
      Renal dysfunction should be left to the professionals. The kidneys are very complex and are so sensitive to hormonal changes that if you’re having problems you should probably contact your doctor if the symptoms don’t dissipate in a day or two. If you’re having band pain on one side that radiates from your back around to your stomach it’s usually your kidneys and it’s a pretty significant sign you should see an MD.

      Depending on your age it the feelings of heat sensation could be associated with thyroid problem that is affecting your kidneys as well. Let a licensed MD look at it.

  34. QUESTION:
    Kidney stone related to Bell’s Palsy?
    Hi I was diagnosed with a 4mm kidney stone in Nov. once it became Jan. and it had not passed I was a bit concerned that I may have kidney disfunction. (I do have some symptoms, anemia, loss of appetite, fatigue). Then over this most recent weekend I have suffered Bell’s Palsy symptoms, ear pain, loss of muscle function on the R side, odd taste on the R side. Could the two be related? I have also with these symptoms been having frequent and sometimes painful urniation, with what seems to be blood, which I thought was because of the kidney stone. Any advice would be appreciated. I go to see my MD tomorrow. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    Did my inactions and wrong decisions cause my 16 1/2 year old cat to die? Please Please help me!?
    How long has a cat had declining kidney function say 50% or more before the vet detects 75% dysfunction?
    My cat was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism. I had to maek the decision to pill him with methimazole or go ahead with I131 radioactive Iodine which is a cure however there are risks with both procedures. The risk with the I131 is your cat could go into acute renal failure if it has preexisting renal failure prior to the I131 injection-AND SOEMTIMES AFTER TREATMENT OF I131 THE KIDNEY FAILURE IS FOUND THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY HIDDEN. DO YOU THINK MY CAT HAD KIDNEY FAILURE PRIOR TO BEING DIAGNOSED WITH HYPERTHYOIDISM AND IT WAS BEING MASKED OR HIDDEN?

    my cat was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism in Nov 06. My cat was diagnosed with kidney disease & 75% kidney loss in Nov 07. I decided to pill him with medication to control but not cure his hyperthyroidism out of fear that if I had the I131 he would go into acute renal failure. There was no evidence suggesting that but I wanted to play it safe but having not gotten the cure may have caused him to die 2 years later instead of a cure of his hyperthroidism. Should i have gotten the I131 when he was first diagnosed with hyperthyroidism or do you think i made the right decision to pill him by allowing extra bllod flow to the kidneys which helps kidney function. But i feel really really guilty like i didnt make the right decison and have been cryign for 1 month straight. My cat dies 2 years later after being diagnosed with Hyperthyroidism on 12/29/08, and I balme myself becuse I think if i had gone ahead with the I131 he would still be here. The doctors dont know why he died. they just say he was severly dehyrdated, lethragic, anemic. I dont know if the hyperhtroidim killed him or kidney failure. I Ijust blame myself either way and will never forgive myself. I will never own another cat becuse I am not worthy or deserving of a cat. My cat was 16 1/2 when he died. I was giving him subq fluids under the skin for his dehydration and wellness can food 2 cans daily with hyperthyroid medicine. I hate myself!

    I am an awful awful person. if my cat had another mom instead of me he probabaly would have lived longer. Im th eone who should be dead nt him. if i could die 4 him and he live I would do it becuse my life is meaningless & empty without him.
    I will do the cat world a favor and never have a cat again.

    • ANSWER:
      God, give yourself a break! It sounds like you truly loved your cat & went out of your way to do everything possible for him. Loss is extremely hard, but he was 16 1/2 years old & I’m sure he lived a great life with you! I’m very sorry for your loss but please go easy on yourself!

  36. QUESTION:
    How do you grieve for the loss of a dog? Story included.?
    My dog of 4 years had to be put to sleep 2 days ago. She had kidney failure and couldn’t be brought out of it. The Vet sent her home the night before she passed with IV bags and allowed us to watch her and keep her at our home all night long as she showed signs of improvement through out the day. I stayed beside her all night and took her back the next morning. She stayed all day and test results showed no improvement in her kidney functions. That afternoon, we were called up to the vets office and told the news of her severe kidney failure. We were allowed to go into the back to see her. When i approached, the “nurse” opened the kennel. She hadn’t stood up in 2 days but when she saw me, she stood up, walked out and ran up to me with her tail wagging so hard, it shook her bottom half. I was in complete disbelief as was the vet. We took her outside, she ran from to me,to my wife and back to me several times. I layed in the grass with her, and she licked my face several times. I smiled and at that moment, I thought I saw hope. We took her back inside and the vet sent us to a room, we noticed that the office was now closed. When we got into that room, my little friend collapsed at my feet. I sat on the ground and picked her up and held her in my arms. At that moment I knew what was coming. She winced and whined in pain. After I got the information about her kidneys being shut down, I knew at that moment what I had to do and I was with her til the end.Im grateful that the pain didnt last long but I still hurt. Its been just over 48 hours and I have three questions from this. How do you grieve? Do pets know when its time? It seemed as though she tried to comfort me when she gave me 10 minutes of how she was before she was sick, just before she collapsed, what do you think of this?Possible?
    Thanks.
    Just wanted to say thanks to everyone for their responses and kind words. Its really helped my wife and I through this tough experience.

    • ANSWER:
      When my dog Bob died this comforted me..I have used this POEM on “Y” for comforting people for months as their pets go to a better place.
      I guess someone wanted to use it also.

      Hope it trully comforts you.
      I am so sorry for your loss. They know you know its their time.
      It takes years to get over a friends death…

      *Remember … Know she is always with you..always!

      I stood by your bed last night, I came to have a peep.
      I could see that you were crying, you found it hard to sleep.
      I whined to you softly as you brushed away a tear,
      “It’s me, I haven’t left you, I’m well, I’m fine, I’m here.”
      I was close to you at breakfast, I watched you pour the tea
      You were thinking of the many times your hands reached down to me.
      I was with you at my grave today, you tend it with such care.
      I want to re-assure you, that I’m not lying there.
      I walked with you towards the house as you fumbled for your key.
      I gently put my paw on you, I smiled and said, “It’s me.”
      You looked so very tired, and sank into a chair
      I tried so hard to let you know that I was standing there.
      It’s possible for me to be so near you every day
      To say to you with certainty, “I never went away.”
      You sat there very quietly, then smiled; I think you knew…
      In the stillness of that evening, I was very close to you.
      The day is over… I smile and watch you yawning
      And say “good-night, God bless, I’ll see you in the morning.”
      And when the time is right for you to cross the brief divide,
      I’ll rush across to greet you and we’ll stand, side by side.
      I have so many things to show you, there is so much for you to see.
      Be patient, live your journey out… then come home to be with me.

  37. QUESTION:
    Rapid heart rate, weight loss, blood tests show nothing?!?
    Ok so in January this year I fainted on the London underground (felt sick and faint and weak before I actually fainted). It was extra packed and hot so I didn’t worry too much. But since then, like on the same day, a few hours after it happened, I’ve had a rapid heart rate, as in, it’s faster than usual. Doing more beats per min. And usually every day there will be moments where it speeds up even more to about 110-120 bpm but for no reason! And I feel short of breath/like I can’t get enough air. And occassionally I have palpitations for about 10 seconds.
    In May/June my mum noticed I looked thin, I admit I hadn’t weighed myself for months so dunno if it was sudden or gradual. I normally way 7 1/2 stone, I’m 5ft 2 and have a naturally slim build, like others in my family. So I don’t want any comments saying my “normal” weight was too low. Everyone is different.
    So anyway, weighed myself and I was 7 stone 2! But I hadn’t changed my diet/appetite so it happpened without reason!. Went on holiday in June/July so didn’t have time to focus on it. When I got back I looked thinner and then weighed 6 stone 13!
    Went to GP, they did blood tests for: thyroid function, kidney and liver function, full blood count, ESR, urea and electrolytes and creatinine. They all came back fine, although she said my potassium levels were slightly low but it was nothing to worry about. Also had ECG, all it showed was my heart rate was too fast.
    I have to note down when my pulse speeds up and go back in a few weeks. They might decide to do a 24hr or 7 day ECG. I have been eating a lot more for the past few weeks, haven’t lost any more weight which is good. But it’s really unlike me to lose so much weight and struggle to put it back on.
    It’s as though my metabolism is too fast, but the results were fine and my GP doesn’t yet know what it could be!
    The heart rate is not related to diet, caffeine etc. One thing I noticed is it seems to speed up when I’m anxious/hyper.excited etc. I know it’s a normal response in humans, but the fact it goes so fast, and happens when I get the teeniest little bit happy seems odd. It’s like my body is over-reacting to things. I never used to be like this!
    No I am not on drugs and I don’t drink excessive amounts of alcohol.
    It isn’t any medication I’m on.
    I don’t think it’s stress cos I’ve hardly been stressed this year and I usually get headaches when I’m stressed.
    I tried cutting out caffeine for a while but it had no effect so I know it isn’t that.
    Another thing that has started about a month (maybe a bit longer) ago was that sometimes, say every week-ish, I have a few days where I get a really dry mouth and I feel so awful and drained of energy. I didn’t mention it to my GP, but I will next time I go.
    I drink plenty of water, I’ve actually been drinking more for the past few months cos I knew I probs didn’t get enough and decided to take action lol. So it’s not what I drink. And it’s awful, it’s the sort of dry mouth you get when you’ve had alcohol/you’re hungover!
    It’s happened again the past few days, but yesterday and the day before, I also kept needing to pee. Today, I haven’t had that. But I’ve still got the dry mouth and I feel really drained and awful.
    I keep wondering about diabetes. But the symptoms would be constant, right?
    Although I’m sure I read about a form of it where the symptoms come and go or may not be as obvious and then it develops into “full blown” diabetes. Anyone know anymore/know what I am talking about?
    My nan has type 2, diagnosed a few years ago, most likely because of her weight, age, etc.
    I know with type 1 it can occur on someone who has no family history, but am I right in thinking type 2 usually does have history? So would that mean that my dad has the “gene” from my nan and then passed it onto me?
    Cos I read about MODY (type 2 in young peple) and wondered…

    Sorry for such a long question, but any help would be much appreciated :)
    I just wondered it anyone else has had these issues, if they could give any more advice, and what they think about these diabetes symptoms that seem to come and go.

    • ANSWER:
      ‘anxiety pur and simple.
      stop reading medical stuff

  38. QUESTION:
    Symptoms for 7 months, no diagnosis. Excessive hair loss, muscle pain, swollen nodes.?
    Hello!

    I`m a 19 year old female who`s been experiencing a series of symptoms for the past 7 months that doctors have been unable to diagnose.

    Firstly, my hair has been falling out and as you can imagine, this has been very emotionally stressful. Since about 7 months ago, I`ve lost more then 75% of hair from all over my head. The hair loss is not patchy, but has been thinning all over. I used to have long, extremely thick and beautiful hair, and now its almost gone. The hair loss is not localized to my head as I’ve even noticed that the hair on my legs and in my pubic area have barely been growing back after shaving. I did see a dermatologist and he said that I must have an underlying autoiumme disease that’s causing the hair loss. He suspects lupus or a related disease, but as of yet, blood tests have shown no irregularities.

    Since around the same time my hair has been falling out, Ive noticed that the lymph nodes in my neck have been swollen. Sometimes they are red and sensitive (especially after drinking alcohol or smoking) but usually they’re painless. I’ve also been experiencing a lot of joint/muscle pain and stiffness. Some days it gets really bad and I can barely move, even typing/writing is difficult because the muscles in my hands are so stiff. I feel like every muscle and joint in my body is inflamed. I’m only 19 and I’m having as hard of a time moving around as my 55 year old mother with MS.

    Lastly, (and I’m not sure if this is related at all) my skin has been really dry and especially itchy. I’m not sure if I’ve noticed any rashes, but I have noticed some redness (light red spots) randomly on my skin.

    My family doctor did a thorough blood analysis and everything came back normal. There is no sign of vitamin deficiency, my thyriod was normal, no diabetes, my blood cell count was normal, kidney/liver function was normal, and I’m clean for STD’s/STI’s. I really don’t know where to go from here and im terrified that if I don’t find out whats wrong, I’m going to go bald.

    Does anyone know what these symptoms indicate? Any advice as to what I should get tested for/where I should go from here would be great.

    Thank you in advance for the help!

    • ANSWER:
      my endocrinolgist , said i had sluggish thyroid normal levels, my VIT D was dangerously low my vit b 12 was low i have hypo thyroid symptoms normal thyroid I HAVE goitors never knew it until i choked and had ENT do a nasal scope, so follow my advice my endocrinologist put me on synthyroid , 37.5 mcg works for me VIT D and VIt B 12 also AVOID wheat products you could be celiac syndrome try eatting oatmeal rice potatoes NO wheat pasta buy rice and corn pasta drink V* 8 splash change your diet

  39. QUESTION:
    How to stop hair loss, if it is stress or dying my hair, how do i stop it from falling out?
    I have been to the doctors, had blood tests and an ultrasound of my liver and kidneys to check the function but are normal.. I used to dye my hair but have not done it in a few months and also i am a stress freak.. all of this i know and well aware of but i just want my hair to stop falling out.. its so much coming out when i run my hands through.. please help me

    • ANSWER:
      mostly both

  40. QUESTION:
    Which is a function of the circulatory system?
    A absorb energy from nutrients
    B regulate body temperature
    C transport salt out of the body
    D transport car audios

    7. Which blood component transports vitamins and minerals?

    A plasma
    B platlet
    C red blood cell
    D white blood cell

    8. Which blood type donor can give blood to a patient with type O blood?

    A A
    B B
    C O
    D AB

    9. When traveling through a normal respiratory system, a pollen grain should end up in the

    A bronchi.
    B epiglottis.
    C throat.
    D windpipe.

    10. Which would result if a person’s kidney stopped functioning?

    A accumulation of toxins
    B carbon dioxide buildup
    C excess water loss
    D reduced blood flow

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    ❤ ♡ ❤ ღTHE KIDNEY…. HEEEEELPPPP!!!!!!!!! thanks❤ ♡?
    outline the structure and functioning of a kidney tubule
    including:
    • role of renal capsule in filtration from blood of water, glucose, urea and salts
    • role of tubule in reabsorption of glucose,most of the water and some salts back into the blood, leading to concentration of urea in the urine as well as loss of excess water and salts

    - Describe the function of the kidney in terms of the removal of urea and excess water and the reabsorption of glucose and some salt(details of kidney structure and nephron are not required)

    THIS ISNT HOMEWORK.. im trying to study before school starts.. please help :D thanks

    im 15! female :D

    • ANSWER:
      Filtration and Reabsorbtion in the Kidneys

      During progress through the nephron, some solutes like sodium chloride, potassium and glucose are reabsorbed, along with water, back into the bloodstream. This maintains a correct balance of these chemicals within the blood, assisting blood pressure regulation, for example. The filtration and reabsorbtion of glucose within the kidneys also helps to maintain correct levels of vital blood sugars. When this regulation breaks down very serious health consequences can follow.

      Urea and uric acid are nitrogen containing waste products from metabolic processes in the body. These substances are potentially toxic and are partially excreted by the kidneys to maintain good health. Interestingly, of the filtrate which enters each nephron from the blood, only about 1% actually leaves the body as urine because of the various reabsorbtion mechanisms driven by osmosis, diffusion, and active transport.

      Read more at Suite101: The Human Kidney Structure and Function: The Anatomy and Physiology of the Kidneys http://www.suite101.com/content/the-human-kidney-structure-and-function-a75153#ixzz10C9UCm23

  42. QUESTION:
    Are you surprised about Gary Coleman’s autopsy results?
    The “Diff’rent Strokes” star died May 28 after a fall that led to an intracranial hemorrhage,

    The official cause of death is listed as “closed head injury” as well as “chronic renal failure.”

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years.

    • ANSWER:
      Watchu talking ’bout willis?

  43. QUESTION:
    What is wrong with me?
    I’ve been visiting my doctor a lot lately but it hasn’t really helped at all. I have some kind of digestive problem on and off (bloating, sometimes constipation, get “stiches” very easily when running – no matter what time of day or when I last ate.), slight headache/pressue around top of head, sensitive to light, lack of energy, less concentration/unable to think clearly, slight memory loss, thirsty, dry lips, slight ringing in ears. I had a blood test recently which tested for stuff like kidney function, liver function, dibeates, etc. and they were all normal – except possibly a condition that causes me to sweat more than usual. I’ve tried getting more daily exercise which I think helped with digestion, but made everything else worse. My diet is not excellent, but I beleive it is fairly good. I eat apples and bananas every day. I had a similar (same?) problem before and the doctor back then thought I was low on potassium, but that doesn’t seem to be the case. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like a yeast or a heavy metal issue (which could be both). These tend to affect the adrenals and thyrrhoid and produce the kinds of symptoms you’re having, including blood-sugar regulation issues, which is why they probably tested for diabetes.. Worsening of symptoms with excercise is adrenal-related.

      You don’t say how old you are. If you have any metal (“silver” aka mercury) fillings in your mouth, check out the site below. It also has great info regardless.

  44. QUESTION:
    Can you answer any of these?
    any answers would help. thanks

    2. The body gains solutes from all of the following processes except ________.

    a.secretion by cells

    b. metabolism

    c. respiration

    d. sweating

    3. All of the following metabolic waste products are removed primarily by the urinary system except ________.

    a. carbon dioxide

    b. uric acid

    c. ammonia

    d. creatine

    4. The structure that carries filtrate from the kidney to the bladder is the ________.

    a. ureter

    b. urethra

    c. nephron

    d. distal tubule

    5. The kidney’s central cavity is called the ________.

    a. kidney medulla

    b. renal pelvis

    c. renal capsule

    d. kidney cortex

    6. The structure of the nephron which receives the substances filtered from blood is the ________.

    a. glomerulus

    b. Bowman’s capsule

    c. loop of Henle

    d. collecting duct

    7. In a nephron, the glomerulus is located between the ________ and the ________.

    a. Bowman’s capsule, loop of Henle

    b. afferent arteriole, efferent arteriole

    c. efferent arteriole, peritubular capillaries

    d. proximal tubule and distal tubule

    8.Which nephron structure is not correctly paired with its function?

    a. glomerular capillaries, filtration

    b. loop of Henle, urine concentration

    c. proximal tubule, secretion

    d. Bowman’s capsule, reabsorption

    9.Reabsorption returns all or most of the ________ in nephron tubules to the blood.

    a. water

    b. glucose

    c. amino acids

    d. all of the choices

    10.Urinary secretion maintains the body’s acid-base balance through secretion of excess ________.

    a.
    water

    b.
    hydrogen ions

    c.
    potassium ions

    d.
    urea

    11.In the nephron, cells of the ________ prevent water from escaping.

    a.
    peritubular capillaries

    b.
    proximal tubules

    c.
    descending loop of Henle

    d.
    distal tubules

    12. Which hormone produced in the brain increases water reabsorption in the distal tubules of the nephron?

    a.
    renin

    b.
    aldosterone

    c.
    ADH

    d.
    diuretic

    13. The “thirst center” in the brain monitors ________.

    a.
    the amount of saliva produced by salivary glands

    b.
    the juxtaglomerular apparatus

    c.
    blood pH levels

    d.
    blood volume

    14. The kidneys control the body’s acid-base balance by ________.

    a.
    excreting bicarbonate buffer

    b.
    forming new bicarbonate buffer and adding it to the blood

    c.
    excreting excess H+ ions

    d.
    all of the choices

    15. Kidneys excrete excess H+ ions by combining them with ________.

    a.
    phosphate ions

    b.
    ammonia (NH3)

    c.
    bicarbonate

    d.
    all of the choices

    16. Glucose in urine may be a sign of ________.

    a.
    hepatitis

    b.
    urinary tract infection

    c.
    diabetes

    d.
    hypertension

    17. Which disease affecting the urinary system is more frequent in women than in men?

    a.
    kidney stones

    b.
    polycystic kidney disease

    c.
    bladder infection

    d.
    glomerulonephritis

    18.Symptoms of kidney-function impairment include ________.

    a.
    nausea

    b.
    fatigue

    c.
    memory loss

    d.
    all of the choices

    19. A hemodialysis machine ________.

    a.
    selectively exchanges solutes across a membrane between the patient’s blood and a chemical solution

    b.
    replaces the patient’s blood with a balanced chemical solution

    c.
    adds a balanced chemical solution to the patient’s blood

    d.
    transfuses cross-matched blood to the patient

    • ANSWER:
      d
      a
      a
      a
      d
      b
      d
      a
      b
      no idea
      c
      either B or D
      not sure about 14
      or 15
      C
      C, bladder infections
      don’t know 18
      A

      P.S. You don’t learn anything from letting other people do your homework for you, but I like the challenge and did it anyway.

  45. QUESTION:
    Hallucinations and other medical issues?
    My uncle was admitted to the hospital by ambulance when, after having back pains recently (which his drs were looking into), he stood up and both legs went numb and pain shot down them. So they called 911 and he was admitted to the hospital thursday night and was then started on a morphine pump at a dose of 12mcg per button press (as often as every 15 min) or a maximum of 48mcg per hour. That was started on thursday june 10th late at night. Come to find out he had 5 slipped disks in his back and they were going to schedule surgery on monday the 14th of june. Well monday came and they ran some tests and his kidney function had declined. His creatnine level was 5.0 so the drs took him off of all pain meds (late monday) and were going to wait and see if his levels got better by tuesday morning and if not they were starting dialysis on tuesday. Well when tuesday came they said his kidney function was back to normal and that his kidney doctor would probably release him for surgery on his back as early as thursday the 17th. Well then yesterday, or tuesday, he began having hallucinations and talking to people who were not there. For example, the nurses could hear him screaming this morning for his brother carl and demanding that carl come get the gorillas out of the window. He is no longer on any pain killers for fear it will harm his kidneys. We are at a loss for what could be causing this. The drs thought that maybe he was an alcoholic and is withdrawing but that is not possible. His regular job is a truck driver for a local construction and dirt company. He is VERY frequently alcohol and drug tested often at random. This is completely baffling to us. Anyone with any information about what this could be, please let me know!

    Thanks in advance for your serious and helpful answers!

    • ANSWER:
      Hallucinations are defined as perceptions in a conscious and awake state in the absence of external stimuli which have qualities of real perception, this being said movement stimulates are sensory system placing an image in front of us. Sensory system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information. Morphine is a very strong opiate based drug that is used to relieve severe or agonizing pain and suffering, Like other opiates morphine acts directly on the central nervous system to relieve pain. See how they are linked?

  46. QUESTION:
    Do you know what chem trails are? (This is very serious)?
    Maybe this is not the right section to ask this question but it is a very dangerous subject which the government are well aware of if not behind it.
    THIS IS A VERY SERIOUS SUBJECT THAT THE MAINSTREAM MEDIA BLACKS OUT. Research it yourself on Google or you tube and write to your MP’s demanding answers.
    You are being poisoned every week of the year form the air in the form of chem trails.
    You only have to look up and see the chem trails cris crossing the sky’s forming toxic clouds.
    These chem trails are from planes that are not on the official flight paths and the trail behind the planes are not normal con trails.

    It is a scientific fact the con trails evaporate after 1 – 2 minutes but these con (chemical) trails linger all day and spread out forming clouds. Toxic metals then fall out of these clouds on to our heads. Organic food grown outside cannot be sold as organic anymore.

    These chemtails are being sprayed in every country of the world. A scientist took a sample of rain water after 15mm was dropped from chemtrails skies. The scientist took his sample to two laboratories, one an independent lab and the other a government funded laboratory. Both had the same results which consisted of heavy toxic metals. Heavy metals in the rain water should be around 1 to 3parts per million. The result proved that there was 28.9 ppm.

    These are NOT normal contrails where the jet fuel evaporates in one or two minutes behind the jet, these chemtrails (chemical trails) linger for hours and form toxic clouds.
    Heavy metal poisoning in the human body include the following causes:
    Chronic fatigue, splitting headaches, upset stomach, and central nervous system is effected causing spells of dizziness, insomnia poor concentration abilities, lack of muscular coordination, tiredness, neurological ailments, Alzheimer’s, damage to immune system and irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, convulsions, weakening of the muscles, and cancer.

    The metals found in these tests were:
    ACCUMULATED ALUMINUIM
    Its contents were recorded at 780 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal causes a wide range of neurological ailments and Alzheimer’s.
    ARSNEC
    Its contents were recorded at 593 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal causes headaches, confusion, sleepiness, convulsions, arsenic poisoning, vomiting, diarhoea, kidney and skin cancers, scrotal cancer, liver cancer, cancer of the lymphatic system, lung cancer, blood in the urine, severe mussel cramps, hair loss, stomach pain, coma and death.
    MANGANESE
    Its contents were recorded at 4,000 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal can poison the human body if there is prolonged exposure.
    BARIUM
    Its contents were recorded at 300 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal causes anxiety, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, weakening of the muscles, chronic fatigue, watery eyes, dry throat; prolonged exposure can cause paralysis and death.
    ZINC
    Its contents were recorded at 8,000 times over the safe recommended levels. Too much of this metal ingested begins to become a poison to the liver and pancreas and causes a wide range of neurological ailments. When Zinc reaches more than the recommended amount (15mg/day) it leads to hypocupremia or depletion of copper which has serious consequences for health.
    IRON
    Its contents were recorded at 2,000 times over the safe recommended levels. This metal is deadly and it is a major factor causing diabetes, heart disease, cancer, arthritis, chronic infections, hypothyroidism, and hyperactive behaviour.
    BORON
    Which ends up in our drinking water and is over 4,000 times over the safe recommended levels? It causes acute toxicity in animals, depression, ataxia, convulsions, kidney degeneration and death. It also causes testicular and ovarian atrophy (The male reproductive organs diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function). Boric acid tested on mice, rats and dogs in the laboratory caused testicular lesions. Research chemtrails.
    William the government do want us to pay taxex but they want to carry out depopulation so there are less people using up services. The government officials are breathing this too but they are more interested in getting mega buck backhanders to keep quiet, anyway most government officials don’t believe it because only the high level people know about this military opperation.

    • ANSWER:
      You crazy.

  47. QUESTION:
    What can cause kidney damage or failure in a 22 year old?
    After seeing a regular doctor and kidney specialist we have found that my kidneys are not functioning properly. There is protein and blood in urine and a low creatinine clearance level in urine. I don’t know the results of the blood yet. Symptoms are mainly frequent urination, frequent hunger and thirst, headaches, weight loss, fatigue and slight to moderate kidney / lower back pain. We have already ruled out diabetes.

    I am an otherwise healthy 22 year old woman with two children. Never had any major abnormal test results in my life. The major diseases that pop up (besides diabetes) are polycystic kidney disease and lupus.

    The kidney specialist is ordering an ultrasound and biopsy of my kidneys within the next 2 months. I had a CT scan done but she kind of avoided my question when I asked if she found anything. All she said was there were no stones found. I go back and see her next week.

    What the heck can possibly be wrong?
    I am very petite but have never had any eating disorders. I take Tylenol once a month, if that. I am not an alcoholic lol.

    • ANSWER:

  48. QUESTION:
    Can an excessively low sodium diet cause Dehydration?
    When I was diagnosed with high blood pressure, I went into a low sodium diet -too low perhaps, only 500 or 600 mg a day. I lost 5 pounds in 5 days, due to rapid water loss. 12 days after getting on this diet, I had my kidney function checked and my Creatinine and BUN had rised from last check 6 months ago (BUN went from 11 to 14 and Creatinine went from 0.7 to 0.8) This indicates rapid renal function deterioration (my GFR is now 85) UNLESS both the BUN and Creatinine rose because I was dehydrated at the time of the test. This is why it’s important for me to know if it’s possible for me to have been dehydrated due to the rapid and dramatic fluid loss because of the extremely low sodium diet I had been for 12 days at the time of the test. Bear in mind that I never stopped drinking generous amounts of water. Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      These numbers are probably from dehydration which is normal during the first part of dieting. You need to dramatically increase your daily water intake – especially when dieting or you will give yourself gallstones which is a complication of any dieting. And, water provides a feeling of fullness and assists you in eating less. This is not from a low sodium diet.

  49. QUESTION:
    a question about the Kidney and its relation to hair?
    When I was out in Asia, one of my friend’s relatives took me to a really well known herbal doctor. Skeptical at first but since it was free for me I said why not. So I went and this doctor said that my kidneys was not functioning well. I told him about genetic hair loss and my fear of it, my ringing in the ears, as well as fatigue and he said it’s due to my kidneys. He prescribed some weird herbal medications for me to take and ever since I took them, my hair has become more thicker and more dense than it used to. Ringing in the ears declined a little and I’m not fatigued anymore.

    Do kidneys have any relation with the hair? Do you think taking care of your kidneys might be a good solution to stop or even slow down the progression of genetic hair loss?

    • ANSWER:
      I can’t answer with any medical authority but I do believe that when the body is functioning in harmony, you see the benefits all over.

  50. QUESTION:
    Methlyprednisolone Side Effects Help?
    My grandfather is 73 years old and suddenly stopped taking methylprednisolone about two weeks ago. His doctor prescribed it for a sprained tendon. He is a prostate cancer survivor. He has diabetes, high blood pressure, gout and decreased kidney function. Since discontinuing the medication on day 2, he has suffered from loss of appetite, a ten pound drop in weight, stomach cramps and restlessness. He also takes Clonidine, Enalapril, Nadalol, Amlodipine, Hydralazine, Tekturna (for high blood pressure); Baby Aspirin; Glimperide and Januvia (for diabetes); Colchicine (periodically) for gout; Furosemide, Lipitor and Ferrous Sulfate (for cholesterol, I think). His doctor advised him to discontinue the Baby Aspirin. His stools have been dark, almost black for about two months prior to taking the methylprednisolone.

    • ANSWER:
      Your Grandfathers symptoms are not typical of Medrol use or withdrawal 100%. Generally with Medrol use increase appetite is present, with this in mind perhaps the discontinuation of the medication decreased his appetite, a ten pound weight loss in 2 days is very significant and worrisome though. Abrupt stopping of Medrol can cause nausea, vomiting, joint pain, muscle aches, fatigue, headache, fever. Use of Medrol does have side effects of restlessness, increased energy, euphoria, which resolves after discontinuing the medication. Medrol can cause irritation to the stomach and along with Aspirin can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. Black stools can be indicative of old blood, however your Grandfather is also taking an Iron Supplement that can turn stools black (Ferrous Sulfate). So as you see, there is a lot of mixed symptoms that are not necessarily related at this point to taking the Medrol Pak. What is concerning is the weight loss and abdominal cramping, concerning enough to be evaluated especially with his extensive medical history, they will also be able to verify the presence of blood in his stool vs the blackness being secondary to Iron replacement.